Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Saarloos Wolfdog

(Saarlooswolfhond)

Saarloosewolfdog


ORIGIN

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FCI
The Netherlands.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
03.11.2014.

UTILISATION

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FCI
The Saarlooswolfdog was not bred with any aim for a particular utilization. He possesses qualities which enable him to be a faithful and reliable companion and house dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
C.Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
Leendert Saarloos (1884-1969) loved nature and also loved dogs. However, he found that dogs had become too humanized and intended, as a lover of the German Shepherd Dog, to breed the natural qualities back into this breed in order to produce a better working dog. For this reason he crossed the German Shepherd Dog male, Gerard van der Fransenum, a dog of classical Prussian type, with Fleuri, a female wolf which originated from the Siberian branch of the European type (1932).
Breeding back to the father gave him a basic population of animals with one quarter wolf’s blood. During the course of the following experimental phase with strict selection, a new breed, the « European Wolfsdog » evolved.
As selected animals of this new breed gave good service as guide dogs for the blind, they were at first regarded as suitable for this work. Due to the increase in the proportion of wolf blood, however the useful ability, inherited from the original ancestor, Gerard, became gradually lost and it became obvious that the breed was neither well suited to being a working nor a guide dog. The legacy of Leendert Saarloos, not a working dog, but a dog with attributes close to nature, was recognized as a breed in 1975. At that time, the breed was named « Saarlooswolfhond » in honour of its founder. Honour to him to whom honour is due.
Since then the « Nederlandse Vereniging van Saarlooswolfhonden » (Netherlands Society for the Saarloos Wolfdog), has represented the breed’s interests, including the following new breed standard.
UKC
In 1932, a gentleman named Leendert Saarloos crossed a male German Shepherd Dog with a female European wolf. He then bred the offspring back to their sire, and with that pool of dogs he created the Saarloosewolfdog. The breed was not created for any specific working purpose, but rather to be a hardy, self reliant companion and housedog. The Saarloosewolfdog was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
The Saarlooswolfdog is a strongly built dog whose outer appearance (body build, movement and coat) are reminiscent of a wolf. His construction is balanced and he has quite long limbs without giving the appearance of being long-legged. The different secondary sexual characteristics are pronounced in dogs and bitches.
UKC
A strongly build, well-balanced, fairly long legged dog that closely resembles a wolf. Secondary sex characteristics are strongly marked.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI
The Saarlooswolfdog is longer than its height. The upper jaw and skull have a relation in length of 1 to 1 to each other.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
A lively dog, bursting with energy, with evidence of a proud independent character. He obeys only of his own free will; he is not submissive. Towards his master he is devoted and reliable to a high degree. Towards strangers he is reserved and somewhat suspicious. His reserve and wolf-like wish to flee in unknown situations, are typical for the Saarloos Wolfdog and should be retained as typical qualities of the breed. When strangers approach the Saarlooswolfdog, they should have some understanding for the behaviour of this dog, for his reserve and wish to flee, qualities which he carries as his inheritance. A forced, undesired approach by a stranger can lead to an overwhelming desire to flee. The suppression of this inclination, for instance through lack of freedom in a dog kept on a lead, can make his behaviour appear nervous.
UKC
The Saarloosewolfdog is lively, energetic and independent. The breed is devoted and reliable with its master but suspicious of strangers. A natural, wolf-like reserve and desire to flee from unknown situations is typical of this breed.

HEAD

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FCI
The head should give a wolf-like impression and its size should be in harmonious relation to the body. Seen from above and from the side, the head is wedge-shaped. The line from the muzzle to the well developed zygomatic arch is very characteristic. Together with the correct shape and position of the eye, this line gives the desired wolf-like appearance.
UKC
Wedge-shaped, giving a wolf like impression.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
The skull is flat and broad. Exaggeration in respect to width must be warned against as this affects the typical wedge shape. The occiput and the eye socket must not be noticeable. The superciliary ridges should merge with the skull in a flowing line.
UKC
The skull is flat and broad. There is no prominence of occiput or eye socket. There is a slight stop.

Stop

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FCI
The transition from the strong muzzle to the skull must form a slight stop.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Nose leather well pigmented. Bridge of nose straight.
UKC
Well-pigmented.

Muzzle

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UKC
The muzzle is the same length as the skull and must balance in size with the skull and never be coarse, which would take away from the wolf-like appearance. The bridge of the nose is straight. The lower jaw is not conspicuous.

Lips

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FCI
Well closed. Tight fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Upper jaw: Must not appear coarse compared to the skull. Too coarse a muzzle disfigures the typical wolf-like shape.
Lower jaw: Not conspicuous.
Upper and lower jaw are well developed and have a strong and complete scissor bite which is also acceptable in the shape of a very close fitting scissor bite.
UKC
The Saarloosewolfdog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

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FCI
Preferably yellow, almond shaped. Set slightly oblique, not protruding and not round, with well fitting lids. The expression is alert, reserved but not anxious. The eye is a very typical characteristic of the breed which emphasizes the desired wolf-like appearance. The desired expression is only achieved by a light eye. A great deal of value must be placed on the colour, shape and correct position in skull. With an older dog, the yellow eye colour may darken but the original disposition to a yellow colour should be maintained. Disposition to brown colour is less desirable. The eye socket merges into the skull in a flowing line An eye socket that is too pronounced together with a pronounced superciliary arch and a marked stop are undesirable.
UKC
The eyes are a very typical characteristic of the breed. They must be almond shaped, set slightly obliquely, and yellow in color. The desired expression, which is alert and reserved, yet not anxious, can only be achieved with a light eye. Eye color may darken with age but the tendency to a light eye must remain. Brown eyes are less desirable. Round, protruding eyes are very undesirable.

Ears

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FCI
Medium size, fleshy, triangular with rounded tip. Hairy on inside. The ear is set on at the level of the eyes. The ears are very mobile and express the emotions and feelings of the dog. Not desired are ears too pointed or set on too high. Ears set too far apart laterally, disfigure the head in its typical appearance and are therefore less desirable.
UKC
Medium size, fleshy, triangular in shape, with rounded tips, the ears are set on at the level of the eye. They are very mobile. Pointed or very high set ears are undesirable, as are low set ears that are carried too far on the sides of the head.

NECK

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FCI
Dry and well muscled, merging with the back in a very flowing line. Just as flowing is the line from the throat to the chest. The neck can, especially with a winter coat, be adorned by a beautiful collar (ruff). The skin of the throat is minimal and not conspicuous. It is typical of the Saarlooswolfdog that at a relaxed trot, head and neck form an almost horizontal line.
UKC
Dry, well muscled and clean, the neck flows smoothly into the backline. When the dog is in winter coat, the neck is adorned by a beautiful ruff.

BODY

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FCI
The Saarlooswolfdog is longer than its height.
UKC
In proportion, the Saarloosewolfdog is longer than tall. The chest is moderately broad and reaches only to the elbow, not below. The outline of the chest is rather slim and very wolf-like. The back is straight and strong and the ribs are normally sprung. The underline is taut and lightly tucked up.

Back

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FCI
Straight and strong.

Chest

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FCI
Ribs: Normally sprung.
Chest: The flowing line of the brisket reaches, at the most, to the elbows. Chest and distance between legs, seen from the front, appear moderately broad. Too massive a chest should be avoided as it disturbs the outline which typifies this steady trotter. The outline is rather slim and very wolf-like.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Taut and lightly tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Broad and profusely coated at set on reaching at least to the hocks. Appears slightly low set, which is often accentuated by a slight depression at the set on. The tail is carried lightly curved in sabre shape or almost straight. It may be carried slightly higher in excitement or when the dog is trotting.
UKC
The tail appears slightly low set, which is often accentuated by a slight depression at the set on. It is broad and well coated at the base, and reaches at least to the hock joint. It is carried lightly curved in saber shape, or almost straight. It may be carried slightly higher in excitement but a tail curled over the back is undesirable.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Legs are straight and well muscled. Bone is oval in cross-section and not too coarse. Legs rather show a certain grace in relation to body.
UKC
The shoulder blade and upper arm are fairly long and meet at a moderate angle.

Shoulder

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FCI
Shoulder-blade: Sufficiently broad and long. Normal angulation of about 30° to the vertical, not exaggerated.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Same length as shoulder-blade; angulation between shoulder-blade and upper arm normal, not exaggerated.

Elbow

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FCI
Close fitting to thorax without being pressed close. Due to the curve of the ribs and the correct position of the shoulder and the upper arm, the distance between the front legs is moderately broad.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight and well muscled, with oval shaped bone that is not too coarse. The elbows lie close to the thorax without being pressed tight. The carpal joints are strong and the pasterns are slightly sloping. A slight turning out of the forefeet when the dog is standing is allowable.

FEET

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UKC
Hare feet, well muscled and arched with strongly developed pads.

Forefeet

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FCI
Harefeet, well muscled and arched with strongly developed pads. This, together with the strong carpal joints and the lightly sloping pasterns, are responsible for good flexible, springy movement. When standing, slight outward turn is permitted.

Hind feet

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FCI
Well developed and well arched.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Normal position of pelvis. Due to low tail set on, which is often accentuated by a slight depression, the pelvis, however often appears to be placed more obliquely. The angulation of the hindquarters is in balcance with the angulation of the forequarters. The light movement, typical of the breed, is very dependant on the correct angulation of stifle and hock. The slightest deviation prevents this typical movement. Slight cow-hocks are permitted when standing.
UKC
The angulation of the hindquarters is in balance with that of the forequarters. Due to a lower tail set, the pelvis sometimes appears to slant at a greater angle than it actually does.

Thigh

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FCI
Normal length and breadth, strongly muscled.

Stifle

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FCI
Angulation not exaggerated.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The angulation at the stifle and the hock must not be exaggerated. The thighs are of normal length and breadth. The rear pasterns are sufficiently long (not short). Slight cow-hocks are permitted when the dog is standing.

Hock joint

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FCI
Angulation must not be exaggerated. Bones and muscles permit optimal stretching of hock joints.

Hock

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FCI
Sufficiently long (not short), medium slope.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
The Saarloos Wolfdog is a typical untiring trotter, which can easily cover great distances at his own pace. He barely tires by his natural movement and is reminiscent of the wolf. The Saarloos Wolfdog differs greatly from other breeds through his very specific light-footed movement. The correct forward movement is very dependent on different details in the construction of the body; above all, the correct angulation of the different limbs, is of great influence. At a free unrestricted trot, the Saarloos Wolfdog carries head and neck at almost horizontal level in this position, the position of the eyes and the wedge shape of the head are particularly characteristic. At an untiring trot, which is the movement typical of the breed, the dog shows no great reach of the limbs because this, as well as too much drive, would spoil the light-footed movement which is a model for energy conserving movement.
UKC
A tireless, unexaggerated trot, very typical of the wolf. Light footed and unrestricted but without an excess of reach and drive. The head and neck are carried almost in line with the back.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

The summer coat differs greatly from the winter coat.
In winter the undercoat predominates mostly, which together with the guard hair of the topcoat forms a profuse coat, covering the whole body and forming a distinct collar (ruff) round the neck. With the summer coat, the guard hair of the topcoat predominates. Temperature changes in autumn and winter can have a great influence on the undercoat; but the dispostion to this should always be present. It is essential that the belly, the inside of the upper thighs and the scrotum are covered by hair.
UKC
The double coat is profuse in winter, forming a distinct ruff around the neck. In summer, the coarse outer coat predominates, but some undercoat should always be present. It is essential that the belly, inside of the upper thighs and scrotum be fully covered with hair.

COLOUR

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FCI

Coat colours are
  • From light to dark shaded black-game colour, so called wolf-gray.
  • From light to dark shaded brown-game colour , so called « bos »-brown (Bos = forest).
  • From light creamy white to white.
Pigment of nose, eye rims, lips and toenails should be black in a wolf-gray and white Saarloos Wolfdog. In « bos »-brown or cream white dogs it should be liver coloured. The coat is pale on the whole underside of the body, on the inner side of the limbs and at the back of the breeches.
The wolf-gray as well as the « bos »-brown Saarlooswolfdog show a dark colour on the outside of the limbs. They should also have an expressive mask.
UKC
Light to dark shaded grey or brown, light creamy white or pure white. In the grey and white dogs, the pigment of the nose, eye rims, lips and toenails should be black. In the brown dogs, it is liver. In the grey and brown dogs, the coat is pale on the whole underside of the body, the inside of the legs and the back of the breeches. On the outside of the legs and the face, the coat is dark. Pale, washed out colors are less desirable, as are dogs with dark saddles.

SIZE

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Height at withers

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FCI

Varies in the Saarloos Wolfdog.
Male dogs From 65 to 75 cm.
Bitches From 60 to 70 cm.
Slight deviations upwards are permissible.
UKC
Height varies from 25.5 to 29.5 inches in males; and from 23.5 to 27.5 inches in females. Somewhat larger is acceptable.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Head: Too round, protruding eyes. Too pronounced eye sockets so that the superciliary ridges do not merge with the skull in a flowing line. This often occurs with a pronounced stop and too round eyes. Ears set on too high and or pointed ears. Ears pointing too far outwards.
  • Body: Too deep, too short.
  • Tail: Curly tail. Tail carried over back.
  • Limbs: Too coarse in bone.
  • Coat: Not sufficiently intense colours are less desirable. Formation of a dark saddle due to poor distribution of dark hair.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Coat colour other than those permitted.
  • Any form of aggression.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any color other than those described in the standard.
Color: Any color other than those described in the standard.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.