Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Spaniel (Welsh Springer)

Welsh Springer Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.07.2009.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Flushing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
Opinions differ on the length of time that the Welsh Springer Spaniel has been designated as a pure breed. Some theories trace the breed back to the Celts and their settling of Wales and other parts of the British Isles. Others state the breed is a mixture of the British Spaniel breeds and did not become standardized until the late 1800s, at approximately the same time the other Spaniel breeds were being categorized in Great Britain. The Welsh Springer Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1956.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Symmetrical, compact, not leggy, obviously built for endurance and hard work. Quick and active mover, displaying plenty of push and drive.
KC
Symmetrical, compact, not leggy, obviously built for endurance and hard work. Quick and active mover, displaying plenty of push and drive.
UKC
The combination of proper angulation, fore and aft, and the correct length of the body, presents a rectangular silhouette. The length of the body, from the withers to the base of the tail, is only slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the ground. Body length may be the same as the height, but never shorter. The Welsh Springer Spaniel is an appealing and manageable size. Its structure indicates that it is built for hard work and endurance, exhibiting substance while never appearing coarse. It is compact and not leggy, indicating endurance and the ability to work hard.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Very ancient and distinct breed of pure origin. Strong, merry and very active.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very ancient and distinct breed of pure origin. Strong, merry and very active. Kindly disposition, not showing aggression or nervousness.
KC
Kindly disposition, not showing aggression or nervousness.
UKC
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a distinct variety from other spaniels. Its name is derived from its hunting style. Its coat is thick enough to protect it from adverse hunting conditions, but never excessive enough to hinder his work. The breed is active, with a loyal and affectionate temperament, making it an ideal part of the family as well as an excellent hunting companion. They may be reserved with strangers, but never to the point of being excessively shy or vicious.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull of proportionate length, slightly domed, clearly defined stop, well chiselled below eyes. Muzzle of medium length, straight, fairly square. Nostrils well developed, flesh coloured to dark.
UKC
The Welsh Springer Spaniel head is unique among spaniels. Overall balance is of primary importance. It is in proportion to the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Of proportionate length, slightly domed. Well chiselled below eyes.
UKC
The slightly-domed, medium-length skull has a clearly defined stop. It is well chiseled below the eyes. The top plane of the skull is slightly divergent from the plane of the muzzle, but the muzzle does not appear down faced.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Flesh coloured to dark, nostrils well developed.
UKC
The well-developed nostrils may be black or any shade of brown.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Of medium length, straight, fairly square.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The straight, fairly square muzzle is approximately equal in length to, but never longer than, the length of the skull. It is free from excessive flews.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Hazel or dark, medium size, neither prominent, nor sunken, not showing haw.
KC
Hazel or dark, medium size, not prominent, or sunken, or showing haw.
UKC
The medium-sized, oval-shaped eyes have a soft expression. They are dark to medium brown in color, the preference being for a darker eye. Dark pigmentation is preferred on the tight eye rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Set moderately low and hanging close to cheeks. Comparatively small and gradually narrowing towards tip and shaped somewhat like a vine leaf.
KC
Set moderately low and hanging close to cheeks. Comparatively small and gradually narrowing towards tip and shaped somewhat like a vine leaf.
UKC
The lightly-feathered ears are set on at about eye level and hang close to the cheek. They are comparatively small, not reaching to the nose. Shaped somewhat like a vine leaf, they narrow gradually toward the tip.

NECK

:
FCI
Long, muscular, clean in throat, neatly set into sloping shoulders.
KC
Long, muscular, clean in throat, neatly set into sloping shoulders.
UKC
The long, slightly-arched, clean neck is set into long, sloping shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Not long, strong and muscular. Length of body should be proportionate to length of legs.
KC
Not long. Strong and muscular. Deep brisket, well sprung ribs. Length of body should be proportionate to length of leg. Loin muscular and slightly arched. Well coupled.
UKC
The well-developed, muscular chest has a prominent forechest. The brisket reaches to the elbows. The ribs are well-sprung. The topline is level. The slightly arched, muscular loin is close coupled. The croup is very slightly rounded.

Loin

:
FCI
Muscular and slightly arched. Well coupled.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep brisket, well sprung ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked. Well set on and low, never carried above level of back. Lively in action.
Undocked Feathered. In balance with the rest of the dog.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Well set on and low, never carried above level of back. Lively in action. Undocked: Well set on and low, never carried above level of back. Lively in action. Feathered. In balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
The tail is an extension of the topline, the carriage being nearly horizontal or slightly elevated when the dog is excited, with a lively action. It is generally docked, but a natural tail is not a fault.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs of medium length, straight, well boned.
KC
Forelegs of medium length, straight, well boned.
UKC
The length of the shoulder blade and upper arm are about equal. The distance from the top of the shoulder blades to the elbows is approximately the same as that from the elbows to the ground. Dewclaws are usually removed.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The upper arm is placed so that it joins the shoulder blade at a sufficient angle to place the elbow close to the body and directly below the highest point of the shoulder blade. The straight, medium-length forearms are feathered. The well-boned legs never appear coarse. The short pasterns slope slightly.

FEET

:
KC
Round, with thick pads. Firm and cat-like, not large or spreading.
UKC
The round, tight, well-arched feet have thick pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, with thick pads. Firm and cat-like, not large or spreading.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and muscular, wide and fully developed. Hindlegs well boned.
KC
Strong and muscular, wide and fully developed with deep second thighs. Hindlegs well boned, hocks well let down, stifles moderately angled, neither turning in nor out.
UKC
The strong, muscular, well-boned hindquarters never appear coarse.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately angled, neither turning in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
When viewed from the side, the thighs are wide and the second thighs are well developed. The angulation of the pelvis and femur corresponds to that of the shoulder and upper arm. The stifle is moderately bent. From the well-angulated hock joints to the pads, the bones are short and perpendicular to the ground, when viewed from the side. Rear dewclaws are removed.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Deep.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Smooth, powerful, ground covering action; driving from rear.
KC
Smooth, powerful, ground covering action; driving from rear.
UKC
Characteristic gait is a smooth, powerful, ground-covering action, with a noticeable drive from the rear. A strong forward stride, with an energy-conserving reach is evident when viewed from the side. From the front, the legs appear to move forward effortlessly, with no tendency to cross over or interfere. From the rear, the hocks follow on a line with the forelegs, being neither too wide nor close. As speed increases, the dog single tracks.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Straight or flat, silky texture, dense, never wiry or wavy. Curly coat highly undesirable. Forelegs and hindlegs above hocks moderately feathered, ears and tail lightly feathered.
KC
Straight or flat, silky texture, dense, never wiry or wavy. Curly coat highly undesirable. Forelegs and hindlegs above hocks moderately feathered, ears and tail lightly feathered.
UKC
The naturally straight, flat coat is soft to the touch but dense enough to be waterproof, thorn proof and weatherproof. There is moderate feathering on the back of the forelegs, above the hocks, and on the chest and underside of the body. There is light feathering on the ears and tail. Excessive coat, which would be a hindrance in the field, is discouraged. Sculpting and obvious scissoring are not allowed. Show ring presentation should always be natural and unaltered.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Rich red and white only.
KC
Rich red and white only.
UKC
The only acceptable colors are rich red and white. Any color pattern is permitted. Red ticking in any of the white areas is acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Approximate height: dogs: 48 cms (19 ins) at withers; bitches: 46 cms (18 ins) at withers.
UKC
Ideal heights, measured at the withers, are: dogs, 18 to 19 inches; bitches, 17 to 18 inches. Individuals are to be penalized in proportion to the degree of deviation from the ideal heights. Weight is in proportion to the height and overall balance of the individual.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 48 cm (19 ins) at withers.
Females 46 cm (18 ins) at withers.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Eyes: Prominent or sunken eyes. Visible haw.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Head so broad as to appear coarse, or so narrow as to appear racy. Short, chubby head.
Teeth: Undershot bite.
Eyes: Yellow, or mean-looking eyes.
Nose: Dudley nose.
Body: Steep croup.
Coat: Wiry or wavy coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.