Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Spanish Mastiff

(Mastín Español)

Spanish Mastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Spain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.05.1982.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Guard and defense. The breed is closely related to the seasonal moving in the livestock defending them all along their journey from one location to other and on the grazing pastures, in all seasons and sites. Actually he accompanies numerous herds, whether sedentary or wandering by fulfilling his ancestral task. He performs in the same way the function of guard and protection of farms, people and properties in general.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The breed already accompanied Merino livestock at the time of the “Mesta” (association, in the Middle-age, of breeders of the wandering herds) by defending them from wolves and other predators.
UKC
The Spanish Mastiff has long been used to guard the Merino livestock as they are moved from one pasture to another. In ancient times he often accompanied them on his own, without guidance from a shepherd. Today, the breed is also useful as a protector of farm and family. The Spanish Mastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
It is a dog of great size, hypermetic, of medium proportions and of sub-long line structure. Well balanced, very powerful and muscular. Compact bone structure. Massive head and a body covered with a semi-long coat. Most important are balance and functional harmony in the dog standing as well on the move. His bark is raucous, low pitched and deep, very sonorous, audible from a considerable distance.
UKC
The Spanish Mastiff is a dog of great size, compact and powerful. He has a massive head, a semi-long coat, and a balanced and harmonious build which allows him to be extremely functional.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body exceeds the height at the withers. The relation between the length of the skull and that of the muzzle must be 3/2.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
It is a very intelligent dog, not without beauty, whose expression manifests both these qualities. Rustic, affectionate, kind and noble, he is very determined when facing dangerous animals and in front of strangers, especially when he has the opportunity to defend and protect farms or cattle. In his behaviour, one can see it is a dog sure of himself, determining his strength because he is aware of his enormous power.
UKC
Very intelligent, kind and noble. Determined and very sure of himself when protecting flocks, farm or master from dangerous predators.

HEAD

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FCI
Big, strong and shaped like a truncated pyramid with broad basis. The whole of the skull and muzzle, seen from above, must be square and well linked, without a very marked diminution of width between the base of the muzzle and the temporal bones. The facio-cranial axes are moderately divergent.
UKC
The head is big and strong, shaped like a truncated pyramid, with a broad base. The skull and muzzle must blend together imperceptibly.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Broad, strong, profile sub-convex. The width of the skull should be equal or superior to its length. Frontal sinus accentuated. Occipital crest marked.
UKC
At least as broad as it is long, slightly arched in profile, with a prominent occiput and a slight stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, not very accentuated.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Black, wet, big and broad.
UKC
Large, broad and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Straight nasal bridge. Seen from above, the muzzle appears moderately rectangular, tapering gradually in width towards the nose, but still keeping an appreciable width. In no case it should be pointed.
UKC
Not quite as long as the skull, broad in its entire length, tapering only slightly to the tip. The upper lip largely covers the lower lip. The mucous membranes are black.

Lips

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FCI
The upper lip largely covering the lower lip; the lower lip with slak mucous membranes forms a very loose labial commissure. The mucous membranes must be black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite. Teeth white, solid and sound. Big, pointed canines assuring a good hold of prey. Molars solid and powerful. Incisors rather small. All premolars should be present. Palate black, with well marked ridges.
UKC
The Spanish Mastiff has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

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FCI
Small in comparison with the skull, almond shaped, preferably dark, of hazel colour. The look is attentive, noble, soft and intelligent, very hard in front of strangers. Eyelids of thick tissue, with black pigmentation. The lower lid allows a part of the conjunctiva to be seen.
UKC
Small, almond shaped, and dark hazel in color. The expression is attentive, noble, soft and intelligent, but turns very hard when the dog is confronted by a stranger.

Ears

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FCI
Of medium size and hanging; triangular shape, flat. Attached above the eye-line. At rest, hanging close to the cheeks, without being too close to the skull. In attention, they come away from the cheeks and are partially pricked in the back part of their top third. They must not be cropt.
UKC
Medium sized, triangular in shape, hanging flat. Set above the line of the eye. At attention, the ears raise up at the base. They must not be cropped.

NECK

:
FCI
Trunk shaped, broad, solid, muscled, flexible. Skin thick and loose. Double dewlap amply developed.
UKC
Well muscled and flexible, with thick, loose skin and a well developed double dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Rectangular. Stocky and robust, showing great power; yet supple and agile.
UKC
The body is rectangular, stocky and robust, yet supple and agile. The chest is broad and deep, with a well developed forechest. The ribs are rounded. The withers are well marked, and the topline is straight and level, both standing and when the dog is in motion. The loin is long, broad and powerful, and the croup is broad and sloping at an angle of 45 degrees off the horizontal. There is a slight tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight, horizontal including while on the move.

Withers

:
FCI
Well marked.

Back

:
FCI
Powerful, muscled.

Loin

:
FCI
Long, broad and powerful; its dimensions decreasing down towards the flank.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad and solid. Its inclination to the horizontal is of some 45°. The height at the croup is equal to the height at the withers.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep, muscled and powerful. The point of the sternum marked. Ribs with wide intercostal spaces, rounded, not flat. The minimum thoracic perimeter exceeds by about 1/3 the height at the withers.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly very moderately tucked-up; the flank let down and very ample.

TAIL

:
FCI
Very thick at its root and set at medium height. Solid, supple and covered with hair longer than that of the rest of the body. At rest it is carried low, distinctly reaching the hock; sometimes forms a curve in its last quarter. When the dog is moving or animated, he will raise it sabre fashion, with a curve at its tip, but never curved in all its length nor carried over the croup.
UKC
Set moderately low, thick at the base, long enough to reach the hock, and covered with hair that is longer than that on the rest of the body. When the dog is alert or moving, the tail will be raised in saber fashion, sometimes with a curve in the tip, but it is never carried curled over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Forelegs perfectly vertical, straight and parallel seen from the front. The length of the forearm should be the triple of that of the pastern (metacarpus). Bone structure solid, with powerful metacarpus.
UKC
The shoulder blades and upper arms are long and muscular and meet at an angle of approximately 100 degrees.

Shoulder

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FCI
Oblique, very muscular, longer than the forearm. The scapular-humeral angle is near the 100°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Strong, of similar length to that of the shoulderblade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the thorax. Humeral-radial angle close to 125°.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The legs are straight, with strong bone. The elbows are held close to the chest. The pasterns are strongly boned and slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Solid, with vertical bone.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from the side slightly oblique. Is pratically in the extension of the forearm. Solid bone.

FEET

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UKC
Cat feet, with close, solid, well arched toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Cat feet. Toes close, solid, well arched. Nails and pads strong and resistant. Interdigital membranes of medium development and covered with hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Cat feet, very slightly oval. Dewclaws present or not, may be simple or double; their removal is permitted.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful, muscular. Lateral view adequate angulations in form of big articular angles. Correct limbs, seen from behind and from the side; hocks not deviated; they must be capable of transmitting the impulsion of the dog with ease, strength and elegance.
UKC
The angle of the pelvis and femur matches that of the forequarter.

Thigh

:
FCI
Solid and muscular. Femoral-coxal angle nearly 100°.

Stifle

:
FCI
Femoral-tibial angle nearly 120°.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The thighs are solid and muscular, and the stifle and hock are moderately angulated. The rear pastern has a clearly visible Achilles tendon.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, muscular, solid bone structure.

Hock

:
FCI
The open angle of the hocks is nearly 130°.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Well marked, with the Achilles tendon clearly visible.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The preferred gait is the trot, which must be harmonious, powerful and without tendency towards lateral rolling. No ambling.
UKC
Harmonious and powerful, without rolling or ambling.

SKIN

:
FCI
Elastic, thick, abundant and pink coloured with darker pigmented areas. All mucous membranes must be black.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Dense, thick, medium length, smooth, distributed all over the body down to the interdigital spaces. Two types of coat are distinguished covering coat on the back and an other protecting type on the ribcage and the flanks. Shorter on the legs, longer and silky on the tail.
UKC
Of medium length, dense, thick and smooth. The hair is shorter on the legs and longest and silkiest on the tail.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Indifferent. The colours most appreciated being the self-coloured like yellow, fawn, red, black, wolf colour and deer-colour; also appreciated are the combined colours like brindle, parti-coloured or dogs with a white collar.
UKC
Immaterial, though those often seen are self colors of yellow, fawn red or black; wolf or deer colored; brindle or parti-colored or solid colored with a white collar.

SIZE

:
FCI
There is no upper limit of size, the subjects of greatest size being the ones most highly thought after providing they are of harmonious proportions.
UKC
Males should be over 31.5 inches at the withers; females over 29.5. When all else is equal, the greater size is to be favored.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Minimum size for males 77 cm. For bitches 72 cm.
It is desirable that these measurements be amply exceded; the size in males should be over 80 cm, and in females over 75 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

MINOR FAULTS

:
FCI

Roman nose, without excess.
Pincer bite; lack of any premolar.
Weak lumbar-dorsal line, having lost its straight line and ondulating on the move.
Pasterns, rear-pasterns and feet weak, without excess.
Timidity, not too accentuated.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Exaggerated frail or lethargic appearance.
Pointed muzzle.
Moderately overshot mouth.
Absence of various molars or canines, not from traumatic origin.
Excessive entropion or ectropion.
Cropping of the ears.
Tail resting on the croup.
Sway back.
Height at the croup noticeably superior to the height at the withers.
Docking of the tail.
Incorrect legs, weak or deviated.
Cow-hocked either standing or moving.
Lateral displacement of the legs when moving.
Wavy coat, curly or of excessive length.
Unbalanced temperament, excessive timidity or exaggerated aggressiveness.
UKC
Coat: Wavy, curly or excessively long coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
Nose or mucous membranes depigmented.
Split nose.
Undershot mouth of whatever degree; excessively overshot.
Light eyes.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Mucous membranes any color other than solid black. Undershot in any degree. Excessively overshot. Nose any color other than solid black.
Muzzle: Mucous membranes any color other than solid black.
Teeth: Undershot in any degree. Excessively overshot.
Nose: Nose any color other than solid black.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.