Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Weimaraner

Weimaraner

Weimaraner


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
19.03.2015.
KC
April 2014

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Versatile hunting dog, pointing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
C.Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
There are numerous theories regarding the origin of the Weimaraner Pointing Dog. Only so much is certain That the Weimaraner, which at that time still contained a great deal of liam hound blood (« Leithund ») was already kept at the Weimar court in the first third of the 19th century.
In the middle of the century, before pure breeding was started, breeding was mainly in the hands of professional hunters and game keepers in central Germany, mostly in the regions round Weimar and in Thuringia. As the days of the liam hounds passed, the dogs were crossed with the « Hühnerhund » and breeding was continued with this cross. From about 1890 on, the breed was produced according to a plan and regarded as suitable for registration in a stud book. Apart from the short-haired Weimaraner, a long-haired variety occurred, if only singly, since the turn of the century. Since being admitted to the stud book, the Weimaraner has been pure bred, remaining mostly free from crosses with any other breeds, in particular, Pointers. Therefore the Weimaraner is likely to be the oldest German « pointing » breed, which has been pure bred for about a hundred years.
UKC
The Weimaraner originated in the early 19th century in Germany, where it was conscientiously developed and bred to maintain its physical and mental characteristics, and jealously guarded. The ideal dog was one that possessed courage, speed, intelligence and a well-developed scenting ability. The breed was originally used for big game, but was later adapted to use as a bird dog; and was found to be a good pointer and retriever. The Weimaraner was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1955.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium to large size hunting dog. Functional working type, pleasing in shape, sinewy and very muscular. Difference in type between dogs and bitches easily distinguished.
KC
Medium-sized, grey with light eyes. Presents a picture of power, stamina and balance.
UKC
The Weimaraner is a medium-sized gray dog with fine, aristocratic features. The breed presents an overall picture of grace, speed, stamina, alertness and balance. In proportion, he is just slightly longer than tall. The dog's conformation, structure and musculature must always indicate the ability to work with great speed and endurance. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body to height at withers approximately 12 11.
Proportions of the head From tip of nose to stop slightly longer than from stop to occiput.
Forequarters Distance from elbow to mid-pastern and distance from elbow to point of withers about equal.
KC
Hunting ability of paramount concern.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Versatile, easily trained steady and passionate hunting dog. Persevering in systematic search, yet not too lively. Remarkable ability to pick up scent. Ready to seize game and other prey; he is a good watchdog, without aggressiveness however. Reliable pointing dog and worker in water. Remarkable inclination to work after the shot.
KC
Fearless, friendly, protective, obedient and alert.
UKC
The breed has a friendly, fearless, alert and obedient temperament.

HEAD

:
KC
Moderately long, aristocratic; moderate stop, slight median line extending back over forehead. Rather prominent occipital bone. Measurement from top of nose to stop equal to measurement from stop to occipital prominence. Flews moderately deep, enclosing powerful jaw. Foreface straight, and delicate at the nostrils. Skin tightly drawn. Nose grey.
UKC
The moderately long, aristocratic head has a slight median line extending back over the forehead. The stop is moderate.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
In balance with size of body and facial region. Broader in dogs than bitches, yet in both, the relationship between width of cranial region to total length of head must be in good proportion. Median groove on forehead. Slightly to moderately protruding occipital bone. Zygomatic arches easily traceable behind the eyes.
UKC
Broader in males than in females, but always in proportion to the overall length of the head. The occiput is rather prominent. The trumpets (temples) are well set back; beginning behind the eye sockets.

Stop

:
FCI
Extremely slight.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nose leather large, protruding over the underjaw. Dark flesh colour, merging gradually into gray towards the rear.
UKC
The nose is gray.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Long and, specially in the male, powerful, appearing almost angular. Region of canines and carnassial teeth equally strong. Bridge of nose straight, often slightly arched, never with a concave curve.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips and gums of pinkish, flesh colour. Complete dentition highly desirable.
UKC
Measured from nose to stop, the muzzle is slightly longer than the skull. It is strong and powerful, especially in the male. The flews are straight; delicate at the nostrils. The skin is drawn tightly. Pigment on the lips and gums is in pinkish flesh shades.

Lips

:
FCI
Flews: Moderately deep, flesh coloured, as are the gums. Slight labial corner.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong; teeth complete, regular and strong. Top and bottom incisors closely touching (scissor bite).
UKC
A full complement of well set, strong, even, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Muscular, clearly defined. Definitely « clean » head.

Eyes

:
FCI
Amber colour, dark to pale, with intelligent expression. Sky-blue in puppies. Round, set barely slanting. Lids well fitting.
KC
Medium-sized, round. Shades of amber or blue-grey. Placed far enough apart to indicate good disposition, not too protruding or deeply set. Expression keen, kind and intelligent.
UKC
Acceptable eye colors include shades of light amber, gray or blue-gray. They may appear almost black when dilated under excitement. The eyes are set well enough apart to indicate intelligence and a good disposition. Expression is kind, keen and intelligent.

Ears

:
KC
Long, lobular, slightly folded, set high. When drawn alongside jaw, should end approximately 2.5 cms (1 in) from point of nose.
UKC
The long, lobular, slightly folded ears are set high. When drawn snugly alongside the jaw, the ear ends approximately 2 inches from the point of the nose.

Leathers

:
FCI
Lobular, broad and fairly long, just reaching to corner of mouth. Set on high and narrow, forming a rounded off point at tip. In alterness, turned slightly forward, folded.

NECK

:
FCI
Noble appearance and carriage. Upper line arched in profile. Muscular, nearly round, not too short, clean. Becoming stronger towards the shoulders and merging harmoniously into the topline and chest.
KC
Clean-cut and moderately long.
UKC
The moderately long neck is clean, arched and carried in a manner that gives the dog a noble appearance.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock should be greater than the height at withers, in the approximate proportions of 12:10. Topline level, with slightly sloping croup. Chest well developed and deep. Ribs well sprung, ribcage extending well back to short, firm loin. Abdomen firmly held, moderately tucked-up flank. Brisket should drop to elbow.
UKC
The deep chest is well-developed, with the brisket extending to the elbow. Forechest is well developed. In profile, excessive tissue does not protrude from the forechest to the point of exaggeration. The moderately long backline is straight and strong, sloping slightly from the withers. Ribs are long and well sprung but not barrel shaped. Tuck up is moderate.

Topline

:
FCI
From the arched neckline, over the well defined withers the topline merges gradually into the relatively long, firm back.

Withers

:
FCI
Well defined.

Back

:
FCI
Firm and muscular, without a dip. Not running up towards the rear. A slightly longer back, a breed characteristic, is not a fault.

Croup

:
FCI
Pelvis long and moderately sloped.

Chest

:
FCI
Strong but not unduly broad, with sufficient depth to reach almost to elbows and of sufficient length. Well sprung without being barrel-shaped and with long ribs. Forechest well developed.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Rising slightly, but belly not tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on slightly lower than with other similar breeds. Tail strong and well coated. Carried hanging down in repose. When alert or working, carried level or higher.
KC
Firm, compact. Toes well arched, pads close, thick. Nails short, grey or amber in colour.
UKC
Docked tail: At maturity, the docked tail measures approximately 6 inches. It has a tendency to be light rather than heavy. It is carried in a manner expressing confidence and sound temperament. Natural tail: Strong and well coated, set-on slightly lower than with other similar breeds. Good plume on long-haired dogs. At rest the tail hangs down. When working or alert the tail is carried level or higher.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
High on leg, sinewy, straight and parallel, but not standing wide.
KC
Forelegs straight and strong. Measurement from elbow to ground equal to distance from elbow to top of withers.
UKC
Shoulder blades and upper arms are long, sloping and well angulated. The withers are well defined.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping. Well fitting, strongly muscled. Well angulated shoulder joint.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Sloping, sufficiently long and strong.

Elbow

:
FCI
Free and lying parallel to median plane of body. Turned neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and strong. The distance from the elbow to the ground is slightly greater than the distance from the top of the withers to the elbow. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long, straight and vertical.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Strong and taut.
Pastern: Sinewy, slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Firm, compact. Toes well arched, pads close, thick. Nails short, grey or amber in colour.
UKC
The webbed feet are firm and compact. The toes are well arched. The pads are closed and thick. The short nails are gray or amber in color.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Firm and strong. Standing straight in relation to median plane of body. Toes arched. Longer middle toes are a breed characteristic and therefore not a fault. Nails light to dark gray. Pads well pigmented, coarse.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Tight and firm, without dewclaws, otherwise like front feet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
High on leg, sinewy i.e. well muscled. Standing parallel, turning neither in nor out.
KC
Moderately angulated, with well turned stifle. Hocks well let down, turned neither in nor out. Musculation well developed.
UKC
Musculature is well-developed.

Thigh

:
FCI
Sufficiently long, strong and well muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Strong and taut.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Long and sinewy with well defined muscles and clearly visible tendons. Well angulated at the stifle. Removal of rear dewclaws is customary but not mandatory.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long with clearly visible tendons.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong and taut.

Hock

:
FCI
Sinewy, almost vertical in position.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Movement in all gaits is ground covering and smooth. Hind and front legs set parallel to each other. Gallop long and flat. Back remains level when trotting. Pacing is undesirable.
KC
Effortless, ground covering, indicating smooth co-ordination. Seen from rear, hind feet parallel to front feet. Seen from side, topline remains strong and level.
UKC
An effortless gait indicating smooth coordination. When viewed from the rear, the hind feet are parallel to the front feet. When viewed from the side, the topline remains strong and level.

SKIN

:
FCI
Strong. Well but not too tight fitting.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Short-haired: Short (but longer and thicker than with most comparable breeds), strong, very dense, smooth lying topcoat. Without or with only very sparse undercoat.
Long-haired: Soft, long topcoat with or without undercoat. Smooth or slightly wavy. Long flowing hair at ear set on. Velvety hair is permissible on tips of leathers. Length of coat on flanks 3 - 5 cm. On lower side of neck, forechest and belly, generally somewhat longer.
Good feathering and breeching, yet less long towards ground. Tail with good flag. Hair between toes. Hair on head less long. A type of coat similar to a double-coat (Stockhaar) with medium length, dense, close fitting topcoat, thick undercoat and moderately developed feathering and breeching, sometimes occurs in dogs of mixed ancestry.
KC
Short, smooth and sleek. In long-haired variety, coat from 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) long on body, somewhat longer on neck, chest and belly. Tail and back of limbs, feathered.
UKC
Short-Haired: The coat is short, very dense, smooth and sleek. With or without a very sparse undercoat. Long-Haired: Soft, long topcoat, with or without undercoat. May be smooth or slightly wavy. The hair is long and flowing at the ear set-on. Velvety hair is permissible on the tips of the ears. Coat length on the flanks is approximately 1¼ to 2 inches; and is generally longer of the lower side of the neck, the forechest, the belly, and the tail. Slight feathering on legs, chest and underside is allowed.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Silver, roe or mouse grey, as well as shades of these colours. Head and leathers generally slightly paler. Only small white markings on chest and toes permitted. Sometimes a more or less defined trace occurs along the back. Dog with definite reddish-yellow marking (« Brand ») may only be given the classification « good ». Brown marking is a serious fault.
KC
The only correct colour is grey. Silver grey preferable. Shades of mouse or roe grey are acceptable; blending to lighter shade on head and ears. Dark eel stripe frequently occurs along back. Whole coat gives an appearance of metallic sheen. Small white mark permissible on chest. White spots resulting from injuries not penalised. Any other colour highly undesirable (see Introductory paragraph).
UKC
Solid colors in shades ranging mouse-gray to silver-gray; usually blending to lighter shades on the head and ears. A small white marking on the chest and on the toes are acceptable. As the Weimaraner is a working dog, any white spots denoting scars or as a result of injury are not to be penalized.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs: 61-69 cms (24-27 ins); bitches: 56-64 cms (22-25 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 59 - 70 cm (ideal measurement 62 - 67 cm).
Bitches 57 - 65 cm (ideal measurement 59 - 63 cm).
UKC
Height range, measured at the withers, for males is from 23¼ to 27½ inches, with the ideal being from 24½ to 26¼ inches. Height range for females is from 22½ to 25½ inches, with the ideal being from 23¼ to 25 inches.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs about 30 - 40 kg.
Bitches about 25 - 35 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Color: Distinct reddish-yellow marking. Tan or Brown markings. Coat color other than gray. Widespread brown marking. Distinctly blue-colored coat.

MINOR FAULTS

:
UKC
Nose: Pink nose.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Leathers Definitely short or long, not folded.
  • Throatiness (dewlap), great deviation in neck shape and muscle.
  • Back Definite sway or roach back. Rump higher than withers.
  • Chest, belly Barrel shaped chest. Insufficient depth or length of chest. Tucked up belly.
  • Gross anomalies in stance i.e. lack of angulation, out at elbows, splay feet.
  • Pronounced bow legs or cow hocks.
  • Bad movement in different gaits, also lack of free forward movement or drive, pacing.
  • Serious deficencies i.e. skin very fine or very coarse.
  • Mixture of coat varieties defined in the standard.
  • Lack of feathering on belly or leathers (leather ears). Widely spread woolly coat in the short-haired Weimaraner or curly or sparse feathering in the long-haired variety.
  • Departure from shades of gray, such as yellow or brownish. Tan marking (« Brand »).
  • Strong departure from correct height or weight (e.g. more than 2 cm from measurements given in the standard).
  • Slight deficiency in temperament.
  • Other serious faults.
  • Clear deviation from type. Untypical sexual characteristics.
  • Gross deviations from size and proportions.
  • Facial region Gross deviations e.g. too strong flews, short or pointed muzzle.
  • Jaws and teeth Lack of more than two PM1 or M3.
  • Eyes slight faults, above all slight and unilateral faults in eyelids.
UKC

Appearance: Doggy bitches. Bitchy dogs. Improper muscular condition.
Muzzle: Snipey muzzle.
Muzzle: Black-mottled mouth.
Teeth: Badly affected teeth. More than four missing teeth.
Eyes: Any eye color other than those indicated as acceptable.
Ears: Short ears.
Neck: Neck too short, thick or throaty.
Forelegs: Elbows in or out.
Body: Back too long or too short. Roached or sway back.
Hind Legs: Cow hocks.
Feet: Feet east and west. Poor feet.
Tail: Low set tail.
Coat: Mixture of coat varieties.
Gait: Poor gait.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Faulty temperament, i.e. shy or nervous.
  • Completely untypical, above all too heavy or too light in build.
  • Completely unbalanced.
  • Absolutely untypical, e.g. bulldog - type head.
  • Facial region Absolutely untypical i.e. distinctly concave nasal bridge.
  • Jaws and teeth Overshot, undershot, missing further teeth other than quoted.
  • Eyes Entropion, ectropion.
  • Leathers Absolutely untypical, i.e. stand-off.
  • Particularly pronounced dewlap.
  • Back Severe sway or roach back. Definitely overbuilt at croup.
  • Chest, belly Markedly barrel shaped or malformed chest.
  • Legs rickety or malformed.
  • Chronic lameness.
  • Totally restricted movement.
  • Skin defects and malformations.
  • Partial or total hair loss.
  • White markings other than on chest and feet.
  • Colour other than gray. Widespread brown marking.
  • Definitely over-or undersize.
  • Other malformation. Illnesses which must be considered hereditary, i.e. epilepsy.
The compilers can, naturally, not list all faults which occur, the above are to be regarded as examples.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Distinctly black-colored coat.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Eyes: Entropionism or ectropionism.
Color: Distinctly Black-colored coat. Albinism.
Color: Any white other than a spot on the chest and toes.
Height: Males measuring less than 23¼ inches or more than 27½ inches. Bitches measuring less than 22½ inches or more than 25½ inches.
Color: Distinctly blue-colored coat.
Color: Wide spread brown marking.
Color: Any white other than a spot on the chest and feet.
Coat: Coat color other than gray.
Height: Males measuring less than 23¼ inches or more than 27½ inches. Bitches measuring less than 22½ inches or more than 25½ inches.
Eyes: Entropianism or ectropianism.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.