Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Slovakian Chuvach

(Slovenský Cuvac)

Slovac Cuvac


ORIGIN

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FCI
Slovakia.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
18.08.1965.

UTILISATION

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FCI
This derives from his age old use as a shepherd and mountain dog in bare high mountain regions and as a guard dog for farms and borders.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Mrs. Chris Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
Slovak alpine farming has a very ancient tradition. The Slovak mountain people were largely free people, not suppressed by medieval forced labour, which protected the frontiers and paid its dues merely in the form of “sheep’s cheese”. Their organization was called “Wallachischer Bund (Union)” (Valasski Opasek), whose centre (until the repeal of forced labour) was in Kaschau. The members of this, basically, herding and military organization, carried out their service on the mountain meadows, always together with their typical dogs, the watch dogs of the Tatra and they were always depicted with them.
As a good guard, watch dog and companion as well as guide for the shepherds, the Tatra Chuvach has also proved his worth in the guarding of cattle, driving poultry and other domestic animals to pasture, as well as guarding different objects. On the Polish side of the Tatra, where a similar breed, the Goral Dogs (Mountain Dogs), are kept, specially powerful animals are called “Liptauer” by the people which points to the Slovak origin.
The Stud Book of the Tatra Chuvach in Czechoslovakia was founded more than thirty years ago by Professor Anton Hruza of the Brno Veterinary College. The basic material stemmed from the area of the places Liptovska Luzna, Kokava, Vychodna v. Tatrach and the neighbourhood of Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first breeding establishment had the name “Ze zlaté studny” (of the Golden Fountain) and was founded in Svitavy and Brno. The Carpathian kennel had the prefix “Z Hoverla” (Of Hoverla). Further old blood lines stem from the places Liptovské Hole, Velky Choc, Zakopané, Martin, Jedlova and Jeseniky.
UKC
Originating in the Slovakian Republic, the Slovac Cuvac is one of a group of white shepherd and guardian breeds that are descended from Arctic wolves. The Slovac Cuvac was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
The Tatra Chuvach’s breed characteristics conform in type with those of a mountain dog of firm constitution, impressive appearance and thick white coat. He has a strong bone, a lively temperament and is vigilant, fearless and alert. For centuries he has been accustomed to the harsh climate of the Slovakian mountains, especially the Tatra mountains. His format is well within the shape of a moderate rectangle, the body resting on strong rather high limbs. His vigilance and alertness helped to give him his name, as the Slovak word “Cuvat” means to hear.
UKC
The Slovac Cuvac is an impressive dog, well suited to mountain life, with his rather long legs and thick white coat. In order to distinguish him from the predators of the night, by ancient tradition he is bred only in white.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
He is boundlessly faithful and courageous, always ready to fight off any intruder, be it even bears and wolves. In order to distinguish him from wild beasts in the night, he is, according to ancient tradition, only bred in white.
UKC
Vigilant, fearless and alert, boundlessly faithful and always ready to fight off any intruder, even if it is bear or wolf.

HEAD

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UKC
Wolf like in shape.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Strong, longish in shape, broad between the ears. The broad forehead has a shallow furrow tapering away towards the rear. Superciliary ridges are in proportion and slanted sideways. Top of head flat. Neck clearly defined from strong, moderately protruding nape of neck. Top of head, in profile, slightly domed compared to bridge of nose.
UKC
Broad between the ears, flat on top, with a shallow furrow at the forehead and a moderate stop.

Stop

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FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Black, especially in summer.
UKC
Black, but may fade slightly in winter. (Snow nose).

Muzzle

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FCI
Straight in profile and about half length of had, fairly broad, tapering towards the front. Strong, of medium length, blunt.
UKC
About the same length as the skull, with a straight nasal bone. Fairly broad under the eyes, tapering in width towards the nose. The lips are close fitting and black.

Lips

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FCI
Close fitting, corner of mouth closed. Mucous membranes black, forming a narrow, not overhanging frame to the mouth. Medium thickness. Palate black.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Strong, always with complete scissor bite.
UKC
The Slovac Cuvac has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

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FCI
Dark brown, oval shape, set in horizontally. Eyelids black, close fitting. Membrane in the inside corner of the eye dark, making the eye expressive.
UKC
Oval in shape and dark brown in color, the eyes have dark haws and black rims, making them expressive.

Ears

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FCI
Set on high, mobile at set on. Of moderate length, hanging, lying close to head. Half way down, the ear has finer hair. When in repose, the rounded lower edge reaches to mouth level.
UKC
Set on high, hanging, but mobile at the base. When in repose, the rounded lower edge reaches to the corner of the mouth.

NECK

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FCI
Set on straight. Carried high when alert. In male dogs very powerful with good name. No dewlap.
UKC
Powerful, and carried high when the dog is alert. No dewlap.

BODY

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UKC
The chest is broad and deep, reaching below the level of the elbows. The ribcage is long, and the ribs are well sprung. The back is straight and of medium length. The loin is moderately arched and long enough for flexibility. The croup is broad and slightly sloping. There is moderate tuck up.

Back

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FCI
Straight. Of medium length and strong.

Loin

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FCI
Moderately arched. Well attached to the sacrum, muscular, very strong and adequately long.

Croup

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FCI
Strong, broad and slightly sloping.

Chest

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FCI
Chest: Broad. Sternum bone reaching up to the height of shoulder joints.
Ribcage: Well sprung ribs. Sternum above half height at withers and reaching lower than elbows. The length of the ribcage exceeds half the body length; its breadth is a quarter of the height at withers.
Ribs: Arched, inclined towards rear and forming a clear transition to the flanks.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Belly and flanks appropriate, moderate tuck up.

TAIL

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FCI
Set on low. Standing and in repose hanging low, reaching to hock joints. Shape straight like a cigar, not curled at tip. When moving carried curled over loin.
UKC
Set on low, reaching to the hock. In repose the tail hangs straight. When moving, the tail is carried curled over the loin.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Position straight, pillar-like, with good angulation of upper arm and elbow. Feet strong, round, tight. Legs generally rather long, specially in males.
UKC
Shoulder blades and upper arms are long and well laid back.

Shoulder

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FCI
Well laid back and long. Upper arm muscular and firmly attached to the body, inclined towards elbow.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The forearm is strong, muscular and long. The legs overall are quite long, more than half the height at the withers, particularly in males. The pastern is short, strong and moderately sloping.

Forearm

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FCI
Vertical, strong, muscular and long.

Pastern

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FCI
Pastern joint: Bony and strong.
Pastern: Short, strong and moderately inclined.

FEET

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UKC
Firmly arched and round in shape, with fleshy black pads.

Forefeet

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FCI
Strong toes and nails, firmly arched and round in shape. Well coated, with fleshy black pads.

Hind feet

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FCI
Are slightly longer than frond feet, otherwise same shape. Toes somewhat stronger and more arched.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Buttocks, together with upper thighs, from a muscular whole, longish in shape and of considerable breadth.
UKC
The angulation of the pelvis and femur is approximately 90 degrees.

Stifle

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FCI
Well muscled and well angulated.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The lower thigh is sloping and well muscled. There is good angulation at the stifle joint. The hock is well let down and well angulated. The rear pasterns are short and strong. Dewclaws are not desired.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Sloping, strong, well muscled.

Hock joint

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FCI
Strong, with blunt angle; rather low set but well defined and large.

Hock

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FCI
Short and strong. Position vertical. There is no restriction at transition to hock. Dewclaws undesired.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Surprisingly light footed in spite of his powerful build, agile and quick, in every terrain and in all weathers; with preference for trot.
UKC
Light footed, quick and agile in any sort of terrain.

SKIN

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FCI
Loose on body, otherwise close fitting. Skin pink; black pigmentation only round the eyes, the neck and muzzle where it merges with the black mucous membranes. Pads also black.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

With the exception on head and limbs, the hair form a dense coat without a parting on the back and without feathering on tail and buttocks. Males have a striking name. Hair is short and close on head and legs, slightly longer on rearside of legs. Short hair gradually merges from set-on of ears into the mane. Undercoat is completely covered by long hair in top coat. The latter is 5 to 15cm. Most wavy on mane, elsewhere moderately wavy, forming numerous waves across the back which merge into each other. Single waves, not joined, are undesired.
Required is a light dense coat.
Undercoat: hair fine and dense, in length up to half or two thirds of hair of top coat. The undercoat is shed during the summer, so the coat loses its density, but remains light throughout the year on account of the wavy topcoat which forms no parting on the back.
UKC
Dense, double, and moderately wavy. The hair is short on the face and front of legs, longer on the body, but without feathering on the tail or buttocks. There is a distinct mane on the males. The coat must never part down the middle of the back. The undercoat, which is fine and dense in the winter, must be completely covered by longer topcoat.

COLOUR

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FCI
White. Yellowish shading at set on of ears permitted but not desired. Distinct yellow patches are not permitted.
UKC
White. Yellowish shadings around the ears are permitted. Distinct yellow patches are not permitted.

SIZE

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UKC
Height for males is 24.5 to 27.5 inches. For females, it is 23 to 25.5 inches. Weight ranges from 79 to 97 pounds for males; from 68-81 pounds for females.

Height at withers

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FCI

Dogs 62 to 70 cm.
Females 59 to 65 cm.

Weight

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FCI

Dogs 36 to 44 kg.
Females 31 to 37 kg.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Pincer bite, missing teeth.
Pendulous lips.
Unsymmetric position of the ears.
Flat, not sufficiently deep chest.
Tail lateratelly deviated.
Bear-like feet.
Dewclaws.
Close fitting fringy coat, also completely wavy coat.
Lack of coat on belly, flanks and genitals.
Results of tickets or distemper.
Excessively nervous, unbalanced character.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Pink spots on nose leather, lips or eyelids.
Light eyes.
Yellow patches in coat.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Yellow patches in coat. Yellow eyes. Butterfly nose. Incomplete black pigment on lips. Lack of complete black pigment on eye rims.
Muzzle: Incomplete black pigment on lips.
Nose: Butterfly nose.
Eyes: Lack of complete black pigment on eye rims. Yellow eyes.
Color: Yellow patches in coat.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.