Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Shiba

Japanese Shiba Inu


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
15.06.1992.
KC
May 1999

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog for birds and small animals. Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Shiba has been a native breed to Japan since the primitive ages. The word « Shiba » originally refers to something « small », a « small dog ». The Shiba’s habitat was in the mountainous area facing the Sea of Japan and was used as a hunting dog for small animals and birds. There were slight differences in the breeds according to the areas where they were raised. As dogs like English Setters and English Pointers were imported from England during the period of 1868-1912, hunting became a sport in Japan and crossbreeding of the Shiba with those English dogs became prevalent and a pure Shiba became rare so that by 1912-1926 pure Shibas confined to these areas became exceedingly scarce. Hunters and other educated persons became concerned with the preservation of the pure Shibas from around 1928 and the preservation of the limited number of pure strains began seriously, and the breed standard was finally unified in 1934. In 1937 the Shiba was designated as a « natural monument » after which the breed was bred and improved to become the superior breed known today.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small-sized dog, well balanced, well boned with well developed muscles. Constitution strong. Action quick, free and beautiful.
KC
Small, well balanced, sturdy dog of Spitz type. Very slightly longer than height at withers.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.
KC
Lively and friendly. Bright, active, keen and alert.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The temperament is faithful, with keenness in sense and high alertness.

HEAD

:
KC
Head appears as a blunt triangle when viewed from above. Broad flat skull, cheeks well developed. Definite stop with slight furrow. Muzzle straight, of good depth, tapering gradually. Lips tight. Black nose preferred but flesh coloured acceptable in white dogs.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Forehead broad.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined with slight furrow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black colour desirable. Nasal bridge straight.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Moderately thick and tapering.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth strong with scissor bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, triangular and dark brown in colour; the outer corners of the eyes are upturned.
KC
Relatively small, almond, obliquely set, well apart and dark brown.

Ears

:
FCI
Relatively small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.
KC
Small, triangular, pricked and inclining slightly forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Thick, strong, and well balanced with the head and the body.
KC
Slightly arched, medium length, thick and muscular.

BODY

:
KC
Withers high and well developed. Short loin, level back. Deep chest. Moderate spring of rib. Belly moderate tuck up.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled or curved as a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
KC
Set on high. Thick and carried curled or curved as a sickle.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, forelegs straight.
KC
Shoulders moderately sloping. Elbows set close to the body. Forechest well developed. Forearms straight. Pasterns slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade moderately sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Tight.

FORELEGS

:

FEET

:
KC
Cat-like with firm, tight, well knuckled toes. Pads firm and elastic. Dark nails preferred.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Digits tightly closed and well arched. Pads hard and elastic. Nails hard and dark in colour desirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Long upper thigh; short, strong second thigh. Hocks strong and parallel when seen from rear, turning neither in nor out. Well developed. Slight but definite bend of stifle.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Short, but well developed.

Hock

:
FCI
Thick and tough.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light and brisk.
KC
Light, quick and energetic.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense; hair on tail slightly long and standing off.
KC
Hard, straight outer coat with soft dense undercoat. Hair on tail slightly longer.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Red, black and tan, sesame, black sesame, red sesame.
  • Sesame Equal mixture of white and black hairs.
  • Black sesame More black than white hairs.
  • Red sesame Ground colour of hair red, mixture with black hairs.
All the above mentioned colours must have « Urajiro ».
Urajiro: Whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle and on the cheeks, on the underside of the jaw and neck, on the chest and stomach and the underside of the tail, and on the inside of the legs.
KC
Red: Intense, clear red. White markings restricted to eye spots, cheeks, under jaw, forechest, underparts and underside of tail and legs. No white above elbows or hock. Red Sesame: Red with an even overlay of black guard hairs; black to be not less than 25%, or more than 50% of normal red area. White markings in Red and Red Sesame restricted to eye spots, cheeks, under jaw, forechest, underparts, and underside of tail and legs. No white above elbows or hock. The white marking on the forechest resembling the shape of a bow-tie. Colour Eye spots in Red Sesame may be tan. Black and Tan: Dull black with a bronze cast. Tan markings restricted to eye spots, cheeks, inside of ears, legs and tail. White markings as in Red and Red Sesame. Tan markings only occur between black and white areas. White: White coat with red or grey tinges. White undercoat.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 39.5 cms (151/2 ins); bitches: 36.5 cms (141/2 ins ) with allowance of 1.5 cms (3/4 in) either way.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 40 cm.
Bitches 37 cm.
There is a tolerance of 1,5 cm smaller or taller.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Bitchy dogs, doggy bitches.
  • Malocclusion (overshot or undershot mouth).
  • Numerous teeth missing.
  • Shyness.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging or short tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.