Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Hungarian Short-haired Pointing Dog

(Rövidszörü Magyar Vizsla)

Hungarian Vizsla

Vizsla


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.04.2000.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
A versatile gun dog that must be able to work in the field, forest and water, having the following typical qualities an excellent nose, firmness on the point, excellent retrieves and determination to remain on the scent even when swimming, which he manifestly enjoys. He copes with difficult terrain as well as extreme weather conditions. Because of his easy going nature and his adaptability, he can easily be kept as a companion dog in the house.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type
With working trial (Field and Water Trial)

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. H. Gross-Richardson and Mrs. Ann Mitchell, ANKC Australia and Mrs. Elke Peper

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The ancestors of the Hungarian Vizsla came into the Carpathian Basin with the nomadic Hungarian tribes. Written descriptions and graphic illustrations are found in documents of the 14th century already. From the 18th century, his importance as a hunting dog has been increasing steadily.
As early as the end of the 19th century, competitions for pointing dogs were organised in Hungary, in which Hungarian Vizslas (among others) participated with great success.
In those days, other Gundog breeds most likely played an important part in the development of the breed.
The specific modern breeding started in 1920, as a result of which, the Short-Haired Hungarian Vizsla received recognition by the FCI in 1936.
UKC
The Vizsla was developed in Hungary. Written descriptions and drawings that depict dogs similar in type to the Vizsla can be found in documents dating as far back as the 14th Century. Dogs of this type became extremely useful as hunting dogs and by the end of the 19th Century they were successfully competing in organized competitions for pointing dogs in Hungary. The Vizsla was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1984.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized, elegant gun dog of noble appearance with short russet gold coat. His rather light, dry, lean structure embodies the harmony of beauty and strength.
KC
Medium-sized, of distinguished appearance, robust and medium boned.
UKC
The Vizsla is a medium-sized, short-coated hunting dog, with a distinguished appearance and bearing, and a docked tail. They are rather lightly built, but robust. The coat is an attractive golden rust. This is a dog of power and drive in the field, yet is a tractable and affectionate companion in the home. Field-conditioned coats, as well as a brawny or sinewy muscular condition, and honorable scars, indicating a working hunting dog, are never to be penalized. The qualities that make a “dual dog” are always to be appreciated, not depreciated.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.
The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half the height at the withers.
The muzzle is slightly shorter than half the length of the head.
KC
Lively, intelligent, obedient, sensitive, very affectionate and easily trained. Bred for hunting fur and feather, pointing and retrieving from land and water.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, friendly, evenly tempered, to be trained easily. His outstanding willingness to keep contact with his master while working is one of his essential qualities. He cannot bear rough treatment and must be neither aggressive nor shy.
KC
Lively, gentle-mannered and demonstratively affectionate, fearless and with well developed protective instinct.
UKC
The Vizsla is a natural hunter endowed with a good nose and an above average trainability. Although they are lively, gentle mannered, demonstrably affectionate and sensitive, they are also fearless and possessed of a well-developed protective instinct.

HEAD

:
FCI
Dry, noble, well proportioned.
KC
Head lean and noble. Skull moderately wide between ears with median line down forehead and a moderate stop. Skull a little longer than muzzle. Muzzle, although tapering, well squared at the end. Nostrils well developed, broad and wide. Jaws strong and powerful. Lips covering jaws completely and neither loose nor pendulous. Nose brown.
UKC
The head is lean and muscular, with a moderate, but not deep, stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately wide, slightly domed. A slightly pronounced groove runs from the moderately developed occiput towards the stop. The superciliary ridges are moderately developed.
UKC
The skull is moderately wide between the ears. There is a median line down the forehead.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed and broad with nostrils as wide as possible. The colour of the nose harmonises in a dark shading with the coat colour.
UKC
The nose is brown, with any other color considered faulty (with the exception of black, which is a disqualification). The nostrils are slightly open.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Blunt, not pointed; with strong jaws, strongly muscled. The bridge of the nose is straight,
KC
Sound and strong white teeth. Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable.
UKC
The square, deep muzzle tapers gradually from the stop to the tip of the nose. In profile, the muzzle (foreface) is of equal length to, or slightly shorter than, the skull. Whiskers serve a useful purpose; and their removal is not permitted. The jaws are strong. The lips completely cover the jaws, and are never loose or pendulous.

Lips

:
FCI
Tightly fitting, no pendulous flews.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Powerful jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws; with 42 healthy teeth according to the dentition formula.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Strong, well muscled.

Eyes

:
FCI
Slightly oval, of medium size. Well fitting eyelids. Intelligent and lively expression. The brown eye harmonising with the coat colour, as dark as possible preferred.
KC
Neither deep nor prominent, of medium size, a shade darker in colour than coat. Slightly oval in shape, eyelids fitting tightly. Yellow or black eye undesirable.
UKC
The eyes are medium in size, and medium in depth of setting. The surrounding tissue covers the whites of the eyes. Eye color blends with coat color. The lower lids are neither entropic nor ectropic, as these conditions are not conducive to the best interests of a hunting dog.

Ears

:
KC
Moderately low set, proportionately long with a thin skin and hanging down close to cheeks. Rounded ‘V’ shape; not fleshy.
UKC
The thin, silky, proportionately long ears have rounded leather ends. They are set fairly low and hang close to the cheeks.

Leathers

:
FCI
Set on at medium height, a little backwards. Fine leathers hanging closely to the cheeks, ending in a rounded V shape. The length is about three quarters of the length of the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, harmonising with the overall appearance. The nape very muscular and slightly arched. Tightly fitting skin at the throat.
KC
Strong, smooth and muscular; moderately long, arched and devoid of dewlap.
UKC
The moderately long, strong, smooth, clean, muscular neck is arched and broadens nicely into moderately laid-back shoulders. This type of neck and set of shoulders balances the moderately-angulated hindquarters.

BODY

:
KC
Back level, short, well muscled, withers high. Chest moderately broad and deep with prominent breast bone. Distance from withers to lowest part of chest equal to distance from chest to ground. Ribs well sprung and belly with a slight tuck-up beneath loin. Croup well muscled.
UKC
The strong body is well-proportioned, slightly longer than tall when measured from breastbone to buttocks and withers to ground. The moderately broad, deep chest reaches to the elbows. The withers are high. The back is short and straight. The topline is slightly rounded over the loin and the set-on of the tail. The ribs are well-sprung. There is a slight tuck-up beneath the loin.

Withers

:
FCI
Pronounced and muscular.

Back

:
FCI
Solid, strong, well muscled, taut and straight. The vertebral spines should be hidden by the muscles.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, tight, muscular, straight or slightly arched. The portion from back to loin is well coupled.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad and of sufficient length, not cut off short. Sloping slightly to the tail. Well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and broad with well developed, well muscled, moderately arched forechest; sternum extending as far back as possible. The sternum and the elbow should be at the same level. Ribs moderately arched. Last ribs carried well back.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Elegant, tight, arching line towards the rear, slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on slightly low, strong at the base, then tapering. In countries where tail docking is not prohibited by law, the tail may be shortened by one quarter to avoid hunting hazards. If tail docking is prohibited, the tail reaches down to the hock joint and carried straight or slightly sabre like.
On the move, it is raised up to the horizontal. It is well covered by dense coat.
KC
Tail Previously customarily docked. Docked: Customarily docked by one third of length. Moderately thick, rather low set. When moving carried horizontally. Undocked: Rather low set. Moderately thick, slightly curved. Tapering towards the end, reaching to hocks. When moving carried horizontally.
UKC
The tail is docked, with about one-third being taken off. The tail is set on just below the level of the croup and is carried at or near the horizontal. It is thicker at the root, reaching to the back of the stifle joint.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from the front, straight and parallel. Viewed from the side, legs are vertical and placed well under the body. Good bones, strongly muscled.
KC
Shoulders well laid and muscular, elbows close to body and straight, forearm long, pasterns upright.
UKC
The long shoulder blades are moderately laid back and are fairly close at the top.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long, sloping and flat, well attached shoulder blade. Flexible. Strong, dry musculature. Well angulated between shoulder blade and upper arm.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
As long as possible. Well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Fitting close to the body, however not tied in, turning neither in nor out. Well angulated between upper arm and forearm.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The muscular forelegs are straight. The elbows are close. Dewclaws are to be removed from the forelegs.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long, straight, sufficiently muscled. Bone strong, but not coarse.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Strong, tight.
Pastern: Short, only very slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Feet Rounded with toes short, arched and tight. Cat-like foot is required, hare foot undesirable. Nails short, strong and a shade darker in colour than coat.
UKC
The cat-like feet are round and compact. The close toes have short, brown nails. The pads are thick and rough.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Slightly oval, with well knit, sufficiently arched, strong toes. Strong brown nails. Tough, resistant, slate grey pads. The feet are parallel when standing or moving.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Similar to forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from behind, straight and parallel. Well angulated. Strong bone.
KC
Straight when viewed from rear, thighs well developed with moderate angulation, hocks well let down.
UKC
The Vizsla is not excessively wide when viewed from the rear. Too wide a rear is as faulty as one that is too narrow.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and muscular. Good angulation between pelvis and upper thigh.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well angulated

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
When viewed from behind, the hind legs are straight. The thighs are well-developed. The stifles and hocks are moderately angulated in harmony with the moderately angulated forequarters. The hocks are let down; and the rear pasterns are parallel to each other. Dewclaws are to be removed from the hind legs.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, well muscled and sinewy. Its length is almost equal to that of the upper thigh. Good angulation between lower thigh and metatarsus.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong, dry and sinewy, rather well let down.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical, short and dry.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The typical gait is an animated, light-footed trot, elegant and far reaching, with much drive and corresponding reach. Not exhausting gallop when working in the field. The back is firm and the topline remains level. Good, upright carriage. Pacing undesirable.
KC
Graceful, elegant with a lively trot and ground-covering gallop.
UKC
Proper movement is one of the most important factors to be considered in the Vizsla. The smooth, graceful gait is far reaching and light-footed. As speed increases, the dog single tracks.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tightly fitting, without folds. The skin is well pigmented.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and dense, should be coarse and hard at the touch. On the head and the leathers, it should be thinner, silkier and shorter. The hair underneath the tail should be slightly, but not noticeably, longer. It should cover all of the body; the underside of the belly is a little lighter coated. No undercoat.
KC
Short, straight, dense, smooth and shiny, feeling greasy to the touch.
UKC
The short, smooth coat is dense and close-lying; without a woolly undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Various shades of russet gold and dark sandy gold (semmelgelb). The leathers may be a little darker, otherwise uniform in colour. Red, brownish or lightened colour is undesirable. A little white patch on the chest or at the throat, not more than 5 cm in diameter, as well as white markings on the toes are not considered faulty. The colour of the lips and the eyerims corresponds to the colour of the nose.
KC
Russet gold, small white marks on chest and feet, though acceptable, undesirable.
UKC
Solid golden rust in different shadings is the acceptable color. The solid coat actually ranges in shadings from lighter on the chest and turning darker in a saddle marking down the back over the withers, on the base of the skull, the ears and to the nose. Small white spots on the chest and occasional white hairs on the toes are acceptable. White that is due to aging is not faulted.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs: 57-64 cms (22 1/2 - 25 ins); bitches: 53-60 cms (21 - 23 1/2 ins). Weight: 20-30 kgs (44-66 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 58 - 64 cm
Bitches 54 - 60 cm
It is ineffective to increase the height at the withers. A medium size should be aimed at. Overall balance and symmetry are much more important than the mere measurable size.
UKC
Height is measured at the highest point of the shoulder blades. Ideal height ranges are: Males, 22 to 24 inches; Bitches, 21 to 23 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
As he is intended to be an efficient hunting dog, gun and game shyness, unwillingness to point and retrieve, as well as a dislike of water are undesirable.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Characteristics: Shyness. Nervousness. Timidity.
Eyes: Light yellow or yellow-colored eyes. Prominent, pop, eyes.
Hind Legs: Too much hock angulation. Too little hock angulation.
Feet: Hare feet.
Color: Solid dark mahogany.
Gait: Side-winding. Crabbing.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Muzzle turning up (dish face). Muzzle turning down.
Body: Roached backline. Shallow chest. Straight shoulders.
Color: Any noticeable area of black in the coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Any type of weakness in temperament.
Distinct deviations from the characteristics of the breed.
Strong deviation from the sexual characteristics.
Atypical head.
Spotted (butterfly) nose
Pendulous or dribbling flews.
Under- or overshot mouth. Wry mouth, including all intermediate forms.
One or more missing incisors and/or canine and/or premolars 2-4 and/or molars 1-2; more than two missing PM1; the M3 are disregarded. Not visible teeth are assessed as missing ones. Supernumerary teeth not in line with the o-others.
Cleft palate, harelip.
Light yellow eyes. Very loose eyelids; ectropion, entropion. Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes).
Pronounced dewlap.
Dewclaws.
Very faulty movement.
Atypical coat.
Dark brown or pale yellow colour. Parti-coloured, not uniformly coloured. White chest patch larger than 5 cm.
White feet.
Lacking pigmentation either on the skin or on the lips and eyerims.
Deviation of more than 2 cm from the above mentioned heights at withers.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Black nose. Massive areas of white on the chest or anywhere else on the body. Solid white extending above the toes. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.