Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Shar Pei

Shar Pei

Chinese Shar-Pei


ORIGIN

:
FCI
China.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
FCI.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
14.04.1999.
KC
October 2012

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting- and watch-dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This Chinese breed has existed for hundreds of years in the provinces bordering the South China Sea. The town of Dialak in the province of Kwun Tung is probably the place of origin.
UKC
The Chinese Shar-Pei is thought to have developed in Southern China. Figurines bearing a resemblance to the Shar-Pei have been dated back to the Han Dynasty, at least 200 B.C. The breed nearly became extinct during the communist revolution, when dogs were ruthlessly exterminated by the government. A small number of breeders in Hong Kong and Taiwan were able to keep the breed alive. In 1966, the first Shar-Pei were imported into the United States. The Chinese Shar-Pei was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1985.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Active, compact, short coupled and squarely built dog of medium size. Wrinkles over skull and withers, small ears and « hippopotamus » muzzle impart to the Shar Pei a unique look. Dogs larger and more powerful than bitches.
KC
Alert, active, compact, short-coupled, squarely built. Dogs larger and more powerful than bitches.
UKC
The Chinese Shar-Pei is a medium-sized, compact dog with a square, short-coupled body. Height, from the ground to the withers, is approximately equal to the length from the point of the breastbone to the point of the rump. The head is slightly large in proportion to the body, with a characteristic “hippopotamus” muzzle and small, high-set, flat-lying ears. The tail is set high and curled over or to either side of the back. The skin covering the head and body is abundant, loose and wrinkled in puppies, but wrinkles may be limited to the head, neck, withers and base of the tail in adults. The coat is harsh-textured and no longer than one inch. Females may be slightly longer in body and smaller than males.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The height of the Shar Pei from withers to ground is approximately equal to the length of the body, from point of shoulder to point of buttock, especially in males. The length from nose to stop is approximately equal to the length from stop to occiput.
KC
Relatively loose skin, frowning expression, harsh bristly coat.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Calm, independent, loyal, affectionate to his family.
KC
Calm, independent, very affectionate, and devoted to people.
UKC
The Chinese Shar-Pei is calm, confident, dignified and aloof. It is natural for the Shar-Pei to be reserved with strangers but never timid or aggressive. Everyone approaching a Shar-Pei should be aware that, because of the wrinkles on the head, combined with the deep-set eyes, peripheral vision may be limited. Despite its independent nature, the Shar-Pei is very devoted to its own family members. The Shar-Pei’s loose skin and wrinkles, extremely harsh coat, hippopotamus muzzle and blue-black or lavender tongue are other essential characteristics.

HEAD

:
FCI
Rather large in proportion to body. Wrinkles on forehead and cheeks continuing to form dewlap.
KC
Relatively large but not disproportionate to the body, skull flat, broad, moderate stop. Length from nose to stop approximately equal to length from stop to occiput. Moderate wrinkle on forehead and cheeks. Muzzle moderately broad and full with no suggestion of tapering. The lips and top of muzzle may be slightly padded. When viewed from front, bottom jaw appears wider than top. Nose large, wide, preferably black but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible.
UKC
The head is slightly large in proportion to the body. The skin on the head is loose and forms wrinkles on the forehead, continuing into side wrinkles framing the face. Viewed from the side, the skull and muzzle are approximately parallel and equal in length. Viewed from the front, the Shar-Pei’s characteristic scowl is achieved by a marked brow with a padded button of skin just above the inner corner of the eye; by sufficient loose skin to form frowning brows; and distinct wrinkles between the eyes beginning at the base of the muzzle and extending up the forehead and around the face; by correct eye shape and placement; and by correct ear shape, carriage, placement.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat, broad.
UKC
The skull is broad and flat, viewed from side or front.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large and wide, preferably black, but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible. Wide opened nostrils.
UKC
The nose is large and broad with well-opened nostrils. Nose color is black in fawns, reds and blacks. In dilute-colored dogs, the nose is self-colored. Cream colored dogs with black pigment may have a lighter nose.

Muzzle

:
FCI
A distinctive feature of the breed. Broad from root to tip of nose with no suggestion of tapering. Lips and top of muzzle well padded. Bulge at the base of the nose permissible.
KC
Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews: solid bluish-black is preferred. Solid pink tongue undesirable. Dogs with self-coloured pigment and amber or light brown eyes would be expected to have a lavender tongue. Teeth strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive so as to interfere with the bite.
UKC
The muzzle is broad and deep, with plenty of fill under the eyes and no taper from the stop to the nose. The square appearance of the muzzle is caused by combination of correct bone structure and padding of the muzzle and lips. When the mouth is closed, the upper lips completely cover the lower. The lips and top of muzzle are well-padded and may cause a slight bulge above the nose. The top surface and edges of the tongue, lips, inner mouth tissue, and gums are solid bluish-black, except in dilute colors where the pigment is solid lavender. In hot weather, the tongue pigment may lighten. This should not be confused with poor pigmentation.

Lips

:
FCI
Mouth: Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews bluish black is preferred. Pink spotted tongue permissible. Solid pink tongue highly undesirable. In dilute-coloured dogs the tongue is solid lavender.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive as to interfere with the bite.
UKC
The Chinese Shar-Pei has a complete set of good-sized, evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, almond-shaped with a scowling expression. Lighter colour permissible in dilute-coloured dogs. Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable. Free from entropion.
KC
Dark, medium size, almond-shaped with frowning expression. Amber and lighter colours permissible in paler shades. Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable. Free from entropion.
UKC
Eyes are dark brown, almond-shaped, and small. In the dilute colored dogs, eye color may be lighter. Eyes are set deeply, obliquely, and wide apart. The correct function of the eyeball and lids should never be disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair.

Ears

:
FCI
Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tip and set high on the skull with tips pointing towards eyes; set well forward over eyes, wide apart and close to skull. Pricked ears highly undesirable.
KC
Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tip and set high on the skull with tips pointing towards eyes, set well forward over eyes, wide apart and close to skull. The tips and edges may turn up. Pricked ears highly undesirable.
UKC
Ears are extremely small and triangular with thick ear leather and slightly rounded tips. Ears are set high, wide apart and forward on the skull, lying flat against the head and pointing toward the eyes. Edges of the ear may curl. The ears have the ability to move.

NECK

:
FCI
Medium length, strong, set well on shoulders. The loose skin under the neck should not be excessive.
KC
Medium length, strong, full; set well on shoulders, with some loose skin under neck permitted, but this should not be excessive.
UKC
Neck is moderate in length and set well into the shoulders. Loose skin forms moderate to heavy folds and abundant, but not excessive, dewlap about the neck and throat.

BODY

:
FCI
Folds of skin on body in mature dogs highly undesirable except on withers and base of tail, which show moderate wrinkling.
KC
Height at withers approximately equal to the length from point of shoulders to point of buttock. Depth of brisket approximately half of height at withers. Chest broad and deep, underline rising slightly under loin; back short, strong. Topline dips slightly behind withers then rises over short, broad loin. Adult dogs should display moderate wrinkling over shoulders and base of tail. Excessive skin on body when mature highly undesirable.
UKC
The body is square, with the distance from the withers to the ground roughly equal to the distance from the prosternum to point of buttocks. The topline dips slightly behind the withers and rises slightly over the loin. The chest is broad, muscular, and deep, extending to the elbow. Loin is short and broad and slightly tucked up. Croup is flat.

Topline

:
FCI
Dips slightly behind withers; then it rises slightly over loin.

Back

:
FCI
Short, strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
Rather flat.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and deep, brisket reaching the elbow.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Rises slightly under the loin.

TAIL

:
FCI
Thick and round at the root, tapering to a fine point. The tail is set very high, a characteristic feature of the breed. May be carried high and curved, carried in tight curl or curved over or to either side of the back. Lack of or incomplete tail highly undesirable.
KC
Rounded, narrowing to fine point, base set very high. May be carried high and curved, carried in tight curl, or curved over. Lack of, or incomplete, tail highly undesirable.
UKC
The very high-set tail is thick and round at the base, tapering to a point and curling over or to either side of the back. The anus appears to tilt upward due to the set and carriage of the tail.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight, moderate length, good bone. The skin on forelegs shows no wrinkle.
KC
Shoulders muscular, well laid and sloping. Elbows close to the body. Forelegs straight, moderate length, good bone; pasterns slightly sloping, strong and flexible. Forelegs completely wrinkle free when mature.
UKC
The Chinese Shar-Pei’s shoulders are well muscled and well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Muscular, well laid and sloping.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight, of moderate length, and have good bone. Elbows are close to the body. Pasterns are strong, slightly sloping and flexible. The skin on the forelegs shows no wrinkle. Front dewclaws may be removed.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.

FEET

:
KC
Moderate size, compact, toes well knuckled.
UKC
The feet are of moderate size and compact, with well knuckled toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Moderate size, compact, not splayed. Toes well knuckled. Hindfeet free from dewclaws.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Muscular, strong, moderately angulated, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the rear. Wrinkles on upper thighs, lower thighs, rear pasterns as well as the thickening of the skin on hocks undesirable.
KC
Muscular, strong; moderately angulated; hocks well let down without excessive wrinkling or thickening.
UKC
Hindquarters are muscular and moderately angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Viewed from the rear, the legs are straight, parallel, and set moderately wide apart. The rear pasterns are short and perpendicular to the ground. Rear dewclaws must be removed.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The preferred gait is trot. The gait is free, balanced, active with good forward reach and strong drive from the hindquarters. The feet tend to converge to a center line when the speed increases. Stilted gait undesirable.
KC
Free, vigorous and balanced, rear single tracking is normal at a fast trot, stilted gait undesirable.
UKC
The movement of the Shar-Pei is to be judged at a trot, preferably on a loose lead. The gait is free and balanced, with the feet tending to converge toward a center line of gravity when the dog moves at a vigorous trot. The gait combines good forward reach and a strong drive in the hindquarters. Proper movement is essential.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
A distinctive feature of the breed short, harsh and bristly. The coat is straight and offstanding on the body, but generally flatter on the limbs. No undercoat. The coat may vary in length from 1 cm to 2,5 cm. Never trimmed.
KC
Extremely harsh coat straight and off-standing on the body but flatter on the limbs. No undercoat. Length varies from short and bristly, under half an inch (1.25cm) or longer and thicker, between half an inch (1.25cm) and one inch (2.5cm), but still off-standing and harsh to the touch. N.B: no particular coat length within the accepted length should be preferred above the other. Never trimmed.
UKC
The extremely harsh coat is an essential element of Shar-Pei breed type. The coat is single, straight and stands away from the trunk of the body, while lying flatter on the limbs. Coat length may range from the extremely short “horse coat” up to one inch in length at the withers, called a “brush coat.” The coat appears healthy but is not shiny. The Shar-Pei coat may not be trimmed.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All solid colours acceptable except white. Tail and rear part of thighs frequently of a lighter colour. Darker shading down the back and on the ears permissible.
KC
All Solid colours except white are acceptable. Frequently shaded on tail and back of thighs with lighter colour.
UKC
Coat may be any solid color or sable. The solid color may include darker shading, usually down the back and on the ears. Darker hairs of the same base color may be sprinkled throughout the coat.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: 46-51 cms (18-20 ins) at withers.
UKC
Height ranges from 18 to 20 inches; and weight from 45 to 60 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
44 - 51 cm at withers (17,5 - 20 ins).

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Body: Level, roached or swaybacked topline.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Deviation from a scissor bite (as a transitory measure, a very slightly overshot mouth is permissible).
  • Snipy muzzle.
  • Spotted tongue (except pink spotted tongue).
  • Large ears.
  • Low set tail.
  • Coat longer than 2,5 cm.
UKC

Muzzle: Spotted pink tongue.
Hind Legs: Wrinkles on the upper or lower thighs or on the rear pasterns, as well as thickening of the skin on the hocks.
Tail: Low set tail; tail not over back, bushy tail.
Coat: Soft coat; wavy coat; coat length greater than one inch at the withers; trimmed coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Flat foreface with badly overshot bite; undershot bite.
  • Solid pink tongue.
  • Lower lip rolled in, interfering with the bite.
  • Round, bulging eye. Entropion, ectropion.
  • Skin, folds or hair disturbing the normal function of the eye.
  • Pricked ears.
  • Absence of tail; stumpy tail.
  • Heavy folds of skin on body (except withers and base of tail) and limbs.
  • Not a solid colour (albino, brindle, patches, spots, black and tan, saddled pattern).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Solid pink tongue. Pricked ears. Incomplete tail. Any color pattern other than described in standard (brindle, parti-colored, spotted, patterned in any combination of colors). Entropionism. Any sign of irritation to the eyes or lids. Round, bulging eye. Skin folds or hair interfering with the normal function of the eye. In adults, excessive and heavy folds of skin on the body (except for the withers and the base of the tail).
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Head: Excessive wrinkling on the head in adults.
Muzzle: Disqualification: Solid pink tongue.
Muzzle: Lower lip folding over lower incisors (tight lip).
Teeth: Any deviation from a scissors bite.
Eyes: Round, bulging eye. Skin folds or hair interfering with the normal function of the eye. Entropionism. Any sign of irritation to the eyes or lids.
Eyes: Cherry Eye.
Ears: Pricked ears.
Body: Inguinal hernia, histal hernia.
Tail: Incomplete tail.
Coat: In adults, excessive and heavy folds of skin on the body (except for the withers and the base of the tail).
Color: Albinism; any color pattern other than described (brindle, parti-colored, spotted, patterned in any combination of colors).
Teeth: Any deviation from a scissors bite.
Body: Inguinal hernia.
Eyes: Cherry Eye.
Head: Excessive wrinkling on the head in adults.
Muzzle: Lower lip folding over lower incisors (tight lip).
Body: Hiatal hernia.

other

:
FCI
Any artificial physical alteration to the Shar Pei (in particular lips and eyelids) eliminates the dog from competition.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.