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Fédération Cynologique Internationale
United Kennel Club
Karst Shepherd Dog(Kraski Ovcar)
Karst Shepherd Dog
The shepherd dog from the Karst Massif is a shepherd dog by excellence and a good guard; today he is more often used as a guard and defence dog; in recent times he is mostly a family dog, but remains nevertheless essentially a perfect shepherd dog.
|Grupo 2||Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid|
|Secção 2.2||Molossoid breeds, Mountain type|
|Without working trial|
Mrs. Peggy Davis. Revised by Mrs. Sporre-Willes and Mr. Triquet.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The Karst Shepherd Dog is a breed which has existed for several centuries and which belongs in the molossian group. Probably this dog followed the Illyrians in their migration through Istria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif. The breed was mentioned in writing for the first time in 1689 in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor « The glory of the duchy of Carniole ». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on the 2nd June 1939 under the name of « Illyrian Shepherd » during the general assembly of the F.C.I. in Stockholm. At the general assembly of the F.C.I. in 1948 in Bled-Slovenia, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. Up to 16th March 1968 however, the Shepherd of Illyria of the Karst Massif carried the same name as the shepherd from the Sarplanina Massif. In the presence of two shepherd dogs carrying the same name, the Central Society of Yugoslavia decided to name the one from the Karst region « Shepherd from the Karst Massif » and the other one « Sarplaninac ». Since that day, those two breeds have been totally independent.
The Karst Shepherd Dog has existed for several centuries in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif. They were originally named the Illyrian Shepherd and were grouped together under this name with the Shepherd of the Sarplaninia Massif. In 1968, the two breeds were separated by the Central Society of Yugoslavia into the Karst Shepherd Dog and the Sarplaninac, and they have been independent of one another ever since. The Karst Shepherd Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.
The Karst Shepherd Dog is of medium size, harmonious, robust, endowed with a well developed musculature and a strong constitution. The tail and ears are hanging. The coat is iron grey, long and abundant.
The Karst Shepherd Dog is a medium sized, well-balanced, long coated dog, with a robust appearance. He has pendant ears and a long tail and his coat is iron grey.
Length of body in proportion to height at withers should be no less than 9 8. Body a little longer in bitches.
Skull a little longer (13 to 14 cm) than the muzzle (11 to 12 cm).
Width of skull (13 to 14 cm) equal to its length.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Of good, moderately sharp temperament, courageous and valliant but not biting, very devoted to his master. Incorruptibly good guard, distrustful of strangers; pleasant companion dog and obedient, whilst maintaining a strong individuality.
Courageous and valiant, but not apt to bite, the Karst Shepherd Dog is very devoted to his master and an extremely good guard dog. They are a pleasant companion, very obedient, but distrustful of strangers.
Of pleasing appearance while being proportionately large in relation to the body; it must be neither fine nor coarse. The upper profile of the skull and muzzle are slightly convergent. Seen from above, it is wide at ear level and tapers imperceptibly towards the nose. Seen in profile, it is deep and rounded. The length of the head, from the occipital protuberance to the tip of the nose, is of 24 to 26 cm. The skull is a little longer than the muzzle.
The head is proportionally large in relation to the body. It is broadest between the ears, tapering slightly in width to the nose. In profile, the head is deep and rounded.
Quite developed, lean with fine muscles; its profile being slightly convex, seen from all sides it is rounded. Width of the skull at ear level is equal to the length of the skull. Superciliary arches moderately accentuated; frontal furrow moderate; median crest slightly convex without accentuation of the occiput.
Slightly convex in appearance when viewed from any angle, the skull is as broad between the ears as it is long. There is a moderate frontal furrow and a slight stop.
Only slightly pronounced, not abrupt.
Black. Broad, well developed, slightly exceeding the front line of the muzzle.
The nose is broad and black, and protrudes slightly in front of the end of the muzzle.
Of medium length, broad and deep at its base, reducing progressively towards the nose. Muzzle straight and broad.
Broad and deep at the base, tapering slightly to the tip. The muzzle is slightly shorter in length than the skull. The nasal bone is straight. The lips are thick and tight, with black pigmentation.
Thick, tight, well fitted, without forming pockets; black pigmentation.
Complete dentition, strong teeth, especially the incisors; scissor bite.
The Karst Shepherd Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. Serious Faults: Level bite or misaligned incisors.
Laterally a little prominent, strong but not too developed, modelling a rather shallow face.
Relatively wide apart, neither prominent nor sunken in the sockets, almond shaped, of chestnut colour or dark brown; frank expression, calm and firm, almost melancholic because of the black pigmented eyelids.
Set fairly well apart and relatively deep in their sockets, the eyes are almond in shape and chestnut or dark brown in color. They have a frank, calm, melancholic expression. The eyerims are fully pigmented in black.
Moderately high set, of medium length. The tips can reach the outer angle of the eye. They fall flat, in the shape of a « V » against the cheeks, the inner borders being folded outwards.
The ears are moderately high set, of medium length, V shaped, with the tips reaching to the corner of the eye. They fall flat against the cheeks.
Broad, thick, well muscled; oval cross-section; upper profile straight or slightly curved, lower profile straight. Of medium length (about 25 cm), is deeply set into the shoulders and attached to the head and body by strong muscles. Skin thick, tight-fitting, without dewlap. Thick coat with long hair, forming a ruff and a well furnished mane, which makes the neck appear shorter and stronger than it is. Proud carriage, slightly raised.
The neck is broad, thick and well muscled, with thick, tight fitting skin. There is no dewlap. The neck is furnished with a profuse ruff and mane, which makes it appear shorter than it actually is.
Well developed, of medium length, thoracic part long.
In proportion, the Karst Shepherd Dog is just slightly longer than tall. The withers are long and fairly high, and the back is straight and broad. The chest is very broad and deep, descending to the level of the elbows. There is well developed, rounded forechest. The ribs are moderately sprung. The loin is short, very muscular and broad. The croup is broad, muscular and slightly sloping to the set on of the tail. Serious Faults: Sway back, high in the rear.
Straight, horizontal or slightly oblique.
Long, of medium height, of good width and well linked to the neck.
Straight of medium length, muscled and broad.
Lumbar region rather short, very muscular and broad.
Of medium length, broad, very muscular; towards the root of the tail slightly inclined.
Well developed and well let down, voluminous in width and of good length; ribs broad, flat, moderately sprung; forechest well developed with sternum point quite rounded; length of 25 to 28 cm, its circumference is of 70 to 78 cm.
Underline and belly:
Belly slightly raised and tucked up, tight; flanks short moderately cut up.
Solidly attached to the body, wide at the base; in normal position, sabre shaped, at tip often with a slight hook; of medium length, must at least reach the hock; bushy with long hair, without forming a plume; when the dog is alert or moving the tail is raised up to the level of the back or slightly above it; at rest, it is carried low.
Thick at the base, and long enough to reach the hock, the tail is saber shaped, often with a slight hook at the tip. It is heavily coated, but not plumed. At rest the tail is carried low; when excited, the tail is raised to the level of the back, or slightly above it.
Straight, seen from the front or in profile; the different parts of the limbs (quarters) are very harmoniously linked together.
The shoulder blade and upper arm are long and sloping, forming a near right angle. They are well muscled and firmly attached to the body.
Shoulder blades of medium length, wide, oblique, well muscled and firmly attached to the body. Scapular-humeral angle close to a right angle.
Relatively long, more slanting than the shoulder blade, of strong musculature, close to body.
Humeral-radial angle not too open; the elbow, close to the body, must be at sternum level.
Long and straight, with strong bone. The elbows are close to the body. The pasterns are broad and of medium length and slightly sloping.
Sufficiently long, straight; strong bone structure and musculature.
Strong, well jointed to the forearm as well as to the metacarpus.
Broad of medium length, slightly slanting.
Round to oval in shape, with tight, well arched toes, and darkly pigmented pads and nails.
Well proportioned in relation to the trunk, of oval to round shape; toes tight and arched, dark nails; the centre pad and the digital pads are sufficiently strong, black or with a dark pigmentation.
As the forefeet.
Well proportioned, straight seen from behind and in harmony with the other parts of the body. Seen in profile, the angulations are sufficiently closed.
Well proportioned and angulated to match the forequarter.
Coxal-femoral angle sufficiently closed; thighs long, wide, well muscled and well filled.
Femoral-tibial angle slightly open; knee strongly built, solid knee cap.
The thighs are long and broad. There is moderate angulation at the stifle and the hock. The rear pasterns are short and heavy in bone. Dewclaws should be removed.
Moderately long, inclined, robust.
Solid and moderately open.
Robust, short and straight; dewclaws, if present, must be removed.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Harmonious, elastic, well coordinated movements; preferred gait and the most elegant is the trot; the gallop with long strides is less elegant.
Elegant, elastic and well coordinated.
Thick, compact, elastic, close-fitting, without wrinkles; dark pigmentation; lips edges and eye rims black pigmented.
Well furnished, long, flat, with abundant undercoat. The head the front edges of the ears and the front part of the legs covered with short hair. The back edge of the ears has longer and more supple hair. In its upper region, the neck has long hair, stiff and very bushy forming a mane; in its lower part, the hair is longer and more supple forming a ruff which is wider at the set of the neck. The trunk and belly have long hair which becomes less hard on the belly. The tail regularly bushy, does not form a plume. On the back side of the forequarters, the long hair is very supple forming fringes. On the back side of the hindquarters, the hair is even longer and bushy forming culottes. The length of the top coat is at least 10 cm.
Long and flat, with abundant undercoat. The head, front edges of the ears, and front of the legs are covered with short hair. The backs of the ears have longer, more supple hair. The back of the neck is covered with a bushy, stiff mane, and the underside of the neck has longer, softer coat that forms a ruff. The body is well furnished with long hair that is softer on the belly and backs of the legs. The topcoat is at least four inches long.
Iron grey; especially on the back, a dark shade is preferred; towards the belly and the limbs, the colour turns without visible transition to a light grey or sandy colour, with a dark streak on the front parts of the limbs. The dark mask on the muzzle spreads on to the skull. On the back part of the head it is bordered with grey or sandy or pale fawn hair overlaid with black.
Iron grey, darkest on the body, and shading to light grey or sandy on the belly and the limbs. There is dark streaking on the front of the legs, and a black mask on the muzzle that spreads to the skull. On the back of the head, the mask is bordered with grey or sandy or pale fawn hair that is overlaid with black.
Height at withers:
Males 57 to 63 cm (ideal size 60 cm).
Females 54 to 60 cm (ideal size 57 cm).
A tolerance of 2 cm above is authorised but will have a negative effect on the general appreciation of the dog.
Acceptable height for males is from 22½ inches to 25 inches, with the ideal being 23½ inches. For females, the acceptable range is 21¼ to 23½, with the idea being 22½. Anything much over the acceptable range is to be faulted.
Males 30 to 42 kg.
Females 25 to 37 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Quarters (limbs) slightly defective, foot split up between toes, hare feet.
- Wrinkled skin or light in pigmentation.
- Absence of wrinkles on forehead.
- Insufficient pigmentation of nose, lip edges and eye rims.
- Coat of insufficient length.
- Small white patch on the chest, absence of mask.
- Minor faults in the general constitution.
- Head a bit small, narrow, long and of insufficient depth.
- Stop not marked.
- Superciliary arches pronounced.
- Cheeks too full or too lean.
- Jaws insufficiently developed.
- Slack lips.
- Ears set too high or very low insufficiently flattened against cheeks.
- Eyes too open, too light, set insufficiently apart.
- Presence of dewlap.
- Slack back, rump slightly raised or falling away.
- Narrow chest, not deep enough or barrel shaped; narrow forechest.
- Tail too short.
- Serious faults in the general constitution.
- Square body shape.
- Narrow head, too light or too coarse.
- Stop too marked.
- Muzzle too pointed or too long.
- Teeth pincer bite, uneven alignment of incisors.
- Light eyes.
- Pricked ears.
- Saddle back, rump definitely raised.
- Corkscrew tail or rolled up.
- Pounding gait (in front).
- Stilted gait (behind).
- Clumsy movement especially of the hindquarters.
- Soft and wavy coat.
- Insufficient pigmentation of nose; lip edges and eyerims. White patch on the chest exceeding 2 cm in width and 10 cm in length.
Muzzle: Lack of black pigment.
Nose: lack of black pigment.
Eyes: Light eyes. Lack of black pigment.
Ears: Prick ears.
Tail: Corkscrew or curled tail.
Coat: Soft or wavy coat.
Gait: Pounding, stilted or clumsy movement.
- Aggressive or overly shy dog.
- Exaggerated disproportion between the different parts of the body.
- Size below the minimum authorized in the standard.
- Head too big in relation to the body.
- Incomplete dentition. Undershot, overshot conditions.
- Standing position manifestly close or too wide (barrel-shaped).
- Very short or stump-like tail.
- Depigmentation of nose, lip edges and eyerims.
- All other colours than grey which must be at least light grey; bicoloured subjects or of several colours, very definite demarcation between the shades of grey. White patches on the chest or the neck exceeding 2 cm in width or 10 cm in length.
(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Under the acceptable height range.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot, overshot, or missing complete dentition. Docked, bobbed or missing tail. Any color or combination of colors other than described.
Teeth: Undershot, overshot or missing complete dentition.
Tail: Docked, bobbed or missing tail.
Color: Any color or combination of colors other than described.
Os machos devem ter dois testículos aparentemente normais totalmente descidos no escroto.