Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Swiss Hound

(Schweizer Laufhund - Chien Courant Suisse)

Swiss Hound

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
Switzerland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.11.2001.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog used for hunting the hare, the roedeer, the fox and sometimes the boar. He hunts in an independent manner giving tongue. Even on difficult terrains, searches and hunts with great determination.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Swiss Hound has very ancient origins. His presence in times of the Roman Helvetia is certified on a mosaic, discovered at Avenches, by the representation of packhounds corresponding to the varieties of Swiss hounds. In the XVth century, he was sought after by Italian dog lovers and in the XVIIIth century, by the French, for his exceptional aptitude for hunting the hare. His native lines have certainly been influenced by scenthounds of French breeding brought back to Switzerland by mercenaries. In 1882, a standard was established for each of the five varieties of the Swiss Hound. In 1909, those standards were revised and the total disappearance of the hound of Thurgovie was noted. On 22nd of January 1933, one single standard was established for the 4 varieties of the Swiss Hound. The ancient variety, the hound of the Jura type St. Hubert, has in the meantime disappeared.
UKC
The Swiss Hound is a hunting dog used for hare, fox, roe deer and boar. The breed has ancient origins and was influenced by French hounds that were brought back to Switzerland by the mercenaries. The breed exists in four color varieties. The Swiss Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium size, good conformation indicating strength and endurance; lean head and long muzzle with long leathers giving an air of nobility. There are 4 varieties of the Swiss Hound: Bernese Hound, Jura Hound, Lucerne Hound, Schwyz Hound.
UKC
A medium sized, strong endurance dog with an air of nobility.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body / height at withers = about 1.15 / 1.
Height at withers / depth of chest = about 2 / 1.
Length of muzzle / length of skull = about 1 / 1.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively and passionately keen on hunting, sensitive, docile and very attached to his master.
UKC
Lively and keen when hunting; sensitive, docile and very attached to his master.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Elongated, narrow, lean, noble; rather rounded; occipal protuberance visible; axes of skull and muzzle slightly divergent. Absence of frontal furrow and wrinkles.
UKC
The skull is long, lean, narrow and slightly rounded. The occiput is visible. There is no frontal furrow, and there are no wrinkles on the forehead. The stop is defined but not exaggerated.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined, without exaggeration.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Completely black, well developed; nostrils wide open.
UKC
The black nose has well developed, open nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Finely chiselled, narrow, neither square nor pointed; nasal bridge straight or very slightly convex.
UKC
The muzzle is finely chiseled and narrow, but not pointed. The nasal bridge is straight or convex, and slightly divergent from the line of the skull. The cheeks are clean. The lips are moderately developed.

Lips

:
FCI
Moderately developed, upper lips covering the lower jaw closely; corner of the lips slightly open.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws solid; teeth strong, complete and regular with a scissor bite, i.e. the back sides of the upper incisors are in close contact with the front face of the lower incisors; teeth squarely implanted into the jaws; pincer bite accepted; absence of one or two PM1 or PM2 (premolars 1 or 2) tolerated. The molars M3 are not taken into consideration.
UKC
The Swiss Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. The absence of one or two of the 1st or 2nd premolars is tolerated.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Clean, zygomatic arches not prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark or lighter brown corresponding to the colour of the coat, slightly oval, medium-sized, rims of eyelids well pigmented fitting perfectly the shape of the eyeball; soft expression.
UKC
The medium sized, oval shaped eyes are light to dark brown depending on the color of the coat. The rims are tight fitting, and the expression is soft.

Ears

:
UKC
The long, low set ears are narrow, and twisted or folded. They reach at least to the tip of the nose.

Leathers

:
FCI
Set on below the eye level and towards back of the skull, never attached in their greatest width; in length, reaching at least the tip of the nose; auricle not prominent; leathers narrow, drooping, folded and twisted, rounded at their tips, supple and covered with fine hair.

NECK

:
FCI
Elongated, elegant, muscular; skin loose at the throat, but without noticeable dewlap.
UKC
Long and elegant, with some loose skin at the throat, but no dewlap.

BODY

:
UKC
The body is just slightly longer than it is tall. The chest is deeper than it is wide. The ribcage is long and slightly sprung. The juncture of the neck and shoulder is clean and elegant. The back is firm and straight. The loin is flexible and well muscled. The croup is slightly inclined, and not higher than the withers. The hipbones are not prominent. The underline is slightly tucked up.

Topline

:
FCI
Neck, back, croup and tail should form an harmonious and noble outline.

Withers

:
FCI
Discretely defined, set-on of neck free and elegant.

Back

:
FCI
Firm and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Well muscled, flexible.

Croup

:
FCI
Longish, in harmonious prolongation of the topline, slightly inclined. Not higher than withers. Hip bones not too prominent.

Chest

:
FCI
Deeper than wide, well let down and reaching at least the point of the elbows; thoracic cage carried well back, with slightly sprung ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Underline: Slightly tucked up towards hindquarters; full flanks.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set in prolongation of the croup, of medium length, elegant, tapering to its tip, forming slight upward curve; at rest or in slow gait mostly hanging without a distinctive curve; when the dog is attentive or is moving faster, it is carried higher than the back line, but never falling over the back or curled up; well covered with hair, but without any coarser slightly offstanding hairs.
UKC
Set off the natural line of the croup, the tail is elegant and tapering. It is carried above the line of the back in a curve, but never curled over the back. There is no brush.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Very muscular, lean, without heaviness. Seen from the front forelegs parallel, of medium bone structure; seen in profile standing vertical. Forefeet pointing straight ahead.
UKC
The shoulder blades and upper arms are long and oblique, and meet at an angle of 100 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blades long and oblique, well attached to the chest wall. Ideal angle of the scapular-humeral articulation about 100°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
A little longer than the shoulder blade, oblique, close to the chest. Fine musculature.

Elbow

:
FCI
Naturally placed against the thoracic wall.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The elbows lie against the chest, and the forearms are straight and broad, with medium bone. The pasterns are relatively short and slightly inclined.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and broad.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong and broad.

Pastern

:
FCI
Relatively short; seen from the front, in the vertical line of the forearm; seen in profile, slightly inclined.

FEET

:
UKC
Fairly round, with tight toes and rough, hard pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Of roundish shape; toes tight; pads rough and hard; nails solid and coloured according to the colour of the coat.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Roundish; toes tight; pads rough and hard; nails solid and coloured according to the coat colour.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Very muscular, but in harmonious relation to the forequarters; seen from behind straight and parallel.
UKC
The hindquarters are very muscular, and in balance with the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, oblique, with strong, but flat muscles. Angle of the coxal-femoral articulation about 110°.

Stifle

:
FCI
Neither turned out nor in. Angle of the femoral-tibial articulation about 120°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is long, with strong, flat muscles. Angulation at the stifle is about 120 degrees. The lower thigh is long, with lean muscles and tendons. The angle at the hock joint is about 130 degrees. The rear pasterns are short, straight and parallel.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Relatively long, muscles and tendons lean, apparent under the skin.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Angle of the tibial-tarsal angulation about 130°.

Hock

:
FCI
Quite short, straight and parallel. Without dewclaws, except in countries where their removal is prohibited by law.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Movement easy, regular, coordinate and covering ground; powerful impulsion from the hindquarters; the legs move along parallel straight lines. The withers move up and down smoothly and regularly; the back should remain level; very slight lateral oscillation of the head and neck.
UKC
Easy, coordinated, and ground covering.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fine, supple, well fitting to the body, of different colour in the four varieties
Bernese Hound: Black skin under black coat, slightly white and black marbled under the white coat.
Jura Hound: Black skin under black coat but lighter under tan coat.
Lucerne Hound: Black skin under black coat and lighter under blue speckling.
Schwyz Hound: Dark grey skin under orange coat and white and black marbled under the white coat.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short; smooth and dense, very fine on head and leathers.
UKC
The coat is short, smooth and dense, and very fine on the head and ears.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Bernese Hound: White with black patches or black saddle; with light to dark tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, the inside of the leathers and around the vent; the white sometimes with very slight black ticking.
Jura Hound: Tan with black blanket, sometimes with black overlay; or black with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, around the vent and on the legs; sometimes with a small white patch on the chest which may be slightly speckled (black or grey ticking).
Lucerne Hound: “Blue” resulting from a combination of back hairs and white hairs, very heavily speckled; with black patches or black saddle; with light to dark tan markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, on the chest, around the vent and on the legs; a black blanket is admitted.
Schwyz Hound: White with orange patches or orange saddle; the white sometimes with very slight orange ticking; an orange blanket is admitted.
UKC
The Swiss Hound comes in four color varieties, which are all shown together at United Kennel Club conformation events. Bernese Hound: White with black patches or black saddle; with light to dark tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, the inside of the leathers and around the vent; the white sometimes with very slight black ticking. Lucerne Hound: “Blue”, resulting from a combination of back hairs and white hairs, very heavily speckled; with black patches or black saddle; with light to dark tan markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, on the chest, around the vent and on the legs; a black blanket is admitted. Schwyz Hound: White with orange patches or orange saddle; the white sometimes with very slight orange ticking; an orange blanket is admitted. Jura Hound: Tan with black blanket, sometimes with black overlay; or black with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, around the vent and on the legs; sometimes with a small white patch on the chest which may be slightly speckled (black or grey ticking).

SIZE

:
FCI
No tolerance of undersize or oversize.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 49 – 59 cm.
Females 47 – 57 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 19 to 23 inches. For females, it is 18.5 to 22.5.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Stop too distinct.
Muzzle too short or too long, too square or too snipy.
Nasal bridge concave.
Absence of teeth other than 1 or 2 premolars (PM1 or PM2). The molars 3 (M3) are not taken into consideration.
Flews too thick.
Eyes light, piercing expression; eyelid not close to the eyeball.
Leathers too short, too thick, set on too high, carried flat.
Neck too short.
Dewlap too pronounced.
Saddle back or roach back
Croup too short or sloping too steeply.
Chest not deep enough, too flat or barrel-shaped.
Belly tucked up, hollow flanks.
Tail badly set, carried too high, too curved, deviated, too coarse in shape; with coarser slightly offstanding hairs.
Limbs too fine-boned or incorrectly placed.
Shoulders too upright; upper arm too short.
Down on pasterns.
Insufficient angulation of hinquarters; cow hocked; bandy legs.
Dewclaws on hindlegs (unless removal prohibited by law).
Coat rough, not smooth.
Faults in colour and markings
Bernese Hound: Too many black ticks in the white. Tan or white colour on the outer side of the ear lobe.
Jura Hound: Self coloured coat. Important white patch or strongly speckled white patch on chest.
Lucerne Hound: Absence of “blue” speckle. Tan colour on the outer face of the ear lobe.
Schwyz Hound: Too many orange flecks in the white. Self coloured coat. White colour on the outer side of the ear lobe.
Slightly apprehensive or slightly sharp behaviour.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
General appearance coarse and lacking in distinction; weak general structure.
Disproportion between length of body, height at withers and depth of chest.
Skull too broad, too rounded or too flat.
UKC

Color: Too many orange flecks in the white. Self coloured coat. White colour on the outer side of the ear lobe.
Color: Absence of “blue” speckle. Tan colour on the outer face of the ear lobe.
Color: Too many black ticks in the white. Tan or white colour on the outer side of the ear lobe.
Color: Self coloured coat. Important white patch or strongly speckled white patch on chest.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Overly shy or aggressive.
General appearance lacking in breed type.
Nose entirely depigmented.
Overshot or underhsot mouth, wry mouth.
Ectropion, entropion (even if operated).
Rolled or ring tail, hook tail; malformed knotted or fused tail.
Size either over or under that fixed by the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot, overshot or wry bite. Nose pink without pigmentation. Entropion or ectropion. Rolled, ringed, hooked or malformed tail.
Teeth: Undershot, overshot or wry bite.
Nose: Nose pink without pigmentation.
Eyes: Entropion or ectropion.
Tail: Rolled, ringed, hooked or malformed tail.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.