Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Russian-European Laika

(Russko-Evropeïskaïa Laïka)

Russian-European Laika


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Russia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog for all-round purposes.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
With working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Anna Samsonova, edited by Dr. Eugene Yerusalimsky. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This is a Russian breed of hunting dogs from the European forest areas of Russia. The first record about northern ear-pointed dogs was published by A. A. Shirinsky-Shikhmatov in the “Album of northern sledge dogs-laikas” in 1895. The dogs mentioned therein were named Cheremis: and Zyrianskiy Laikas. The breed was limited to the regions of Komi, Udmurtia, Arkhangelsk, Yaroslavl, Tver, Moscow and some other areas of Russia.
In 1947 the off-spring of Arkhangelsk, Komi, Karelia, Votiatsk and other Laikas were united into one breed under the modern name of – Russian-European Laika.
The breed standard for Russian-European Laika as a purebred dog was approved in 1952.
The correct modern type of Russian-European Laika, as a recognized purebred dog, was not achieved by breeding different Laikas off-spring; it is the result of selective breeding over a long period of time
UKC
The Russian-European Laika originated in the northern zone of the European part of Russia, between Finland and the Uralian mountains. It is the smallest of the three Laika breeds, and is used as an all around hunting dog on both large and small game, though it was originally used mainly to hunt squirrel. It is closely related to the Karelian Bear Dog, but is smaller, lighter in bone and squarer in build. The Russian-European Laika was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized dog; of medium to strong built. The overall impression is that of a square built dog, the length of the body (point of shoulders to point of buttocks) being equal to the height at the withers; however, the length of the body may be slightly superior to the height at the withers. The muscles are lean and well developed. Strong bone structure. Sexual dimorphism is clearly pronounced.
UKC
The Russian-European Laika is a medium size, slightly rectangular, strong, dry, agile dog. It has a moderate length, hard, double coat that is either black or dark grey with white, prick ears and small, slanting eyes.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Males square to almost square and females slightly longer.
Index of format (height/length) males 100/100-103 females 100/100-105.
The height at the withers exceeds the height at the croup by 1-2 cm in males and it is equal to or exceeds the height at the croup by 1 cm in females.
The length of the muzzle is a little less than half the length of the head.
The distance from ground to elbow is slightly more than the distance from withers to elbow.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Steady, evenly-tempered, with very well developed sense of scent and detection of game.
UKC
Friendly, affectionate and loyal, extremely tolerant of children. The breed is strongly territorial and may be aggressive towards dogs that invade its territory. The Russian-European Laika has a very strongly developed hunting instinct and a good sense of direction. They are very efficient at trailing and treeing game such as squirrels and marten and bay at the game once it is treed. They may also be used on large game such as bear and moose.

HEAD

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FCI
Lean; viewed from above, it is wedge-shaped, triangular and longer than broad.
UKC
The head is relatively small.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Relatively broad; and occiput is well pronounced.
UKC
The skull is shaped like an equilateral triangle.

Stop

:
FCI
Slightly protruding superciliary arches give the impression of a pronounced stop, but it is never sharply pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Of medium size; the nose is black in all coat colours.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Lean and pointed. The length of the muzzle is a slightly less than the length of the skull. The planes of the muzzle (nasal bone) and the skull are parallel.
UKC
The muzzle is dry, strong and tapering.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight and firmly fitted.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
White, large, strong, completely developed and evenly positioned. Complete (42 teeth) dental formula; scissor bite.
UKC
The Russian-European Laika has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well developed; cheek bones and muscles are clearly pronounced.

Eyes

:
FCI
Not large, oval-shaped, with moderately oblique set eyelids; not deep set or protruding, with vivid and intelligent expression. Dark brown or brown eye colour in any colour of coat.
UKC
Small, oval in shape, slanting, and dark in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Pricked, not large, mobile, set on high, V-shaped, pointed.
UKC
Prick, pointed at the tips, and very mobile.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, lean and dry, long-oval in cross-section, its length is equal to the length of the head. The neck is set at approximately 45° - 50° to the horizontal.
UKC
Muscular and dry, about the same length as the head.

BODY

:
UKC
Just slightly longer than tall in proportion, measured from the withers to the ground and the breastbone to the buttocks. The chest is deep and well-developed. The back is strong and muscular, and the loin is short and slightly arched. The croup is broad, short and slightly sloping. There is a marked tuck-up.

Withers

:
FCI
Well developed, very well pronounced, especially in males.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, strong, muscular, moderately wide.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, wide, well-muscled, slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, moderately long, slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep, oval-shaped cross-section; reaching the elbows.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Tucked up; the underline from the chest to the abdominal cavity is well pronounced.

TAIL

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FCI
Curled or sickle curled; touches the back, the upper thigh or buttocks. When stretched reach down to the hock joint or be 2-3 cm shorter.
UKC
The tail is either sickle or ringed, carried over the back or buttocks.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Legs lean, muscular; viewed from the front straight, moderately wide and parallel. The height of the forelegs from the elbow to the ground is slightly superior to half the height at the withers.
UKC
Well-angulated between the shoulder blade and upper arm.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blades are long and well laid back.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Long, well placed back, muscular. The angulations between the shoulder blade and the upper arm is well pronounced.

Elbow

:
FCI
Fitting close to the body; elbows are well developed and placed backwards, parallel to the body axis.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight, with medium length, flexible pasterns.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, lean, muscular, of oval-cross section, viewed from the front moderately wide and parallel.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short, slightly sloping when viewed from the side. Preferably no first digits (dewclaws).

FEET

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UKC
The feet are oval, with strong, tight toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval, arched with tight toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Muscular, with well defined angulations of all articulations.
When viewed from the rear the legs are straight and parallel.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and well angulated.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, placed obliquely.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well angulated.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The thighs are long and muscular. There is good angulation at the hock joint. Rear dewclaws should be removed.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Not shorter than the upper thighs; placed obliquely.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Placed almost vertically. Seen from the side, a perpendicular line, from the buttocks to ground, should fall close to the front of the rear pastern. The presence of dewclaws is not desirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free movement.
UKC
The typical gait for the breed is a gallop, alternating with a short trot.

SKIN

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FCI
Skin is thick and elastic.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Outer coat is harsh and straight. Undercoat is well developed, thick, soft, abundant and woolly. The coat on the head and ears is short and dense. The coat on the shoulders and the neck is longer than on the body and forms a collar; on the cheekbones it forms side-whiskers. The coat on the withers is also slightly longer, especially in males.
Limbs are covered with short, harsh, dense coat, which is a little longer on the back side of limbs. The coat on the rear legs forms trousers without feathering.
There is a protective growth of hair between the toes.
The tail is profusely covered with straight and harsh hair which is a little bit longer on the underside but without feathering.
UKC
Harsh and straight, with a well-developed undercoat. The coat on the face and ears is short and close fitting. It is longer on the neck, withers and shoulders, forming a beard on the cheekbones and a stand-off collar on the neck. The fronts of the legs are covered with short, smooth hair. On the back of the legs the hair is longer, but there is no feathering.

COLOUR

:
FCI
The most typical colours are black with white or white with black. Solid black as well as solid white also occur.
UKC
Black, grey or salt and pepper, with white markings. Either predominately colored with white patches or predominately white with colored patches. Heavy ticking on the legs or red color is undesirable.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males 52 - 58 cms. Females 48 - 54 cms.
UKC
Height for males is 20.5 to 23 inches. For females, it is 19.5 to 22 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
  • Deviation from the sexual characteristics.
  • Apple head; prominent forehead; in-sufficiently developed cheeks.
  • Over-developed superciliary arches.
  • Partly missing pigmentation on nose, lips and eyerims.
  • Lips which are pendulous.
  • Pincer bite, small, marked or sparsely set teeth.
  • Absence of more than any of the PM1 and PM2.
  • Eyes large, small, round, not obliquely set, deep set or protruding, light coloured.
  • Back soft, narrow, or roached.
  • Loin long, narrow, or arched.
  • Croup that is flat, narrow or steep.
  • Chest that is narrow, flat, barrel shaped, or shallow.
  • Straight pasterns; weak pasterns.
  • Cat feet, hare feet, splay feet.
  • Restricted movement.
  • Thick, loose or wrinkled skin.
  • In-sufficient undercoat, absence of ruff and side-whiskers.
  • Greying; flecks or specks on head and limbs of same shade as ground colour.
Height 2 cm above limit.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Strong deviation from the sexual characteristics.
  • Light or heavy in bone; thick set body.
  • Obesity or meagre.
  • Head too long, stop under-developed or abrupt.
  • Muzzle that is turned-up (dish-face); too long or coarse.
  • De-pigmented on nose, lips or eyelids.
  • More than 4 missing premolars, including PM1.
  • Ears large, set low, not mobile.
  • Round-tipped ears, over-developed ear-lobes.
  • Shallow in chest.
  • Defined east-west feet; pigeon-toed or bandy front.
  • Straight or too obliquely set shoulders.
  • Hindquarters narrow, with knees turning out; too narrow or too wide; over angulated or straight in rear.
  • Heavy movement, stilted action or mincing gait.
  • Long coat on the back-side of the forequarters; obvious fringes.
  • Untypical coat during shedding.
  • Tan (red) coloured markings on the head and the legs, different from ground colour.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Incorrect bite, lack of teeth (other than PM1 and M3), including the pincer bite before the age of 6 years old.
  • Wall eye, flecked or of different colour.
  • Ears dropped or semi-dropped.
  • Natural stumpy tail, sabre or otter tail.
  • Too short or too long coat or plumed tail.
  • Any other colour than those accepted.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.