Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling)

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Canada.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
February 2003

UTILISATION

:
FCI
The Tolling dog runs, jumps and plays along the shoreline in full view of a flock of ducks, occasionally disappearing from sight and then quickly reappearing, aided by the hidden hunter, who throws small sticks or a ball for the dog. The dog’s playful actions arouse the curiosity of the ducks swimming offshore and they are lured within gunshot range. The Toller is subsequently sent out to retrieve the dead or wounded birds.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 1Retrievers
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was developed in Nova Scotia in the early 19th century to toll (or lure) and retrieve waterfowl.
UKC
The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was developed in Nova Scotia in the early 19th century to toll (or lure) and retrieve waterfowl. The tolling dog runs, jumps, and plays along the shoreline in full view of flocks of ducks, occasionally disappearing from sight and then quickly reappearing, aided by the hunter, who throws small sticks or a ball for the dog. The dog's playful actions arouse the curiosity of the ducks swimming offshore and they are lured within gunshot range. The Toller is subsequently sent out to retrieve the dead or wounded birds. The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1987.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Toller is a medium-sized, powerful, compact, balanced, well-muscled dog; medium to heavy in bone, with a high degree of agility, alertness and determination. Many Tollers have a slightly sad expression until they go to work, when their aspect changes to intense concentration and excitement. At work, the dog has a speedy, rushing action, with the head carried out almost level with the back and heavily-feathered tail in constant motion.
KC
Medium sized, compact. Powerful, well muscled. A heavily feathered tail, constantly moving.
UKC
The Toller is a medium-sized, powerful, compact, balanced, well-muscled dog, medium to heavy in bone, with a high degree of agility, alertness, and determination. Many Tollers have a slightly sad expression until they go to work, when their aspect changes to intense concentration and excitement. At work, the dog has a speedy, rushing action, with the head carried out almost level with the back and the heavily feathered tail high and in constant motion.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Jumps and plays to lure waterfowl into decoy. Retrieves dead and wounded birds. Strong swimmer.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Toller is highly intelligent, easy to train and has great endurance. A strong and able swimmer, he is a natural and tenacious retriever on land and from water setting himself for springy action the moment the slightest indication is given that retrieving is required. His strong retrieving desire and playfulness are qualities essential to his tolling ability.
KC
Kind, confident, intelligent, easy to train. Playful.
UKC
The Toller is highly intelligent, easy to train, and has great endurance. A strong and able swimmer, he is a naturally tenacious retriever on land and from water, setting himself for springy action the moment the slightest indication is given that retrieving is required. His strong retrieving desire and playfulness are qualities essential to his tolling ability.

HEAD

:
FCI
Clean-cut and slightly wedge-shaped.
KC
Clean cut skull, slightly wedge shaped. Broad, slightly rounded. Occiput not prominent. Cheeks flat. Moderate stop. Muzzle tapers from stop to nose. Nostrils well developed. Nose flesh coloured or black.
UKC
The head is clean-cut and slightly wedge-shaped.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The broad skull is ontly slightly rounded, the occiput not prominent and the cheeks flat. A good measurement for an average male would be 5½ ins. (14 cm) between the ears, tapering to 1½ ins. (3.8 cm) at the bridge of the nose. Length of head is approximately 9 ins. (23 cm) from nose to occiput, but the head must be in proportion to body size.
UKC
The broad skull is only slightly rounded, the occiput not prominent, and the cheeks flat. A good measurement for an average male would be 5½ inches between the ears. Length of the head is approximately 9 inches from nose to occiput but the head must be in proportion to body size. The stop is moderate.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Tapers from bridge to tip, with nostrils well open. Colour should blend with that of the coat or be black.
UKC
Broad with well-opened nostrils, tapering at the tip. Color should blend with the color of the coat or be black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Tapers in a clean line from stop to nose, with the lower jaw strong but not prominent. The underline of the muzzle runs almost in a straight line from the corner of the lip to the corner of the jaw-bone, with depth at the stop being greater than at the nose. Hair on the muzzle is short and fine.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth sound and strong. Softness of mouth essential. Lips tight fitting, flesh coloured or black.
UKC
Length of the muzzle is slightly shorter than the length of the skull. It tapers in a clean line from stop to nose with the lower jaw strong but not prominent. The underline of the muzzle runs almost in a straight line from the corner of the lip to the corner of the jawbone with depth at the stop being greater than at the nose. Lips are fairly tight with no prominence of flews. Hair on the muzzle is short and fine.

Lips

:
FCI
Fit fairly tightly, forming a gentle curve in profile, with no heaviness in flews.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong enough to carry a sizeable bird, and softness in mouth is essential. The correct bite is tight scissors; full dentition is required.
UKC
The correct bite is tight scissors. Full dentition is required. Jaws are strong enough to carry a sizeable bird, and softness in mouth is essential.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set well apart, almond-shaped, medium sized. Colour amber to brown. Expression is friendly, alert and intelligent. Flesh around the eyes should be the same colour as the lips.
KC
Medium size, almond-shaped, set well apart. Friendly, alert expression. Brown to amber, blending with coat colour. Eye rims flesh coloured or black.
UKC
Set well apart, almond-shaped, medium-sized. Color amber to brown, harmonizing with the coat color. Expression is friendly, alert, and intelligent. Flesh around eyes should be the same color as the lips and nose.

Ears

:
FCI
Triangular, of medium size, set high and well back on the skull, with the base held very slightly erect, well feathered at the back of the fold, hair short at the rounded tips.
KC
Triangular, dropped ear of medium size. Set high and well back on skull. Base held very slightly erect. Well feathered at back of fold, hair shorter at rounded tips.
UKC
Triangular, of medium size, set high and well back on the skull with the base held very slightly erect. Well feathered at the back of the fold. Hair short at the rounded tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Strongly muscled and well set on, of medium length, with no indication of throatiness.
KC
Medium length, strongly muscled, well set on, no indication of throatiness.
UKC
Strongly muscled and well set-on, of medium length, with no indication of throatiness.

BODY

:
KC
Deep chested, ribs well sprung, brisket reaches to elbow. Back short, level topline. Loins strong and muscular. Moderate tuck up.
UKC
Deep chested, with brisket reaching to the elbow. The ribs are well-sprung, neither barrel-shaped nor flat. The back is short, and the topline is level. Loin is short and strong and tuck up is moderate.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Back

:
FCI
Short and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, brisket reaching to the elbows. Ribs well sprung, neither barrel-shaped nor flat.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tuck-up moderate.

TAIL

:
FCI
Following the natural very slight slope of the croup, broad at the base, luxuriant and heavily feathered, with the last vertebra reaching at least to the hock. The tail may be carried below the level of the back except when the dog is alert when it curves high over, though never touching the body.
KC
Set on, slightly sloping towards croup. Broad at base, well feathered; reaching the hock. Carried below level of back at rest; when alert, curves over, not touching back.
UKC
Tail set follows the natural, very slight slope of the croup. The tail is broad at the base, luxuriant, and well feathered, with the last vertebra reaching at least to the hock. The tail may be carried below the level of the back except when the dog is alert; then it curves high over, though never touching, the body.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Should appear as parallel columns; straight and strong in bone.
KC
Shoulders well laid back, muscular, medium length. Elbows close to body. Forelegs straight and strong. Pasterns strong, slightly sloping.
UKC
Shoulders should be muscular, with the blade well laid back and well laid on, giving good withers sloping into a short back. The blade and upper arm are roughly equal in length.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulders should be muscular, with the blade well laid back and well laid, on giving good withers sloping into the short back. The blade and upper arm are roughly equal in length.

Elbow

:
FCI
Should be close to the body, turning neither in nor out, working cleanly and evenly.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Elbows should be close to the body, turning neither in nor out, working cleanly and evenly. The forelegs should appear as parallel columns straight and strong in bone. The pasterns are strong and slightly sloping. The strong, webbed feet are of medium size, tight and round, with well-arched toes and thick pads. Dewclaws may be removed.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Medium size, round, tight. Toes well arched and strongly webbed. Pads thick, blending with coat colour.
UKC
The strong, webbed feet are of medium size, tight and round, with well-arched toes and thick pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strongly webbed of medium size, tight and round, with well arched toes and thick pads. Dewclaws may be removed.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Muscular, broad and square in appearance. Rear and front angulation should be in balance. Upper and lower sections being approximately equal in length.
KC
Well muscled. Stifles well bent, hocks well let down turning neither in nor out.
UKC
Muscular, broad and square in appearance. Rear and front angulation should be in balance. Upper and lower thighs are very muscular, and equal in length. Stifles are well bent, and hock well down, turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must not be present.

Thigh

:
FCI
Very muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down, turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must not be present.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Toller combines an impression of power with a springy, jaunty gait, showing good reach in front and a strong driving rear.
Feet should turn neither in nor out and the legs travel in a straight line. As speed increases, the dog should single-track, with the topline remaining level.
KC
Impression of power, springy, jaunty with good reach of forelegs and strong rear drive; parallel movement fore and aft. Single tracks at speed; head carried almost level with back.
UKC
The Toller combines an impression of power with a springy gait, showing good reach in front and a strong driving rear. Feet should turn neither in nor out and legs travel in a straight line. As speed increases, the dog should single-track, with the topline remaining level.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The Toller was bred to retrieve from icy waters and must have a water-repellent double coat of medium length and softness with a softer, dense undercoat. The coat may have a slight wave on the back, but is otherwise straight. Some winter coats may form a long, loose curl at the throat. Featherings are soft at the throat, behind the ears and at the back of the thighs, and forelegs are moderately feathered.
KC
Straight, repellent, double coat of medium length and softness with a softer, dense undercoat. Slight wave on back allowed. Feathering at throat, behind ears and at back of thighs. Forelegs moderately feathered.
UKC
The Toller was bred to retrieve from icy waters and must have a water-repellant double coat of medium length and softness, with softer, dense undercoat. The coat may have a slight wave on the back, but is otherwise straight. Some winter coats may form a long, loose curl at the throat. Featherings are soft at the throat, behind the ears, and at the back of the thighs, and forelegs are moderately feathered.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Colour is various shades of red or orange with lighter featherings and underside of tail, and usually at least one of the following white markings tip of tail, feet (not extending beyond the pasterns), chest and blaze. A dog of otherwise high quality is not to be penalized for lack of white. The pigment of the nose, lips, and eye rims to be flesh-coloured, blending with coat, or black.
KC
All shades of red or orange with lighter featherings and underside of tail. White markings usual in at least one of the following places: tip of tail, feet not extending beyond the pasterns, chest and blaze. Lack of white not to be penalised. Any black in coat, buff colour or buff and white highly undesirable.
UKC
Color is various shades of red or orange, with lighter featherings and underside of tail, and usually at least one of the following white markings - tip of tail, feet (not extending beyond the pasterns), chest and blaze. A dog of otherwise high quality is not to be penalized for lack of white. The pigment of the nose, lips, and eye rims to be flesh-colored, blending with coat, or black.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 48-51 cms (19-20 ins); bitches: 45-48 cms (18-19 ins).
UKC
Ideal height for males over 18 months is 19 to 20 inches. Females over 18 months are 18 to 19 inches. One inch over or under ideal height is allowed. Weight should be in proportion to the height and bone of the dog. Weight guidelines: 45 to 51 pounds for adult males; bitches, 37 to 43 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

For males over 18 months is 19-20 ins. (48-51 cm); females over 18 months 18-19 ins. (45-48 cm).
One inch (2,5 cm) over or under ideal height is allowed.

Weight

:
FCI
Should be in proportion to the height and bone of the dog - Guidelines 45-51 lbs. (20-23 kg) for adult males; bitches 37-43 lbs. (17-20 kg).

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Dish- or down-faced.
  • Abrupt stop.
  • Bright pink nose.
  • Nose, eye rims and eyes not of prescribed colour.
  • Overshot bite.
  • Large, round eyes.
  • Roached, sway back.
  • Slack loins.
  • Tail carried below level of back when dog gaiting. Tail too short, kinked or curled touching the back.
  • Down on pastern.
  • Splayed or paper feet.
  • Open coat (not tight enough, loose).
  • Lack of substance in adult dog.
  • Dogs more than 1 inch (2,5 cm) over or under the ideal height.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
To be penalized according to degree. Dogs more than 1 inch over or under ideal height. Tail too short, kinked, or curled over touching the back. Lack of substance in the adult. Abrupt stop. Large, round eyes. Nose, eye rims, and eyes not of prescribed color. Bright pink nose. Open coat. Splayed or paper feet, down in pasterns. Roached, sway back, slack loins. Tail carried below level of back when dog gaiting. Any shyness in adult classes.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Feet: Lack of webbing.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • In adult classes any shyness.
  • Butterfly nose.
  • Overshot of more than 1/8 inch (3 mm).
  • Undershot bite, wry mouth.
  • Lack of webbing.
  • White on shoulders, around ears, on back of neck, across back or flanks.
  • Silvery coat, grey in coat, black areas in coat.
  • Any colour other than red or orange shades.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. White on shoulders, around ears, on back of neck and across back of flanks. Silvery coat, gray in coat, black areas in coat. Undershot bite. Wry mouth. Overshot bite, by more than 1/8 inch. Butterfly nose. Any color other than shades of red or orange. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.