Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Tibetan Mastiff

(Do-Khyi)

Tibetan Mastiff

Tibetan Mastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Tibet.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
FCI.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
18.03.2015.
KC
November 2004

UTILISATION

:
FCI
A companion, watch and guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Tibetan Mastiff (Do Khyi) is an ancient working breed of the nomad herders of the Himalaya and a traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has been surrounded by great myth since its first discovery in antiquity. From the mentioning by Aristoteles (384-322 b.C.) to the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength and impressiveness of the Tibetan Mastiff- both physically and mentally. Even its bark has been described as a unique and highly treasured feature of the breed. Leading European cynologists of the past, like Martin and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber as well as Strebel and Bylandt have intensively covered the Tibetan Mastiff, as they had been fascinated by its origin and function in the Tibetan culture. Some even considered the breed to be the very forefather of all large mountain and mastiff breeds. One of the first known Tibetan Mastiffs to reach Western shores was a male sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge (then Viceroy of India) in 1847. Later in the 1880s, Edward VII (then Prince of Wales) took two dogs back to England. An early recorded litter of Tibetan Mastiffs was born in 1898 in the Berlin Zoo.
UKC
The Tibetan Mastiff, or Do-Khyi, is a large working dog from the Himalayas. Tracing the breed’s history back to antiquity, it acted as the guardian and companion of the Tibetan villagers and nomads, as well as being the traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. Documented accounts by Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, praise the breed’s natural strength and physical and mental impressiveness. Even its deep bark has been described as a unique and highly treasured feature of the breed. Many cynologists consider the Tibetan Mastiff the forefather of all large mountain and mastiff breeds. The Tibetan Mastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1998.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Powerful, heavy, well built, with good bone. Impressive; of solemn and earnest appearance. Combines majestic strength, robustness and endurance; fit to work in all climate conditions. Slow to mature, only reaching its best at 2-3 years in females and at least 4 years in males.
KC
Large, powerfully built, slightly longer than high, Well boned and muscled, never light but always agile. Impressive head provides a noble, dignified look, enhanced by a mane, which is more pronounced in males, balanced by a well feathered tail carried over the back.
UKC
Large, sound and powerfully built. Well-boned and muscled, never light or refined; always agile. The impressive head provides a noble and dignified look, enhanced by a mane around the head and neck. The head is balanced by a curled tail carried over the back. Males are larger than the females, with heavier features and carrying more coat. The Tibetan Mastiff is still widely used in its traditional role as a natural guardian of family and flock, and has an aloof and independent nature.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Skull measured from occiput to stop equal to muzzle from stop to end of nose but muzzle may be a little shorter.
Body slightly longer than height at withers.
KC
A loyal companion and guardian. Slow to mature.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Independent. Protective. Commands respect. Most loyal to his family and territory.
KC
Independently minded, aloof and protective. Calm and patient. May be wary of strangers.
UKC
A loyal companion and natural guardian. Highly intelligent, strong-willed, independent, aloof and protective when necessary. Patient and tolerant; may be wary of strangers. Any reserve, protectiveness or lack of enthusiasm when exhibited should not be penalized provided the dog can be properly evaluated.

HEAD

:
FCI
Broad, heavy and strong. In adults a wrinkle may extend from above the eyes down to the corner of mouth.
KC
Broad, heavy and strong. Skull large, with strongly defined occiput and marked stop. Length from nose to stop equal or slightly less than length from stop to occiput. Muzzle fairly broad, well filled, blunt, and square viewed from all sides. Broad, black, well open nostrils. Lips well developed with moderate flews. In maturity, some wrinkling on head extending from above eyes to corner of mouth.
UKC
The head is broad, heavy and strong. Proportions from occiput to stop, and stop to the end of the nose, range from equal lengths (1 to 1), to a muzzle that is somewhat shorter than the length of the topskull (2 to 3). With maturity, some wrinkling may be present on the head, extending from above the eyes to the corner of the mouth.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Large, very slightly rounded, with strongly pronounced occiput.
UKC
The skull is massive, slightly rounded, with a strongly defined occiput and marked stop.

Stop

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FCI
Well defined.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Broad, as dark as possible depending on coat colour, well opened nostrils.
UKC
Broad, with well opened nostrils. As dark as possible, depending on the color of the coat.

Muzzle

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FCI
Fairly broad, well filled and deep. End of muzzle square. Lips Well developed and covering the underjaw.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Full dentition desirable.
UKC
Fairly broad, well padded, blunt and square when viewed from all sides. Lips well-developed, with moderate flews that cover the underjaw.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors and set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Dentition fits tightly.
UKC
Full dentition fitting tightly to maintain strong chin. Jaws and teeth strong with regular scissors bite, set square to the jaw. Level bite acceptable.

Eyes

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FCI
Medium size, any shade of brown and in accordance with coat colour, the darker the better. Set well apart, oval and slightly slanting. Eyelids tightly fitting the eyeball. Expression of dignity.
KC
Very expressive, medium size, dark brown. Set well apart, oval and slightly slanting. Dark, close fitting eye rims.
UKC
Medium size, oval in shape, set well apart and slightly slanted. Any shade of brown, but in accordance to coat color, the darker the better. Eyelids fit tightly. Expression is dignified.

Ears

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FCI
Medium size, triangular, pendant, set between the level of the skull and the eye, dropping forward and hanging close to head; carried forward when alert. Ear leathers covered with soft, short hair.
KC
Medium size, triangular, pendent, not set too low, hanging close to head. When alert, carried forward. Ear leathers covered with soft, short hair.
UKC
Medium size, triangular, pendent, set between the level of the skull and the eye, hanging close to the head when in repose. When at attention, level with the top of skull and brought forward, appearing to broaden the skull. Ear leathers covered with soft short hair.

NECK

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FCI
Strong, well muscled, arched. Not too much dewlap. Covered by thick upstanding mane, not so pronounced in bitches.
KC
Strong, well-muscled, slightly arched. Not too much dewlap.
UKC
The neck is strong, arched and well muscled. A little dewlap is acceptable. The neck is covered by a thick, upstanding mane, which is not as pronounced in females as in males.

BODY

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FCI
Strong.
KC
From point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly longer than height at withers, as 10 to 9. Strong and straight back. Broad, muscular loins, with very slightly sloping croup. Chest rather deep, of moderate breadth. Ribcage oval, ribs well sprung but not barrelled, carried well back. Brisket reaching to, or just below, elbows.
UKC
Slightly longer than tall in proportion, with a strong, straight back. The chest is rather deep and moderately wide. Ribs are nicely sprung in a heart shape. The brisket reaches below the elbows. The croup is broad and rather flat.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad and rather flat.

Chest

:
FCI
Rather deep, of moderate breadth, with good spring of rib, to give heart-shaped ribcage. Brisket reaching to below elbows.

TAIL

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FCI
Medium length. Set high on line with top of back, carried high, loosely curled over back, when dog alert or in motion; well feathered.
KC
Medium to long. Set on high. Loosely curled over back to one side. Well feathered.
UKC
The tail is medium length, set high on line with the top of the back, and carried high in a loose curl over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Straight, well angulated, well covered all over with strong hair.
KC
Muscular, well laid shoulders. Strongly boned, straight legs with strong, slightly sloping pasterns.
UKC
Well angulated, with muscular shoulders.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid, muscular.

Elbow

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FCI
Neither turned in nor out.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight, with strong bone and elbows close to the body. Pasterns are strong and slightly sloping.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight. Strong bone.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, slightly sloping.

FEET

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KC
Fairly large, strong, with thick pads, rounded and compact. Having good feathering between toes.
UKC
The feet are fairly large, strong, with thick pads, rounded and compact. Well feathered between the toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Fairly large, strong, round and compact, with good feathering between well-arched toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Powerful, muscular, with good angulation. Seen from behind, hindlegs parallel.
KC
Powerful, muscular, with moderate angulation and strong, low-set hocks. Hindlegs, seen from behind, parallel. Single or double dewclaws may be present.
UKC
Powerful and muscular, with good angulation.

Thigh

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FCI
Rather long; strong, with good hard muscles, but not bulging.

Stifle

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FCI
Well bent

HIND LEGS

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UKC
Parallel when seen from behind. Upper thigh is rather long with hard, but not bulging, muscles. The stifle is well bent and the hocks are low and strong. Dewclaws are optional.

Hock

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FCI
Strong, low set. Dewclaws optional.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Powerful, but always light and elastic with good reach and drive. When speed increases tends to single track. When walking appears very deliberate. Capable of functioning over a varied terrain with stamina and suppleness.
KC
Powerful and free, with purpose and agility. Measured and deliberate when walking. At speed will tend to single-track.
UKC
Powerful, light and elastic, with good reach and drive, and capable of considerable speed. Measured and deliberate when walking. At speed will tend toward, and may reach, a single track.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
Quality of greater importance than quantity. Coat harsh, thick, top coat not too long, with dense and rather wolly undercoat in cold weather which becomes rather sparse in warmer months. Males carry noticeably more coat than females. Hair fine but harsh, straight and off-standing. Never silky, curly or wavy. Neck and shoulders heavily coated, giving mane-like appearance. Tail bushy and well feathered; hindlegs well feathered on upper rear parts.
KC
Males carry noticeably more than females. Quality of greater importance than quantity. Densely coated, fairly long, thick, with heavy, woolly undercoat in cold weather which becomes rather sparse in warmer months. Hair fine, hard and straight, never silky, curly or wavy. Hair on face short. Neck and shoulders heavily coated, giving mane-like appearance, Tail heavily feathered, hindlegs well feathered on upper rear parts.
UKC
Quality of coat is more important than quantity. Outer coat is not too long, straight and fine, but harsh in texture. It is thick and stands off the body. Undercoat is dense and wooly in cold climates but becomes sparse in summer. Hair is short on the face, developing into a distinct mane surrounding the head and neck that is more pronounced in mature males. Tail and upper rear parts of hind legs well feathered. The Tibetan Mastiff is exhibited in a natural condition with no trimming. Seasonal shedding is not to be penalized.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Rich black, with or without tan marking; blue, with or without tan markings; gold, from rich fawn to deep red, sable. All colours to be as pure as possible. Tan ranges from a rich chestnut to a lighter colour. White star on breast permissible. Minimal white markings on feet acceptable. Tan markings appear above eyes, on lower part of legs and underside of tail. Tan markings on muzzle; spectacle markings tolerated around eyes.
KC
Rich black, with or without tan; slate grey, with or without tan; rich golden. The rich tan markings appear above eyes, on muzzle, on chest, the lower part of legs and underside of tail. Spectacle markings around eyes acceptable. White star on breast permissible. Minimal white markings on feet tolerated. Cream, white, chocolate/liver, particolour, brindle or flecked are undesirable.
UKC
Black, chocolate brown and slate gray, all with or without tan markings, as well as various shades of gold, and sable. The shades of gold and the tan markings may range from cream to dark red/gold. White markings may occur on chest and feet. Spectacle markings around the eyes are acceptable. Pigmentation on lips, nose and eye rims is black, except on dilute colors (chocolate, blue and gold dilute), where the pigmentation is also diluted but should be as dark as possible.

SIZE

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KC
A minimum height of 66cms (26ins) in dogs and 61 cms (24ins) in bitches is desirable, but on no account should type be sacrificed to size alone.
UKC
Dogs: minimum 26 inches (ranging to over 30 inches). Bitches: minimum 24 inches (ranging to over 28 inches). Slow to mature, dogs range from 100 to 160+ pounds. Bitches range from 75 to120+ pounds. Preference is given to dogs of greater height, provided that their proportions are harmonious, and that proper type, substance, structure and breed characteristics are present.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 66 cm (26 ins) minimum,.
Bitches 61 cm (24 ins) minimum..

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Lacking physical condition and fitness.
Head light or heavily wrinkled.
Pendulous flews.
Pronounced dewlap.
Large and/or low set ears.
Light eyes or staring expression.
Weak pigmentation, particularly of nose.
Barrelled ribs.
Tightly curled tail over hips.
Over angulated or straight hindquarters.
Heavy constrained movement.
Under minimum height, tolerance 2 cm.
UKC

Head: Refined, head, heavily wrinkled head.
Muzzle: Pendulous flews.
Nose: Pale pigmentation.
Eyes: Light eyes, staring expression.
Ears: Large and/or low set ears.
Neck: Excessive dewlap.
Body: Barrel shaped ribs.
Hind Legs: Over angulation or straight rear.
Tail: Tail tightly curled over the hips.
Coat: Silky, curly or wavy coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Undershot or overshot mouth.
All other colours than above mentioned e.g. white, cream, grey, brown (liver), lilac, brindle, particolours.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Overshot or undershot bite.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.