Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Australia.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
06.07.2005.

UTILISATION

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FCI
As the name implies the dog’s prime function, and one in which he has no peer, is the control and herding of cattle in both wide open and confined areas, as well as in harsh conditions. Always alert, extremely intelligent, watchful, courageous and trustworthy, with an implicit devotion to duty making it an ideal working cattle dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 2Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The “Stumpy Tail” has a long history in Australia and was carefully bred for herding cattle in the early-19th Century. There are two schools of thought as to the actual founder of the breed. The first version is a Thomas Simpson Hall; cross-mated the Northern English herding dogs, Smithfields with the indigenous Australian Dingos creating the first Australian cattle dog to be known as Hall’s Heeler (circa 1830). The second version a drover named Timmins of Bathurst New South Wales in 1830 mated a Smithfields with the Australian Native Dog, the Dingo, the progeny, red bob-tailed dogs were known as “TIMMINS BITERS”. The dogs were great workers, but proved to be too severe on the stock. Another cross was needed. A smooth haired blue merle Collie was introduced, this established an excellent all round dog, the ancestor of the present day Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog.
The Smithfield introduced the natural bob-tail, the Dingo the red colouring as well as a natural acceptance of the harsh outback conditions. The blue colouring came from the blue merle Collie, which were also known as German Coolies.
Generally “Stumpy Tails”were bred in the spacious rural areas of Australia and only a small number were registered in the Stud Books. In 2001, this long-standing breed was renamed the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog.
UKC
Though similar to them, the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dogs are not Australian Cattle Dogs with docked tails, but are cousins to that breed, and a breed in their own right. In Australia, their country of origin, “Stumpies” are much sought after for their working ability. Both red and blue Stumpy Tails are extremely faithful, and tireless workers. The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
Shall be that of a well proportioned working dog, rather square in profile with a hard-bitten, rugged appearance, and sufficient substance to convey the impression of the ability to endure long periods of arduous work under whatsoever conditions may prevail.
UKC
The general appearance is that of a well-proportioned working dog, rather square in profile, with a hard-bitten, rugged appearance, and sufficient substance to convey the impression of the ability to endure long periods of arduous work under whatsoever conditions may prevail.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The "Stumpy" possesses a natural aptitude in the working and control of cattle, and a loyal, courageous and devoted disposition. It is ever alert, watchful and obedient, though suspicious of strangers. At all times it must be amenable to handling in the Show ring.
UKC
The “Stumpy” possesses a natural aptitude in the working and controlling of cattle, and a loyal, courageous and devoted disposition. It is ever alert, watchful and obedient, though suspicious of strangers. At all times, it must be amenable to handling in the show ring. Any deviation from the standard is considered a fault and is to be penalized according to the degree of deviation.

HEAD

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CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Broad between the ears and flat, narrowing slightly to the eyes.
UKC
The skull is broad between the ears and flat, narrowing slightly to the eyes. The stop is slight, but definite. The cheeks are muscular without being coarse.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight but definite.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
The foreface is of moderate length, well filled up under the eye, the deep powerful jaws tapering to a blunt strong muzzle.

Nose

:
FCI
Black, irrespective of the colour of the dog.
UKC
The nose is always black, regardless of the color of the individual dog.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Blunt and strong.
UKC
The foreface is of moderate length, and well filled up under the eye. The deep, powerful jaws taper to a strong, blunt muzzle.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
The teeth are strong, sound and regularly spaced. The lower incisors close behind and just touching the upper.
UKC
A full complement of strong, sound, regularly spaced white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Muscular without coarseness.

Eyes

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FCI
The eyes should be oval in shape, of moderate size, neither full nor prominent, with alert and intelligent yet suspicious expression, and of dark brown colour.
UKC
The moderate sized eyes are almond in shape and dark brown in color. They are neither full nor prominent. Expression is alert and intelligent.

Ears

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FCI
The ears are moderately small, pricked and almost pointed. Set on high yet well apart. Leather moderately thick. The inner side of the ear should be well furnished with hair.
UKC
The moderately small ears are pricked and almost pointed. They are set on high, yet well apart. The leather is moderately thick. The inside of the ear is well furnished with hair.

NECK

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FCI
The neck is of exceptional strength, arched, muscular and of medium length, broadening to blend into the body, free from throatiness.
UKC
The medium-length, muscular neck is exceptionally strong, and dry. It is arched at the crest and broadens to blend into the body.

BODY

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FCI
The length of the body from the point of the breast-bone to the point of buttocks should be equal to the height of the withers. Back Level, broad and strong.
UKC
The length of the body, from the point of the breastbone to the buttocks, is equal to the height of the dog, measured at the withers. The back is level, broad and strong. The loins are muscular and deep. The chest is deep and moderately broad. Ribs are well-sprung, and there is a slight tuck-up.

Loin

:
FCI
Deep and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
The well sprung ribs taper at the lower half, to a deep moderately broad chest.

TAIL

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FCI
The tail is undocked, of a natural length not exceeding 10 cm (4 ins), set on high but not carried much above the level of the back.
UKC
The natural length of the undocked, natural bob tail does not exceed 4 inches. It is set on high, but not carried much above the level of the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Well-boned and muscular. Viewed from any angle they are perfectly straight.
UKC
The shoulders are clean, muscular and sloping.

Shoulder

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FCI
Clean, muscular and sloping.

Elbow

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FCI
Parallel to the body.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The elbows are parallel to the body. The muscular forelegs are well boned. Viewed from any angle, they are straight, with strong, flexible pasterns.

FEET

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UKC
The strong, round feet have deep pads, and well-arched, closely-knit toes. The strong, short nails are dark in color.

Forefeet

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FCI
The feet should be round, strong, deep in pads with well arched toes, closely knit. Nails strong, short and of dark colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Broad, powerful and muscular. When viewed from behind the hind legs from hock to feet are straight, and placed neither close nor too wide apart.
UKC
The hindquarters are broad, powerful and muscular. The thighs are well developed.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Stifle

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FCI
Moderately turned.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The stifles are moderately turned. The strong hocks are moderately let down, with sufficient bend. When viewed from behind, the hind legs, from hock to feet, are straight, and placed neither too close nor too wide apart.

Hock

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FCI
Strong, moderately let down with sufficient bend.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Soundness is of paramount importance. The action is true, free, supple and tireless, the movement of the shoulders and forelegs in unison with the powerful thrust of the hindquarters. Capability of quick and sudden movement is essential.
UKC
Soundness of movement is of foremost importance. Action is true, free, supple and tireless. The movement of the shoulders and forelegs is in unison with the powerful thrust of the hindquarters. Capability of quick, sudden movement is essential.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
The outer coat is moderately short, straight, dense and of medium harsh texture. The undercoat is short, dense and soft. The coat around the neck is longer, forming mild ruff. The hair on the head, legs and feet, is short.
UKC
The breed is double coated. The outer coat is moderately short, straight, dense and of medium harsh texture. The undercoat is short, dense and soft. The coat around the neck is longer, forming a mild ruff. The hair on the head, legs, and feet is short.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Blue: The dog should be blue or blue mottled, whole coloured. The head may have black markings. Black markings on the body are permissible.
Red Speckle: The colour should be a good even red speckle all over, including the undercoat (not white or cream), with or without darker, red markings on the head. Red patches on the body are permissible.
UKC
The acceptable colors are Blue and Red. BLUE: The dog is blue speckle or blue mottled over the whole body, with or without black markings on the head or body. Blues should not have a red undercoat or the appearance of red anywhere in their coat. RED: The color is a good, even red speckle or red mottle all over, with or without red markings on the head or body. Reds should not have a blue undercoat or the appearance of blue anywhere in their coat.

SIZE

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UKC
The acceptable height range for males is from 18 to 20 inches (46-51 cms). The acceptable height range for females is from 17 to 19 inches (43-48 cms). Males or females over or under the acceptable height ranges are undesirable.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Height Dogs 46-51 cms (18-20 ins) at withers.
Bitches 43-48 cms (17-19 ins) at withers.

FAULTS

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FCI

Size: Dogs or bitches over or under these specified sizes are undesirable.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC
Color: Cream or white undercoat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

Bow or cow hocks.
Pink or white toe nails.
White or cream coat colour.
Brown or flesh coloured nose.
Pink eye rims.
Undershot or overshot jaws.
Tail exceeding 10 cm (4 ins).
Loaded or slack shoulders.
Straight shoulder placement.
Weakness at elbows, pasterns or feet.
Stiltiness of hindquarters.
UKC

Forelegs: Loaded shoulders. Slack shoulders. Straight shoulders. Weak elbows. Weak pasterns.
Hind Legs: Cow hocks. Bow hocks.
Feet: Weak feet.
Color: Tan markings.
Gait: Stiltiness.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy temperament.
Docked tail.
Tan markings.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bites.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.