Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky


ORIGIN

:
FCI
U.S.A.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
02.02.1995.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sledge dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 1Nordic Sledge Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Chukchi Indians, natives to the Soviet Arctic, developed the Siberian “Chukchi” (later changed to “Husky”), approximately 3,000 years ago. They needed a small sledding dog to haul small loads long distances. The dogs, brought by the Indians, eventually made their way across the Bering Straits to Alaska, and then to Canada and the United States. As a result of their use and close proximity to people, Siberian Huskies are known for their speed, endurance and good temperament. The Siberian Husky was recognized by the United Kennel Club as the “Arctic Husky” in 1938. The breed name was changed to Siberian Husky in March of 1991.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful in action. His moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest his Northern heritage. His characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance. The males of the Siberian Husky breed are masculine but never coarse; the bitches are feminine but without weakness of structure. In proper condition, with muscle firm and well developed, the Siberian Husky does not carry excess weight.
KC
Medium-sized working sled-dog, quick and light on feet. Free and graceful in action, with well furred body, erect ears and brush tail. Proportions reflect a basic balance of power, speed and endurance, never appearing so heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal, nor so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. Males are masculine but never coarse, bitches feminine but without weakness of structure. Muscle firm and well developed, no excess weight.
UKC
The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized, well-balanced working dog, with moderate bone, ease and freedom of movement and a good disposition. Their moderately compact, well-furred body, erect ears and brush tail indicate the breed’s Northern heritage. The working characteristics of the breed have been maintained, ensuring that it is able to pull a light load, in harness, at a moderate speed over great distances. The basic balance of power, speed and endurance is reflected in his proportions and form. A dog in proper condition, with firm, well-developed muscles, does not carry excess weight. They never appear so heavy as to suggest a freighting animal nor so light as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. Males are masculine, but never coarse. Females are feminine, but not weak. In addition to the noted faults, any obvious structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Siberian Husky as in any other breed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

In profile, the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the rear point of the croup is slightly longer than the height of the body from the ground to the top of the withers.
The distance from the tip of the nose to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput.
KC
Medium size, moderate bone, well balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, and good disposition.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing. He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs.
Some measure of reserve and dignity may be expected in the mature dog. His intelligence, tractability, and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker.
KC
Friendly and gentle, alert and outgoing. Does not display traits of the guard dog, not suspicious with strangers or aggressive with dogs but some measure of reserve expected in mature dog. Intelligent, tractable and eager disposition. An agreeable companion and willing worker.
UKC
The Siberian Husky is characteristically friendly and gentle, while also being alert and outgoing. The mature dog may display some measure of reserve and dignity. The breed is not possessive, overly suspicious of strangers, nor aggressive with other dogs. Their intelligence, tractability and eager disposition make them agreeable companions and willing workers.

HEAD

:
KC
Medium size in proportion to the body, presents a finely chiselled fox-like appearance. Slightly rounded on top, tapering gradually from widest point to eyes. Muzzle medium length and width, neither snipy nor coarse, tapering gradually to rounded nose. Tip of nose to stop equidistant from stop to occiput. Stop clearly defined but not excessive. Line of the nose straight from the stop to tip. Nose black in grey, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; and may be flesh-coloured in pure white. In winter, pink-streaked ‘snow nose’ is acceptable.
UKC
The medium-size head is in proportion to the size of the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Of medium size and in proportion to the body; sligthly rounded on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes.
UKC
The skull is slightly rounded on the top, and tapers gradually from the widest point to the eyes. The stop is well defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black in gray, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; may be flesh-coloured in pure white dogs. The pink-streaked « snow nose » is acceptable.
UKC
Various colored noses are acceptable. They may be black in black, gray or tan dogs; liver-colored in copper dogs; and flesh colored in pure white dogs. The snow nose, which is pink streaked, is also acceptable.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Of medium length and of medium width, tapering gradually to the nose, with the tip neither pointed nor square. The bridge of the nose is straight from the stop to the tip.
KC
Lips well pigmented, close fitting. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The distance from the stop to the tip of the nose is equal to the distance from the occiput to the stop. The muzzle is of medium length and width, tapering gradually to the nose. The bridge of the nose, from the stop to the tip, is straight. The tip of the nose is neither pointed nor square. The close-fitting lips are well pigmented.

Lips

:
FCI
Well pigmented and close fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Closing in a scissor bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. Eyes may be brown or blue in colour; one of each or particoloured are acceptable.
Expression Keen, but friendly, interested and even mischievous.
KC
Almond-shaped, moderately spaced and set obliquely. Any shade of blue or brown, one of each colour, or parti-colours equally acceptable. Expression keen, but friendly, interested, even mischievous.
UKC
The almond-shaped eyes are moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. Their keen, but friendly, expression shows interest and even mischievousness. Eye color may be brown or blue; one eye of each color and parti-colored eyes are acceptable.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high on the head. They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at the back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips pointing straight up.
KC
Medium size, relatively close together, triangular in shape, the height slightly greater than width at base. Set high on head, strongly erect, the inner edges being quite close together at the base, when the dog is at attention carried practically parallel. Slightly arched at the back. Thick, well furred outside and inside, tips slightly rounded.
UKC
The medium-sized, triangular-shaped ears are close fitting and set high on the head. They are thick, well furred and slightly arched at the back. They are strongly erect, with the slightly rounded tips pointing straight up.

NECK

:
FCI
Medium in length, arched and carried proudly erect when dog is standing. When moving at a trot, the neck is extended so that the head is carried slightly forward.
KC
Medium length and thickness, arched and carried proudly erect when standing. When moving at a trot, extended so that the head is carried slightly forward.
UKC
The medium length, arched neck is carried proudly erect when the dog is standing. The neck is carried slightly forward when the dog is moving at a trot.

BODY

:
KC
Straight and strong, with level topline from withers to croup. Medium length, not cobby, nor slack from excessive length. In profile, body from point of shoulder to rear point of croup slightly longer than height from ground to top of withers. Chest deep and strong but not too broad, deepest point being just behind and level with elbows. Ribs well sprung from spine but flattened on sides to allow for freedom of action. Loins slightly arched, well muscled, taut and lean, narrower than rib cage with a slight tuck-up. Croup slopes away from spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict the rearward thrust of hind legs.
UKC
The back line is level. The medium length back is straight and strong. The taut, lean loin is narrower than the rib cage, with a slight tuck-up. The sloping croup is never so steep as to restrict the rearward thrust of the hind legs. The deep, strong chest is not too broad. The deepest point is just behind and level with the elbows. The ribs are well sprung from the spine, and flatten on the sides to allow freedom of action. The length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the rear point of the croup, is slightly longer than the height, measured from the withers to the ground.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup. Of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from excessive length.

Loin

:
FCI
Taut and lean, narrower than the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up.

Croup

:
FCI
Slopes away from the spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict the rearward thrust of the hind legs.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and strong, but not too broad, with the deepest point being just behind and level with the elbows. The ribs are well sprung from the spine but flattened on the sides to allow for freedom of action.

TAIL

:
FCI
The well furred tail of fox-brush shape is set on just below the level of the topline, and is usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back. A trailing tail is normal for the dog when in repose. Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush.
KC
Well furred, of round, fox brush shape set on just below level of topline and usually carried over back in graceful sickle curve when dog at attention. When carried up, tail should not curl too tightly, nor should it curl to either side of body, or snap flat against back. Hair on tail of medium length and approximately same length all round. A trailing tail is normal for dog when working or in repose.
UKC
The well-furred tail is of fox brush shape. It is set on just below the level of the back line, and is carried in a graceful sickle curve over the back when the dog is at attention. It is not curled to either side of the body. When the dog is in repose, the tail may trail. The medium-length hair is approximately the same length on the top, sides, and bottom of the tail, giving the appearance of a round brush.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
When standing and viewed from the front, the legs are moderately spaced, parallel and straight. Bone is substantial but never heavy. Length of the leg from the elbow to ground is slightly more than the distance from the elbow to the top of withers. Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed.
KC
Shoulder blade well laid back, upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, never perpendicular to the ground. Muscle holding shoulder to rib cage firm and well-developed. Straight or loose shoulders highly undesirable. Viewed from the front, forelegs moderately spaced, parallel and straight with elbows close to the body, turning neither in nor out. Viewed from the side, pasterns slightly sloping, wrist strong but flexible. Length from elbow to ground slightly more than distance from elbows to top of withers. Bone proportionate, never heavy. Dewclaws may be removed.
UKC
The well-laid-back shoulder blade is at an approximate angle of 45 degrees to the ground. The upper arm angles slightly backward from the point of the shoulder to the elbow, and is never perpendicular to the ground. The muscles and ligaments that hold the shoulder to the rib cage are firm and well developed.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade is well laid back.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
The upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, and is never perpendicular to the ground. The muscles and ligaments holding the shoulder to the rib cage are firm and well developed.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body and turned neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The moderately spaced forelegs are parallel and straight when viewed from the front. Bone is substantial, but never heavy. The elbows are close to the body, turning neither in nor out. In profile, the pasterns are slightly slanted. The wrist is strong, but flexible. The length of the leg, from the elbow to the ground, is slightly more than the distance measured from the top of the withers to the elbow. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Strong, but flexible. Viewed from the side, pasterns are slightly slanted.

FEET

:
KC
Oval, not long, turning neither in nor out in natural stance. Medium size, compact, well furred and slightly webbed between toes. Pads tough and thickly cushioned. Trimming of fur between toes and around feet permissible.
UKC
The oval-shaped feet are not too long. The compact, medium-size paws are well furred between the toes and the tough, thickly-cushioned pads. At a natural stance, the paws turn neither in nor out.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads. The pads are tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor out when the dog is in natural stance.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
When standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are moderately spaced and parallel. Dewclaws, if any, are to be removed.
KC
Viewed from rear, hindlegs moderately spaced and parallel. Upper thighs well muscled and powerful, stifles well bent, hock joint well defined and set low to ground.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well muscled and powerful.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The moderately spaced legs are parallel when viewed from the rear. The well-muscled upper thighs are powerful. The stifles are well bent. The well-defined hock is set low to the ground. Any dewclaws on the hind legs are removed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well defined and set low to ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He is quick and light on his feet, and when in the show ring should be gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters. When viewed from the front to rear while moving at a walk the Siberian Husky does not single-track, but as the speed increases the legs gradually angle inward until the pads are falling on a line directly under the longitudinal center of the body. As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hind legs are carried straightforward, with neither elbows nor stifles turned in or out. Each’hind leg moves in the path of the foreleg on the same side. While the dog is gaiting, the topline remains firm and level.
KC
Smooth and seemingly effortless. Quick and light on feet, gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in forequarters and good drive in hindquarters. When walking, legs move in parallel, but as speed increases, gradually angling inward to single track .As pad marks converge, forelegs and hindlegs carried straight with neither elbows nor stifles turning in nor out, each hindleg moving in path of foreleg on same side. Topline of back remaining firm and level during gaiting.
UKC
The characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. They are quick and light on their feet. While gaiting, the back line remains firm and level. The good reach of the forequarters and the good drive of the hindquarters are best viewed at a moderately fast trot. As speed increases, the dog single tracks. The forelegs and hind legs are carried straight forward, with neither the elbows nor stifles turning in or out. Each hind leg moves in the path of its corresponding foreleg.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance, but is never so long as to obscure the cleancut outline of the dog. The undercoat is soft and dense and of sufficient length to support the outer coat. The guard hairs of the outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never harsh nor standing straight off from the body. It should be noted that the absence of the undercoat during the shedding season is normal. Trimming of whiskers and fur between the toes and around the feet to present a neater appearance is permissible. Trimming the fur on any other part of the dog is not to be condoned and should be severely penalized.
KC
Double, and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance, never so long as to obscure clean-cut outline of dog. Undercoat soft and dense; of sufficient length to support outer coat. Guard hairs of outer coat straight and somewhat smooth-lying, never harsh, rough or shaggy, too silky nor standing straight off from body. Absence of undercoat during shedding normal. No trimming of fur on any part of dog, except feet.
UKC
The breed is double coated, the hair being medium length, giving a well-furred appearance. The outer coat guard hairs are straight and somewhat smooth lying. The soft, dense undercoat is of sufficient length to support the outer coat. The absence of an undercoat during shedding season is normal and not to be penalized. It is permissible to trim the whiskers and the fur between the toes, but the trimming of the fur on any other part of the dog is to be severely penalized.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours from black to pure white are allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.
KC
All colours and markings, including white, allowed. Variety of markings on head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.
UKC
All colors, from black to pure white, are allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 53-60 cms (21-231/2 ins) at withers; bitches: 51-56 cms (20-22 ins) at withers. Weight: dogs: 20.-27 kgs (45-60 lbs); bitches: 16-23 kgs (35-50 lbs). Weight should be in proportion to height. These measurements represent the extremes in height and weight, with no preference given to either extreme. A dog should not exceed 60 cms (231/2 ins) or a bitch exceed 56 cms (22 ins).
UKC
Height is measured at the withers. Height ranges are as follows: Males, 21 inches up to, and including, 23½ inches; females, 20 inches up to, and including, 22 inches. Weight is to be in proportion to height. The following weight parameters (as well as the height parameters above) present the extreme limits. No preference is to be given to either extreme. Weight ranges are as follow: Males, 45 to 60 pounds; females, 35 to 50 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 21 to 23, 5 inches (53,5 - 60 cm).
Females 20 to 22 inches (50,5 - 56 cm).

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs 45 to 60 pounds (20,5 - 28 kg).
Females 35 to 50 pounds (15,5 - 23 kg).
Weight is in proportion to height. The measurements mentioned above represent the extreme height and weight limits with no preference given to either extreme. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should be penalized.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Skull Head clumsy or heavy; head too finely chiseled.
  • Stop Insufficient.
  • Muzzle Either too snipy or too coarse; too short or too long.
  • Jaws/Teeth Any bite other than scissor bite.
  • Eyes Set too obliquely; set too close together.
  • Ears Too large in proportion to the head; too wide set; not strongly erect.
  • Neck Too short and thick; too long.
  • Back Weak or slack back; roached back; sloping topline.
  • Chest Too broad; « barrel ribs »; ribs too flat or weak.
  • Tail A snapped or tightly curled tail; highly plumed tail; tail set too low or too high.
  • Shoulders Straight shoulders; loose shoulders.
  • Forequarters Weak pasterns; too heavy bone; too narrow or too wide in the front; out at the elbows.
  • Hindquarters Straight stifles, cow-hocks, too narrow or too wide in the rear.
  • Feet Soft or splayed toes; paws too large and clumsy; paws too small and delicate; toeing in or out.
  • Gait/Movement Short, prancing or choppy gait, lumbering or rolling gait; crossing or crabbing.
  • Hair Long, rough, or shaggy coat; texture too harsh or too silky; trimming of the coat, except as permitted above.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Tail: Snapped or tightly curled. Highly plumed. Set too low or too high.
Coat: Long, rough or shaggy coat. Too harsh or too silky in texture. Guard hairs standing straight off from the body. Hair so long as to obscure the clean-cut outline of the dog.
Gait: Short, prancing or choppy gait. Lumbering or rolling gait. Crossing. Crabbing.
Muzzle: Clumsy or heavy head. Head too finely chiseled. Muzzle too snipey, too coarse, too short or too long. Insufficient stop.
Teeth: Any bite other than scissors.
Eyes: Set too obliquely. Set too close together.
Ears: Too large in proportion to the size of the head. Too wide set. Not strongly erect.
Neck: Too short and thick. Too long.
Forequarters: Straight shoulders. Loose shoulders.
Forelegs: Weak pasterns. Bone too heavy. Too narrow or too wide in the front. Out at the elbows.
Body: Weak or slack back. Roach back. Sloping topline. Chest too broad. Barrel ribs. Too flat or weak ribs.
Hind Legs: Straight stifles. Cowhocks. Rear too wide or too narrow.
Feet: Soft or splayed toes. Too large and clumsy paws. Too small and delicate paws.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI
The most important breed characteristics of the Siberian Husky are medium size, moderate bone, well balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, pleasing head and ears, correct tail, and good disposition. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight, constricted or clumsy gait, or long, rough coat should be penalized. The Siberian Husky never appears so heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal; nor is he so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. In both sexes the Siberian Husky gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance. In addition to the faults already noted, the obvious structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Siberian Husky as in any other breed, even though they are not specifically mentioned herein.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Dogs over 23,5 inches (60 cm) and bitches over 22 inches (56 cm).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Males over 23½ inches in height. Females over 22 inches in height.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.