Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

South Russian Shepherd Dog

(Ioujnorousskaïa Ovtcharka)

South Russian Shepherd Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Russia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
30.09.1983.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The history of the South Russian Shepherd Dog is shrouded in antiquity. There are many variations in the descriptions of their origin that are available. One thing seems certain; this is a native Russian breed, directly descended from the wolf, with additions of local shepherd dogs and sighthounds. They were used as flock herders and guardians in the Russian steppes. The South Russian Shepherd Dog was originally recognized on January 1, 1996 by the United Kennel Club as the South Russian Ovcharka. Effective January 1, 2009, the breed name was changed to South Russian Shepherd Dog, and the breed moved from the Guardian Dog Group to the Herding Dog Group.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Owtcharka of meridional Russia is a dog of robust constitution, of above average size; he is fierce and distrustful of strangers, not very demanding and adapts easily to diverse climatic conditions and temperatures. Robust, lean, with massive bone structure and a strongly developed musculature.
Sexual type: Well evident according to sex. The males are courageous, stronger and more massive than the females.
UKC
The South Russian Shepherd Dog is a dog of above average size and robust constitution, with a thick, dense, double coat. The breed is lean, but with massive bone structure and strongly developed musculature. Secondary sex characteristics are strongly marked, with the males being stronger, more massive and more courageous than the females.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Index of bone structure Males 17 - 19; Females 16 - 18
Length index (Format) 108 - 110.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Type of highly nervous activity, strong, balanced, lively. Dominant reaction active way of defense.
UKC
Fierce, distrustful of strangers, and dominant in character, the South Russian Shepherd Dog is capable of adjusting to a wide variety of climatic conditions and temperatures.

HEAD

:
FCI
Elongated shape with a moderately broad forehead; the occipital crest and the zygomatic arches are strongly pronounced. The stop is barely visible. The nose is big, black.
UKC
The head is elongated in shape, with a moderately broad forehead. In basic shape, it is similar to the wolf.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

:
UKC
The occipital crest and zygomatic arches are strongly developed. The stop is barely visible.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
UKC
The nose is large and black.

Muzzle

:
UKC
The muzzle is approximately the same length as the skull, with a straight nasal bone and tight lips that are black and fully pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
White, big, fitting closely. The incisors are set regularly and close in scissor bite.
UKC
The South Russian Shepherd Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval shape, set horizontally, dark; the eyelids lean, tight.
UKC
The eyes are oval in shape, with dark, tight rims. They are set horizontally, and are dark in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Relatively small, of triangular shape, hanging.
UKC
The ears are relatively small, triangular in shape, and hang close to the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Lean, muscular, of moderate length, set high.
UKC
The neck is moderately long, lean, muscular, and set high.

BODY

:
UKC
The body is slightly longer than tall. The chest is deep, reasonably broad and slightly flattened. The withers are apparent but not high. The back is straight and strong. The loin is short, broad and slightly arched. The belly is moderately tucked up.

Withers

:
FCI
Apparent but not high.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, rounded.

Chest

:
FCI
Reasonably broad, slightly flattened, deep.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Moderately tucked up.

TAIL

:
UKC
The tail falls at rest, reaching to the hock. It has a slight upward curve at the end.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
The angle formed by the shoulder blade and the upper arm is approximately 100 degrees.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight, parallel and relatively long. The pasterns are wide, long and slightly slanting.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are oval in shape, strong, well arched, and covered with long hair.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval shaped, strong, well arched, covered with long hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
UKC
The hindquarters are powerful, wide set, parallel and well angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is well muscled. The stifle is well angulated. The hock joint is clean cut and angular. The rear pastern is strong and long.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The gaits are free and extended. The natural gaits of this dog are the heavy trot and the gallop. At the trot, the legs move in a straight line with a slight convergence to the median line. The articulations of the fore- and hindquarters straightening up freely.
UKC
The natural gaits of this breed are the heavy trot and the gallop. The gaits are free and extended. At a trot, the legs move in a straight line and tend to converge toward a center line.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long (10 – 15 cm), coarse, thick, dense, of equal length on head, chest, legs and tail, with a well developed undercoat.
UKC
The coat is long, coarse, thick and dense, with a well developed undercoat. It is of equal length on the head, legs, chest and tail.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Most often white, but also white and yellow, straw colour, greyish (ashen grey) and other shades of grey; white lightly marked with grey; grey speckled.
UKC
White, white and yellow, straw colored, ashen grey and other shades of grey, white lightly marked with grey and grey speckled.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males a minimum of 65 cm.
Females a minimum of 62 cm.
UKC
Height for males is a minimum of 25 inches. For females, it is a minimum of 24 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Teeth: Small teeth, lack of premolars.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Ears: Ears that lift away from the head.
Body: Square in shape or excessively elongated. Weak or roach back. Chest not let down to elbow. Excessive tuck up or sagging flank.
Coat: Straight hair.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Characteristics: Uncontrolled excitability or cowardice.
Teeth: Any bite other than scissors.
Nose: Pink nose.
Eyes: Eyes of different colors, pink eyerims.
Coat: Short coat, soft texture.
Color: Black, brown or any color not specifically stated in the standard. Strong speckling.
Height: Undersize.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Everything which does not correspond to a correct closure of jaws in scissor bite.
Hair short or straight.
All the shades of the coat which have not been taken into consideration in the present standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.