Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Shikoku

Shikoku


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
05.06.1995.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog, companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This breed goes back to medium-sized dogs that existed in Japan in ancient times. The Shikoku was bred as a hunting dog, mainly for hunting boar in the mountainous districts of Kochi Prefecture. It is sometimes called « Kochi-ken » (ken = dog). There were three varieties of this breed-Awa, Hongawa and Hata-all named after the area where they were bred. Among them, the Hongawa maintained the highest degree of purity, because the breeding area was not easily accessible from anywhere.
These dogs are tough and sufficiently agile to run through a montainous region. They are characterized by their sesame coloured coats. The breed took on the name of the region and was designated as a « natural monument » in 1937.
UKC
The Shikoku is descended from the medium sized dogs of ancient Japan. It was developed as a hunting dog, mainly used on boar in the mountainous regions of Kochi. There were originally three varieties of this breed, each named for the area in which it was bred. The Shikoku was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A medium-sized dog with well balanced and well developed clean cut muscles. It has pricked ears and a curled or sickle tail. Conformation strong, well-boned and compact.
UKC
The Shikoku is a medium sized dog, well balanced and with well developed, clean cut muscles. It has prick ears, a curled or sickle tail, and a sesame colored coat. It is a strong, well-boned and compact breed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A dog of marked endurance, keen in sense with a naive feeling, energetic and highly alert; an enthusiastic hunter; docile towards his master.
UKC
An enthusiastic hunter with marked endurance, the Shikoku is energetic and alert, yet docile with his master.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Forehead broad.
UKC
Broad in forehead. The stop is shallow but defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Shallow, but defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Rather long, wedge-shaped. Nasal bridge straight.
UKC
Rather long and wedge shaped, with a straight nasal bone.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth strong, with a scissor bite.
UKC
The Shikoku has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, triangular, set well apart, dark brown in colour.
UKC
Relatively small, triangular in shape, set well apart and dark brown in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.
UKC
Small, triangular, strongly pricked and slightly inclined forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Thick and powerful.
UKC
Thick and powerful.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the body is just slightly longer than tall in a ratio of 11:10. The chest is deep, and the ribs are well sprung. The withers are high, and the back is straight and strong. The loin is broad and muscular, and the belly is well tucked up.

Withers

:
FCI
High, well developed.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick and carried over the back vigorously curled or curved like a sickle. The tip nearly reaches the hocks when let down.
UKC
Thick, set on high and carried curled over the back or like a sickle. The tip nearly reaches the hock when let down.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
The shoulders are moderately sloping with strong muscles.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately sloping with developed muscles.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are straight and clean cut. The elbows set close to the body, and the pasterns are slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and clean cut.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly inclining.

FEET

:
UKC
Tightly closed, with well arched toes and hard, elastic pads. The nails are hard and dark in color.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Tightly closed with well arched toes. Pads hard and elastic. Nails hard and black or dark in colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful, with muscles well developed.
UKC
The hindquarters are powerful, with well developed muscles.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hocks are moderately angulated and very tough.

Hock

:
FCI
Moderately angulated and very tough.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Resilient, with rather narrow strides, but light. Action is quick and turning is possible.
UKC
Light and quick, with rather narrow strides.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat rather harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense. The hair on the tail is rather long.
UKC
Double, with a harsh, straight outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat. The hair on the tail is rather long.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Sesame, black sesame and red sesame.
Sesame: Equal mixture of white and black hairs.
Black sesame: More black than white hairs.
Red sesame: Ground colour of hair red, mixture with black hairs.
UKC
Sesame (equal mix of black and white hairs), black sesame (more black than white hairs), and red sesame (ground color of red mixed with black hairs).

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 52 cm.
Bitches 46 cm.
There is a tolerance of + 3 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 20.5 inches. For females, it is 18 inches. There is a tolerance of one inch in either direction.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Bitchy dogs/doggy bitches.
  • Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Long hair.
  • Shyness.
UKC

Teeth: Slightly overshot or undershot bite.
Coat: Coat too long.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Extremely overshot or undershot bite.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging tail, short tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Extremely overshot or undershot bite. Ears not pricked. Tail hanging or too short.
Teeth: Extremely overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Ears not pricked.
Tail: Hanging or short tail.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.