Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Shih Tzu

Shih Tzu


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Tibet.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
18.03.2015.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 5Tibetan breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
People tend to get confused between the Apso and the Shih Tzu, but there are a number of very distinct differences. Roots of this breed are in Tibet but it was developed in China, where dogs like these lived in the imperial palaces. China became a republic in 1912 after which examples of the breed found their way to the West, though the first recorded importation to Britain was not until 1931. It was recognised as a breed separate from other Oriental breeds in 1934 and granted a separate register by the Kennel Club in 1940, with challenge certificates on offer from 1949. The chrysanthemum look to the Shih Tzu’s head is most appealing, and this is caused by the hair growing upwards on the bridge of the nose.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Sturdy, abundantly but not excessively coated dog with distinctly arrogant carriage and ‘chrysanthemum-like’ face.
KC
Sturdy, abundantly but not excessively coated dog with distinctly arrogant carriage and 'chrysanthemum-like' face.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Longer between withers and root of the tail than height at withers.
KC
Intelligent, active and alert.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Intelligent, active and alert. Friendly and independant.
KC
Friendly and independent.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head broad, round, wide between the eyes. Shock-headed with good beard and whiskers, hair growing upwards on the muzzle giving a distinctly ‘chrysanthemum-like’ effect. Not affecting the dog’s ability to see.
KC
Head broad, round, wide between eyes. Shock-headed with good beard and whiskers, hair growing upwards on the muzzle giving a distinctly 'chrysanthemum-like' effect. Not affecting the dog's ability to see. Muzzle of ample width, square, short, not wrinkled; flat and hairy. Nose black but dark liver in liver or liver marked dogs and about one inch from tip to definite stop. Nose level or slightly tip-tilted. Top of nose leather should be on a line with or slightly below lower eye rim. Wide-open nostrils. Down-pointed nose highly undesirable, as are pinched nostrils. Pigmentation of muzzle as unbroken as possible.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:

Stop

:
FCI
Definite.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black but dark liver in liver or liver marked dogs. Top of nose leather should be on a line with or slightly below lower eye rim. Nose level or slightly tip-tilted. Wide-open nostrils. Down-pointed nose highly undesirable, as are pinched nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Of ample width, square, short, not wrinkled; flat and hairy. Length about 2,5 cms from tip to stop. Pigmentation of muzzle as unbroken as possible.
KC
Wide, slightly undershot or level. Lips level.

Lips

:
FCI
Level.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Wide, slightly undershot or level (pincer bite, edge to edge).

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, dark, round, placed well apart but not prominent. Warm expression. In liver or liver-marked dogs, lighter eye colour permissible. No white of eye showing.
KC
Large, dark, round, placed well apart but not prominent. Warm expression. In liver or liver-marked dogs, lighter eye colour permissible. No white of eye showing.

Ears

:
FCI
Large, with long leathers, carried drooping. Set slightly below crown of skull, so heavily coated they appear to blend into hair of neck.
KC
Large, with long leathers, carried drooping. Set slightly below crown of skull, so heavily coated they appear to blend into hair of neck.

NECK

:
FCI
Well proportioned, nicely arched. Sufficient length to carry head proudly.
KC
Well proportioned, nicely arched. Sufficient length to carry head proudly.

BODY

:
KC
Longer between withers and root of tail than height of withers, well coupled and sturdy, chest broad and deep, shoulders firm, back level.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Well coupled and sturdy.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep and well let down.

TAIL

:
FCI
Heavily plumed carried gaily well over back. Set on high. Height approximately level with that of skull to give a balanced outline.
KC
Heavily plumed, carried gaily well over back. Set on high. Height approximately level with that of skull to give a balanced outline.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well laid back. Legs short and muscular with ample bone, as straight as possible, consistent with broad chest being well let down.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Firm, well laid back.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs short and muscular with ample bone, as straight as possible, consistent with broad chest being well let down.

FEET

:
KC
Rounded, firm and well padded. Well covered with hair.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded, firm and well covered with hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Rounded, firm and well padded. Well covered with hair.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs short and muscular with ample bone. Straight when viewed from the rear.
KC
Legs short and muscular with ample bone. Straight when viewed from the rear. Thighs well rounded and muscular.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well rounded and muscular.

HIND LEGS

:

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Arrogant, smooth-flowing, front legs reaching well forward, strong rear action and showing full pad.
KC
Arrogant, smooth-flowing, front legs reaching well forward, strong rear action and showing full pad.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat long, dense, not curly, with moderate undercoat, not woolly. Slight wave permitted. Hair not affecting the dog’s ability to see. Length of coat should not restrict movement.
KC
Outer coat long, dense, not curly, with moderate undercoat, not woolly. Slight wave permitted. Hair not affecting the dog's ability to see. Length of coat should not restrict movement.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours permissible, white blaze on forehead and white tip to tail highly desirable in parti-colours.
KC
All colours permissible, white blaze on forehead and white tip to tail highly desirable in parti-colours.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers not more than 27 cms (101/2 ins), type and breed characteristics of the utmost importance and on no account to be sacrificed to size alone. Weight: 4.5-8 kgs (10-18 lbs). Ideal weight 4.5-7.5 kgs (10-16 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Not more than 27 cms.
Type and breed characteristics of the utmost importance and on no account to be sacrificed to size alone.

Weight

:
FCI
4.5 to 8 kgs. Ideal weight 4.5 - 7.5 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.