Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Small Swiss Hound

(Schweizer Niederlaufhund)

Small Swiss Hound

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

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FCI
Switzerland.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
13.10.2015.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Scenthound hunting the game by giving tongue. He hunts on his own. He searches and drives the game with great determination, even on difficult terrain. He also excels in tracking wounded game.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.3Scenthounds, Small-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Mrs. C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
At the turn of the century, the system of shoots (hunting grounds) was introduced into several Swiss Cantons. As the opinion was that the generally popular medium-sized Swiss Hounds (Schweizer Laufhunde) were too fast for enclosed shoots, it was decided to replace them with smaller short-legged scenthounds. The new smaller breed, bred through planned selection of stock and suitable crossing, was called “Niederlaufhund (“short-legged Scenthound”). It distinguished itself by the following qualities relatively low on leg, with attractive coat colours similar to those of the medium-sized Swiss Hounds (Schweizer Laufhunde), with a melodious cry when hunting and searching and with a very passionate determaination to find game and to do track work.
The Schweizer Niederlaufhund Club, first known by the name “Schweizerischer Dachsbracken Club”, was founded on June 1st 1905.
UKC
At the turn of the century, the system of hunting in enclosed hunting grounds was introduced to Switzerland. The larger, popular Swiss Hounds were too fast for this sort of hunting, so it was decided to replace them with smaller, shorter legged scenthounds. The new, smaller breed was developed through controlled and selective breeding. They are low on leg and come in attractive colors that are similar to the medium sized Swiss Hounds. The Small Swiss Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
“Swiss Hound” type, smaller in proportion than the Schweizer Laufhund, with height at withers from 35-43 cm for dogs and 33-40 cm for bitches; rectangular in shape, moderately long, well built. Medium-sized, clean, noble head with friendly alert facial e Leathers very long, set on low and carried folded. Chest and ribcage broad and deep, giving plenty of heart and lung room. Limbs lean and robust. When moving slowly, the tail is carried hanging down; in action it is curved slightly upwards. There are 4 varieties different in colour Small Bernese Hound, Small Jura Hound, Small Lucerne Hound and Small Schwyz Hound.
UKC
Smaller and much more rectangular in proportion than the Swiss Hound, the Small Swiss Hound has a noble head and a friendly, alert expression.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Small, deft, untiring and keen scenthound with excellent nose. Steady on the trail and hunting with melodious cry. Friendly character, not nervous and never aggressive. Temperament calm to lively.
UKC
Untiring and keen with a sensitive nose. Friendly, calm to lively.

HEAD

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FCI
Noble, clean. Seen from front, rather long and slender, gradually getting broader towards the cheeks.
UKC
The head is rather long and slender, gradually widening towards the eyes.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Lightly arched, no wrinkle or furrow on forehead. Occiput only slightly prominent. Line from occiput to stop of approximately same length and as nearly parallel as possible to the line from stop to nose.
UKC
The skull is lightly arched and free of wrinkle or furrow. The stop is moderately developed.

Stop

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FCI
Moderately developed.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Dark colour. Nostrils wide open.
UKC
The dark colored nose has wide opened nostrils.

Muzzle

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FCI
Strong, fairly long, medium depth, never pointed. Bridge of nose preferably straight or very slightly convex, rather slender.
UKC
The muzzle is strong, fairly long, and never pointed. The nasal bridge is straight or slightly convex, and lies in a plane that is parallel to the line of the skull. The cheeks are only slightly developed. The upper lips are moderately overlapping.

Lips

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FCI
Upper flews moderately overlapping, lightly rounded off in front, never pointed. Corner of mouth not visible.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Very strong, regular and complete scissor bite, the upper row of incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors and teeth set square to the strong jaws. Pincer bite tolerated. Absence of two premolars ( PM1 or PM2) tolerated. Absence of M3 (molars 3) not taken in consideration.
UKC
The Small Swiss Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. The absence of up to two small premolars is tolerated.

Cheeks

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FCI
Only slightly developed.

Eyes

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FCI
Dark, clear, slightly oval, friendly in expression. Neither deep set nor protruding. Lid aperture taut with close fitting lids. Lid rims well pigmented.
UKC
The dark, clear, oval shaped eyes have tight, well pigmented lids, and a friendly expression.

Ears

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UKC
The ears are long, set on low, pendulous, and carried folded and close to the cheeks.

Leathers

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FCI
Set on low, not above eye level, and attached narrow; reaching in length at least to tip of nose. Carried well folded, pendulous and close to cheeks; supple, with fine hair. Auricle not protruding.

NECK

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FCI
Moderately long, light and elegant, yet well muscled. Skin of throat may be loose, but dewlap not desirable.
UKC
Moderately long, light, elegant yet well muscled. There is some loose skin under the throat, but a dewlap is not desirable.

BODY

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UKC
The body is moderately long. The chest is broad and deep, at least to the elbow. The point of the sternum is visible but not too prominent. The ribs are long, moderately rounded and reach well back. The back is straight and firm. The loin is broad, strong and supple, and the croup is slightly sloping. The underline is slightly tucked up towards the hindquarters.

Topline

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FCI
Harmonious from set-on of neck to the gently sloping croup.

Back

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FCI
Straight, firm, medium length.

Loin

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FCI
Broad, strong and supple.

Croup

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FCI
Sloping gently towards the tail. Hip bones should not be visible .

Chest

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FCI
Broad and deep, reaching at least to the elbows. Point of sternum visible, but not too prominent. Ribs long, moderately rounded. Ribcage reaching well back.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Belly line slightly tucked up towards hindquarters. Flanks moderately filled in.

TAIL

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FCI
Set on low in harmonious continuation of croup. Medium length, reaching at least to the hock joint, ending in an elegant point. Well covered with hair, but without plume. In relaxed situations and movement it is carried hanging down with barely any curve. In action and when agitated it is carried slightly upwards, never tilted over the back.
UKC
Set on low in continuation of the croup. Medium long, reaching at least to the hock, and ending in an elegant point. Well covered with hair, but no plume. Carried slightly upwards but never tilted over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Strongly muscled, yet not giving a heavy overloaded appearance. Seen from front, forelegs quite straight, vertically placed, with strong bone. Tight feet pointing straight forward.
UKC
The forequarters are strongly muscled, yet not loaded. The shoulders and upper arms are sloping and meet at a right angle.

Shoulder

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FCI
With strong muscles. Shoulder blade relatively long and swell laid back, well attached and flat to the chest wall. Angulation of shoulder joint almost rectangular.

Upper Arm

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FCI
About same length as shoulder blade, sloping.

Elbow

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FCI
Naturally placed against the body.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The legs are quite straight, with strong bone and elbows placed against the body. The forearms are about the same length as the upper arms. The pasterns are short and never turned out. They are slightly sloping.

Forearm

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FCI
Strong, lean, quite straight, barely shorter than upper arm.

Pastern

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FCI
Pastern joint: Strong.
Pastern: Short. Seen from front in vertical line of the forearm, never turned outwards. Seen from side never quite upright, but slightly oblique to the ground.

FEET

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UKC
Fairly round and firm, with short, well arched, tight toes and rough, hard pads.

Forefeet

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FCI
Roundish, firm. Toes short, tight and well knuckled. Pads rough and hard. Strong nails. Fine hair between toes.

Hind feet

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FCI
Fairly round, firm. Short, tight toes. Pads rough and hard. Strong nails. Fine hair between toes. No dewclaws, except in those countries where their removal is prohibited by law.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Very muscular, in good proportion to forequarters. Stifle and hock joints well angulated. Hindlegs parallel, standing neither close nor too wide. In natural stance they should be placed slightly backwards. Bone of hindquarters slightly less strong than in forequarters.
UKC
The hindquarters are very muscular. The bone of the hindquarters is slightly less strong that that of the forequarters.

Thigh

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FCI
Of good length and width, strong, well muscled.

Stifle

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FCI
Well bent, neither turned in nor out.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The thighs are of good length and width. The stifle is well bent, and the hock is well angulated and set low.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Relatively long, sloping.

Hock joint

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FCI
Strong, well angulated, set low.

Hock

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FCI
Short. Seen from behind straight and parallel.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Preferred natural gait ground covering trot or gallop. Movement when trotting should be free and easy, striding out well in front and with good strong drive behind. Legs move along straight parallel lines. Front action Neither moving close nor paddling; neither toeing in nor out. Hind action Practically parallel with definite drive, neither too close nor too wide. Neither cow-hocked nor bow-legged.
UKC
Free, easy, and ground covering.

SKIN

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FCI
Well fitting and taut, no folds.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

Smooth coat: Short, smooth, close fitting, finer on head and leathers.
Rough coat: Harsh, elastic, close fitting, barely any undercoat, with slight beard.
UKC
There are two coat varieties, which are all shown together at United Kennel Club conformation events. Smooth coat: Short, smooth, close fitting, finer on head and leathers. Rough coat: Harsh, elastic, close fitting, barely any undercoat, with slight beard.

COLOUR

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FCI

There are four varieties of colour.
Small Bernese Hound: This variety is bred with a smooth and a rough coat. Always tricolour white, black and tan. Basic colour white with large black patches. A few black mottles permitted. Tan markings (“Brand”) above eyes, on cheeks, on inside and upper part of leathers and round the vent. Black mantle permitted. Skin Black under black coat, slightly black-and-white marbled under white coat.
Small Jura Hound: This variety is usually smooth haired, seldom shows a “double coat” (Stockhaar). Preferably deep black with tan markings (“Brand”) above eyes, on cheeks, on chest and/or on legs. Or alternatively tan with black mantle or saddle. White patch on chest, not too large, tolerated. Skin black under black coat, lighter under tan markings.
Small Lucerne Hound: This variety is smooth-haired. Basic colour white densely grey-white or black-white speckled (giving a “blue” impression), with large dark or black patches. Tan markings (“Brand”) above eyes, on cheeks, on the inside and upper part of leathers and round the vent. Black mantle permitted. Skin black under black coat, lighter under blue speckling.
Small Schwyz Hound: This variety is smooth-haired. Basic colour white with larger or smaller yellowish-red to orange red patches. A few orange mottles permitted; orange mantle permitted. Skin dark grey under orange coat, white-black marbled under white coat.
UKC
There are four color varieties, which are all shown together at United Kennel Club conformation events Small Bernese Hound This variety is bred with a smooth and a rough coat. Always tricolor: white, black and tan. Basic colour white with large black patches. A few black mottles permitted. Tan markings (“Brand”) above eyes, on cheeks, on inside and upper part of leathers and round the vent. Black mantle permitted. Skin: Black under black coat, slightly black-and-white marbled under white coat. Fault: too much black ticking. Small Jura Hound This variety is usually smooth haired, seldom shows a “double coat” (Stockhaar). Preferably deep black with tan markings (“Brand”) above eyes, on cheeks, on chest and/or on legs. Or alternatively tan with black mantle or saddle. White patch on chest, not too large, tolerated. Skin: black under black coat, lighter under tan markings. Small Lucerne Hound This variety is smooth-haired. Basic colour white, densely grey-white, or black-white speckled (giving a “blue” impression), with large dark or black patches. Tan markings (“Brand”) above eyes, on cheeks, on the inside and upper part of leathers and round the vent. Black mantle permitted. Skin: black under black coat, lighter under blue speckling. Small Schwyz Hound This variety is smooth-haired. Basic colour white with larger or smaller yellowish-red to orange red patches. A few orange mottles permitted; orange mantle permitted. Skin: dark grey under orange coat, white-black marbled under white coat.

SIZE

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Height at withers

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FCI

Dogs 35 – 43 cm.
Bitches 33 – 40 cm.
Tolerance +/- 2 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 14 to 17 inches. For females, it is 13 to 16 inches.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Bone too fine or too coarse, lack of substance.
Coarse head lacking in refinement.
Nose partially flesh-coloured.
Eyes too light, hard expression.
Leathers set on high, too short, thick, flat.
Distinct dewlap.
Swayback or roach back.
Croup short, falling away.
Chest lacking in depth; ribs too flat or barrel-shaped; ribcage not smooth (e.g. flange ribs).
Tail carried too high, distinctly bent.
Forelegs crooked, turned in or out.
Shoulder blade steep, upper arm too short, angulation too wide.
Weak carpal joints, down on pastern.
Spread toes, harefeet.
Insufficient angulations of hindquarters; cow-hocked or bow-legged.
Faults of colour and markings: Small Bernese Hound too many black ticks. Small Schwyz Hound too many orange ticks in the white. Black overlay (“soot”) at leathers, set-on of tail and/or in orange patches.
Apprehensive or slightly sharp behaviour.
UKC

Eyes: Light eyes. Hard expression.
Forelegs: Crooked forelegs.
Color: Too many orange ticks in the white. Black overlay (“soot”) at leathers, set-on of tail and/or in orange patches.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

Overly shy or aggressive.
Lack of breed type in general appearance.
Nose completely flesh-coloured.
Undershot or overshot mouth, wry mouth.
Absence of incisors or canines; faulty position of canines; absence of more than 3 premolars and/or molars.
Entropion, ectropion.
Sternum too short, abrupt tuck-up at end of sternum.
Tail rolled in or kinky.
Colour combinations not according to the standard.
Height at withers for males under 33 cm or over 45cm.
For bitches under 31 cm or over 42cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot, overshot or wry mouth. Absence of incisors or canines. Absence of more than three premolars or molars. Nose pink without pigmentation. Entropion or ectropion. Any color not described in the standard.
Teeth: Undershot, overshot or wry mouth. Absence of incisors or canines. Absence of more than three premolars or molars.
Nose: Nose pink, without pigmentation.
Eyes: Entropion or ectropion.
Color: Any color not described in the standard.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.