Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
10.11.2011.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 4Toy Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Yorkshire Terrier comes from the same locale as the Airedale Terrier and was first seen around the 1850s. The old Black and Tan Terrier is behind the Yorkshire Terrier, together with other breeds such as the Maltese and the Skye Terrier. The current name was accepted in 1870. The breed’s terrier-like qualities include the hunting instinct, be it for a toy in the house or a rodent in the garden.
UKC
The Yorkshire Terrier, with his long flowing coat and graceful gait, is probably the most glamorous of the smaller (Toy-type) terrier breeds. In the 19th century, however, he weighed about fifteen pounds and had been originally developed to perform the less-than-glamorous but necessary job of controlling the rats in the coal mines and cotton mills of Yorkshire, England. The exact development of the Yorkshire Terrier is obscure but most of the various breeds that went into its make-up are known. One, the so-called “Broken-Haired Scotch Terrier,” was brought to Yorkshire by Scottish weavers who had migrated from Scotland in the mid-19th century. Another was a small, 6- to 20-pound (usually averaging about ten pounds), longish-coated and bluish-gray in color dog called the Waterside Terrier, which was common in Yorkshire and was bred for hunting and killing rats. This Waterside Terrier was crossed with the Old English Black and Tan Terrier, the rough-coated English Terrier, the Paisley Terrier and the Clydesdale Terrier to produce the current day Yorkshire Terrier. Additional influences probably included the Maltese and the Skye Terrier. Because of the great improvement in the dog that had been done in Yorkshire, around 1870 it was decided that the breed should be called the Yorkshire Terrier rather than Scottish Terrier. In 1886, it was officially given the breed name of “Yorkshire Terrier.” By the late 1870s, sizes averaged from three to seven pounds, where they remain today. The Yorkshire Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1956.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Long-coated, coat hanging quite straight and evenly down each side, a parting extending from nose to end of tail. Very compact and neat, carriage very upright conveying an important air.
KC
Long-coated, coat hanging quite straight and evenly down each side, a parting extending from nose to end of tail. Very compact and neat, carriage very upright conveying an important air. General outline conveying impression of vigorous and well proportioned body.
UKC
The Yorkshire Terrier’s appearance is that of a well-balanced, long coated, small (Toy-type) terrier, readily identified by its steel blue and tan, straight-flowing coat. The hair is parted on the muzzle and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail. The body is square and evenly proportioned. The dog’s high head carriage and confident manner gives the appearance of vigor and self-importance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
General outline conveying impression of vigorous and well proportioned body.
KC
Alert, intelligent toy terrier.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Alert, intelligent toy terrier. Spirited with even disposition.
KC
Spirited with even disposition.
UKC
Although small, the Yorkshire Terrier is spirited, reflecting its terrier strains, and very healthy and strong. Yorkshire Terriers are very intelligent and lovable and make excellent companions.

HEAD

:
KC
Rather small and flat, not too prominent or round in skull, nor too long in muzzle; black nose.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Rather small and flat, not too prominent or round.
UKC
The skull is rather small and flat.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Not too long.
KC
Perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth well placed with even jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is not too long in proportion to the skull.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth well placed with even jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong white teeth meet in a level or scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium, dark, sparkling, with sharp intelligent expression and placed to look directly forward. Not prominent. Edge of eyelids dark.
KC
Medium, dark, sparkling, with sharp intelligent expression and placed to look directly forward. Not prominent. Edge of eyelids dark.
UKC
The eyes are medium in size and placed to look directly forward. They are dark in color and sparkle with a sharp, intelligent expression. The eye rims are dark.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, V-shaped, carried erect, not too far apart, covered with short hair, colour very deep, rich tan.
KC
Small, V-shaped, carried erect, not too far apart, covered with short hair, colour very deep, rich tan.
UKC
The ears are small and V-shaped and carried erect. They are set high on the head, with the hair trimmed short on the tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Good reach.
KC
Good reach.
UKC
The neck is of good length and is set to allow for high head carriage.

BODY

:
FCI
Compact.
KC
Compact with moderate spring of rib, good loin. Level back.
UKC
The body is compact, with a level topline and moderate spring of rib.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Well sustained.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderate spring o ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Medium length with plenty of hair, darker blue in colour than rest of body, especially at end of tail. Carried a little higher than level of back.
Undocked: Plenty of hair, darker blue in colour than rest of body, especially at end of tail. Carried a little higher than level of back. As straight as possible. Length to give a well balanced appearance.
KC
Previously customarily docked Docked: Medium length with plenty of hair, darker blue in colour than rest of body, especially at end of tail. Carried a little higher than level of back. Undocked: Plenty of hair, darker blue in colour than rest of body, especially at end of tail. Carried a little higher than level of back. As straight as possible. Length to give a well balanced appearance.
UKC
The tail is customarily docked to a medium length. The tail set is level with the topline, with the tail carried slightly higher than the level of the back. If undocked, the tail is as straight as possible, well covered with hair, and carried a little above the level of the topline. The coat at the base of the tail is a lighter blue than on the rest of the body, and the color darkens towards the tip on both docked and undocked tails.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs straight, well covered with hair of rich golden tan a few shades lighter at end than at roots, not extending higher on forelegs than elbows.
KC
Well laid shoulders, legs straight, well covered with hair of rich golden tan a few shades lighter at ends than at roots, not extending higher on forelegs than elbow.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight.

FEET

:
KC
Round; nails black.
UKC
The feet are round with black toenails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round; nails black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs quite straight when viewed from behind, moderate turn of stifle. Well covered with hair of rich golden tan a few shades lighter at ends than at roots, not extending higher on hind legs than stifle.
KC
Legs quite straight when viewed from behind, moderate turn of stifle. Well covered with hair of rich golden tan a few shades lighter at ends than at roots, not extending higher on hindlegs than stifles.
UKC
The hindquarters are sturdy and well muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderate turn of stifle.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Straight when viewed from behind, with moderate angulation at the stifle. Dewclaws may be removed.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free with drive ; straight action front and behind, retaining level topline.
KC
Free with drive; straight action front and behind, retaining level topline.
UKC
The dogs exhibit a smooth and flowing movement, in straight line, with good reach and strong drive and straight action front and rear. The topline remains level while gaiting.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
On body moderately long, perfectly straight (not wavy), glossy; fine silky texture, not woolly, must never impede movement. Fall on head long, rich golden tan, deeper in colour at sides of head, about ear roots and on muzzle where it should be very long. Tan on head not to extend on to neck, nor must any sooty or dark hair intermingle with any of tan.
KC
Hair on body moderately long, perfectly straight (not wavy), glossy; fine silky texture, not woolly, must never impede movement. Fall on head long, rich golden tan, deeper in colour at sides of head, about ear roots and on muzzle where it should be very long. Tan on head not to extend on to neck, nor must any sooty or dark hair intermingle with any of tan.
UKC
The coat is long, perfectly straight, fine and glossy. It is silky in texture and cool to the touch. The fall on the head and muzzle are very long. The fall on the head is tied up with one bow in the center of the head. The hair on the tips of the ears should be trimmed short. The body coat may be trimmed to floor length for ease of movement and the feet may be trimmed for neatness.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Dark steel blue (not silver blue), extending from occiput to root of tail, never mingled with fawn, bronze or dark hairs. Hair on chest rich, bright tan. All tan hair darker at the roots than in middle, shading to still lighter at tips.
KC
Dark steel blue (not silver blue), extending from occiput to root of tail, never mingled with fawn, bronze or dark hairs. Hair on chest rich, bright tan. All tan hair darker at the roots than in middle, shading to still lighter at tips.
UKC
Puppies are born black and tan and are normally darker in body color, showing an intermingling of black hair in the tan until they are mature. The mature coat color occurs gradually; therefore, puppies should not be faulted for lack of color change until they are mature. The colors in adult dogs are: BLUE - a dark steel blue. TAN - All tan hairs are darker at the roots than in the middle, shading to a still lighter tan at the tips. On the body, the dark steel blue extends over the body, from the back of the head to the root of the tail. The headfall is a rich golden tan, deeper in color at the sides of the head, at the ear roots and on the muzzle, with the ears being a deep rich tan. The tan color should not extend down the back of the neck. The hair on the chest and legs is, a bright, rich tan, not extending above the elbow on the forelegs or above the stifle on the hind legs.

SIZE

:
KC
Weight up to 3.2 kgs (7 lbs).

Weight

:
FCI
Up to 3,2 kgs.
UKC
The Yorkshire Terrier weighs no more than seven pounds.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Overshot bite. Undershot bite.
Tail: Low tail set.
Coat: Cotton- or wool-textured coat in adults.
Color: In adult dogs, fawn or bronze hairs mingling with silver-blue color. Sooty or black hair intermingled with the tan.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Any solid color, or any combination of colors (such as, but not limited to, chocolate and tan or tri-color) other than those specifically described in the standard. Any white marking other than a small spot on the chest, no more than one inch in diameter. Any change in coat color by artificial means. Albinism.
Color: Any solid color, or any combination of colors (such as, but not limited to, chocolate and tan or tri-color) other than those specifically described in the standard. Any white marking other than a small spot on the chest, no more than one inch in diameter. Any change in coat color by artificial means. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.