Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The early vermin-catching dogs indigenous to Scotland, collectively known as the “Terriers of Scotland,” developed from common root stock and eventually separated into defined breeds. These include the Dandie Dinmont, Scottish, Skye and Cairn Terriers. This, too, is the origin of the West Highland White Terrier, which is thought to have originally been part of the Cairn breed. The West Highland White Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1919.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strongly built; deep in chest and back ribs; level back and powerful quarters on muscular legs and exhibiting in a marked degree a great combination of strength and activity.
KC
Strongly built; deep in chest and back ribs; level back and powerful quarters on muscular legs and exhibiting in a marked degree a great combination of strength and activity.
UKC
The game, hardy "Westie" presents a compact appearance, with good balance and substance. It is short coupled and well boned. The distance from the withers to the root of the tail is slightly shorter than the distance from the withers to the ground.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Small, active, game, hardy, possessed of no small amount of self-esteem with a varminty appearance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Small, active, game, hardly, possessed of no small amount of self-esteem with a varminty appearance. Alert, gay, courageous, self-reliant but friendly.
KC
Alert, gay, courageous, self-reliant but friendly.
UKC
The West Highland White is alert, gay, courageous and self-reliant while remaining friendly. Its expression is piercing, inquisitive and alert.

HEAD

:
FCI
Distance from occiput to eyes slightly greater than length of foreface. Head thickly coated with hair and carried at right angle or less, to axis of neck. Head not to be carried in extended position.
KC
Skull slightly domed; when handled across forehead presents a smooth contour. Tapering very slightly from skull at level of ears to eyes. Distance from occiput to eyes slightly greater than length of foreface. Head thickly coated with hair, and carried at right angle or less, to axis of neck. Head not to be carried in extended position. Foreface gradually tapering from eye to muzzle. Distinct stop formed by heavy, bony ridges immediately above and slightly overhanging eye, and slight indentation between eyes. Foreface not dished nor falling away quickly below eyes, where it is well made up. Jaws strong and level. Nose black and fairly large, forming smooth contour with rest of muzzle. Nose not projecting forward.
UKC
The Westie head is thickly coated with hair and is carried upright, never extended forward. The distance from occiput to stop is slightly greater than the distance from the stop to the end of the nose. There is a distinct stop, created by a prominent brow, and a slight furrow between the eyes.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Slightly domed; when handled across forehead presents a smooth contour. Tapering very slightly from skull at level of ears to eyes.
UKC
Broad, domed and free of wrinkle. Slightly wider between the ears than at the eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Distinct stop, formed by heavy, bony ridges immediately above and slightly overhanging eye, and slight indentation between eyes.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black and fairly large, forming smooth contour with rest of muzzle. Nose not projecting forward.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Foreface gradually tapering from eye to muzzle; not dished nor falling away quickly below eyes, where it is well made up.
KC
As broad between canine teeth as is consistent with varminty expression required. Teeth large for size of dog, with regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Broad and strong enough to produce a varminty expression, the muzzle is well filled below the eyes and tapers in width towards the nose. The nasal bone is straight, never dished or down faced.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong and level. As broad between canine teeth as is consistent with varminty expression required. Teeth large for size of dog, with regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of large (for the size of the breed), strong, white teeth meet in a close scissors bite, with the upper incisors slightly overlapping the lower incisors.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set wide apart, medium in size, not full, as dark as possible and set well under heavy eyebrows which gives the dog a sharp and intelligent piercing expression. Light coloured eyes highly undesirable.
KC
Set wide apart, medium in size, not full, as dark as possible and set well under heavy eyebrows which gives the dog a sharp and intelligent piercing expression. Light coloured eyes highly undesirable.
UKC
Medium in size and set wide apart under well-developed brows. Dark in color, with a sharp, intelligent, piercing expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, erect and carried firmly, terminating in sharp point, set neither too wide nor too close. Hair short and smooth (velvety), should not be cut. Free from any fringe at top. Round-pointed, broad, large or thick ears or too heavily coated with hair most undesirable.
KC
Small, erect and carried firmly, terminating in sharp point, set neither too wide nor too close. Hair short and smooth (velvety), should not be cut. Free from any fringe at top. Round-pointed, broad, large or thick ears or too heavily coated with hair most undesirable.
UKC
The small ears terminate in a sharp point, but must never be cropped. They are carried tightly erect and are set wide apart on the top outer edge of the skull. The hair on the ears is short, smooth and velvety, and is free of fringe at the tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Sufficiently long to allow proper set on of head required, muscular and gradually thickening towards base allowing neck to merge into nicely sloping shoulders.
KC
Sufficiently long to allow proper set on of head required, muscular and gradually thickening towards base allowing neck to merge into nicely sloping shoulders.
UKC
A muscular neck gradually thickens toward its base and is well set on sloping shoulders. The length is in proportion to the whole of the dog.

BODY

:
FCI
Compact.
KC
Compact. Back level, loins broad and strong. Chest deep and ribs well arched in upper half presenting a flattish side appearance. Back ribs of considerable depth and distance from last rib of quarters as short as compatible with free movement of body.
UKC
The body is compact and of good substance. Whether standing or moving, the topline is flat and level. The very deep chest extends to the elbows, with the breadth being in proportion to the size of the dog. The deep ribs are well arched in the upper half, extending at least to the elbows and presenting a flattish side appearance. The back ribs are of considerable depth. The distance from the last rib to the hindquarters is as short as is compatible to allow free movement of the body. The back is straight. The short, broad loins are strong.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and ribs well arched in upper half presenting a flattish side appearance. Back ribs of considerable depth and distance from last rib of quarters as short as compatible with free movement of body.

TAIL

:
FCI
13 -15 cms long, covered with harsh hair, no feathering, as straight as possible, carried jauntily, not gay or carried over back. A long tail undesirable, and on no account should tails be docked.
KC
13-15 cms (5-6 ins) long, covered with harsh hair, no feathering, as straight as possible, carried jauntily, not gay or carried over back. A long tail undesirable, and on no account should tails be docked.
UKC
The tail is relatively short, five to six inches in length, but is never docked. When standing erect, the tip is approximately level with the top of the skull, thus maintaining a balanced appearance. It is covered with hard, straight hair, but no feathers. The tail is carried gaily, but not curled over the back. It is set on high enough so that the spine does not slope down to it.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders sloping backwards. Shoulder blades broad and lying close to chest wall. Shoulder joint placed forward, elbows well in, allowing foreleg to move freely, parallel to axis of body. Forelegs short and muscular, straight and thickly covered with short, hard hair.
UKC
The sloping shoulder blades are broad and and set smoothly into the body. They join a moderately long upper arm that angles enough to set the legs back under the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping backwards. Shoulder-blades broad and lying close to chest wall. Shoulder joint placed forward.

Elbow

:
FCI
Well in, allowing foreleg to move freely, parallel to axis of body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The muscular, well-boned forelegs are straight and relatively short, but are of sufficient length so that the dog is not too close to the ground. The distance from the withers to the elbow is approximately the same as the distance from the elbow to the ground. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs short and muscular, straight and thickly covered with short, hard hair.

FEET

:
KC
Forefeet larger than hind, round, proportionate in size, strong, thickly padded and covered with short harsh hair. Hindfeet are smaller and thickly padded. Under surface of pads and all nails preferably black.
UKC
Round and thickly padded, with the front feet somewhat larger than the hind feet. Pads and nails preferably black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Larger than hind feet, round, proportionate in size, strong, thickly padded and covered with short harsh hair. Under surface of pads and all nails preferably black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Smaller than forefeet and thickly padded, round, proportionate in size, strong, thickly padded and covered with short harsh hair. Under surface of pads and all nails preferably black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, muscular and wide across top. Legs short, muscular and sinewy.
KC
Strong, muscular and wide across top. Legs short, muscular and sinewy. Thighs very muscular and not too wide apart. Hocks bent and well set in under body so as to be fairly close to each other when standing or moving. Straight or weak hocks most undesirable.
UKC
The hindquarters are well-angulated, strong and very muscular, broad at the top when viewed from behind.

Thigh

:
FCI
Very muscular and not too wide apart.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Relatively short, with muscular thighs. Legs are not wide apart at thigh or hock. Well bent at hock.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Bent and well set in under body so as to be fairly close to each other when standing or moving. Straight or weak hocks most undesirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, straight and easy all round. In front, legs freely extended forward from shoulder. Hind movement free, strong and close. Stifle and hocks well flexed and hocks drawn under body giving drive. Stiff, stilted movement behind and cowhocks highly undesirable.
KC
Free, straight and easy all round. In front, legs freely extended forward from shoulder. Hind movement free, strong and close. Stifle and hocks well flexed and hocks drawn under body giving drive. Stiff, stilted movement behind and cowhocks highly undesirable.
UKC
The preferred gait is free, straight and easy all around, powerful, with reach and drive. The forelegs are freely extended forward by the shoulder. The hind legs move fairly close. The hocks are freely flexed and drawn close under the body so that when moving off the foot, the body is propelled forward with some force.

SKIN

:
FCI
Free from obvious skin problems.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coated. Outer coat consists of harsh hair, about 5 cms long, free from any curl. Undercoat, which resembles fur, short, soft and close. Open coats most undesirable.
KC
Double coated. Outer coat consists of harsh hair, about 5 cms (2 ins) long, free from any curl. Undercoat, which resembles fur, short, soft and close. Open coats most undesirable. Free from obvious skin problems.
UKC
The ideal coat is an integral detail of the breed. A double coat is a necessity. The outer coat consists of straight, hard, white hair about two inches long and free from any curl. The abundant undercoat is short, soft and close, resembling fur in texture. The outer coat is shorter on the neck and shoulders blending into the longer furnishings on the stomach and legs. The furnishings may be somewhat softer and longer, but must never appear fluffy. The head may be shaped (by plucking) to present a round appearance and act as a frame for the typical Westie expression, but it is not a necessity. The legs are covered with short, hard hair. The hair on the ears is short, smooth and velvety, and is free of fringe at the tips.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White.
KC
White.
UKC
As defined by the name of the breed, the only acceptable color is white.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers approximately 28 cms (11 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
Approximately 28 cms.
UKC
The ideal height is approximately 11 inches, with some slight deviation acceptable.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Eyes: Eyes too full or round. Light-colored eyes.
Neck: Neck too long or too short.
Forelegs: Too short or too straight upper arm. Out at the elbows. Fiddle front. Light bone.
Body: High rear. Weak back. Back too long or too short. Barrel ribs. Ribs too short, above the elbows.
Hind Legs: Weak hocks. Cow hocks. Long rear pasterns. Lack of angulation.
Tail: Tail set too low. Tail too long. Thin. Carried at half-mast or over the back.
Gait: Stilted rear movement. Cow hocks.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Ears: Round, broad, large or thick ears. Heavy coat on ears.
Coat: Open coat

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.