Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Russian Toy

(Russkiy Toy)

Russkiy Toy

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
Russia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
21.02.2006.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 9Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy
Without working trial

UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
RKF, revised by R. Triquet and J. Mulholland.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
At the beginning of the 20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy dogs in Russia. However, in the period 1920 – 1950 the breeding of pure toy terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to a critical level. Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin the revival of the breed. Practically all dogs which were used for breeding had no pedigrees; many of them were not pure blood. The Standard drafted for Toy Terriers significantly differed from that of the English Toy Terrier in many aspects. From this moment, the evolution of the breed in Russia went its own way.
On the 12th of October, 1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs. It was decided to keep this feature.
The male was mated with a female which also had slightly long hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier.
A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova, played an important role in the creation of this breed variant.
It was during a long period of development, in an isolated context, along with a specifically conducted selection that a new breed was created the Russian Toy with two varieties
Longhaired and smooth-haired.
UKC
At the beginning of the 20th Century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy dogs in Russia. However, during the years from 1920-1950, the breeding of this breed was nearly stopped and when it started up again, practically all of the dogs used had no pedigrees and many were not purebred. The new standard for the breed that was drafted in Russia differed significantly from that of the original English Toy Terrier. From that point on, evolution of the breed went its own way and during a long period of development a new breed was created, the Russkiy Toy. The Russkiy Toy was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2008.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A small elegant dog, lively, long-legged, with fine bone and lean muscles. Sexual dimorphism only slightly defined.
UKC
A small, elegant, lively dog with long legs, fine bone and lean muscles, the Russkiy Toy comes in two coats, long haired and smooth coated.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Square build. The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers ; the chest is sufficiently deep.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor aggressive. The behaviour is significantly different between males and females.
UKC
Active and very cheerful. The temperaments of the males and females are significantly different.

HEAD

:
FCI
Small compared to the body.
UKC
The head is small in proportion to the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
High but not too wide (width at the level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull).
UKC
The skull is high and round, but not too wide. The stop is clearly pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Small, black or matching the coat colour.
UKC
Small, either black or matching the coat color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Lean and pointed, slightly shorter than the skull.
UKC
The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull and is lean and pointed. The lips are thin and tight fitting, either dark or matching the coat color. The cheekbones are only slightly pronounced.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat colour.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Small, white. Scissor bite. Absence of 2 incisors permitted in each jaw.
UKC
The teeth are small and white, and meet in a scissors bite. Two missing incisors in each jaw are allowed.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Only slightly pronounced.

Eyes

:
FCI
Quite large, rounded, dark, slightly prominent, set well apart and looking straight ahead. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat colour, tightly fitting.
UKC
Quite large, rounded, dark and somewhat prominent. They are set well apart and look straight ahead. The eyelids are close fitting, and either dark or match the color of the coat.

Ears

:
FCI
Big, thin, set high, erect.
UKC
The ears are big, set high, thin and erect. Semi pricked ears in the long coated dogs are permitted but not preferred.

NECK

:
FCI
Long, lean, carried high, slightly arched.
UKC
Long, lean and slightly arched, carried high.

BODY

:
UKC
The body is square. The chest is oval, sufficiently deep and not too wide. The withers are slightly pronounced, and the topline slopes gently from withers to tail. The loin is short and slightly arched, and the croup is gently rounded. The underline is nicely curved from the chest to the tucked up belly.

Topline

:
FCI
Gradually sloping from the withers to the root of the tail.

Withers

:
FCI
Slightly pronounced.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
The croup is somewhat rounded and slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
The chest is oval, sufficiently deep and not too wide.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a nicely curved line from the chest to the flanks.

TAIL

:
FCI
Docked (only two or three vertebrae are left), carried high. In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, it is left in its natural state. Undocked sickle tail. It should not be carried lower than back level.
UKC
Docked or natural, and carried high. A natural tail is in the shape of a sickle and should not be carried below the level of the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Thin and lean; seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel.
UKC
The shoulder blades and upper arms are approximately the same length, and meet at an angle of approximately 105 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Forming an angle of 105 degrees with the shoulder blade. The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of shoulder.

Elbow

:
FCI
In line with the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Long, thin, straight and parallel. The elbows are in line with the body. The pasterns are almost vertical. The length of the leg is slightly more than half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long, straight.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Lean.

Pastern

:
FCI
Almost vertical.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are small and oval in shape, with tight, well arched toes. They point straight ahead.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, oval, turning neither in nor out. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails and resilient pads are black or match the coat colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Arched , a little bit narrower than forefeet. Nails and pads are black or match the coat colour.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, but standing a little bit wider than the forelegs. Stifles and hocks are sufficiently bent.
UKC
The hind legs are straight and parallel, but stand a little wider than the front legs.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscles are lean and developed.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper and lower thighs are the same length. The muscles are lean and developed. There is sufficient angulation at the stifle and the hock, and the rear pasterns are vertical.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
The upper and lower thighs are of the same length.

Hock

:
FCI
Sufficiently angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Easy, straightforward, fast. No noticeable change in the topline when moving.
UKC
Easy, straightforward and fast, with no change in the topline when moving.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thin, dry and tight-fitting.
UKC
The skin is dry, thin and close.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

There exists two types for the breed smooth-haired and longhaired.
Smooth-haired: short, close-lying, shiny hair, without undercoat or bald patches.
Longhaired: body is covered with moderately long (3-5 cm), straight or slightly wavy hair, close-lying, which does not hide the natural outline of the body . Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and close -lying. Distinct feathers on rear side of limbs. The feet have long, silky hair which completely hides the nails. Ears are covered with thick, long hair forming a fringe. Dogs of more than 3 years have such a fringe, which should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears. Body hair should not look tousled nor be too short (less than 2 cm.).
UKC
There are two coat types: smooth haired; and long haired. Smooth-short: Close-lying and shiny. There is no undercoat, and there should not be bald patches. Long: The body is covered with moderately long, straight or wavy, close lying coat that does not obscure the outline. The hair on the head and the front of the legs is short and close. There are distinct feathers on the back of the legs. The feet have long, silky hair that covers the nails. The ears are covered with thick, long hair that forms a fringe. Mature dogs should have a fringe that completely hides the outer edges and tips of the ears.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan. Also red of any shade with or without black or brown overlay. Richer shades are preferable for all colours.
UKC
Black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan, or solid red of any shade, with or without black overlay. Richer shades are preferred for all colors.

SIZE

:
UKC
Height at the withers for males and females is from 8 to 11 inches. Weight is up to 6.5 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 20 – 28 cm (tolerance +/- 1 cm)

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches up to 3 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Timid behaviour.
Level bite or incisors sloping forward.
Semi-pricked ears. This condition in longhaired dogs with heavy fringes is permissible but not desirable.
Low set tail.
Presence of bald patches in smooth-haired dogs.
Too long or too short hair on body of longhaired dogs.
Small white spots on chest and toes.
Solid black, brown and blue colours. Tan markings too large or with dark shadings.
UKC

Teeth: Level bite.
Tail: Low tail set.
Coat: Bald patches in smooth coated dogs.
Color: Small white patches on the chest and toes. Solid black, brown or blue color. Tan markings that are too large or that have black shading.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive, overly shy.
  • Overshot, pronounced undershot. Absence of 1 canine; absence of more than 2 incisors in either jaw.
  • Hanging ears.
  • Short legs.
  • Many bald patches in short-haired dogs.
  • Longhaired dogs: absence of fringes on ears and presence of curly hair.
  • White coat, white spots on the head, abdomen and above metacarpus; large white patches on chest and throat, presence of brindle markings.
  • Size over 30 cm or under 18 cm.
  • Weight less than 1 kg.
Any dogs clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or distinctly undershot. Hanging ears. Distinctly short legs. The absence of ear fringes in mature long haired dogs. Curly coat. Solid white. Brindle. White spots on the head, abdomen or above the wrist. Large white patches on the chest and throat. Under 2 pounds.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid..
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Overshot or distinctly undershot.
Ears: Hanging ears.
Forelegs: Distinctly short legs.
Coat: The absence of ear fringes in mature long haired dogs. Curly coat.
Color: Solid white. Brindle. White spots on the head, abdomen or above the wrist. Large white patches on the chest and throat. Albinism.
Size: Under 7 inches or over 12 inches.
Size: Under 2 pounds.
Size: Under 7 inches or over 12 inches.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.