Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Samoyed

(Samoiedskaïa Sabaka)

Samoyed


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Northern Russia and Siberia.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).

PUBLICADO

:
FCI
22.07.1997.
KC
March 1994

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sledge- and companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Grupo 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 1Nordic Sledge Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern Russia and Siberia. In Southern parts of the area they used white, black and brown parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the northern parts the dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament and were used as hunting- and sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs lived close to their owners, they even slept within the shelters and were used as heaters. The British zoologist Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889. Returning to England he brought with him a brown male puppy called « Sabarka ». Later he imported a cream coloured bitch called « Whitey Petchora » from the western side of the Urals and a snow white male called « Musti » from Siberia. These few dogs and those brought by the explorers are the base for the western Samoyed. The first standard was written in England in 1909.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearence gives the impression of power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and self-confidence.
The expression, the so called « Samoyed Smile », is made up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the slightly curved up corners of the mouth. The sex should be clearly stamped.
KC
Most striking. Medium and well balanced. Strong, active and graceful, free from coarseness but capable of great endurance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers. The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.
KC
Intelligent, alert, full of action. ‘Smiling expression’.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Friendly, open, alert and lively. The hunting instinct is very slight. Never shy nor aggressive. Very social and cannot be used as guard dog.
KC
Displays affection to all mankind. Unprovoked nervousness or aggression highly undesirable.

HEAD

:
FCI
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
KC
Head powerful, wedge-shaped, with broad, flat skull, muzzle medium length, tapering foreface not too sharply defined. Lips black. Hair short and smooth before ears. Nose black for preference, but may be brown or flesh-coloured.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex. Broadest between the ears. Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly defined but not too prominent.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed, preferably black. During some periods of the year the pigment of the nose can fade to a so called « winter nose » ; there must however always be dark pigment at the edges of the nose.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong and deep, approximately as long as the skull, gradually tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor heavy and square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of the mouth are slightly curved forming the characteristic « Samoyed Smile ».

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and the jaws are strong. Normal dentition.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed rather apart, somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The expression is « smiling », kind, alert and intelligent. The eyerims are black.
KC
Almond-shaped, set slanted, medium to dark brown, set well apart with alert, intelligent expression. Eye rims unbroken black. Light or black eyes undesirable.

Ears

:
FCI
Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and slightly rounded at the tips. They should be mobile, set high ; due to the broad skull well apart.
KC
Thick, not too long, slightly rounded at tips, set well apart and well covered inside with hair. Fully erect in adults.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage.
KC
Strong, not too short, and proudly arched.

BODY

:
FCI
Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact but supple.
KC
Back medium in length, broad and very muscular with exceptionally strong loin. Chest deep but not too broad, well sprung deep ribs, giving plenty of heart and lung room.

Withers

:
FCI
Clearly defined.

Back

:
FCI
Of medium length, muscular and straight ; in females slightly longer than in males.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, very strong and defined.

Croup

:
FCI
Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows. The ribs are well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Moderate tuck-up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in motion the tail is carried bent from the root forward over the back or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to the hocks.
KC
Long, profusely coated, carried over the back and to side when alert, sometimes dropped when at rest.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well placed and muscular with strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
KC
Shoulders well laid, legs straight and muscular with good bone and not too short.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long, firm and sloping.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as long as the shoulder.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong but supple.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly oblique.

FEET

:
KC
Long, flattish, slightly spread and well feathered. Soles well cushioned with hair. Round cat feet highly undesirable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing straight forward. Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastics pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very strong muscles.
KC
Very muscular, stifles well angulated. Viewed from rear, legs straight and parallel, with well let down hocks. Cowhocks or straight stifles highly undesirable.

Thigh

:
FCI
Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well angulated.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Rather low and well angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, strong, vertical and parallel.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride. Good reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters.
KC
Moves freely with strong, agile drive, showing power and elegance.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a double coated dog with short, soft and dense undercoat and longer, more harsh and straight outer coat. The coat should form a ruff around the neck and shoulders framing the head, especially in males. On head and on front of legs, hair is short and smooth ; on outside of ears short, standing off and smooth. Inside the ears should be well furred. On back of the thighs the hair forms trousers. There should be a protective growth of hair between the toes. The tail should be profusely covered with hair. The coat of the female is often shorter and softer in texture than that of the male. The correct coat texture should always have a special glistening sheen.
KC
Body should be well covered with thick, close, soft and short undercoat, with harsh but not wiry hair growing through it, forming weather-resistant outer coat, which should stand straight away from body and be free from curl.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour to be white with a few biscuit markings.) Should never give the impression of being pale brown.
KC
Pure white, white and biscuit, cream, outer coat silver tipped.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 51-56 cms (20-22 ins) at shoulder; bitches: 46-51 cms (18-20 ins) at shoulder. Weight in proportion to size.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Ideal height male 57 cm with a tolerance of ± 3 cm and females 53 cm with a tolerance of ± 3 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Visible faults in structure.
Light bone.
Males not masculine and females not feminine.
Pincer bite.
Yellow eyes.
Soft ears.
Barrel ribcage.
Double twisted tail.
Low on the legs.
Badly bow-legged or cow hocked.
Wavy or short coated throughout, long, soft or coat hanging down.
Aloofness.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI
Clearly unpigmented areas on eyerims or lips.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Eyes blue or of different colours.
  • Overshot or undershot bite.
  • Ears not erect.
Coat colour other than permitted in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Características anatômicas do cão

N.B:

Os machos devem ter dois testículos aparentemente normais totalmente descidos no escroto.