Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Dutch Schapendoes

(Nederlandse Schapendoes)

Schapendoes


ORIGIN

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FCI
The Netherlands.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
26.03.1992.

UTILISATION

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FCI
The Nederlandse Schapendoes is a herding dog which was used for herding flocks of sheep and which is still used in the same capacity today. As pasture for sheep is situated mainly in quiet, lonely areas of the country, it is necessary for the Schapendoes to be equipped with great endurance, mobility and speed. A great facility for jumping is essential, as well as intelligence and the ability to act on his own. He has to be a true herding dog in character, body and soul.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Chris Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
At the end of the last and beginning of this century, the Nederlandse Schapendoes occurred everywhere in the region of the Netherlands where there was heathland and where there were herds or flocks of sheep. The shepherds valued him for the tireless pleasure he took in his work and for his intelligence. He belongs to the wide-ranging group of long-haired herding breeds which have densely coated heads. He is related to the Bearded Collie, the Puli, the Owczarek Nizinny, the Bobtail, the Briard, the Bergamasker and the German Schafspudel of the variety which occurs in Hessen, Odenwald and the Niederrhein district. All these similar dogs are smaller mutations of mountain dogs. The canine authority, P.M.C. Toepoel, is the founder of this breed. During the second World War, he knew how to rouse interest in the breed. During the years from 1940 to 1945 specimen of the almost vanished Schapendoes were used for breeding from wherever they could be found.
The Breed Club for Nederlandse Schapendoes was founded in the year 1947 and in 1952 the breed was provisionally recognized by the Raad van Beheer. In 1954 the standard was set up and a Stud Book started. Definite recognition followed in the year 1971. Since then only registered dogs have been bred from.
UKC
The Schapendoes (also known as the Dutch Sheepdog) is a member of a wide-ranging group of long-haired herding dogs that have densely coated heads. At the turn of the century the breed was well known in the Netherlands, being prized for his intelligence and the tireless pleasure that he took in his work. Following the World War ll, the breed was resurrected from a few remaining individuals. The first breed club was founded in 1947, a standard written in 1954, and complete recognition came in 1971. The Schapendoes was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
The Nederlandse Schapendoes is a lightly built, long coated dog with a height at withers of 40 to 50 cm. His movement is effortless and springy. He is remarkable jumper.
UKC
The Schapendoes is a medium sized, lightly built, long coated dog that is equipped with great endurance, mobility and speed. His movement is springy and he is a remarkable jumper.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
The Schapendoes is a normally and harmonically constructed herding dog with an attentive and courageous character. He is intelligent, watchful, jolly, lively, friendly and high spirited. Towards people familiar to him, he develops great affection and loyalty.
UKC
This is a true herding dog in character, body and soul. He is attentive, courageous, intelligent and watchful. He is extremely loyal and affectionate towards his family.

HEAD

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FCI
The abundant growth of hair gives the head the appearance of loocking bigger and, in particular, broader.
UKC
The abundant hair on the head gives it the impression of being bigger, and particularly broader, than it actually is.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Almost flat with a moderate frontal furrow and strongly defined superciliary arches. It ist fairly broad in proportion to its length the width is slightly greater than the distance between the stop and the occiput.
UKC
The skull is almost flat, with a moderate frontal furrow and well defined superciliary arches. It is broader than it is long. The stop is clearly defined but not steep.

Stop

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FCI
Clearly defined but not steep.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
The bridge of the nose is placed a little lower than the line of the skull.
UKC
The bridge of the nose is placed a little lower than the line of the skull.

Muzzle

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FCI
The muzzle is shorter than the distance between the stop and the occiput. The foreface tapers hardly, remains deep and ends broadly, being only slightly rounded at its end. Seen from the side, with jaw closed, the lower jaw must be clearly visible.
UKC
The muzzle is shorter than the skull, deep and broad to the end, which is only slightly rounded. The underjaw is well-developed and the cheeks are prominent.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Normally developed scissor bite.
UKC
The Schapendoes has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
The zygomatic arches are strongly prominent.

Eyes

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FCI
The eyes are fairly large, round and set into the socket in a normal position. They are placed more to the front than the side of the head. Their colour is brown; they should not give the impression of being black. The white of the eye should only be visible when the dog looks hard to one side. The expression is open minded, honest and lively. Shape, colour and expression are very characteristic for the breed.
UKC
The eyes are fairly large, round and set forward on the skull. They are brown in color, and should not give the impression of being black. The expression is honest, open and lively.

Ears

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FCI
These are set on fairly high and are neither large nor fleshy. They hang free, but not close to the head. They are amply feathered and mobile, but should not protrude beyond the outline of the skull.
UKC
The ears are set on fairly high, and hang freely, but not close to the head. They are not large or fleshy. They are well covered with hair, and mobile, but should not protrude beyond the outline of the skull.

NECK

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FCI
The head is carried high on a strong, clean neck.
UKC
The strong, clean neck carries the head well up.

BODY

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FCI
The Schapendoes is slightly longer than high. The skeleton is fine boned, pliable and elastic.
UKC
In proportion, the Schapendoes is slightly longer than tall. The skeleton is fine-boned and elastic. The chest is deep, with good forechest, and the ribs are long and moderately well sprung. The topline has a slight curve over the muscular loin. There is not too much tuck up.

Topline

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FCI
Curved over a strong muscular loin.

Chest

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FCI
Deep. Ribs are moderately to well sprung; they reach far back.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Not too tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
The tail is long, well coated and feathered. The manner and way in which the dog carries his tail is characteristic of the breed. In repose it hangs downwards. When trotting, the tail is carried fairly high and swings slightly curved from one side to the other. When galloping, it is stretched out straight. When jumping, the tail definitely serves as a rudder. When the dog is alert, the tail may sometimes be raised high. It should, however, never be carried stiffly over the back.
UKC
The tail is long and well feathered. Tail carriage is a breed characteristic. In repose, it hangs down. When trotting, the tail is carried fairly high, and swings in a slight curve from one side to the other. When the dog is galloping, the tail is stretched out straight. When jumping, the tail serves as a rudder. When the dog is alert, the tail may be raised high, but it should never be carried stiffly over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
The front legs are straight and lightly boned. Good angulation of the front legs should emphasize the fore-chest.
UKC
The shoulders are well-angulated.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight and lightly boned, with springy pasterns.

Pastern

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FCI
Springy.

FEET

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UKC
The feet are fairly large, broad and oval, with tight toes. The pads are thick and springy, with plentiful hair between them. Dewclaws are allowed.

Forefeet

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FCI
The feet are fairly large and elastic, broad and oval in shape. The toes are tightly bunched. The pads are thick and springy, with plentiful hair between them. Dewclaws are permitted.

Hind feet

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FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Pelvis: In a well slanted position.
UKC
The pelvis is sloping.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
There is moderate angulation at the hock, and the rear pasterns are short.

Hock

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FCI
Moderately angulated, well muscled.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Short.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
In his work, the Schapendoes gallops rather than trots, so his movement must be light footed and springy without excessive use of energy. He must be able to jump well and turn swiftly.
UKC
The natural gait of the Schapendoes is a gallop, not a trot. He must be light-footed and springy, and not waste energy.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
The Schapendoes has a thick coat with sufficient undercoat. The coat is long, a good 7 cm or more in the region of the hindquarters. It is not smooth, but lightly waved. Definitely curly, frizzy hair is not permitted. The hairs grow very densely together; they are fine and dry, but above all, never silky. The coat, where it is long, is inclined to stand off in tufts, giving the Schapendoes a large girth, especially at the rear. The Schapendoes has a tremendous top knot, moustache and beard.
UKC
Dense, double and lightly waved. Approximately 3 inches long in the region of the hindquarter. Definitely curly or frizzy hair is unacceptable. The individual hairs are fine and dry, never silky. The coat sometimes stands off in tufts. There is a definite topknot, mustache and beard.

COLOUR

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FCI
All colours are permitted. Preference is given to blue-grey to black.
UKC
All colors are permitted, but preference is given to blue-grey to black.

SIZE

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UKC
Height for males is 17 to 20 inches at the withers. For females, 16 to 18 inches.

Height at withers

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FCI

For dogs 43 - 50 cm,
For bitches 40 - 47 cm.

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI
No Schapendoes which behaves nervously and - or - aggressively in the ring will be placed or classified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.