Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Schnauzer

Schnauzer

Standard Schnauzer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.03.2007.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watch and Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.2Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Schnauzer
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Originally the Schnauzer was used in the region of Southern Germany as a stable dog as he felt particularly at home in the company of horses. He eagerly watched out for all rodents in order to kill them in a flash. This very early got him the appellation of “Rattler” (ratter). When the Pinscher-Schnauzer-Club was founded in 1895, he was entered under the name “rough haired Pinscher”.
UKC
The Standard Schnauzer is the prototype of the three distinct Schnauzer breeds: Miniature, Standard and Giant. His ancestry dates back to the 1400s. The breed was probably a cross between the black German Poodle, the gray Wolfspitz and wirehaired pinscher stock. The breed was used as a guard dog and rat catcher. The Standard Schnauzer was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized, strong, stocky rather than slim, rough haired.
KC
Sturdily built, robust, sinewy, nearly square, (length of body equal to height at shoulders). Expression keen and attitude alert. Correct conformation is of more importance than colour or purely ‘beauty’ points.
UKC
The breed is heavy set, robust, squarely built. It has a dense, harsh coat. Arched eyebrows, profuse whiskers and a bristly mustache are the hallmarks of the breed. Both cropped and uncropped ears are acceptable.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Square build in which the height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
KC
Strong, vigorous dog capable of great endurance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Typical characteristics are his lively temperament, coupled with placid composure. Typical are his good nature, his playfulness and his proverbial devotion to his master. He loves children, is incorruptible, alert, yet not noisy. Highly developed sense organs, intelligence, trainability , fearlessness, endurance and resistance to weather and diseases provide the Schnauzer with all the requirements to be an outstanding family, guard and companion dog, also endowed with the qualities of a working dog.
KC
Alert, reliable and intelligent. Primarily a companion dog.
UKC
The Standard Schnauzer has a lively but composed temperament. The breed is loyal and devoted, and loves children. They are intelligent, trainable and fearless, and their natural resistance to the weather and to diseases makes them an outstanding family, guard and companion dog.

HEAD

:
KC
Head strong and of good length, narrowing from ears to eyes and then gradually forward toward end of nose. Upper part of the head (occiput to the base of the forehead) moderately broad between ears. Flat, creaseless forehead; well muscled but not too strongly developed cheeks. Medium stop to accentuate prominent eyebrows. Powerful muzzle ending in a moderately blunt line, with bristly, stubby moustache and chin whiskers. Ridge of nose straight and running almost parallel to extension of forehead. Nose black with wide nostrils. Lips tight but not overlapping.
UKC
The head is elongated, strong and rectangular. The total length of the head is half the length of the back (measured from the withers to the base of the tail). The topline of the skull is parallel to the topline of the muzzle. The stop appears well-defined due to the eyebrows.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, long without markedly protruding occiput. The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkling and parallel to the bridge of nose.
UKC
Long, moderately broad, and flat, with smooth skin and no prominence of occiput.

Stop

:
FCI
Appears well defined due to the brows.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed nose leather with large nostrils, always black.
UKC
Large, with well-developed nostrils. Always black in color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is a blunt wedge. The bridge of the nose is straight. The lips are black, smooth and close fitting to the jaws, with tight flews. The jaw muscles are well-developed but must be smooth so as not to interfere with the rectangular shape of the head.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must not interfere with the rectangular shape of the head (with the beard).
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. The upper incisors slightly overlap and engage the lower. The canine teeth are strong and well-developed. The lower and upper jaws are powerful and neither overshot nor undershot.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized, oval, facing forward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
KC
Medium-sized, dark, oval, set forward with arched bushy eyebrows.
UKC
Medium size, dark brown and oval in shape, set in the skull to look straight forward. The eyelids are tight-fitting, and the expression is lively.

Ears

:
FCI
Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried , turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
KC
Neat, V-shaped, set high and dropping forward to temple.
UKC
Evenly shaped, set high and carried erect when cropped. Uncropped ears are V shaped and dropped, with the inner edges carried close to the cheeks. The fold should not be above the top of the skull.

NECK

:
FCI
The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the withers. Strongly set on, slim, nobly curved, corresponding to the dog’s force . Throat skin tight- fitting without folds.
KC
Moderately long, strong, and slightly arched; skin close to throat; neck set cleanly on shoulders.
UKC
Elegantly arched and blending cleanly into the shoulders. Strong and slim with a clean throat.

BODY

:
KC
Chest moderately broad; deep with visible, strong breastbone reaching at least to height of elbow and rising slightly backward to loins. Back strong and straight, slightly higher at shoulder than at hindquarters, with short, well developed loins. Ribs well sprung. Length of body equal to height from top of withers to ground.
UKC
Square and compact, with a moderately broad, oval chest that reaches to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum. The withers are the highest point of the topline, which slopes slightly downward. The back is short and firm and the loin is well-muscled, short and deep. The croup is slightly rounded, blending into the set on of the tail. The underline of the flank forms a curve, but is not too tucked up.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point in topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved line with the underside of the ribcage.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set on and carried high, customarily docked to three joints. Undocked: Set on and carried high, of moderate length to give general balance to the dog. Thick at root and tapering towards the tip, as straight as possible, carried jauntily.
UKC
Set moderately high. If docked, the length is one to two inches. If natural, a saber or sickle carriage is preferred.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
KC
Shoulders flat and well laid. Forelegs straight viewed from any angle. Muscles smooth and lithe rather than prominent; bone strong, straight and carried well down to feet; elbows close to body and pointing directly backward.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, well muscled and sloping, forming an angle of approximately 50 degrees to the horizontal. The upper arm lies close to the body and forms an angle with the shoulder blade of approximately 100 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Strong, straight and not close together. The elbows are close to the body. The pasterns are slightly sloping and springy.

Forearm

:
FCI
Viewed from all sides completely straight, strongly developed and well muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the forearm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side slightly sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.

FEET

:
KC
Short, round, cat-like, compact with closely arched toes, dark nails, firm black pads, feet pointing forward.
UKC
Short and round with well-arched, tight toes. (Cat feet). Nails are short and black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen from the rear.
KC
Thighs slanting and flat but strongly muscled. Hindlegs (upper and lower thighs) at first vertical to the stifle; from stifle to hock in line with the extension of the upper neck line; from hock, vertical to ground.
UKC
Broad and strongly muscled. Viewed from the rear, the legs stand well apart.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is moderately long and broad. The lower thigh is long and sinewy, running into a strong and well angulated hock. The rear pasterns are short and vertical.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, strong and sinewy, running into a strong hock.

Hock

:
FCI
Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The front legs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one side and the hind leg of the other side move forward at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
KC
Free, balanced and vigorous, with good reach in forequarters and good driving power in hindquarters. Topline remains level in action.
UKC
At a trot,the gait is flexible, elegant, free and ground-overing. The stride is as long as possible. The back remains firm.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat and a not too short top coat, lying close to the body. The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow the checking of its texture; it is neither bristly nor wavy. The hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.
KC
Harsh, wiry and short enough for smartness. Closer on neck and shoulders; clean on throat, skull and ears. Harsh hair on legs. Dense undercoat essential.
UKC
Wiry, harsh and dense, with a dense undercoat and a topcoat that is long enough to check for proper texture. The topcoat should lie close to the body and be neither bristly or wavy. The hair on the legs tends to be less harsh. The coat on the forehead and ears is short. There is a beard on the muzzle and there are eyebrows that partially shade the eyes.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Pure black with black undercoat.
  • Pepper and Salt.
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well pigmented pepper colouring and grey undercoat.
The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all colour variations there must be a dark mask which should adapt harmoniously to the respective colour, emphasizing the expression. Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
KC
Pure black (white markings on head, chest and legs undesirable) or pepper and salt. Pepper and salt shades range from dark iron grey to light grey; good pigmentation. Hairs banded dark/light/dark. Facial mask to harmonise with corresponding coat colour.
UKC
The acceptable colors are Pepper and Salt, and Black. PEPPER AND SALT - The typical pepper and salt color of the topcoat results from the combination of black and white hairs and white hairs banded with black. All shades of pepper and salt, from dark iron gray to silver gray, are acceptable. Ideally they have a gray undercoat, but a tan or fawn undercoat is acceptable. A darker facial mask that harmonizes with the coat shade is desirable. The coat may fade to a light gray or silver white in the eyebrows, whiskers, cheeks, under the throat, across the chest, under the tail, on the leg furnishings, under the body and inside the legs. BLACK - The black should ideally be a true, rich color, free from fading, discoloration or a mixture of gray or tan hairs. The undercoat is also solid black. Increased age or continued exposure to the sun may cause a certain amount of fading or burning. A small, white smudge on the chest is not to be faulted. Loss of color due to scars is not to be faulted.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers: dogs: 48 cms (19 ins); bitches: 45.7 cms (18 ins). Any variations of more than 2.5 cms (1 in) in these heights undesirable.
UKC
Ideal height at the withers: 18½ to 19½ inches for males; and 17½ to 18½ inches for females.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 45 to 50 cm

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 14 to 20 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Particularly
  • Head altogether too small or too short.
  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
  • Light, too large or round eyes.
  • Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
  • Throatiness.
  • Dewlap. Narrow crest of neck.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Tail set inclined towards head.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat or other mixed colours.
  • Brown undercoat.
  • In Pepper and Salt a black trace on the back or a black saddle.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Teeth: Level bite.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Inverse sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Hocks turning inwards.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 3 cm.
UKC
Teeth: Overshot bite. Undershot bite.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly suspiciousor nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 3 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.