Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Fox Terrier (Smooth)

Fox Terrier (Smooth)

Smooth Fox Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Working trial optional

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Fox Terrier in booth forms, Smooth and Wire, is from British origins and probably owes its existence to the same types of dog which produced both the Bull Terrier and the Black and Tan (now Manchester) Terrier. Uniformity of type was established in the late 1800s and the original standard for the Fox Terrier drawn up in 1876.
One of the most lively and alert of terriers, refinement to his present show excellence has not allowed him to become unsound. Capable of standing up to any amount of exercise, always ready to deal with rats, rabbits, and, of course, foxes.
UKC
When fox hunting became popular in England in the late 17th century, hunters found the need for a dog that could go to ground and bolt the quarry. Terriers, game and eager, were ideal for such a purpose but most of the early terriers were dark in color and too low on leg to run with a pack of foxhounds. Hunters began to develop a longer-legged terrier, predominantly white in color so as not to be mistaken for a fox. Early fox terriers were primarily smooth-coated. By the end of the 19th century, smooth and wire-coated Fox Terriers were in great demand, both as companions and show dogs. Although considered one breed for many years, interbreeding of Smooth Fox Terriers and Wire Fox Terriers ceased in the early 1900s. Except for coat, however, the two breeds are essentially identical. The Fox Terrier was recognized by United Kennel Club in 1912. The two breeds were separated effective January 1, 1999.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Active and lively, bone and strength in small compass, never cloddy or coarse. Neither leggy nor too short in the leg, standing like a well made, short-backed hunter, covering a lot of ground.
KC
Active and lively, bone and strength in small compass, never cloddy or coarse. Neither leggy nor too short in the leg, standing like a well made, short-backed hunter, covering a lot of ground.
UKC
The Smooth Fox Terrier is a muscular but agile, active, small-to-medium hunting terrier, with sufficient length of leg to run with the foxhounds in a hunt, and built to go to ground after fox. The body is square and covered with a short, dense, smooth coat. The head is moderately narrow, with a flat skull, a barely perceptible stop, and a powerful muzzle that is equal in length to the skull. Ears are set high and are V-shaped, dropping forward, and carried close to the skull. The tail is straight, set high, and normally docked, but not close to the body. The coat is predominantly white in color. The Smooth Fox Terrier is modeled on the symmetry and power of the Fox Hound. When standing, the distance between the front and rear feet is long in comparison to the relative shortness of the dog's back.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Alert, quick of movement, keen of expression, on tiptoe of expectation.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Alert, quick of movement, keen of expression, on tiptoe of expectation. Friendly, forthcoming and fearless.
KC
Friendly, forthcoming and fearless.
UKC
The Smooth Fox Terrier is friendly, alert, active, and lively without being high-strung. Through his keen expression and alert bearing, ears up and tail quivering, the Smooth Fox Terrier gives the impression of a dog ready to go anywhere and take on any task. The Smooth Fox Terrier is bold but not aggressive with people. They are affectionate with children but may be too active for some. Although seldom used for hunting now, the Smooth Fox Terrier retains a strong prey drive and will dig tirelessly after any underground vermin.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull flat, moderately narrow, gradually decreasing in width to eyes. A little stop apparent, cheeks never full, jaws, upper and lower, strong and muscular, falling away only slightly below eyes. This portion of foreface moderately chiselled out, so as not to go down in a straight line like a wedge. Nose black.
UKC
The head is long and moderately narrow. When viewed from the side, the skull and muzzle are equal in length, parallel to one another, and joined by a barely perceptible stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat, moderately narrow. Gradually decreasing in width to eyes.
UKC
The skull is flat and moderately narrow, tapering slightly toward the muzzle. Cheeks are flat and clean.

Stop

:
FCI
A little stop apparent.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black and fully pigmented. Disqualifications: Dudley nose; butterfly nose.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Jaws, upper and lower, strong and muscular, falling away only slightly below eyes. This portion of foreface moderately chiselled out, so as not to go down in a straight line like a wedge.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is strong and tapers slightly from stop to nose. Jaws are strong and muscular. There is a minimum of falling away under the eye, giving a moderately chiselled look. Lips are tight and darkly pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The Smooth Fox Terrier has a complete set of comparatively large, evenly spaced, white teeth with a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Never full.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, moderately small, as near as possible circular in shape but not prominent. Expression bright and intelligent.
KC
Dark, moderately small, as near as possible circular in shape but not prominent. Expression bright and intelligent.
UKC
Eyes are deep set, moderately small, nearly round, dark in color, with a lively, intelligent, sometimes fiery expression. Eyerims are darkly pigmented.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, V-shaped and dropping forward close to cheek, not hanging by side of head. Fold of ear above level of skull. Leather of moderate thickness.
KC
Small, V-shaped and dropping forward close to cheek, not hanging by side of head. Fold of ear above level of skull. Leather of moderate thickness.
UKC
The Smooth Fox Terrier has small, V-shaped, button ears of moderate thickness. The ears are set high and the tips are carried close to the cheek. The topline of the folded ear is well above the level of the skull.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean and muscular, without throatiness, of fair length and gradually widening to shoulders.
KC
Clean and muscular, without throatiness, of fair length and gradually widening to shoulders.
UKC
The neck is clean, muscular, dry, and of moderate length. The neck gradually widens from the nape and blends smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Chest deep, not broad. Back short, level and strong without slackness. Loin powerful, very slightly arched. Foreribs moderately sprung, back ribs deep.
UKC
The Smooth Fox Terrier body is square, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttocks and from withers to the ground. The back is short and level, blending into a short, muscular, slightly arched loin. The chest is deep but not broad. The ribs extend well back, with the front ribs moderately arched and the back ribs well sprung and deep. The brisket extends to the elbow. The forechest is well filled but does not extend beyond the point of shoulder. The croup is nearly flat.

Back

:
FCI
Short, level and strong without slackness.

Loin

:
FCI
Powerful, very slightly arched.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, not broad. Fore ribs moderately sprung, back ribs deep.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked:Set on rather high and carried gaily but not over back or curled. Of good strength.
Undocked: Set on rather high and carried gaily but not over back. As straight as possible. Tail of moderate length to give balance to the dog.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set on rather high and carried gaily but not over back or curled. Of good strength. Undocked: Set on rather high and carried gaily but not over back. As straight as possible. Tail of moderate length to give balance to the dog.
UKC
The tail is set on high and customarily docked to a length that is proportionate to the body and provides a good handhold. The tail is straight and carried erect, but never curled or laying over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders long and sloping, well laid back, fine at points, cleanly cut at withers. Legs from any angle must be straight showing little or no appearance of an ankle in front. They should be strong in bone throughout.
UKC
Shoulders are long, sloping, well laid back, fine at the point of shoulder, and well defined at the withers. The upper arm is shorter than the shoulder blade. The angle formed by the scapula and upper arm is approximately 90 degrees. The forelegs are strong, straight, and moderately well boned. The elbows are set close to the body but able to move freely in action. The pasterns are short, powerful, straight, and flexible. When viewed in profile, the pasterns are nearly erect.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping, well laid back, fine at points, cleanly cut at withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs from any angle must be straight showing little or no appearance of an ankle in front. They should be strong in bone throughout.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round and compact. Soles hard and tough, toes moderately arched, and turning neither in nor out.
UKC
Feet are round, compact, and not too large. Toes are moderately arched. Pads are hard, tough, and well-cushioned. Dew claws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, round and compact. Pads hard and tough, toes moderately arched and turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Small, round and compact. Pads hard and tough, toes moderately arched and turning neither in nor out.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and muscular, quite free from droop or crouch.
KC
Strong and muscular, quite free from droop or crouch; thighs long and powerful, hocks well let down, good turn of stifle.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular. The thighs are long and powerful, stifles are well bent, and the hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and powerful.

Stifle

:
FCI
Good turn of stifle.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Fore- and hindlegs carried straight forward and parallel. Elbows move perpendicular to body, working free of sides, stifles neither turning in nor out and hocks not close. Good drive coming from well flexing hindquarters.
KC
Fore- and hindlegs carried straight forward and parallel. Elbows move perpendicular to body, working free of sides, stifles neither turning in nor out and hocks not close. Good drive coming from well flexing hindquarters.
UKC
A Smooth Fox Terrier moves with a brisk stride of moderate length. Coming and going, the forelegs and hind legs swing parallel to one another and perpendicular to the ground, like the pendulum of a clock. When moved on a loose lead at a moderate speed, the hocks and elbows are the same distance apart as the feet. Viewed from the side, the front legs extend well forward, but with very little height between foot and ground. The rear leg swinging forward contacts the ground at approximately mid-length of the body. As the leg moves beyond the rump, the foot is quickly lifted, creating a distinctive "snatch" of the hock. When moving, the back remains level.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Straight, flat, smooth, hard, dense and abundant. Belly and underside of thighs not bare.
KC
Straight, flat, smooth, hard, dense and abundant. Belly and underside of thighs not bare.
UKC
Coat is short, and close-lying but hard, dense, and abundant. Coat should cover the belly and the inside of the thighs.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White should predominate, all white, white with tan, black and tan or black markings. Brindle, red or liver markings highly undesirable.
KC
White should predominate, all white, white with tan, black and tan or black markings. Brindle, red or liver markings highly undesirable.
UKC
White is the predominant color.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs: 7.5-8 kgs (16-18 lbs); bitches: 7-7.5 kgs (15-17 lbs).
UKC
Desirable height for a mature male Smooth Fox Terrier should not exceed 15½ inches at the withers. A balanced dog of that height should have a back length from withers to root of tail of no more than 12 inches, and a head length of nor more than 7¼ inches or less than 7 inches. A balanced dog of these proportions should weigh about 18 pounds. Bitches are normally slightly lower in height and lighter in weight, but with the same proportions.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 7,5 - 8 kgs
Females 7 - 7,5 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Skull: Coarse skull; prominent cheeks.
Muzzle: Roman nose; dish face.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Ears: Low set ears; hound-like ears.
Forequarters: Bowed legs; bent pasterns; knuckling over or any other misalignment of joints; out at elbow; toeing in or toeing out.
Body: Barrel ribs; chest too deep or too broad.
Hindquarters: Cow hocks; open hocks.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Hindquarters: Short second thigh; straight stifles.
Color: Brindle, red, liver, or slaty blue.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. ¼ inch or more overshot or undershot. Dudley nose. Butterfly nose. Prick, tulip, or rose ears. Albinism.
Teeth: ¼ inch or more overshot or undershot.
Ears: Prick, tulip, or rose ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.