Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Spanish Waterdog

(Perro de Agua Español)

Spanish Water Dog

Spanish Water Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Spain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.09.1999.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Used as shepherd dog, hunting dog and assistant to the fisherman.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 3Water Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The presence of this dog in the Iberian Peninsula is most ancient. His origin is the same like that of the old « Barbet ». His most dense population is in Andalusia where he is used as a shepherd dog, and where he has been known for centuries as the « Turkish dog ». His characteristics, most particularly the quality of his coat, are adapted to the variation of humidity and drought of the marshy regions, which qualifies him as a shepherd dog and as a helper to the hunters of waterfowl and fishermen in those regions.
UKC
The Spanish Water Dog is an ancient breed. Its exact origins are not precisely known. One theory suggests that the Spanish Water Dog’s ancestors were wooly-coated dogs that originated in North Africa and were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors during their occupation (710-1036). Another theory is that these dogs might have come with the various barbarians tribes that invaded Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. Regardless of the breed’s origin, it is documented that by 1100 a wooly-coated shepherd dog existed throughout the Iberian Peninsula. It was primarily used to herd goat, sheep and other livestock. Some, however, were used to hunt upland game and waterfowl, while others worked as assistants to fishermen. In the mid 1970s Antonio Garcia Perez and Santiago Montesinos began efforts to get the Spanish Water Dog recognized as a pure breed. In 1985, the breed was officially recognized and admitted into the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. The Spanish Water Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 2004. The breed was originally assigned to the Gun Dog Group, and was moved to the Herding Dog Group on July 1, 2013.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Rustic dog, well proportioned (medium weight), dolichocephalic, of rather elongated harmonious shape and attractive appearance, of an athletic nature with well developed muscles owing to his regular exercise; the profile is rectilinear; his sight, hearing and scent are well developed.
KC
Robust, medium sized, well muscled due to constant activity. Distinctive coat.
UKC
The Spanish Water Dog is a well-balanced dog of medium size and bone, slightly longer than tall, with a distinctive wooly coat that curls and forms cords; high-set, triangular drop ears; and a tail that is naturally bobtail or docked between the 2nd and 4th vertebrae. In both sexes, masculinity or femininity is well defined.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body / size (height at withers) = 9 / 8.
Depth of chest / size (height at withers) = 4 / 8.
Length of muzzle / length of skull = 2 / 3.
KC
A herding, hunting and fishing dog with well developed sense of smell, sight and sound. Has great learning capability and adapts to almost all situations.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Faithful, obedient, gay, hard working, watchful and well balanced. Learning ability is outstanding owing to his extraordinary mental grasp; he adapts to all situations and conditions.
KC
Faithful, obedient, brave, good tempered and gay.
UKC
The Spanish Water Dog is an intelligent and versatile working dog with strong herding, hunting and guardian instincts. He is an exceptional companion, attentive and animated, showing strength and stamina combined with unusual agility. He is versatile and easily trained, performing his assigned tasks with competence and dignity. He is reserved with strangers but should not exhibit shyness. Although an authoritative worker, viciousness toward people or animals is intolerable.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong, carried with elegance.
KC
Strong and elegant with parallel planes of skull and muzzle. Flat skull, slight stop. Occiput not prominent. Length from eye to back of skull slightly longer than from tip of nose to eye (3:2). Nose should have well open nostrils. Pigmentation of the same colour, or darker than, the coat. Corners of lips well defined.
UKC
Viewed from the side, ratio of the length of muzzle to length of skull is approximately 2:3. The planes of the topskull and bridge of the muzzle are parallel and are joined by a slight but well-defined stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat with only slightly marked occipital crest. Axes of skull and muzzle parallel.
UKC
Skull is flat with only a slightly marked occipital crest.

Stop

:
FCI
Facial-cranial depression gentle, only slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
Profile is rectilinear.

Nose

:
FCI
Nostrils well defined. Nose is of the same colour or slightly darker than the darkest tone of the coat.
UKC
Nostrils well defined. Nose is of the same color or slightly darker than the darkest coat color except in solid white or solid beige-colored dogs where the nose color should harmonize with the eye color.

Muzzle

:
KC
Strong jaw with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaw, with full dentition.
UKC
The muzzle tapers slightly to a rounded tip.

Lips

:
FCI
Well fitting; labial corners well defined.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Well formed, white, with well developed canines.
UKC
The Spanish Water Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissor bite. Teeth broken or missing by accidents are not penalized.

Eyes

:
FCI
Slightly oblique position, very expressive; of a hazel to chestnut colour, should harmonize with the colour of the coat. The conjunctiva is not apparent.
KC
Medium-sized, oval shaped, neither prominent nor sunken. Very expressive. Set slightly oblique and well apart. Hazel or dark brown, depending on coat colour. Haws not visible.
UKC
Clear, almond shaped, and of moderate size, neither prominent nor sunken, with pupils dark, well defined and perfectly positioned. Color should harmonize with the darkest color of the coat. White dogs may have either light brown or dark brown eyes, depending on the pigmentation of the nose. Expression is attentive and intelligent.

Ears

:
FCI
Set at medium height, triangular and drooping.
KC
Dropped, v-shaped, slightly rounded at tip; medium sized, set slightly above level of eye.
UKC
Ears are drop, set on high at the side of the head, triangular and slightly rounded at the tip, of moderate size, with length measured by bringing the tip of the ear around to the inside corner of the eye. The ears, at full attention break slightly forward and over from one-quarter (¼) to one-half (½) inch above the base.

NECK

:
FCI
Short, well muscled, without dewlap, well set into the shoulders.
KC
Short, muscular and without dewlap. Set well into the shoulders.
UKC
The neck is short, strong, and in proportion to the body, setting well into the shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Robust.
KC
Level back; withers very slightly higher than level of back. Chest deep with well sprung ribs. Brisket reaching to elbows and providing important heart and lung room. Height to elbow about half height at withers. Slightly longer in body (measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock) than from withers to ground (9:8).
UKC
A properly proportioned Spanish Water Dog is slightly longer (measured from prosternum to point of buttocks) than tall (measured from the withers to the ground). The body is firm and muscular. The top line appears level at a natural foursquare stance. The chest is deep and strong, with ribs well sprung. The loin is strong and broad when viewed from the top. The underline carries well back with a slight tuck-up. Loin should be short (from side). Croup is slightly sloping.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight.

Withers

:
FCI
Hardly marked.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and powerful.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and well let down - ribs well arched; diameter of thorax ample indicating considerable respiratory capacity.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set at medium height. Docking must be done at the height of the 2nd to the 4th caudal vertebra.
Certain subjects show a congenital shortened tail (brachyouria).
KC
Previously customarily docked or natural bobtail. Docked: Medium set. When attentive, decidely raised, preferably never carried above level of back. Undocked: Medium set, tapering towards the end. When extended, barely reaching the hock. At rest, carried scimitar-like. When attentive, decidely raised, preferably never carried above level of back. Never curled.
UKC
Tail is either natural bobtail or docked. Tail should be docked between the 2nd and 4th vertebra not to exceed four (4) inches.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and vertical.
KC
Good angulation of shoulder and upper arm. Well muscled. Elbows set close to body. Legs straight and parallel. Strong but not heavy bone.
UKC
The shoulder blades (scapula) are long and flat, close set at the withers. The upper arm (humerus) is attached at an approximate right angle to the scapula with forelegs dropping straight perpendicular to the ground. The elbow joint is equidistant from the ground to the withers. The legs are straight and powerful. Pasterns are short, thick and strong, showing a slight angle when viewed from the side.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well muscled and oblique.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Sturdy.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the chest and parallel.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and sturdy.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Straight, rather short.

FEET

:
KC
Round, tight. Toenails may vary in colour. Strong pads.
UKC
Good feet are essential for a working Spanish Water Dog. The feet are of medium size, oval shaped and compact, with close-knit, well-arched toes. Pads are thick and resilient; nails short and strong. Excess hair between the pads may be trimmed. Front dewclaws may be removed

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded, toes tight, nails of varied colours; resistant pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As the forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Perfectly vertical with not too pronounced angulations and muscles capable of transmitting to the body a very energetic impulsion and the spring necessary for easy and elegant jumping.
KC
Moderately angled. Thighs large and well muscled. Second thighs well developed. Hocks well let down.
UKC
Width of hindquarters approximately equal to the width of the forequarters at the shoulders. The angulation of the pelvis and upper thigh (femur) corresponds to the angulation of the shoulder blade and upper arm, forming an approximate right angle. Stifles are clearly defined, hock joints moderately angled and well letdown. The metatarsi are short, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the rear.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and well muscled.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well let down.

Hock

:
FCI
Short, lean and perpendicular to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The preferred gait is the trot.
KC
Brisk, sound and athletic, with powerful drive.
UKC
Smooth, free and easy; exhibiting agility of movement with a well-balanced, ground-covering stride. Fore and hind legs move straight and parallel with the center line of the body; as speed increases, the feet, both front and rear, converge toward the center line of gravity of the dog, while the topline remains firm and level.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple, fine and well adhering to the body. Can be pigmented brown or black, or be without pigment according to the colour of the coat. The same applies to the mucous membranes.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Always curly and of a woolly texture. Curly when short, can form cords when long. Clipped subjects are admitted; the clipping, always complete and even, must never become an « aesthetic » grooming.
The recommanded maximum length of the hair for shows is 12 cm (15 cm extending the curl) and the minimum is 3 cm to see the quality of the curl.
The puppies always are born with curly hair.
KC
Always curled of a consistently woolly texture, forming cords when long. May be clipped overall but no aesthetic clip allowed (i.e. coat should be the same length all over).
UKC
Always curly and of wooly texture. Longer coats may form cords. The Spanish Water Dog should look like a rustic working dog. Traditionally, dogs are sheared completely and evenly once or more per year. For conformation exhibition, the coat must be presented naturally, neither brushed, combed nor otherwise trimmed or clipped for aesthetic purposes. Dogs should be presented with coat of at least one inch in length and no longer than 4¾ inches. Judges must excuse a Spanish Water Dog whose coat appears to have been trimmed or clipped for aesthetic purposes.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Solid White, black and chestnut in their different shades.
  • Bicoloured White and black or white and brown in their different shades.
Tricoloured subjects, and black and tan as well as hazelnut and tan dogs are not admitted.
KC
Solid black, brown or white of various shades; black and white or brown and white (particolour) but never tricoloured.
UKC
Colors: White and all shades of black or brown. Color Patterns: · Solid · Bi-color. White and any shade of black or brown.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs 44-50 cms (17½-19½ ins); bitches 40-46 cms (15½-18 ins). Weight dogs 18-22 kgs (40-48lbs); bitches 14-18 kgs (31-40 lbs).
UKC
Desirable height at maturity for males is 44-50 cm (17.32-19.69 inches); and for females is 40-46 cm (15.75-18.11 inches). Dogs up to 2 cm (3/4 of an inch) above the maximum height standard should not be penalized as long as balance is maintained. A correctly-built Spanish Water Dog male in working condition should weigh between 18-22 kilograms (40-49 pounds) and a female should weigh between 14-18 kilograms (31-40 pounds).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 44 to 50 cm, females 40 to 46 cm.
2 cm maximum deviation are admitted in both sexes whenever the subject maintains balance according to his height at withers.

Weight

:
FCI
Males 18 - 22 kg, females 14 - 18 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Misaligned teeth, under bite, over bite.
Ears: Prick ears; hound-type ears.
Neck: Long, upright neck; stuffy neck.
Body: Square dog, length is equal to height.
Feet: Rear dewclaws.
Size: Under weight or over weight dogs.
Gait: Poor movement should be penalized to the degree to which it reduces the Spanish Water Dog’s ability to perform the tasks it was bred to do.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Dorso-lumbar region distinctly saddle-backed.
  • Limbs incorrect.
  • Belly let down or excessively tucked up.
UKC

Teeth: Missing teeth leaving obvious gaps.
Neck: Ewe-neck.
Color: Ticking. Excessively ticked dogs may be disqualified.
Size: Dogs undersized or more than 2 cm (3/4 inch) oversized.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Inferior or superior prognathism.
  • Presence of dewclaws.
  • Smooth or wavy coat.
  • Albinism.
  • Spotty or flecked coat, black and tan or chestnut and tan coat.
  • Lack of balance in character.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Smooth or wavy coat. Tricolor. Tan points. Bi-color where one of the two colors are not white. Excessive ticking. Albinism.
Coat: Smooth or wavy coat.
Color: Tricolor; tan points; bi-color where one of the two colors is not white; excessive ticking; albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.