|Fédération Cynologique Internationale|
|United Kennel Club|
Spanish Hound(Sabueso Español)
Hunting hound for small game, although he is not averse to big game hunting, be it boar, stag, deer, fox, wolf or the bear. The hunter, instructed by the dog’s voice and its modulations, will recognize the sequence of events of the hunting and its incidents such as Cold or fresh line of scent, double scent lines, firmness on line or « halali » (kill). The Sabueso español (hound) is a great specialist in hunting the hare with his doubling habit and he is most efficient in blood tracking.
|Group 6||Scent hounds and related breeds|
|Section 1.2||Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds|
|With working trial|
Mrs. Peggy Davis.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Already known in the late Middle Ages, he is brilliantly described by the venery book by King Alphonse XI (XIVth century) as well as by Argote de Molina (1582) and by numerous classic authors.
The Spanish Hound was described in the 14th Century by King Alphonse XI. He is generally used for hunting small game, but is not adverse to hunting large game and is an excellent blood tracker for large game. The Spanish Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.
Medium sized dog, balanced, with rather long proportions, with a lovely head and long leathers. The development of his thoracic perimeter and the length of his body which exceeds greatly the height at the withers, are remarkable. Compact bone structure and solid legs; fine hair, smooth and flat. The gaze is soft, sad and noble.
A medium sized, long boned, very rectangular dog, with solid bone and fine, smooth flat hair.
Long line structure.
Length of the body is widely superior, from 7 to 10 cm, to the height at the withers.
Length of skull / length of muzzle = 1/1, i.e. they are of equal length.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
He is an affectionate and calm dog which, when out hunting big game, shows extraordinary courage and bravery.
Affectionate, calm, brave, and courageous.
Harmonious, long and in proportion with the rest of the body. Cranial-facial lines divergent. Seen from above, the ensemble skull and muzzle must appear elongated and very uniform. No impression of pointed muzzle.
The head is long, in proportion with the rest of the body. The skull and muzzle are of equal length.
Medium width, broader in the males. Convex profile. The width of the skull should be equal to its length; seen from the front, it must be domed. Occipital crest simply marked.
The skull is medium in width, with a convex profile. Its width should be equal to its length. From the front, the skull is domed. The stop is a gentle slope.
In gentle slope, only slightly marked.
Large, moist with open and well developed nostrils. Its colour varies from light to intense black, always in relation with the colour of the mucous membranes.
Large and moist, from light to intense black.
Straight profile, a very slight sub-convexity only at its end portion admissible. Seen from above, it appears moderately rectangular, decreasing in width as it gets nearer the nose.
The muzzle is moderately rectangular when seen from above, narrowing in width slightly towards the nose. It is never pointed. The upper lips are loose and abundant, well covering the lower jaw. The lips must be the same color as the nose.
The upper lip must clearly cover the lower lip; it is loose and moderately abundant. The lower lip forms a well marked labial corner. The mucous membranes must be of the same colour as the nose. Palate of the same colour as the mucous membranes, with marked ridges.
Scissor bite. Teeth white and sound. Canines well developed, all premolars present.
The Spanish Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.
Medium, almond shape, hazel colour, dark; with a sad, noble and intelligent expression. Eyelids pigmented like the nose and the mucous membranes, close to the eyeball. Slight relaxing at rest is permitted.
The eyes are medium in size, almond in shape, and dark in color. They have a sad, noble, intelligent expression. The eyelids match the nose in pigment and fit tightly.
The ears are large, long and hanging. They are soft in texture and hang freely, twisted in a corkscrew. They must reach well beyond the nose.
Large, long and hanging. Of soft texture, rectangular shape and rounded tip. Set below eye level and hang freely twisted in corkscrew. Without being stretched, they must reach well beyond the nose. The venous system is very visible and just under the skin.
Truncated cone, broad and strong, muscled and supple; skin thick and very loose, which forms, without exaggeration, a marked and loose dewlap.
Broad, strong and muscular, with thick, loose skin that forms a dewlap.
Clearly rectangular, very strong and robust, with an important thoracic perimeter which must be more, by 1/3, than the height at the withers height at the withers 3, thoracic perimeter 4.
The body is clearly rectangular. The chest is very developed, with a prominent point of sternum. The ribs are rounded. The topline is straight with a slight dip behind the withers and a slight arch over the loin. Not a saddle or sagging back. The back is long and broad. The loin is very broad and powerful and only slightly raised. The croup is broad and fairly horizontal. The rump should be the same height as, or slightly lower than, the withers. In young dogs the rump is sometimes higher than the withers. The flanks are deep, and the belly is not tucked up.
Straight, with a slight dip of the back and convexity of the loin, characteristics of the breed, but not a saddle back.
Set forward and lightly marked.
Powerful, broad, of marked length.
Very broad and powerful; slightly raised.
Powerful, broad, rather horizontal. The height at the rump must be the same or below the height at the withers. Taking into account the tendency of the breed to increase in size, it will be permitted that the rump will be slightly higher.
Very developed, broad, deep and high, well let down to the elbow. Point of sternum marked. Rounded ribs, with very wide intercostal spaces, forming a large thoracic cage.
Underline and belly:
Belly not very tucked up; the flanks are deep, very visible, and full.
Thick at the root and set at medium height. Strong and covered with very short hair forming a small paint brush at the tip. At rest carried slightly curved and hanging down below the point of the hock; at work and in action, it raises sabre fashion, without excess, with a continual lateral movement. Never straight, directed upwards or resting on the rump.
Set at medium height, and thick at the root. The tail is covered with short hair that forms a small paint brush at the tip. At rest the tail is carried down and curved between the hocks. In action it is raised in saber fashion and has a continual lateral movement. The tail is never straight, vertical or curled over and resting on the rump.
Perfectly vertical, straight, parallel. Give the impression of being short and muscles and tendons are clearly visible. The length of the forearm must be equal to that of the shoulder. Of strong bone structure, with powerful pasterns; elbows really close to the body.
The shoulder blades and upper arms are approximately the same length and meet at an angle of nearly 100 degrees.
Shoulder-blade oblique, rounded, muscled and of equal length to that of the upper arm. Scapulo-humeral angle close to 100°.
Close to the thorax. Humeral-radial angle close to 120°.
The legs are straight and parallel. They give the impression of being short. The bone is strong and the muscles and tendons are clearly visible. The elbows are very close to the body. The pasterns are strong, powerful and slightly oblique.
Straight, short, vertical. Strong bones.
Strong and powerful bone structure. Seen in profile, only slightly oblique.
Cat feet, with strong, tight, high toes.
Catfeet, toes tight, phalanges strong and high. Nails strong and solid, pads large and tough. Interdigital membranes moderate and covered with fine hair.
Catfeet, slightly oval. More elongated than the front feet. Present, or not, dewclaws are usually single, rarely double; their removal is allowed.
Powerful, muscled and with excellent angulation. Legs correct, hocks without deviations, metatarsal long and feet solid. They give the dog the necessary strength, agility and impulsion to follow the trail on very bumpy terrains and with significant uneveness.
The hindquarters are powerful and muscular, with excellent angulation. They give the dog the necessary strength, stamina and agility to follow a trail over very rough terrain. The angulation of the pelvis and femur is 100 degrees.
Strong and muscular. Coxal-femoral angle near 100°.
The upper thigh is strong and muscular. The angle at the stifle is 115 degrees. The hock is well marked, with the tendon clearly visible. The angle of the hock is 120 degrees.
Of moderate length, muscular. Femoral-tibial angle nearly 115°.
Well marked with the tendon clearly visible. Angle of the hock open; getting close to 120°.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
The preferred gait is the trot, which is long, sustained and economical without tendency to lateralisation or ambling. Particular attention should be paid to the elbows and the hocks whilst moving. There is, in the walk, a natural tendency of the breed to walk with the head low while sniffing.
At a trot the gait is long, sustained and economical.
Very elastic, thick and pink in colour, loose all over the body; on some occasions it forms wrinkles on the forehead when the head is lowered.
The skin is thick and loose all over the body, sometimes forming wrinkles on the forehead when the head is lowered.
Dense, short, fine and smooth (flat). Covering the whole of the body down to the interdigital spaces.
The coat is dense, short, flat and smooth.
White and orange, with dominance of one or the other colour and distributed in irregular markings, well defined and without ticking. The orange colour may vary from a lighter shade (lemon) to an intense russet-brown.
White and orange, distributed in irregular markings. No ticking. The orange color may range from lemon to dark russet brown.
This breed presents a pronounced sexual dimorphism which reveals itself in the difference in size between the males and the females; these last are noticeably smaller and finer.
Height at withers:
Males from 52 to 57 cm, females from 48 to 53 cm. Females 25 to 28 cm.
In subjects of excellent proportions, 1 cm above the size limits is tolerated.
The female Spanish Hounds are considerably smaller and finer than the males. Height for males is from 20.5 to 22.5 inches at the withers. For females, it is 19 to 21 inches.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Profile of the muzzle arched, but without excess.
- Pincer bite. Absence of one premolar.
- Loose eyelids to the point of uncovering a bit of conjunctiva.
- Weakness in the dorsal-lumbar line and swaying at the walk.
- Loin too elevated, which, although permitted, must never be exaggerated.
Teeth: Level bite.
Eyes: Loose eyelids.
Body: Weakness in the back which causes swaying when the dog is walking.
- Frail appearance.
- Muzzle too pointed or blunt.
- Moderately overshot mouth; absence of canines or premolars not due to traumatisms.
- Entropion or ectropion.
- Cropped ears.
- Saddle back.
- Height at the croup much more than the height at the withers.
- Thoracic perimeter insufficient.
- Tail carried too high or resting on the croup; docked tail.
- Incorrect position of the legs; weak or crooked legs.
- Out at the elbows, at the walk or when standing.
- Lateral movements of the legs when walking.
- Wavy coat, hard or semi-long.
- Unbalanced temperament, excessively timid, nervous or aggressive.
Eyes: Entropion or ectropion.
Body: Sway back.
Coat: Wavy, hard or semi-long coat.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Length of the body equal or below that of the height at withers.
- Split nose.
- Excessively overshot mouth; undershot bite in any degree.
- Hair hard and long; woolly coat which indicates cross-breeding.
- Tri-coloured dogs or with tan markings on the muzzle and the legs.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot bite. Excessively overshot bite. Long, wooly coat that indicates cross breeding. Tri-colored dogs, or dogs with tan markings on the muzzle or legs.
Teeth: Undershot bite. Excessively overshot bite.
Coat: Long, woolly coat that indicates cross breeding.
Color: Tri-colored dogs, or dogs with tan markings on the muzzle or legs.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.