Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Sussex Spaniel

Spaniel (Sussex)

Sussex Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Flushing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Sussex Spaniel has been recognized as a distinct breed since at least the 18th century. It originated in the county of Sussex in England, where it was used as a field dog. The breed gained the reputation of being an excellent hunting dog. The breed exists today virtually unchanged in character and general appearance from the 19th century sporting dogs. The Sussex Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1993.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strongly built. Active, energetic dog, whose characteristic movement is a decided roll, and unlike that of any other Spaniel.
KC
Strongly built. Active, energetic dog, whose characteristic movement is a decided roll, and unlike that of any other Spaniel.
UKC
The Sussex Spaniel presents a long, low rectangular outline. It is muscular and rather massive. It is an active dog with a characteristic rolling movement and lively tail action. Its short legs and habit of giving tongue when on scent make the Sussex Spaniel an ideal gun dog for flushing game in dense undergrowth.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Natural working ability, gives tongue at work in thick cover.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Natural working ability, gives tongue at work in thick cover. Kindly disposition.
KC
Kindly disposition, aggression highly undesirable.
UKC
Characteristics are ranked in order of importance. The most important breed features are proper color and general appearance. Of secondary importance are the head, ears, back, back ribs, legs and feet. Of least importance are the eyes, nose, neck, chest and shoulders, tail and coat. The Sussex Spaniel is friendly, with a cheerful and tractable disposition, despite its somber, serious expression. Its rich, golden liver color is unique to the breed.

HEAD

:
FCI
Well balanced.
KC
Skull wide, showing moderate curve from ear to ear, neither flat nor apple headed, with centre indentation and a pronounced stop. Brows frowning; occiput decided, but not pointed. Nostrils well developed and liver in colour. Well balanced head.
UKC
Correct head and expression are important features of the breed. In expression, it is somber and serious, with the fairly heavy brows producing a frowning expression.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Wide, showing moderate curve from ear to ear, neither flat nor apple headed, with centre indentation. Brows frowning; occiput decided, but not pointed.
UKC
The whole of the skull gives an appearance of heaviness. It is broad, slightly rounded, and has an indentation in the middle. The occiput is full but not pointed. The brows are fairly heavy. The stop is pronounced. The distance from the stop to the occiput is greater than the distance from the stop to the nose.

Stop

:
FCI
Pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nostrils well developed and liver in colour.
UKC
Nose leather is liver-colored. The nostrils are well-developed.

Muzzle

:
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Is approximately three inches in length and has a square profile. The lips are somewhat pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite, which is preferred.

Eyes

:
FCI
Hazel colour, fairly large, not full, but soft expression and showing little, if any, haw.
KC
Hazel colour, fairly large, not full, but soft expression and showing little, if any, haw.
UKC
The fairly large eyes are hazel in color, with a soft, lan­guishing expression. Very little haw is visible.

Ears

:
FCI
Thick, fairly large and lobular, set moderately low, just above eye level. Lying close to skull.
KC
Thick, fairly large and lobular, set moderately low, just above eye level. Lying close to skull.
UKC
The thick, fairly large ears are lobe-shaped. They are set moderately low on the head, slightly above the outside comer of the eye.

NECK

:
FCI
Long, strong and slightly arched, not carrying head much above level of back. Slight throatiness, but well marked frill.
KC
Long, strong, and slightly arched, not carrying head much above level of back. Slight throatiness, but well marked frill.
UKC
The rather short, strong neck is slightly arched. It is relatively free from throatiness, and does not carry the head much above the level of the back.

BODY

:
FCI
Whole body strong and level with no sign of waistiness from withers to hips.
KC
Chest deep and well developed; not too round and wide. Back and loin well developed and muscular in both width and depth. The back ribs must be deep. Whole body strong and level with no sign of waistiness from withers to hips.
UKC
The low, long body has a level backline. The chest has a good girth, being deep and wide, and is round, especially behind the shoulders. The long back and loin are very muscular both in width and depth. In conjunction, the back ribs are deep.

Back

:
FCI
Well developed and muscular in both width and depth.

Loin

:
FCI
Well developed and muscular in both width and depth.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and well developed; not too round and wide. The back ribs must be deep.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked to 13-18 cms.
Docked: Set low and never carried above level of back. Tail thickly covered with hair but not feathered.
Undocked: Set low, of medium length, and not carried above the level of the back. It should taper gradually to a point and be moderately feathered. Lively tail action is typical of the breed.
KC
Previously customarily docked to 13-18 cms (5-7ins). Docked: Set low and never carried above level of back. Tail thickly covered with hair but not feathered. Undocked: Set low, of medium length, and not carried above the level of the back. It should taper gradually to a point and be moderately feathered. Lively tail action is typical of the breed.
UKC
The low-set tail may be either docked or natural. While gaiting, the dog exhibits nice tail action, but does not carry the tail above the level of the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders sloping and free; arms well boned and muscular. Knees large and strong, pasterns short and well boned. Legs rather short and strong.
UKC
The muscular shoulders are well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping and free.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The short, strong forelegs are heavily-boned and may be straight or have a slight bow - both being acceptable. They are set well under the dog. The very short pasterns are heavily-boned.

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs rather short and strong. Well boned and muscular.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Large and strong.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short and well boned.

FEET

:
KC
Round, well padded, well feathered between toes.
UKC
The large, round and well padded feet have short hair between the toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, well padded, well feathered between toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs short and strong with good bone. Hindlegs not appearing shorter than forelegs or over angulated.
KC
Thighs strongly boned and muscular; hocks large and strong, legs short and strong with good bone. Hindlegs not appearing shorter than forelegs or over angulated.
UKC
The full, well-rounded hindquarters are strong and heavily boned. They correspond in angulation to the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strongly boned and muscular.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are parallel and set wide apart, about the same width as the dog is at the shoulders. They are short and strong, with great bone, but not shorter than the forelegs. The hocks are set low, with a minimum of angulation, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks large and strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
True fore and aft with distinctive roll.
KC
True fore and aft with distinctive roll.
UKC
The Sussex Spaniel has a characteristic rolling gait, produced by the combination of a round, deep, wide chest, short legs, and a long body. Movement is powerful and true, with perfect coordination between the fore and hind legs; never appearing clumsy. The head is held low. It is recommended that the Sussex Spaniel be exhibited on a loose lead to best see the breed's natural gait.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Abundant and flat with no tendency to curl and with ample undercoat for weather resistance. Ears covered with soft, wavy hair, but not too profuse. Forequarters and hindquarters moderately well feathered.
KC
Abundant and flat with no tendency to curl and with ample undercoat for weather resistance. Ears covered with soft, wavy hair, but not too profuse. Forequarters and hindquarters moderately well feathered.
UKC
The abundant body coat is flat or slightly waved, with no tendency to curl. The ears have soft, wavy hair. The neck has a well marked frill. The forelegs are moderately well-feathered. The moderately well-feathered hind legs are clean below the hocks. The tail is thickly covered with moderately long feathers. Minimal trimming is preferred. It is acceptable to shape the foot feathers or to remove excess hair from between the pads or from the rear pastern. The hair between the toes is to be left long enough to cover the nails.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Rich golden liver and hair shading to golden at tip; gold is predominating. Dark liver or puce undesirable.
KC
Rich golden liver and hair shading to golden at tip; gold predominating. Dark liver or puce undesirable.
UKC
The only acceptable color, and a sure sign of breed purity, is a rich, golden liver.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers: 38-41 cms (15-16 ins). Weight: approximately 23 kgs (50 lbs).
UKC
The height range, for both sexes, as measured at the withers, is from thirteen (13) up to, and including, fifteen (15) inches. The weight range for both sexes is from thirty-five (35) to forty-five (45) pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
38 - 41 cms.

Weight

:
FCI
Approximately 23 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Gait: Paddling. Weaving.

MINOR FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: Any deviation from a scissors bite.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Body: Shortness of body. Flat-sided.
Color: White on the chest.
Size: Any deviation from the proper height range.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Narrow head. Weak muzzle.
Coat: The presence of a topknot.
Coat: Curly coat.
Color: Dark liver or puce colored. White on any part of the body other than the chest.
Color: Too light or too dark in color.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.