Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Shiba

Japanese Shiba Inu

Shiba


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
15.06.1992.
KC
May 1999

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog for birds and small animals. Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Shiba has been a native breed to Japan since the primitive ages. The word « Shiba » originally refers to something « small », a « small dog ». The Shiba’s habitat was in the mountainous area facing the Sea of Japan and was used as a hunting dog for small animals and birds. There were slight differences in the breeds according to the areas where they were raised. As dogs like English Setters and English Pointers were imported from England during the period of 1868-1912, hunting became a sport in Japan and crossbreeding of the Shiba with those English dogs became prevalent and a pure Shiba became rare so that by 1912-1926 pure Shibas confined to these areas became exceedingly scarce. Hunters and other educated persons became concerned with the preservation of the pure Shibas from around 1928 and the preservation of the limited number of pure strains began seriously, and the breed standard was finally unified in 1934. In 1937 the Shiba was designated as a « natural monument » after which the breed was bred and improved to become the superior breed known today.
UKC
The Shiba is the smallest of the working Japanese Spitz breeds and was originally used as a hunting dog for small game and ground birds. Due to the importation and cross breeding of English pointing and setting dogs with the Shibas, the breed in its original form was nearly extinct following World War II. The preservation of the pure Shibas began around 1928, and the Japanese breed standard was unified in 1934. The Shiba is the number one companion dog in Japan. The first documented Shiba in the United States was in 1954. The Shiba was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1992.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small-sized dog, well balanced, well boned with well developed muscles. Constitution strong. Action quick, free and beautiful.
KC
Small, well balanced, sturdy dog of Spitz type. Very slightly longer than height at withers.
UKC
The Shiba's frame is compact, with well-developed muscles. There is a distinct difference between males and females. The males have a masculine and robust body structure, while the females are more refined and feminine. The height to length ratio in males is 10 to 11. Females are slightly longer.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.
KC
Lively and friendly. Bright, active, keen and alert.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The temperament is faithful, with keenness in sense and high alertness.
UKC
The Shiba has a good nature as well as a spirited boldness and feeling of alertness. They have keen, alert senses, and are agile and athletic, able to move quickly with nimble, elastic steps. They have an independent nature, and should not be faulted for being aloof towards strangers. While the Shiba can be aggressive towards other dogs, they should be under the control of their handler at all times.

HEAD

:
KC
Head appears as a blunt triangle when viewed from above. Broad flat skull, cheeks well developed. Definite stop with slight furrow. Muzzle straight, of good depth, tapering gradually. Lips tight. Black nose preferred but flesh coloured acceptable in white dogs.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Forehead broad.
UKC
The skull size is in proportion to the body, with a broad, flat forehead, and a well defined stop that has a slight furrow rising above it. The cheeks are full.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined with slight furrow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black colour desirable. Nasal bridge straight.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Moderately thick and tapering.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is firm, full and round. It tapers from the stop to the end of the nose, giving a fox-like appearance but does not taper so much as to become snipey. The bridge of the nose is straight. The lips are drawn tight, showing no looseness. Lip pigment is black.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth strong with scissor bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, triangular and dark brown in colour; the outer corners of the eyes are upturned.
KC
Relatively small, almond, obliquely set, well apart and dark brown.
UKC
The eyes are somewhat triangular in shape. They slant upward toward the outside base of the ear. Iris color is dark brown. Eye rims are black.

Ears

:
FCI
Relatively small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.
KC
Small, triangular, pricked and inclining slightly forward.
UKC
The small, thick ears are triangular in shape and well covered with hair. They stand up firmly and lean forward slightly.

NECK

:
FCI
Thick, strong, and well balanced with the head and the body.
KC
Slightly arched, medium length, thick and muscular.
UKC
The neck is sturdy.

BODY

:
KC
Withers high and well developed. Short loin, level back. Deep chest. Moderate spring of rib. Belly moderate tuck up.
UKC
The chest is deep, the depth of which, measured from the withers to the sternum, is 45 to 50 percent of the total height of the dog, measured from the withers to the ground. The forechest is well developed. The ribs are moderately sprung. The back is straight and strong and the loin is broad and muscular. The topline is level to the set on of the tail. The belly is tucked up.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled or curved as a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
KC
Set on high. Thick and carried curled or curved as a sickle.
UKC
The thick tail is set on high, and nearly long enough to reach the hock. It is carried either curled or curved in sickle fashion.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, forelegs straight.
KC
Shoulders moderately sloping. Elbows set close to the body. Forechest well developed. Forearms straight. Pasterns slightly sloping.
UKC
The well-developed shoulders have moderate angulation.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade moderately sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Tight.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forearms are straight. Dewclaws are optional.

FEET

:
KC
Cat-like with firm, tight, well knuckled toes. Pads firm and elastic. Dark nails preferred.
UKC
Close and well arched with hard, elastic pads and dark nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Digits tightly closed and well arched. Pads hard and elastic. Nails hard and dark in colour desirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Long upper thigh; short, strong second thigh. Hocks strong and parallel when seen from rear, turning neither in nor out. Well developed. Slight but definite bend of stifle.
UKC
The angulation of the hindquarters is moderate to balance with the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are long, and the lower thighs are short but well developed. The hock joint is strong and thick. No dewclaws.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Short, but well developed.

Hock

:
FCI
Thick and tough.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light and brisk.
KC
Light, quick and energetic.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense; hair on tail slightly long and standing off.
KC
Hard, straight outer coat with soft dense undercoat. Hair on tail slightly longer.
UKC
The breed is double coated. The outer coat is stiff and straight, about two inches in length over the withers, with the guard hairs standing off the body. The coat is short and even on the face, ears and legs. The undercoat is soft and thick. The tail hair is slightly longer and stands up. The Shiba is to be shown in a natural state with no trimming of the coat.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Red, black and tan, sesame, black sesame, red sesame.
  • Sesame Equal mixture of white and black hairs.
  • Black sesame More black than white hairs.
  • Red sesame Ground colour of hair red, mixture with black hairs.
All the above mentioned colours must have « Urajiro ».
Urajiro: Whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle and on the cheeks, on the underside of the jaw and neck, on the chest and stomach and the underside of the tail, and on the inside of the legs.
KC
Red: Intense, clear red. White markings restricted to eye spots, cheeks, under jaw, forechest, underparts and underside of tail and legs. No white above elbows or hock. Red Sesame: Red with an even overlay of black guard hairs; black to be not less than 25%, or more than 50% of normal red area. White markings in Red and Red Sesame restricted to eye spots, cheeks, under jaw, forechest, underparts, and underside of tail and legs. No white above elbows or hock. The white marking on the forechest resembling the shape of a bow-tie. Colour Eye spots in Red Sesame may be tan. Black and Tan: Dull black with a bronze cast. Tan markings restricted to eye spots, cheeks, inside of ears, legs and tail. White markings as in Red and Red Sesame. Tan markings only occur between black and white areas. White: White coat with red or grey tinges. White undercoat.
UKC
All acceptable colors must have Urajiro, which is cream to white ventral color in the following areas: on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, inside the ears, on the underjaw and upper throat, inside of legs, on the abdomen, around the vent and the ventral side of the tail. White spots above the eyes are permitted on all colors but are not required. Undercoat is cream, buff or gray. The acceptable colors are as follows. RED - Bright orange red, giving a fox like appearance. Clear red is preferred but some black tipping on the back and tail is acceptable. RED SESAME - A 50/50 mixture of black and red hairs fully intermingled together so that there is no area where the black color predominates. The sesame may end in a widow’s peak on the forehead, leaving the muzzle red. BLACK-AND-TAN - The black is not jet black, but has a very slight brownish cast due to the color of the undercoat. The borderline between the black and tan areas is clearly defined. The distinct tan markings are found: as small spots above the eyes, on the sides of the muzzle and the cheeks, on the forechest, on the ends of the legs, and the underside of the tail. The tan areas lie between the black coat color and the white markings. Clearly delineated white markings (in addition to Urajiro) are permitted in all colors, but not required, on the tip of the tail, as a blaze on the throat or chest, and as stockings on the front legs up to the elbows and on the back legs up to the stifle joint.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 39.5 cms (151/2 ins); bitches: 36.5 cms (141/2 ins ) with allowance of 1.5 cms (3/4 in) either way.
UKC
The height is measured at the top of the shoulder blade. The acceptable height ranges are: males, 14½ to 16½ inches; females, 13½ to 15½ inches. The ideal heights are those closest to the center of the acceptable range for each sex.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 40 cm.
Bitches 37 cm.
There is a tolerance of 1,5 cm smaller or taller.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Bitchy dogs, doggy bitches.
  • Malocclusion (overshot or undershot mouth).
  • Numerous teeth missing.
  • Shyness.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Characteristics: Lack of proper temperament.
Muzzle: Bulge in the bridge of the nose. Black spots on the tongue. Very shallow stop. Dewlap.
Eyes: Light brown, yellow or blue-gray eyes.
Nose: Other than black nose pigment. Butterfly nose.
Ears: Thin, long, narrow ears. Lack of forward slant. Irregularity of the ear line.
Forelegs: Straight shoulders. Turning out at the elbows.
Body: Shallow chest.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: More than four missing teeth.
Coat: Long (with hanging guard hairs) or wooly (a single coat lacking in guard hairs) coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging or short tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Height outside the allowed range.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Drop ears. Ears that bend at the tip. Undershot or overshot bites. Hanging (drop) tail. Tail too short to be carried over the back. Any color other than red, red sesame, black and tan. Lack of Urajiro. Albinism.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bites.
Ears: Drop ears. Ears that bend at the tip.
Tail: Hanging (drop) tail. Tail too short to be carried over the back.
Color: Any color other than red, red sesame, or black and tan. Lack of Urajiro. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.