Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Transylvanian Hound

(Erdélyi Kopó)

Transylvanian Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.04.2000.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Hunting Dog (Hound) which is able to hunt independently, also at a great distance from his handler. Excellently suited to the finding and pursuit of a trail. When he finds a fresh scent, he yaps with a whining sound; during the hunt giving tongue to the scent, his barking is resounding, high pitched and ringing. He drives and points game in an excellent manner. He works smoothly alone or being part of a brace.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Erdelyi Kopó is an ancient Hungarian breed, which has been determined by the peculiarities of the climate, the territory and the hunting conditions. The breed reached its climax in the Middle Ages, at a time when it was the favourite hunting dog of the aristocracy. Regarding its original use, it was pushed back into the path-less woods of the Carpathian mountains, due to the developments in agriculture and forestry. As a result of the influence of the various conditions of the terrain, two varieties of the Erdelyi Kopó evolved the long legged and the short legged variety. These two varieties were always kept together.
Originally the long legged Hungarian Hound was used for hunting big game like buffaloes and later bears, wild boars and lynxes, while the short legged Hound was used for hunting small game like foxes or hares in overgrown terrain and chamois in rocky areas. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Hungarian Hound was nearly extinct. The determined breeding was resumed in 1968. Nowadays a significant number of dogs of the long legged variety exists in Hungary and in the neighbouring Romania; the short legged variety disappeared.
UKC
The Transylvanian Hound is an ancient Hungarian breed. It was the favorite hunting dog of the aristocracy during the Middle Ages. As a result of the varying terrains, two varieties of the breed eventually developed, one with long legs and one with shorter legs. At the beginning of the 20th Century, the breed was nearly extinct. The breed was revived beginning in 1968. The short legged variety of the breed disappeared, but there are a significant number of the long legged dogs now in Hungary and Romania. The Transylvanian Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The shape and the carriage of the head, the body proportions, the strong muscular limbs and the tail set of the Hungarian Hound correspond to the characteristics of the Mid-European type of Hounds. It is medium sized. The body formation of the Hungarian Hound has adapted to the work over long distances. He is athletically built, neither coarse nor fine boned.
UKC
Medium sized, athletically built, neither coarse nor fine.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

The ratio of the length of the skull to the length of the muzzle is approximately 11.
The ratio of the height at the withers to the length of the body is 1011.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Good-natured, courageous, enduring. The basic character of the Hungarian Hound is quiet, even, but also determined and lively. He even stands extreme weather conditions.
UKC
Good natured and courageous, with a quiet but determined character.

HEAD

:
FCI
It is a longish but not pointed Hound head; the difference between the sexes is distinct.
UKC
The head is long, but not pointed. The skin on the head is close fitting and free of wrinkles.

CRANIAL REGION

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FCI
The skin on the head is close-fitting and free of wrinkles.

Skull

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FCI
Slightly domed. The occiput is not pronounced. The superciliary ridges are slightly developed.
UKC
The skull is slightly domed. The occiput is not pronounced. The stop is slight.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
The nose is not too bluntly cut off, the colour is black. The nostrils are mobile and wide.
UKC
The nose is wide and black.

Muzzle

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FCI
Bridge of nose straight.
UKC
The muzzle is the same length as the skull. It has a straight nasal bridge, and dry, tight fitting, black lips.

Lips

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FCI
Dry and tight fitting. The colour of the mucous membrane is black.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
The jaws are strong. The teeth are strong and well developed. Complete scissor bite, according to the dentition formula.
UKC
The Transylvanian Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
Rounded, only slightly developed.

Eyes

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FCI
Of medium size, almond shaped, slightly oblique. The colour is dark brown. The lids are close-fitting to the eyeball.
UKC
The medium sized, almond shaped eyes are set slightly obliquely. They are dark brown in color, and have close fitting lids.

Ears

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FCI
Set medium high, not too heavy, hanging closely to the cheeks without being folded. They widen from the base and then taper towards the rounded tip. Pulled forwards, the leathers cover the eyes but normally do not reach further.
UKC
The ears are set medium high and hang close to the cheeks without being folded. They widen from the base and then taper to rounded tips. When pulled forward they should just cover the eye.

NECK

:
FCI
Very muscular, of medium length. The skin forms slight folds on the throat. A slight dewlap is permitted but not desirable.
UKC
Medium length and very muscular. There are slight folds of skin under the throat. A small dewlap is acceptable.

BODY

:
FCI
The body has the shape of a prone rectangle.
UKC
The body is slightly longer than tall in proportion. The chest is broad, long and not too deep. The point of the sternum does not protrude. The withers are pronounced and the topline is straight. The croup is slightly sloping and there is slight tuck-up.

Topline

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FCI
Straight.

Withers

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FCI
Pronounced.

Back

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FCI
Straight behind the withers with well developed muscles.

Loin

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FCI
In bitches a slightly longer loin is permitted.

Croup

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FCI
Slightly sloping.

Chest

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FCI
The sternum does not protrude. The brisket is broad, long and not too deep. In cross section, it is oval, nearly rounded, to ensure easy breathing.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Belly only slightly tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Set on at medium height, strong. In repose, the lower third of the tail is curved slightly upwards. It reaches, preferably, one to two cm beyond the hocks. When excited, the dog carries his tail curved, yet not curled, over the back. The tail is not docked.
UKC
The tail is set on at medium height, and reaches slightly beyond the hocks. It is carried curved, but not curled over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are parallel and, as a result of the broad chest, adequately far apart.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, and moderately sloping.

Shoulder

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FCI
Shoulder blade well muscled, adequately long and moderately sloping.

Elbow

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FCI
Close-fitting to the ribcage.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The legs are straight and parallel, and set fairly well apart. The elbows are close to the chest.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight and symmetric.

FEET

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UKC
Large and well knit, with cushioned pads.

Forefeet

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FCI
Large with well knit, strong, arched toes. The pads are large, firm and well cushioned. Nails strong and as black as possible.

Hind feet

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FCI
Toes well knit and strong. Pads large, firm and well cushioned. Nails strong and as black as possible. Dewclaws should be removed.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
When standing, the hind legs are slightly overstretched beyond the rear; well muscled.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The legs are long and well muscled. The hocks are low set.

Hock

:
FCI
Low set.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Straight and parallel.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The stride is long and ground covering, never mincing. The trot is ground covering. When at work, his gallop is extremely enduring.
UKC
Long and ground covering, never mincing.

SKIN

:
FCI
The skin of the Hungarian Hound is medium thick. Especially in the throat region it is a little loose but never folded. It has a dark pigment. Bare areas of skin are black.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
The whole body, even the underside of the belly, is covered by short, straight, dense, flat coat. On the neck, the withers, the back of the upper thighs and the underside of the tail, the coat is longer than on the other parts of the body. Cow-licks and ridges may occur. The coat is coarse to the touch and shiny. Undercoat under the topcoat.
UKC
The coat is short, straight, dense and flat. It is coarse to the touch and shiny and may have ridges or cowlicks. There is an undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI

The primary colour of the Hungarian Hound is black. There is always a not too dark tan point on each eyebrow.
Tan markings on muzzle and legs. The tan is distinctly demarcated from the black. On the nose, a white marking may occur, possibly extending to a blaze on the forehead, to a collar around the neck, to the chest, under the chest and to the lower parts of the legs and the feet. A white marking may also occur on the tip of the tail. White on more than one fifth of the whole body is undesirable.
UKC
Tri-color, with a black base color, tan on the muzzle, legs and eyebrows, and white markings on the head, neck, chest, lower legs and tip of tail. Excessive white is undesirable.

SIZE

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UKC
Height at the withers is 21.5 to 25.5 inches. Minimum weight is 55 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Ideal height at withers 55 to 65 cm
The decisive criterion is the overall balance rather than the mere measure in cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Minimum 25 kg.

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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UKC
Coat: Wiry, soft, wavy or sparse coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Cranial or facial region too narrow, too long or rounded.
  • Stop very slight or too pronounced.
  • Short muzzle.
  • Faulty bite.
  • Light ears, Terrier or Sighthound like ears.
  • Wiry coat, soft, wavy or sparse coat.
  • Brown or blue colour with markings.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any deviation from a scissors bite. Prick, semi-prick, or rose ears. Brown or blue base color.
Teeth: Any deviation from a scissors bite.
Ears: Prick, semi-prick, or rose ears.
Color: Brown or blue base color.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.