Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Collie Rough

Collie (Rough)

Collie


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
08.10.2012.
KC
April 2012

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The rough and the smooth Collie is the same with the exception of coat length. The breed is thought to have evolved from dogs brought originally to Scotland by the Romans which then mated with native types. Purists may point to subtle differences which have appeared as individual breeders selected stock for future breeding, but the fact remains that the two breeds derived very recently from the same stock and, in truth, share lines which can be found in common to this day. The Rough Collie is the somewhat refined version of the original working collie of the Scottish shepherd, from which it has been selected over at least a hundred years. Many of the dogs can still perform satisfactorily at work, offered the chance. The basic message is that for all his beauty, the Collie is a worker.
UKC
The exact origins of the breed are unknown, though it is generally accepted that the highlands of Scotland were the Collie’s original home. The name has been spelled in many different ways, and is thought to be derived from the Anglo-Saxon word “Col,” which means “black.” Dogs of this sort were used for centuries as sheepdogs, both herding and guarding the flocks. The Collie has been recognized by the United Kennel Club since 1914. At that time, it was called the “Scotch Collie” but the name was revised to “Collie” in 1991.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Appears as a dog of great beauty, standing with impassive dignity, with no part out of proportion to whole. Physical structure on lines of strength and activity, free from cloddiness and with no trace of coarseness. Expression most important. In considering relative values it is obtained by perfect balance and combination of skull and foreface, size, shape, colour and placement of eyes, correct position and carriage of ears.
KC
Appears as dog of great beauty, standing with impassive dignity, with no part out of proportion to whole, giving the appearance of working capability.
UKC
The Collie is a dog of great beauty, dignity and balance, with no one part ever out of proportion to the whole. It is strong and active, never cloddy, and has no trace of coarseness. Quality of head and correctness of expression are of prime importance. The Collie exists in two coat varieties, Rough and Smooth, that are identical to one another except for coat.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Physical structure on lines of strength and activity, free from cloddiness and with no trace of coarseness. Expression most important. In considering relative values it is obtained by perfect balance and combination of skull and foreface, size, shape, colour and placement of eyes, correct position and carriage of ears.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Friendly disposition with no trace of nervousness or aggressiveness. A great companion dog, friendly, happy and active, good with children and other dogs.
KC
Friendly disposition with no trace of nervousness or aggressiveness. A great companion dog, friendly, happy and active, good with children and other dogs.
UKC
The Collie is an extremely friendly companion, showing no sign of nervousness or aggression. They are happy and active and get on well with children and with other dogs.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head properties of great importance must be considered in proportion to size of dog. Viewed from front or side, head resembles a well-blunted clean wedge, being smooth in outline. Sides taper gradually and smoothly from ears to end of black nose. Viewed in profile, top of skull and top of muzzle lie in two parallel straight lines of equal length divided by the stop. A mid-point between inside corner of eyes (which is centre of a correctly placed stop) is centre of balance in length of head. Depth of skull from brow to underpart of jaw never excessive (deep through).
KC
Head properties of great importance, must be considered in proportion to size of dog. Viewed from front or side, head resembles a well-blunted clean wedge, being smooth in outline. Skull flat. Sides taper gradually and smoothly from ears to end of black nose, without prominent cheek bones or pinched muzzle. Viewed in profile, top of skull and top of muzzle lie in two parallel straight lines of equal length divided by a slight, but perceptible stop or break. A mid-point between inside corner of eyes (which is centre of a correctly placed stop) is centre of balance in length of head. End of smooth, well rounded muzzle blunt, never square. Under jaw strong, clean cut. Depth of skull from brow to underpart of jaw never excessive (deep through). Nose always black.
UKC
Head properties are of the utmost importance. The head must be in proportion to the size of the dog, and be extremely well balanced throughout. Seen from either the front or the side, the head gives the impression of being a clean, well-blunted wedge, and is very smooth in outline. The sides taper gradually from the ears to the nose, without any prominence of cheekbones or a pinched muzzle. Viewed from the side, the top of the skull and the top of the muzzle lie in two straight, parallel lines that are equal in length and joined by a very slight, but perceptible, stop. A mid-point between the inside corners of the eyes (which is the center of a correctly placed stop) is the center of balance in the length of the head.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

:
FCI
Flat.
UKC
The skull is flat. It does not recede laterally or fall off backwards. The occiput is only moderately prominent, not peaked. The width of the backskull is less than its length, and is dependent upon the entire length of the head. The depth of the skull from brow to underjaw is not excessive.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight, but perceptible.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Always black.
UKC
Must be black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
End of smooth, well rounded muzzle blunt, never square. Not pinched.
KC
Teeth of good size. Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Long, smooth and well-rounded, blunt at the end, but never square, with a strong, clean underjaw.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, under-jaw clean cut. Teeth of good size. A perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Cheekbones not prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Very important feature giving sweet expression. Medium size (never very small) set somewhat obliquely, of almond-shape and dark brown colour, except in the case of blue merles when eyes are frequently (one or both, or part of one or both) blue or blue-flecked. Expression full of intelligence, with quick, alert look when listening.
KC
Very important feature giving sweet expression. Medium size (never very small) set somewhat obliquely, of almond-shape and dark brown colour, except in the case of blue merles when eyes are frequently (one or both, or part of one or both) blue or blue-flecked. Expression full of intelligence, with quick, alert look when listening.
UKC
The eyes are medium in size, almond in shape and set rather obliquely. They are dark brown in color, except in the Blue Merle, which may have blue, or blue flecked, eyes (one or both). The eyes are clear and bright and give a sweet, intelligent, attentive expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, not too close together on top of skull, nor too far apart. In repose carried thrown back, but on alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, that is, with approximately two-thirds of ear standing erect, top third tipping forward naturally, below horizontal.
KC
Small, not too close together on top of skull, nor too far apart. In repose carried thrown back, but on alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, that is, with approximately two-thirds of ear standing erect, top third tipping forward naturally, below horizontal.
UKC
The ears are small and fairly close together on the skull. When in repose, they are folded and thrown back into the neck frill. When alert, they are carried about three-quarters erect, with the top one-quarter tipping forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, powerful, of fair length, well arched.
KC
Muscular, powerful, of fair length, well arched.
UKC
The clean, firm, muscular neck is fairly long and well-arched. It is carried upright to show off the heavy frill.

BODY

:
FCI
Slightly long compared with height.
KC
Slightly long compared with height, back firm with a slight rise over loins; ribs well sprung, chest deep, fairly broad behind shoulders.
UKC
Slightly longer than tall, with a firm, broad back and well-sprung ribs. The chest is deep to the elbow. There is a slight rise over the loin and the croup slopes gently to give a well-rounded finish.

Back

:
FCI
Firm.

Loin

:
FCI
Slight rise.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep; fairly broad behind shoulders; ribs well sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Long with bone reaching at least to hock joint. Carried low when quiet but with slight upward swirl at tip. May be carried gaily when excited, but never over back.
KC
Long with bone reaching at least to hock joint. Carried low when quiet but with slight upward swirl at tip. May be carried gaily when excited, but never over back.
UKC
Long, reaching to the hock joint. Carried low when the dog is quiet, but with an upward swirl at the tip. When the dog is gaiting, or is excited, the tail is carried gaily, but never over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Shoulder Sloping and well angulated.
KC
Shoulders sloping and well angulated. Forelegs straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with moderate amount of round bone.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and sloping. The upper arm sets the front legs back under the dog with the elbows close to the ribs.

Elbow

:
FCI
Neither turned in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and muscular, neither in nor out at the elbows, with a moderate amount of round bone. The strong pasterns are flexible.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs straight and muscular, with moderate amount of round bone.

FEET

:
KC
Oval; soles well padded. Toes arched and close together. Hind feet slightly less arched.
UKC
The feet are comparatively small, oval in shape, well padded, with well-arched, close toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval; soles well padded. Toes arched and close together.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Oval; soles well padded. Toes arched and close together. Slightly less arched than forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Hindlegs muscular at thighs, clean and sinewy below, with well bent stifles. Hocks well let down and powerful.
UKC
Muscular at the thighs, with well-bent stifles and strong, low hocks.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Clean and sinewy below the thighs, never cow-hocked.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Clean and sinewy.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well let down and powerful.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Distinctly characteristic in this breed. A sound dog is never out at the elbow, yet moves with front feet comparatively close together. Plaiting, crossing or rolling is highly undesirable. Hind legs from hock joint to ground when viewed from rear to be parallel but not too close; when viewed from side, action is smooth. Hind legs powerful with plenty of drive. A reasonably long stride is desirable and should be light and appear effortless. Absolute soundness essential.
KC
Distinctly characteristic in this breed. A sound dog is never out at the elbow, yet moves with front feet comparatively close together. Plaiting, crossing or rolling are highly undesirable. Hindlegs from hock joint to ground when viewed from rear to be parallel but not too close; when viewed from side, action is smooth. Hindlegs powerful with plenty of drive. A reasonably long stride is desirable and should be light and appear effortless. Absolute soundness essential.
UKC
Sound, moving with feet fairly close together. As speed increases, the breed single tracks. From the side, gait is smooth and effortless, showing good reach and a firm back carriage. Any choppy, stilted or rolling gait is faulty, as is weaving or crossing over.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Fits outline of body, very dense. Outer coat straight and harsh to touch, undercoat soft, furry and very close almost hiding the skin; mane and frill very abundant, mask and face smooth, ears smooth at tips, but carrying more hair towards base, front legs well feathered, hind legs above hocks profusely feathered, but smooth below hock joint. Hair on tail very profuse.
KC
Fits outline of body, very dense. Outer coat straight and harsh to touch, undercoat soft, furry and very close almost hiding the skin; mane and frill very abundant, mask and face smooth, ears smooth at tips, but carrying more hair towards base, front legs well feathered, hindlegs above hocks profusely feathered, but smooth below hock joint. Hair on tail very profuse.
UKC
Abundant, dense and double, regardless of variety. Rought variety: The coat fits the outline of the body and is very dense, with the outer coat straight and harsh to the touch. The undercoat is soft and furry, nearly hiding the skin. The mane and frill are very abundant. The front legs are well feathered, and the back legs are profusely feathered above the hock joint. The tail carries heavy feathering. The mask (face) is smooth. Smooth variety: The smooth variety has a short, hard, dense, flat outer coat of good texture, with an abundance of undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Sable, Tricolour and Blue Merle.
Sable any shade of light gold to rich mahogany or shaded sable. Light straw or cream coloured highly undesirable.
Tricolour predominantly black with rich tan markings about legs and head. A rusty tinge in top coat highly undesirable.
Blue Merle predominantly clear, silvery blue, splashed and marbled with black. Rich tan markings preferred, but absence should not be penalised. Large black markings, slate colour, or rusty tinge either of top or undercoat are highly undesirable.
All should carry typical white Collie markings to a greater or lesser degree. Following markings are favourable – white collar, full or part, white shirt, legs and feet, white tail tip. A blaze may be carried on muzzle or skull, or both. All white or predominantly white is highly undesirable.
KC
Three recognised colours: Sable and white, Tricolour and Blue Merle. Sable: any shade of light gold to rich mahogany or shaded sable. Light straw or cream coloured highly undesirable. Tricolour: predominantly black with rich tan markings about legs and head. A rusty tinge in top coat highly undesirable. Blue Merle: predominantly clear, silvery blue, splashed and marbled with black. Rich tan markings preferred, but absence should not be penalised. Large black markings, slate colour, or rusty tinge either of top or undercoat are highly undesirable. All should carry typical white Collie markings to a greater or lesser degree. Following markings are favourable – white collar, full or part, white shirt, legs and feet, white tail tip. A blaze may be carried on muzzle or skull, or both. All white or predominantly white is highly undesirable.
UKC
The acceptable colors are sable, tri-color, blue merle and white. There is no preference. Sable: any shade of light gold to rich mahogany or shaded sable. Typical white markings, to a greater or lesser degree, should include a full or partial white collar, white shirtfront, legs, feet, and a white tail tip. A blaze may appear on the muzzle and/or skull. Tri-color: predominately black with rich tan markings on the head and legs, and carrying the same white markings as the sable color. Blue merle: mottled or marbled blue-grey and black with white markings as in the sable color, may or may not have tan face and leg markings as in the tricolor. White: predominately white, preferably with sable, tri-color or blue merle markings.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 56-61 cms (22-24 ins) at shoulder; bitches: 51-56 cms (20-22 ins).
UKC
Males: Height, 24 to 26 inches at the withers. Weight, 60 to 75 pounds. Females: Height, 22 to 24 inches at the withers. Weight, 50 to 65 pounds. Under- and over-sized individuals are penalized according to the degree of deviation from the accepted heights.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males 56 – 61 cms. Females 51 – 56 cms.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Ears: Prick or low ears.
Body: Any tendency towards a cumbersome appearance.
Coat: Soft, open or curly outer coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: Undershot bite.
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Eyes: Large, round eye or any eye fault that detracts from correct expression.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.