Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Bull Terrier

Bull Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLICADO

:
FCI
05.07.2011.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Grupo 3Terriers
Section 3Bull type Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
It was a certain James Hinks who first standardised the breed type in the 1850s, selecting the egg-shaped head. The breed was first shown in its present form at Birmingham in 1862. The Bull Terrier Club was formed in 1887. The truly interesting thing about the breed is that the standard says quite deliberately, “There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex. Dog should at all times be balanced.”
A smaller example of the Bull Terrier has been known since the early 19th century but fell out of favour prior to the First World War and was removed from the Kennel Club Breed Register in 1918. In 1938, a revival was spearheaded by Colonel Richard Glyn and a group of fellow enthusiasts who formed the Miniature Bull Terrier Club. The standard is the same as that of the Bull Terrier with the exception of a height limit.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression. A unique feature is a downfaced, egg-shaped head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.
KC
Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun loving attitude. A unique feature is a downfaced, egg-shaped head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun loving attitude. Of even temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is particularly good with people.
KC
Of even temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is particularly good with people.

HEAD

:
FCI
Long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not coarse. Viewed from front egg-shaped and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose.
KC
Head long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not coarse. Viewed from front egg-shaped and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations. Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose which should be black and bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed and under-jaw deep and strong.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Should be black. Bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed.

Muzzle

:
KC
Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, regular with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips clean and tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Clean and tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Under-jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, regular with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Eyes

:
FCI
Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely placed, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost black and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.
KC
Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely placed, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost black, and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.
KC
Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.

NECK

:
FCI
Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin.
KC
Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin.

BODY

:
FCI
Well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly.
KC
Body well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly. Back short, strong with backline behind withers level, arching or roaching slightly over broad, well muscled loins. Underline from brisket to belly forms a graceful upward curve. Chest broad when viewed from front.

Back

:
FCI
Short, strong, with backline behind withers level, arching or roaching slightly over loins.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad, well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad when viewed from front.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
From brisket to belly forms a graceful upward curve.

TAIL

:
FCI
Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a fine point.
KC
Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a fine point.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Dog should stand solidly upon legs and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of forelegs should be approximately equal to depth of chest.
KC
Shoulders strong and muscular without loading. Shoulder blades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with upper arm. Elbows held straight and strong, pasterns upright. Forelegs have strongest type of round, quality bone, dog should stand solidly upon them and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of foreleg should be approximately equal to depth of chest.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Strong and muscular without loading. Shoulder blades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with upper arm.

Elbow

:
FCI
Held straight and strong.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs have strongest type of round, quality bone.

Pastern

:
FCI
Upright.

FEET

:
KC
Round and compact with well arched toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round and compact with well arched toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs parallel when viewed from behind.
KC
Hindlegs in parallel when viewed from behind. Thighs muscular and second thighs well developed. Stifle joint well bent and hock well angulated with bone to foot short and strong.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Joint well bent.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Bone to foot short and strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hind legs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.
KC
When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hindlegs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fitting dog tightly.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.
KC
Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. Skin fitting dog tightly. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.

COLOUR

:
FCI
For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.
KC
For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black, brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.

SIZE

:
FCI
There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex.
KC
There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Características anatômicas do cão

N.B:

Os machos devem ter dois testículos aparentemente normais totalmente descidos no escroto.