Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Spinone

(Spinone Italiano)

Italian Spinone

Spinone Italiano


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Pointing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.3Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Griffon' type
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
We find in the bibliography descriptions which evoke a rough-haired dog of Italian origin which passes as being the ancestor of the present Spinone. In his book « Le parfait chasseur » (The perfect Hunter), Sélincourt, in 1683, speaks of a « griffon » coming from Italy and the Piedmont. In the Middle Ages this dog has often been represented by famous painters; the best known painting is a fresco by Andrea Mantegna in the ducal palace of Mantua, from the 15th century.
UKC
The Spinone Italiano is a rough-haired dog of Italian origin, and is thought to be a very old and established hunting breed. In his book "Le Parfait Asseur," (The Perfect Hunter, 1683), Selicourt spoke of a "griffon" coming from the Piedmont region of Italy. In the Middle Ages, and in the 15th century, this type of dog was often represented by famous artists. The breed is also referred to as the Italian Coarsehaired Pointer. The Spinone Italiano was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Dog of solid construction, robust and vigorous; powerful bone; well developed muscles, hair rough.
KC
Vigorous, robust, squarely built dog of solid construction. Strong bone, well developed muscles. Rough coated. Has a kind, almost human expression.
UKC
The Spinone is a dog of solid construction, and is robust and vigorous. It has powerful bone, well developed muscles, and rough hair. Its build tends to fit into a square. The length of the body is equal to, or slightly longer than (by - inch to 1 inch), the height of the dog.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
His build tends to fit into a square. The length of the body is equal to the height at the withers, with a tolerance of 1 to 2 cm longer. The length of the head is equal to 4/10ths of the height at the withers. Its width, measured at level of the zygomatic arches, is inferior to half its length.
KC
An intrepid and untiring hunt, point and retrieve breed. Hardy and adaptable to any terrain including water. Remarkable capability for an extended and fast trot.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Naturally sociable, docile and patient, the Spinone is an experienced hunter on all terrains; very resistant to tiredness, goes easily into thorny underwood, or throws himself into cold water. He has remarkable dispositions for an extended and fast trot; by nature he is an excellent retriever.
KC
Sociable, docile, affectionate and patient.
UKC
The Spinone is naturally sociable, docile and patient. The breed is an experienced hunter in all terrains, is very resistant to tiredness, goes easily into brambles, and readily enters cold water. By nature, the breed is an excellent retriever and competent swimmer. It is built for an extended, fast trot. Height is measured at the withers. Any departure from the ideal is to be faulted according to the degree of deviation.

HEAD

:
FCI
The direction of the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle is divergent.
KC
The head planes when seen in profile are divergent. The skull is equal in length from occiput to gently sloping stop, and from stop to end of nose, which protrudes over the lips. Width of skull not to exceed half the total length of head, preferably less. A lean skull of oval shape, sides gently sloping downwards, rooflike. Well pronounced occiput. Well defined median furrow. Muzzle of good depth, in profile straight or slightly arched, square when viewed from the front. The upper lips, slightly rounded, covering the lower lips and reaching the corner of the mouth in a visible fold. Nose large, spongy in appearance with large nostrils.
UKC
The length of the head is equal to 40% of the height. The width of the head, measured at the level of the zygomatic arch, is less than half the length of the head. The zygomatic arch is the bony ridge forming the lower border of the eye socket. The direction of the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle is divergent. The skull is oval shaped. Its lateral walls gently slope like a roof. The occiput is very well developed. The parietal crest is well marked. The bulge of the forehead is not very developed, not towards the front nor in height. The brows (superciliary regions) are not too prominent. The stop is barely marked. The medial-frontal furrow is very pronounced. The muzzle is equal in length to the length of the skull. Its depth, measured at mid-length, reaches a third of its length. The profile of the muzzle is straight or slightly hilly (Roman-nosed). The lateral faces of the muzzle are parallel, so that seen from the front the muzzle is square shaped. The lower profile of the muzzle is defined by that of the upper lips. Its lowest point is the labial commissure. The rather fine upper lips form an open angle below the nose. In their forward part, they are rounded. Then, covering the lower lips, they form a visible fold. The jaws are powerful and normally developed. At mid length, the branches of the lower jaw are very lightly curved. The cheeks are lean.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Of oval shape; its lateral walls gently sloping like a roof, with occipital protuberance very well developed and parietal crest well marked. The bulge of the forehead is not very developed, not towards the front nor in height. The superciliary arches are not too prominent.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely marked, whereas the medial-frontal furrow is very pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
In the prolongation of the nasal bridge, voluminous, spongy in appearance with a very thick and distinctly rounded upper edge; of pink flesh colour in white subjects; a bit darker in the white and orange subjects, chestnut brown in the chestnut roan subjects. In profile, the nose protrudes over the forward vertical line of the lips. Nostrils are large and protruding.
UKC
The nose is in the same line as the nasal bridge. It is voluminous, and spongy in appearance, with a very thick and quite rounded upper edge. The nose protrudes over the forward vertical line of the lip. The nostrils are large and protruding. In white dogs, the pigment may be pink. It is a bit darker in white and orange dogs. It is chestnut brown in brown (roan to chestnut) dogs.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Its length is equal to the length of the skull; its depth, measured at mid length, reaches a third of its length. The profile of the muzzle is straight or slightly convex (Roman nose). The lateral faces of the muzzle are parallel, so that, seen from the front, the muzzle appears square shaped. The lower profile of the muzzle is defined by that of the upper lip; its lowest point is the labial commissure.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws, is preferred. Level bite tolerated.

Lips

:
FCI
The upper lips, rather fine, form an open angle below the nose; in their forward part, they are rounded, then, covering the lower lips, they reach the labial commissure where they form a visible fold.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Powerful and normally developed, at mid length the branches of the lower jaw are very lightly curved. Dental arches well adapted; incisors articulate either in scissor or pincer bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite. The dental arches are well adapted.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, well opened and set well apart. The eye is almost round; the lids closely fitting the eye which is neither protruding nor deep set; both eyes are on an almost frontal plane. The iris is of an ochre colour, more or less dark according to the colour of the coat.
KC
Kind, almost human expression. Large, open, almost round and set well apart. Neither protruding nor deep set and on the same frontal plane. Eyelids close fitting. Iris ochre, depth of colour compatible with coat colour.
UKC
The large, well-opened eyes are set well apart. Both eyes are on the same frontal plane. The eye is almost round, and neither protrudes nor is set deep. Eye color is ochre, more or less dark according to the color of the coat.

Ears

:
KC
Pendulous, triangular, slightly rounded at the tip, pliable and fine. Covered with dense hair mixed with longer, scattered hairs which become thicker at the edges. Carried low with little erectile power. Forward edge touching cheek. Set on level with corner of eye, long, but not more than 5cms below throat line.
UKC
The ears are practically triangular in shape. In length, they are not more than two inches longer than the line of the throat. In width, they go from the point of the inset of the head to the neck to the middle of the zygomatic arch. The ear is nearly always carried low, and has little erection power. The forward edge is close to the cheek. It is not folded, but turned inwards. The tip of the ear is slightly rounded. Ear cartilage is fine. The skin is covered with dense hair mixed with longer scattered hairs, which become thicker at the edges.

Leathers

:
FCI
Practically triangular in shape; in length they are not more than 5 cm longer than the lower line of the throat; in width they reach forward from the point of inset of the head to the neck to the middle of the zygomatic arch. The forward edge is close to the cheek, not folded, but turned inwards; the tip of the ear is slightly rounded. Nearly always carried low, the ear should have little erection power. Cartilage is fine. The skin is covered with dense hair mixed with longer scattered hairs, which become thicker at the edges.

NECK

:
FCI
Powerful and muscled, clearly set off from the nape, merging harmoniously into the shoulders. Its length must not be inferior to 2/3 of the length of the head; its circumference reaches a third of the height at the withers. The lower edge shows a lightly developed double dewlap.
KC
Powerful and well muscled. Comparatively short in relation to length of head, showing a marked crest from the nape. Merging smoothly into the shoulders with unexaggerated dewlap.
UKC
The powerful, muscled neck is clearly distinguished from the nape, and merges harmoniously into the shoulders. The length of the neck must not be less than - of the length of the head. Its circumference reaches a third of the height of the dog. The lower edge of the neck has a lightly-developed double dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Fits almost into a square.
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttocks equal to height at withers. Withers not too raised. Topline, which must not be exaggerated, slopes gently downwards from the withers and then rises to a slightly arched, broad, strong and well muscled loin. Croup then slopes slightly to set on of tail. Chest broad and deep, reaching at least to the level of the elbows, with prominent breastbone. Ribs are open, well sprung and carried well back. Minimal tuck up.
UKC
The body is almost square. The withers are not too raised. The points of the shoulder blades are well apart. The upper profile of the back is made up of two segments. The first, which is nearly straight, slopes from the withers to the eleventh dorsal vertebra. The second, which is slightly convex, joins with the solid and well-arched lumbar region, forming an angle of 30 to 35 degrees, below the horizontal, measured on the obliqueness of the hip bone. The chest, which descends to at least the level of the elbows, is broad, deep and well rounded at mid height, where its transversal diameter reaches its maximum, and decreases perceptibly in the direction of the sternum, but without the chest forming a keel at the junction with the sternum. The slanting ribs are well sprung, with wide spaces between the ribs. The back ribs (false ribs) are long, oblique and well opened. The slightly convex loin has well-developed muscles in width. In length, the loin is a little less than one-fifth of the height. Its width is almost equal to its length. The underline is almost horizontal in the sternal region. There is a slight tuckup.

Topline

:
FCI
The upper profile of the back is made up of two segments the first, nearly straight, slopes from the withers to the 11th dorsal vertebra, and the other, slightly convex, joins with the solid and well arched lumbar region.

Withers

:
FCI
Not too raised.

Loin

:
FCI
Slightly convex, has well developed muscles in width. It measures in length a little less than a fifth of the height at the withers and its width is almost equal to its length.

Croup

:
FCI
Wide, long, well muscled and oblique, forms below the horizontal an angle of 30° to 35° which is measured of the obliqueness of the hip bone.

Chest

:
FCI
Descends to at least the level of the elbows, is broad, deep and well rounded at mid height, where its transversal diameter reaches its maximum and decreases perceptibly in direction of the sternum, but without the chest forming a keel at the junction with the sternum. The ribs are well sprung and slanting with wide spaces between ribs. The back ribs (false ribs) are long, oblique and well opened.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Almost horizontal in the sternal region, then ascends slightly towards the belly.

TAIL

:
FCI
Thick , particularly at its base; carried either horizontally, or down; there are no fringes. It should be docked leaving a stump of 15 to 25 cm.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: To half its length. Thick, particularly at the base, set on as a continuation of the croup and carried horizontally or down. No fringes. Undocked: Thick, particularly at the base, set on as a continuation of the croup and carried horizontally or down. No fringes.
UKC
The tail is thick, especially at the base. It is carried horizontally or down. There are no fringes. The tail is generally docked, leaving a stump of from six to ten inches.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, they are perfectly parallel and perpendicular to the ground. Seen in profile, the forearm is vertical and the metacarpus is slightly oblique.
KC
Shoulders strong, muscular and well laid back. Top of shoulder blades set well apart. Upper arm well angulated, muscular and of equal length to shoulder blade. Forelegs, when viewed from front and side should be straight, with strong, oval bone and well defined tendons. Elbows turning neither in nor out. Pasterns strong and slightly sloping. Dewclaws should be present.
UKC
The long, powerful, well-developed shoulders, in length are about 25% of the height of the dog, and are free in their movement. Their slope is about 50 to 60 degrees from the horizontal. In relation to the median plane of the body, the points of the shoulders are not very close to one another. The opening of the scapular-humeral angle is about 105 degrees. The upper arm slants about 60 degrees, and Is directed almost parallel to the median axis of the body. It is well muscled.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade powerful and long, measures a quarter of the height at the withers, and has an obliqueness below the horizontal of about 50°; in relation to the median plane of the body, the points of the shoulder blades are not very close. Perfectly free in its movements, the shoulder has well developed muscles; the opening of the scapular-humeral angle is of about 105°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Oblique below the horizontal with a slant of about 60°, directed almost parallel to the median axis of the body. It is well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
In parallel plane to the median plane of the body. The point of the elbow must be a little forward of the vertical line which drops from the posterior point of the shoulder blade to the ground. The distance from the elbow to the ground is equal to 50% of the height at the withers.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
When viewed from the front, the forelegs are perfectly parallel, and perpendicular to the ground. The forearm is slightly longer than a third of the height of the dog. It is vertical when viewed from both the front and the side. It has strong bone. The hind tendon is strong in such a way that the groove between the tendon and bone is clearly visible. The elbows are on a parallel plane to the median plane of the body. The point of the elbow is a little forward of the vertical from the posterior point of the shoulder blade to the ground. The distance from the elbow to the ground is equal to one-half the height of the dog. The pastern joint follows the vertical line of the forearm. The pastern is flat. When viewed from the front, it follows the vertical line of the forearm. Viewed from the side, the pasterns slant slightly. In length, they are about one-sixth the height of the dog.

Forearm

:
FCI
Slightly longer than one third of the height at the withers, vertical seen from the front as well as in profile. Strong bones. The hind tendon is strongly accentuated in such a way that the groove between tendon and bone is clearly visible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Follows the vertical line of the forearm.
Pastern: Flat, and, seen from the front, follows the vertical line of the forearm; seen in profile, it is slightly oblique. Its length is of about 1/6 of the height of the leg to the elbow.

FEET

:
KC
Front feet large, round and compact with thick pads. Toes well arched, covered in dense hair. Hind feet showing all the same characteristics as the front feet but slightly more oval.
UKC
The forefeet are round and compact. The hind feet may be slightly more oval than the forefeet. The arched toes are well closed. The feet are covered with short, thick hair, including the spaces between the toes. The pads are lean and hard, and are pigmented more or less according to the coat color. The strong nails curve toward the ground. They are well pigmented, but never black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Compact, round; toes well-knit and arched, covered with short thick hair, including the spaces between the toes. The pads, lean and hard, are more or less pigmented according to the colour of the coat. Nails strong, curved towards the ground and well pigmented but never black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Showing all the same characteristics of the front feet, but slightly more oval.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen in profile, back edge of the buttock is slightly convex; good angulation of the bone segments; the hocks must be perpendicular to the ground; seen from behind, the hindquarters are parallel and perpendicular to the ground.
KC
The croup is broad, muscular and slightly sloping. Thighs long, broad, muscular and strong with good bend of stifle. Tendons clearly visible. Broad hocks well let down leading to strong rear pasterns, which when viewed from behind are vertical on extension of the buttock line. Dewclaws may be present.
UKC
When viewed from the rear, the hindquarters are parallel and perpendicular to the ground. When viewed from the side, the back edge of the buttocks is slightly convex. The hindquarters are well angulated. HIND LEGS - The strongly muscled upper thigh is less than a third of the height of the dog. Its width is three-quarters of its length. It is slightly slanted from top to bottom and from back to front. Its back edge is slightly convex. The lean-muscled lower thigh is slightly less in length than the upper thigh. Its obliqueness is of 55 to 60 degrees below the horizontal. The furrow is clearly visible. The lateral sides of the hock joint are very wide. The distance from the point of the hock to the ground is about one-third of the height of the dog. The opening of the angle of the tibial-tarsal articulation is about 150 degrees. The rear pastern is strong and lean. It is vertical, whether viewed from the side or from the rear. A single dewclaw on each of the hind legs is acceptable.

Thigh

:
FCI
Its length must not be inferior to a third of the height at the withers. Its width is 3/4 of its length. Strongly muscled. Its direction is slightly oblique from top to bottom and from back to front. Its back edge slightly convex.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Its length exceeds just slightly that of the upper thigh; its obliqueness is of 55° - 60° below the horizontal; lean muscles in its upper part; the furrow between the Achilles tendon and the bone is marked and clearly visible.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Its lateral sides are very broad. The distance between the point of the hock and the ground is about one third of the height at the withers. The opening of the angle of the tibial-tarsal articulation is about 150°.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong and lean, its length is equal to the distance from the hock to the ground. Observed from whichever side, the metatarsal is vertical. On its inner side there may be a simple articulated dewclaw.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Easy loose step; when hunting, extended fast trot with intermittent paces of gallop.
KC
Free, relaxed and capable of fast trot. In motion the characteristic topline is maintained.
UKC
The dog moves with an easy, loose step. When hunting, the dog moves with an extended fast trot, changing to an intermittent gallop as needed.

SKIN

:
FCI
Close fitting to the body, it must be thick and lean. It is thinner on the head, the throat, the groin, under the arms and on the back parts of the body; at the elbows it is soft to the touch. The skin just forms two folds which begin at the branches of the lower jaw and disappear at the first half of the neck (dewlap). When the head is carried low, one just notices a fold which descends from the outer corner of the eye over the cheek; in its hind edge this fold ends in a tuft of hair. The pigmentation of the skin varies according to the colour of the markings of the coat. The colour of the external mucous membranes must correspond with the colour of the coat.
UKC
Skin pigmentation varies according to the coat markings color.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Of a length of 4 to 6 cm on the body, shorter on the muzzle, the head, the ears, the front sides of the legs and the feet. On the back sides of the legs, the hair is like a rough brush, but never with fringes. Long and stiff hair garnish the eyebrows and the lips forming thick eyebrows, moustache and tufted beard. The hair is stiff, harsh, dense and rather flat, with lack of undercoat.
KC
Skin is close fitting, thick and leathery. Coat coarse, dense and rather flat, 4-6 cms in length with a lack of undercoat. Thicker, longer hair forms eyebrows, moustache and beard. On backs of legs the hair is a rough brush, but never with fringes.
UKC
The hair on the body is from 1½ to 2½ inches in length. The hair is stiff, dense and rather flat, with a lack of undercoat. It is shorter on the muzzle, the head, the ears, the front side of the legs, and on the feet. On the back side of the legs, the hair is a rough brush, but never with fringes. Long, stiff hair garnishes the eyebrows and the lips, forming eyebrows, a moustache, and a tufted beard. The thick, lean skin fits close to the body. It is thinner on the head, throat, groin, under the arms, and on the back parts of the body. In the elbow folds, it is soft to the touch. There are two folds (dewlaps) from the sides of the lower jaw, gradually disappearing at the first half of the neck. When the head is carried low, there is a fold that descends from the outer corner of the eye over the cheek. in its hind edge. This fold ends in a tuft of hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white, white with orange markings, white speckled with orange, white with brown (chestnut) markings, roan or brown roan (chestnut). The preferred shade of brown is the colour of « Friar’s frock ». Not permitted colours are tricolour, tan markings, black in any combinations.
KC
Only permitted colours are white, white and orange, orange roan, white and brown and brown roan. Lips, nose, eye rims, nails and pads should be pigmented according to coat colour, ranging from flesh pink in whites, through to brown in brown roans.
UKC
Acceptable colors include: pure white; white with orange markings; white speckled with orange; white with brown (chestnut) markings; roan or roan-brown (chestnut). Coat color must correspond with the color of the external mucous membranes.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs 60-70 cms (23½ - 27½ ins); bitches 58-65 cms (22¾ - 25½ ins). Weight: dogs: 34-39 kgs (75-86 lbs); bitches: 29-34 kgs (64-75 lbs).
UKC
The height range for males is from 23½ to 27½ inches. The height range for females is from 23 to 25½ inches. The weight range for males is from 70 to 81 pounds. The weight range for females is from 62 to 66 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males from 60 to 70 cm. Females from 58 to 65 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Males from 32 to 37 kg. Females from 28 to 30 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Upper cranial-facial axes convergent.
  • Total depigmentation of the nose.
  • Concave nasal bridge.
  • Overshot or accentuated undershot mouth.
  • Wall eye.
  • Black pigmentation of the skin or the mucous membranes.
  • Coat tricoloured, tan markings, black in all combinations.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Overshot bite. Undershot bite. Wall eye. Total depigmentation of the nose. Black pigmentation of the skin or mucous membranes. Tri-color coat. Tan markings. Any black coat coloring. Albinism. The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.
Teeth: Overshot bite. Undershot bite.
Eyes: Wall eye.
Nose: Total depigmentation of the nose. Black pigmentation of the skin or mucous membranes.
Color: Tri-color coat. Tan markings. Any black coat coloring. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.