Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Fox Terrier (Wire)

Fox Terrier (Wire)

Wire Fox Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.03.2009.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Working trial optional

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
When fox hunting became popular in England in the late 17th century, hunters found the need for a dog that could go to ground and bolt the quarry. Terriers, game and eager, were ideal for such a purpose but most of the early terriers were dark in color and too low on leg to run with a pack of foxhounds. Hunters began to develop a longer-legged terrier, predominantly white in color so as not to be mistaken for a fox. Early fox terriers were primarily smooth-coated, but the wire coat persisted. By the end of the 19th century, smooth and wire-coated Fox Terriers were in great demand, both as companions and show dogs. Although considered one breed for many years, interbreeding of Smooth Fox Terriers and Wire Fox Terriers ceased in the early 1900s. Except for coat, however, the two breeds are essentially identical. The Fox Terrier was recognized by United Kennel Club in 1912. The two breeds were separated effective January 1, 1999.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Active and lively, bone and strength in small compass, never cloddy or coarse. Conformation to show perfect balance ; in particular this applies to the relative proportions of skull and foreface, and similarly height at withers and length of body from shoulder point to buttocks appear approximately equal. Standing like a short-backed hunter covering a lot of ground.
KC
Active and lively, bone and strength in small compass, never cloddy or coarse. Conformation to show perfect balance; in particular this applies to the relative proportions of skull and foreface, and similarly height at withers and length of body from shoulder point to buttocks appear approximately equal. Standing like a short-backed hunter covering a lot of ground.
UKC
The Wire Fox Terrier is a muscular but agile, active, small-to-medium size hunting terrier, with sufficient length of leg to run with the foxhounds in a hunt, and built to go to ground after fox. The body is square and covered with a dense, wire coat. The head is moderately narrow, with a flat skull, a barely perceptible stop, and a powerful muzzle that is equal in length to the skull. Ears are set high and are V-shaped, dropping forward, and carried close to the skull. The tail is straight, set high, and normally docked, but not close to the body. The coat is predominantly white in color. The Wire Fox Terrier is modeled on the symmetry and power of the Fox Hound. When standing, the distance between the front and rear feet is long in comparison to the relative shortness of the dog’s back.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Alert, quick of movement, keen of expression, on tiptoe of expectation at slightest provocation.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Alert, quick of movement, keen of expression, on tiptoe of expectation at slightest provocation. Friendly, forthcoming and fearless.
KC
Friendly, forthcoming and fearless.
UKC
The Wire Fox Terrier is friendly, alert, active, and lively without being high-strung. Through his keen expression and alert bearing, ears up and tail quivering, the Wire Fox Terrier gives the impression of a dog ready to go anywhere and take on any task. The Wire Fox Terrier is bold but not aggressive with people. They are affectionate with children but may be too active for some. Although seldom used for hunting now, the Wire Fox Terrier retains a strong prey drive and will dig tirelessly after any underground vermin.

HEAD

:
KC
Topline of skull almost flat, sloping slightly and gradually decreasing in width towards eyes. Little difference in length between skull and foreface. If foreface is noticeably shorter head looks weak and unfinished. Foreface gradually tapering from eye to muzzle and dipping slightly at its juncture with forehead but not dished or falling away quickly below eyes where it should be full and well made up. Excessive bony or muscular development of jaws undesirable and unsightly. Full and rounded contour of cheeks undesirable. Nose black.
UKC
The head is long and moderately narrow. When viewed from the side, the skull and muzzle are equal in length, parallel to one another, and joined by a barely perceptible stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Topline of skull almost flat, sloping slightly and gradually decreasing in width towards eyes.
UKC
The skull is flat and moderately narrow, tapering slightly toward the muzzle. Cheeks are flat and clean.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black and fully pigmented.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Little difference in length between skull and foreface. If foreface is noticeably shorter head looks weak and unfinished.
Foreface gradually tapering from eye to muzzle and dipping slightly at its juncture with forehead but not dished or falling away quickly below eyes where it should be full and well made up. Full and rounded contour of cheeks undesirable.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is strong and tapers slightly from stop to nose. Jaws are strong and muscular. There is a minimum of falling away under the eye, giving a moderately chiseled look. Lips are tight and darkly pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Excessive bony or muscular development of jaws undesirable and unsightly.
UKC
The Wire Fox Terrier has a complete set of comparatively large, evenly spaced, white teeth with a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, full of fire and intelligence, moderately small, not prominent. As near circular in shape as possible. Not too far apart nor too high in skull nor too near ears. Light eyes highly undesirable.
KC
Dark, full of fire and intelligence, moderately small, not prominent. As near circular in shape as possible. Not too far apart nor too high in skull nor too near ears. Light eyes highly undesirable.
UKC
Eyes are deep set, moderately small, nearly round, dark in color, with a lively, intelligent, sometimes fiery expression. Eye rims are darkly pigmented.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, V-shaped, of moderate thickness, flaps neatly folded over and dropping forward close the cheeks. Top line of folded ears well above level of skull. Prick, tulip or rose ears highly undesirable.
KC
Small, V-shaped, of moderate thickness, flaps neatly folded over and dropping forward close to cheeks. Top line of folded ears well above level of skull. Prick, tulip or rose ears highly undesirable.
UKC
The Wire Fox Terrier has small, V-shaped, button ears of moderate thickness. The ears are set high and the tips are carried close to the cheek. The topline of the folded ear is well above the level of the skull.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean, muscular, of fair length, free from throatiness, broadening to shoulders, presenting a graceful curve when viewed from side.
KC
Clean, muscular, of fair length, free from throatiness, broadening to shoulders, presenting a graceful curve when viewed from side.
UKC
The neck is clean, muscular, dry, and of moderate length. The neck gradually widens from the nape and blends smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Back short, level and strong without slackness, loin muscular, slightly arched. Brisket deep, front ribs moderately arched, rear ribs deep, well sprung. Very short coupled.
UKC
The Wire Fox Terrier body is square, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttocks and from withers to the ground. The back is short and level, blending into a short, muscular, slightly arched loin. The chest is deep but not broad. The ribs extend well back, with the front ribs moderately arched and the back ribs well sprung and deep. The brisket extends to the elbow. The forechest is well filled but does not extend beyond the point of shoulder. The croup is nearly flat.

Back

:
FCI
Short, level and strong without slackness.

Loin

:
FCI
Muscular, slightly arched. Very short coupled.

Chest

:
FCI
Brisket deep ; front ribs moderately arched ; rear ribs deep, well sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Set high. Carried erect, not over back or curled. Of good strength and fair length.
Undocked: Set high. Carried erect, not over back or curled. Of good strength and fair length to maintain a balanced appearance.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set high. Carried erect, not over back or curled. Of good strength and fair length. Undocked: Set high. Carried erect, not over back or curled. Of good strength and fair length to maintain a balanced appearance.
UKC
The tail is set on high and customarily docked to a length that is proportionate to the body and provides a good handhold. The tail is straight and carried erect, but never curled or laying over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from front, shoulders slope steeply down from junction with neck towards points which should be fine ; viewed from side, long and well laid back and sloping obliquely backwards. Withers always clean cut. Chest deep, not broad. Viewed from any direction, legs straight, bone strong right down to feet. Elbows perpendicular to body, working free of sides, carried straight when moving.
KC
Seen from front, shoulders slope steeply down from junction with neck towards points which should be fine; viewed from side, long and well laid back and sloping obliquely backwards. Withers always clean-cut. Chest deep, not broad. Viewed from any direction, legs straight, bone strong right down to feet. Elbows perpendicular to body, working free of sides, carried straight when moving.
UKC
Shoulders are long, sloping, well laid back, fine at the point of shoulder, and well defined at the withers. The upper arm is shorter than the shoulder blade. The angle formed by the scapula and upper arm is approximately 90 degrees. The forelegs are strong, straight, and moderately well boned. The elbows are set close to the body but able to move freely in action. The pasterns are short, powerful, straight, and flexible. When viewed in profile, the pasterns are nearly erect.

FEET

:
KC
Round, compact with small, tough and well cushioned pads, toes moderately arched. Turning neither in nor out.
UKC
Feet are round, compact, and not too large. Toes are moderately arched. Pads are hard, tough, and well-cushioned. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, compact with small, tough and well cushioned pads, toes moderately arched. Turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, muscular and free from droop or crouch. Combination of short second thigh and straight stifle highly undesirable.
KC
Strong, muscular and free from droop or crouch. Thighs long and powerful. Stifles well bent, turning neither in nor out. Hocks well let down, upright and parallel when viewed from rear. Combination of short second thigh and straight stifle highly undesirable.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular. The thighs are long and powerful, stifles are well bent, and the hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and powerful.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent, turning neither in nor out.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Upright and parallel when viewed from rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Fore- and hindlegs move straight forward and parallel. Elbows move perpendicular to body, working free of sides. Stifles turning neither in nor out. Good drive coming from well flexing hindquarters.
KC
Fore- and hindlegs move straight forward and parallel. Elbows move perpendicular to body, working free of sides. Stifles turning neither in nor out. Good drive coming from well flexing hindquarters.
UKC
A Wire Fox Terrier moves with a brisk stride of moderate length. Coming and going, the forelegs and hind legs swing parallel to one another and perpendicular to the ground, like the pendulum of a clock. When moved on a loose lead at a moderate speed, the hocks and elbows are the same distance apart as the feet. Viewed from the side, the front legs extend well forward, but with very little height between foot and ground. The rear leg swinging forward contacts the ground at approximately mid-length of the body. As the leg moves beyond the rump, the foot is quickly lifted, creating a distinctive “snatch” of the hock. When moving, the back remains level.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Dense, very wiry texture, 2 cm (3/4 in) on shoulder to 4 cm ( 1 ½ ins) on withers, back, ribs and quarters with undercoat of short, softer hair. Back and quarters harsher than sides. Hair on jaws crisp and of sufficient length to impart appearance of strength to foreface. Leg hair dense and crisp.
KC
Dense, very wiry texture, 2 cms (3/4 in) on shoulder to 4 cms (11/2 ins) on withers, back, ribs and quarters with undercoat of short, softer hair. Back and quarters harsher than sides. Hair on jaws crisp and of sufficient length to impart appearance of strength to foreface. Leg hair dense and crisp.
UKC
The Wire Fox Terrier is a double-coated dog with a hard, wiry outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat. The outer coat may be slightly waved but a curly coat is very objectionable. The coat is trimmed by stripping and blended into the leg and face furnishings to give a distinct Wire Fox Terrier outline. The longer coat on the muzzle, legs and lower body should be dense and crisp in texture. The dog should be presented with sufficient length of coat so that the texture and density may be determined. The Wire Fox Terrier coat must be sufficiently well-groomed to enable a judge to properly evaluate the dog, but the artfulness of the trimming is not a factor to consider in judging this breed unless all other aspects of the dogs being judged are equal.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White predominates with black, black and tan or tan markings. Brindle, red, liver or slate-blue markings undesirable.
KC
White predominates with black, black and tan or tan markings. Brindle, red, liver or slate-blue marking undesirable.
UKC
White is the predominant color.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers not exceeding 39 cms (151/2 ins) in dogs, bitches slightly less. Ideal weight in show condition 8 kgs (18 lbs) for dogs, bitches slightly less.
UKC
Desirable height for a mature male Wire Fox Terrier should not exceed 15½ inches at the withers. A balanced dog of that height should have a back length from withers to root of tail of no more than 12 inches, and a head length of nor more than 7¼ inches or less than 7 inches. A balanced dog of these proportions should weigh about 18 pounds. Bitches are normally slightly lower in height and lighter in weight, but with the same proportions.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Height at the withers not exceeding 39 cm ( 15 ½ ins ) in dogs, bitches slightly less.

Weight

:
FCI
Ideal weight in show condition 8,25 kg (18 lbs) for dogs, bitches slightly less.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Skull: Coarse skull; prominent cheeks.
Muzzle: Roman nose; dish face.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Ears: Low set ears; hound-like ears.
Forequarters: Bowed legs; bent pasterns; knuckling over or any other misalignment of joints; out at elbow; toeing in or toeing out.
Body: Barrel ribs; chest too deep or too broad.
Hindquarters: Cow hocks; open hocks.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Hindquarters: Short second thigh; straight stifles.
Color: Brindle, red, liver, or slate blue.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. ¼ inch or more overshot or undershot. Dudley nose. Butterfly nose. Prick, tulip, or rose ears. Albinism.
Teeth: ¼ inch or more overshot or undershot.
Nose: Dudley nose; butterfly nose.
Ears: Prick, tulip, or rose ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.