Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Italian Short-Haired Segugio

(Segugio Italiano a Pelo Raso)

Segugio Italiano

Italian Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
March 1994

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Dog for hunting especially the hare and the wild boar.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The origins of the Segugio go back to the highest antiquity. These dogs are certainly descendants from the primitive hounds of ancient Egypt, used for hunting game. They were subsequently introduced along the Mediterranean coast by Phoenician merchants and finally arrived in Italy. Numerous drawings executed under divers dynasties of Egyptian Pharaohs bear witness to the presence in Egypt of dogs very much resembling the present Segugio. Lets point out in particular the presence of hanging ears, indubitable sign of an advanced domestication. We may therefore deduce that the ancient dog for the scent-hunting game, which should not be confused with the sight-huntinghounds, landed in Italy and gave birth to the present Segugio, whose general anatomical particularities have been maintained practically without change through the centuries. Dogs of the same type and stature as the present Segugio figure on statues of "Diane the huntress" (Diane chasseresse) in the Naples Museum and that of "Diane with bow and arrow” (Diane tirant à l’arc) in the Vatican Museum. In the castle of Borso d’Este (1600) we can see a painting which represents the ideal type of the present Segugio.
UKC
The origins of the Italian Hound go back to antiquity. They are certainly descended from the ancient hounds of Egypt that were used for hunting. They have been maintained practically without change through the centuries. The Italian Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Dog of generally medium proportions, the body of which fits into a square; of robust construction, well balanced, with well developed bones, lean shapes, provided with good muscles without the least trace of fat; longish head of which the upper longitudinal cranial-facial axes are divergent; short hair coat.
KC
Medium-sized, lightly built, square in outline.
UKC
The Italian Hound is a square breed of medium proportions, robust and well balanced with strong, lean bones and no trace of fat. It comes in two coat types - rough and smooth.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The length of the body is equal to the height at the withers (fits into a square).
The height (or depth) of the chest is equal to half of the height of the forequarters measured from the ground to the elbow.
The length of the muzzle is equal to half the length of the head.
KC
Keen nose, active, versatile hunting dog of great endurance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Scenthound well adapted to the most varied terrains; endowed with a great resistance and good speed, is extremely eager, whether working alone or in a pack; of a hardy temperament but not very effusive, has a soft expression and a resonant very pleasant voice.
KC
Gentle, affectionate and even tempered.
UKC
The Italian Hound is perfectly adapted to working on varied terrains. He hunts alone or in a pack, and is endowed with great resistance and good speed. The breed has a hearty temperament and a soft expression. The rough coated variety tends to be more reserved than the smooth coated.

HEAD

:
KC
Elongated; narrow, slightly arched skull; well defined occiput; very slight stop. Skin taught, no wrinkles. Nose black, bridge slightly curved. Nostrils wide.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen from above, the shape of the skull is nearly oval. In profile, the axes of the skull and the muzzle are divergent; the upper profile of the skull is slightly convex; the bi-zygomatic width is inferior to half of the length of the head; the superciliary arches are barely developed; the frontal furrow is only slightly marked; the occipital crest, neat and prominent without exaggeration, is short. Stop Degree of accentuation of about 140°.
UKC
The skull is nearly oval in shape when viewed from above. In profile, the top lines of the skull and muzzle are divergent. The stop is slightly marked by a soft slope.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nearing the shape of a polyhedron of six faces, sufficiently large, mobile with well opened nostrils; the openings are slightly lateral; always black.
UKC
Large, mobile, and always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The length of the muzzle is equal to half the length of the head; its depth must exceed by a little half its length; the width of the muzzle, measured at mid-length, must be a bit inferior to the fifth of the length of the head; the upper profile of the muzzle is slight1y convex (Roman nose), the lateral faces of the muzzle converge towards the front; the branches of the lower jaw are almost straight in their entire length and the body of the jaw is only slightly developed in front; the lower lateral profile of the muzzle is defined by the upper lip.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips black; level.
UKC
The muzzle is as long as the skull. It is deep and slightly convex (Roman nose). The lips are fine and thin. They are fairly tight and in profile the upper lip shows a slight curve. The edges of the lips are always black. The cheeks are fairly flat and lean.

Lips

:
FCI
They are fine and thin; seen from the front as well as in profile, they are not greatly developed in height (taut); in profile the upper lips show at their lower edge a slight curve. The rims of the lips are always black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The shape of the jaws is like that of a truncated cone; the position of the incisors in relation to the jaws is at right angle, with scissor bite. Teeth complete and white, regularly aligned and normally developed; scissor bite is correct, pincer bite is permitted.
UKC
The Italian Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Flat and lean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Almond shaped, large, luminous, of a dark ochre colour, in semi-lateral position, with soft expression; the rims of the eyelids are always black.
KC
Oval, large and dark. Tight lids.
UKC
The eyes are large and luminous, open almond in shape, and dark ochre in color. The expression is soft, and the eye rims are always black.

Ears

:
KC
Fine, low set, triangular. Length reaching to tip of nose, hanging close to cheek.
UKC
The ears are triangular in shape, flat, and very broad. They end in a narrow point. The ears should be long enough to reach midway to the end of the muzzle.

Leathers

:
FCI
Set at the level of the zygomatic arch or slightly lower; the leather must be hanging and shows a torsion which draws the entire leather forward, not allowing it to fold over, or to curl. The leather is of triangular shape, flat in its entire length and very wide; the point of the leather must end in a narrow point; it is never widely rounded; tip with a very slight internal volute. The length of the leather must reach about 70% of the length of the head, and its width, at the broadest point, measures a little more than half its length.

NECK

:
FCI
Upper profile slightly arched, therefore slightly convex. Its length corresponds or is almost equal to the length of the head, therefore must reach the 4/l0ths of the height at the withers. The neck has the shape of a truncated cone; appears very lean and light, giving the impression of not being very muscular (long muscles). Skin: Fine, close fitting, without folds or dewlap; short hair.
KC
Medium length, lean, slightly arched, well set on.
UKC
The neck is long, lean, light and slightly arched. There is no dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Deep chested and well let down. Ribs moderately well sprung. Back short, muscular and rising slightly over loin.
UKC
The body is square. The depth of the chest is equal to half the height at the withers. The chest must reach to, or nearly to, the elbows. The chest is only moderately wide and the ribs are lightly sprung. The withers fuse harmoniously into the base of the neck, due to the closeness of the tips of the shoulder blades. The back is straight and the loin is about the same length as width. The croup is slightly convex, with well developed muscles. The underline is straight, and then ascends to the belly, which is very lean, even if not very tucked up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight topline which from the withers descends harmoniously towards the croup with a modest convexity at the level of the lumbar region.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly raised over the topline and narrow due to the closeness of the shoulder blade points ; fusing harmoniously into the base of the neck.

Back

:
FCI
Upper profile of the back straight with muscles not very apparent; the length of the back is in relation of 3 to 1 with the length of the loin.

Loin

:
FCI
The length of the loin measures a bit less than the fifth of the height at the withers; the width of the loin is close to its length; muscles of the lumbar region are well developed in length and in width.

Croup

:
FCI
Upper profile of the croup shows a slight convexity; its direction shows an inclination below the horizontal of about 10°; its length reaches about one third of the height at the withers and its width measures about half its length; muscles are well developed.

Chest

:
FCI
The height of the chest or ribcage is equal or slightly less than half the height at the withers, and its width (transversal diameter), measured at mid-height, is equal to about 1/3 of the height at the withers; the chest must go down to, or nearly, the elbows. The ribs are not greatly sprung, so slightly convex; the circumference of the chest being superior to the height at the withers by a quarter, the chest is of moderate width.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
The profile of the underline is typical in the way that it presents itself in a straight line in its entire length, which, from the sternum, ascends to the belly; belly very lean, even if not greatly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high on the line of the croup. Thin at the base, and uniform throughout its length, resembling a “grissino” (small bread stick) except for the tip which is very fine.The length of the tail is so that the extremity touches or almost reaches the point of the hock. Covered with short hair in its entire length. At rest, the tail just hangs; when the dog is in action, it is raised above the back line.
KC
Set high, strong, thin, tapering. When moving, carried high in a sabre curve.
UKC
The tail is set high on the line of the croup. It is thin at the base and uniform in size except for the tip, which is very fine. The tip should reach to, or nearly to, the hock joint. At rest, the tail hangs. In action, it is raised above the backline.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
On the whole, seen in profile, the perpendicularity must correspond to an imaginary vertical line drawn from the scapulo-humeral articulation down to the ground, which just touches the tip of the toes, and to another imaginary vertical line, going from the humero-radial articulation, which divides the forearm and the carpal joint in two almost equal parts, and ends at mid-length of the pastern, Seen from the front, the foreleg must correspond to a vertical line which goes down from the point of the shoulder and divides the forearm, the carpal joint, the pastern and the foot in two more or less equal parts, The height from the ground to the elbow is equal to half the height at the withers.
KC
Shoulders long and well laid back. Forelegs straight and powerful, pasterns slightly sloping. Elbows set close to body.
UKC
The shoulder blades and upper arms are long and sloping, covered with lean muscles, and join together at an angle of approximately 110 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The length of the shoulder blades reaches the third of the height at the withers; their slope below the horizontal is of 45° to 55°; the muscles are long and lean, apparent and well distinct; , opening of the angle of the scapulo-humeral articulation is of about 110°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Its length corresponds to about half ; the height from the ground to elbow; in relation to the vertical, it is situated in a plane more or less parallel to the medial plane of the body. Arm muscles are long and lean.

Elbow

:
FCI
Placed at level or slightly below the sternal line and parallel to the medial plane of the body; the point of the elbow must be on the descending vertical from the point of the shoulder blade. The humero-radial angle measures from 135° to 145°.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forearm is straight, dry and thin. The carpal joint is dry and covered with fine, thin skin. The pasterns are somewhat sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Its length measures about a third of the height at the withers; is perpendicular to the ground and shows a well visible carpo-cubital groove, which gives the impression of a lean leg, fleshless and not heavily boned.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Lean, extends the straight line of the forearm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Its length must not be inferior to the sixth of that of the foreleg from the ground to elbow; wider than the carpal joint, but flat and lean; seen in profile, the pastern is slightly oblique from back to front.

FEET

:
KC
Tight, oval. Pads and nails black.
UKC
Oval shaped, hare foot, with tightly close, well arched toes. The pads are dry, hard and leathery, always black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval shaped (hare foot) , toes tightly closed and arched; digital pads not very fleshy; communal pad lean, hard, tough (leathery) and black. Nails strong, curved and always black. The presence of some white (not pink) nails is not a fault.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Less oval than the front feet of which they have all the characteristics.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen in profile, the perpendicularity must correspond to an imaginary vertical, which goes from the point of the buttock to the ground, touching or almost touching the tip of the toes.
The limb, seen from the back, must correspond to an imaginary vertical which, from the point of the buttock, descends to the ground while dividing in two equal parts the point of the hock joint, the hock and the foot. The length of the hindleg reaches about the 93% of the height at the withers.
KC
Thighs muscular and well developed. Well bent hocks. Limbs parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The angulation of the pelvis and the femur is approximately 90 to 95 percent.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and wide, its length is not inferior to a third of the height at the withers. Its width (external face) is almost equal to 3/4 of its length; muscles are prominent, but clearly separated; the back edge of the thigh is a little convex. The angle of the coxo-femoral articulation measures 90° to 95°.

Stifle

:
FCI
The stifle must be on a vertical with the hindleg, therefore should not turn either out or in; the angle of the tibio-femoral articulation is of about 115°.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The upper thigh is long and wide and covered with prominent, clearly separated muscles. The angulation at the stifle is about 115 percent. The lower thigh is slightly shorter than the upper thigh, and is light but solid with lean, distinct muscles. The hock joint is solid, with a clearly visible outline, and the rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
The length of the lower thigh is slightly less than that of the upper thigh; its slant below the horizontal is about 40°. The lower thigh shows lean muscles even in its upper part, firm and clearly distinct one from the other; the leg groove is well marked and apparent; the outer saphenous vein is visible; bone structure rather light but very solid.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Its width is more or less equivalent to the tenth part of the height at the withers; the distance from the ground to the point of the hock must not exceed the 27% of the height at the withers (low hock); the bone structure is solid with the bony outline clearly visible, which underlines the leanness of the leg; the opening of the tibio-femoral angle is of about 135°.

Hock

:
FCI
Its length is inferior to half the length of the foreleg measured from the ground to the elbow; less wide than the hock, set in a vertical position, i.e. Perpendicular to the ground. No dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
When hunting, the dog gallops.
KC
Straight forward, free and active.
UKC
When hunting, the breed gallops.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fine and thin, close fitting all over the body. Pigmentation of the mucous membranes, third eyelids, nails, communal and digital pads must be absolutely black. A black pigmentation of the palate is not essential, but highly desirable.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short hair all over the body; straight horse hair texture, dense, close and uniformly smooth; there may be a few scattered coarse hairs on the body, on the muzzle, also on the legs which does not constitute a fault.
KC
Coarsehaired: Harsh, dense, wiry, close lying. Length: 5 cms (2 ins) maximum. Shorthaired: Smooth, thick, shiny.
UKC
The Italian Hound comes in two coat types: Smooth - Short, straight, smooth horse textured hair all over the body. There may be a few scattered short hairs on the face or body. Rough - On the body, the hair should not be more than two inches long. The hair is rough, though it may be smoother on the ears, legs, tail and muzzle. The hair forms a moderate beard and eyebrows that do not cover the eyes.

COLOUR

:
FCI
The permissible colours are solid fawn in all of its graduations from intense red fawn to the faded (washed out) fawn, and the black and tan. The tan markings, as in all black and tan dogs, should be on the muzzle, eyebrows, the chest, on the legs, from carpus to foot and tarsal to foot, also on the perineum. The fawn dogs may have white on the muzzle and the skull, (symmetrical mask or not), a white star on the chest, white on the neck, the pastern, hocks, on the feet and the tip of the tail. The white however is not desirable and the less there is of it the better. The black and tan may show a white star on the chest; in that case the Segugio is called tricolour. The chestnut brown colour including liver is not acceptable.
KC
Black/tan or any shade from deep red to wheaten. White markings on head, chest, feet and tip of tail permissible.
UKC
The acceptable colors are all shades of fawn (from intense red to faded), and black and tan. The fawn may have white on the muzzle and on the skull, a white star on the chest, white on the neck, pasterns, hocks, feet and tail. However, the white is not desirable and the less the better. In the black and tan dogs, the tan markings should be typically placed as in all black and tan dogs. They may also have a white star on the chest.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs: 52-59 cms (201/2-23 ins); bitches: 48-56 cms (19-22 ins).
UKC
Height at the withers for males is from 19.5 to 23.5 inches. For females, it is 19 to 23 inches. Weight is from 40 to 60 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males from 52 to 58 cm, females from 48 to 56 cm.
Tolerance ± 2 cm, only for excellent subjects.

Weight

:
FCI
From 18 to 28 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
These conditions apply also who pace continuously.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Cranial-facial axes convergent.
  • Depigmentation total or of the major part of the nose.
  • Concave muzzle.
  • Overshot mouth.
  • Wall eye; depigmentatiom total or of the major part of the border of the eyelids.
  • Lack of tail or short tail, whether congenital or artificial.
  • Slate or lead colour; brindle dog; coffee, chest-nut brown, liver or when whits predominates.
  • Sizes exceeding the indicated margins of tolerance.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Parallel planes of the top skull and muzzle. Overshot bite. Wall eyes. Any other color. Predominately white.
Skull: Parallel planes of the top skull and muzzle.
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Color: Any other color. Predominately white.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.