Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Bernese Mountain Dog

(Berner Sennenhund)

Bernese Mountain Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Switzerland.

UITGEGEVEN

:
FCI
25.03.2003.
KC
January 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Originally used as a guard-, draught-and cattle dog on farms in the Canton Bern, today also family dog and versatile working dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Groep 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 3Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis, revised by Elke Pepper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a farm dog of ancestral origin which was used as a guard and draught dog and for driving cattle in the prealpine regions and in the midland areas around Bern. Originally he was named “Dürrbächler” according to the name of the hamlet and of the inn of Dürrbach, near Riggisberg in the Canton Bern where these long-haired tricoloured farm dogs were especially numerous. In 1902, 1904 and 1907 specimen of this breed had already been exhibited at dog shows, and in 1907 some breeders of the region of Burgdorf decided to promote the pure breeding of these dogs by founding the “Schweizerischer Dürrbach-Klub”, and fixing the characteristic traits of the breed. In 1910, at a show in Burgdorf where many farmers of that region brought their Dürrbächler dogs to, already 107 specimen were shown. From that day onward this dog, renamed “Bernese Mountain Dog” following the example of the other breeds of Swiss Mountain Dogs, became rapidly appreciated all over Switzerland and in the neighbouring parts of Germany. Today the Bernese Mountain Dog is well known and appreciated all over the world as a family dog thanks to its striking tricoloured coat and its great adaptability.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Longhaired, tricoloured, strong and agile working dog, of above medium size, with sturdily built limbs; harmonious and well balanced.
KC
Strong, sturdy working dog, active, alert, well boned, of striking colour.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Height at withers length of body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) = 9 10, rather compact than elongated.
Ideal relation of height at withers depth of chest = 2 1.
KC
A multi-purpose farm dog capable of draught work. A kind and devoted family dog. Slow to mature.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Self-confident, attentive, vigilant, fearless in every day situations; good-natured and devoted to his own people, self-assured and placid towards strangers ; of medium temperament, docile.
KC
Self-confident, good-natured, friendly and fearless. Aggressiveness not to be tolerated.

HEAD

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FCI
Strong. In size balanced to general appearance, not too massive.
KC
Strong with flat skull, very slight furrow, well defined stop; strong straight muzzle. Lips slightly developed.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Viewed from the front and in profile little rounded. Frontal furrow hardly marked.

Stop

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FCI
Well defined, but without being too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, of medium length; nasal bridge straight.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

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FCI
Close fitting; black.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Strong, complete scissor bite (molars 3 (M3) are not taken into consideration). Pincer bite accepted.

Eyes

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FCI
Dark brown, almond-shaped, with close fitting eyelids. Neither too deep-set nor prominent. Loose eyelids are faulty.
KC
Dark brown, almond-shaped, well fitting eyelids.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium-sized, set high, triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the tips, in repose hanging flat and close to the head. When alert, the rear part of the set-on is raised while the front edge of the ear remains close to the head.
KC
Medium-sized; set high, triangular-shaped, lying flat in repose, when alert brought slightly forward and raised at base.

NECK

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FCI
Strong, muscular, of medium length.
KC
Strong, muscular and medium length.

BODY

:
KC
Compact rather than long. Height to length 9:10. Broad chest, good depth of brisket reaching at least to elbow. Well ribbed; strong loins. Firm, straight back. Rump smoothly rounded.

Topline

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FCI
From the neck running slightly downwards to the withers in a harmonious line, then running on straight and level.

Back

:
FCI
Firm, straight and level.

Loin

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FCI
Broad and strong; seen from above slightly less broad than the chest.

Croup

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FCI
Smoothly rounded.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and deep, reaching to the elbows; forechest distinctly developed; ribcage of wide-oval section extending as well back as possible.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Slightly rising from chest to hindquarters.

TAIL

:
FCI
Bushy, reaching at least to the hocks; hanging straight down when at rest; carried level with back or slightly above when moving.
KC
Bushy, reaching just below hock. Raised when alert or moving but never curled or carried over back.

LIMBS

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FCI
Strong bones.

FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Forelegs seen from the front straight and parallel, standing rather wide apart.
KC
Shoulders long, strong and sloping, with upper arm forming a distinct angle, flat lying, well muscled. Forelegs straight from all sides. Pasterns flexing slightly.

Shoulder

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FCI
Shoulder blade long, strong and well laid back, forming a not too obtuse angle with the upper arm, well attached to the chest, well muscled.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Long, set oblique.

Elbow

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FCI
Close fitting; neither turned in nor out.

FORELEGS

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Forearm

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FCI
Strong, straight.

Pastern

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FCI
Seen from the side almost upright, firm; seen from the front in straight line with the forearm.

FEET

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KC
Short, round and compact.

Forefeet

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FCI
Short, roundish; with well-knit, well-arched toes. Turned neither in nor out.

Hind feet

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FCI
Slightly less arched than forefeet, turned neither in nor out.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the rear straight and parallel, not too close.
KC
Broad, strong and well muscled. Stifles well bent. Hock strong, well let down and turning neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, broad, strong and well muscled.

Stifle

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FCI
Distinctly well bent.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Long and oblique.

Hock joint

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FCI
Strong, well angulated.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Set almost vertically. Dewclaws to be removed (except in those countries where it is prohibited by law).

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Sound and balanced movement in all gaits covering a lot of ground; free stride reaching well out in front, with good drive from behind; at the trot, coming and going, legs moving forward in a straight line.
KC
Stride reaching out well in front, following well through behind, balanced stride in all gaits.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Long, shining, straight or slightly wavy.
KC
Soft, silky with bright natural sheen, long, slightly wavy but should not curl when mature.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Jet black main colour with rich tan markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on all four legs and on the chest, and with white markings as follows
Clean white symmetrical markings on the head blaze extending towards the nose on both sides to a muzzle band; the blaze should not reach the tan markings above the eyes, and the white muzzle band should not extend beyond the corners of the mouth.
Moderately broad, unbroken white marking on throat and chest.
Desirable white feet, white tip of tail.
Tolerated small white patch on nape of neck, small white anal patch.
KC
Jet black, with rich reddish-brown on cheeks, over eyes, on all four legs and on chest. Slight to medium-sized symmetrical white head marking (blaze) and white chest marking (cross) are essential. Preferred but not essential, white paws, white not reaching higher than pastern, white tip to tail. A few white hairs at nape of neck, and white anal patch undesirable but tolerated.

SIZE

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KC
Height: dogs: 64-70 cms (25-271/2 ins); bitches: 58-66 cms (23-26 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
For dogs 64-70 cm, ideal size 66-68 cm. For bitches 58-66 cm, ideal size 60-63 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Unsure behaviour.
Fine bones.
Irregular set of the incisors provided that the bite remains correct.
Absence of any other theeth than 2 PM1 (premolars 1); the M3 (molars 3) are not taken into consideration.
Coat: Distinctly curly coat.
  • Faults of colour and markings.
  • Absence of white on head.
  • Blaze too large and/or muzzle band reaching noticeably beyond the corners of the mouth.
  • White collar.
  • Large white patch on nape of neck (maximum diameter more than 6 cm).
  • White anal patch (maximum size 6 cm).
  • White markings on forelegs reaching distinctly beyond half-way of pasterns (“boots”).
  • Disturbingly asymmetrical white markings on head and/or chest.
  • Black ticks and stripes within the white on the chest.
  • “Dirty” white (strong spots of pigmentation).
  • Black coat with a touch of brown or red.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

Aggressive, anxious or distinctly shy.
Split nose.
Undershot or overshot mouth, wry mouth.
One or two blue eyes (wall eye).
Entropion, ectropion.
Kinky tail, ring tail.
Short coat, double coat (Stockhaar).
Other than tricoloured coat.
Other main colour than black.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomische eigenschappen van de hond

N.B.:

Reuen moeten twee duidelijk normale testikels hebben die volledig in het scrotum zijn ingedaald.