Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Rottweiler

Rottweiler

Rottweiler


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.04.2000.
KC
April 2014

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion, service and working dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
With working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Chris Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds. Its origin goes back to Roman times. These dogs were kept as herder or driving dogs. They marched over the Alps with the Roman legions, protecting the humans and driving their cattle. In the region of Rottweil, these dogs met and mixed with the native dogs in a natural crossing. The main task of the Rottweiler now became the driving and guarding of the herds of cattle and the defence of their masters and their property. This breed acquired its name from the old free city of Rottweil and was known as the « Rottweil butcher’s dog’ ». The butchers bred this type of dog purely for performance and usefulness. In due course, a first rate watch and driving dog evolved which could also be used as a draught dog. When, at the beginning of the twentieth century, various breeds were needed for police service, the Rottweiler was amongst those tested. It soon became evident that the breed was highly suitable for the tasks set by police service and therefore they were officially recognized as police dogs in 1910.
Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, service and working dog.
UKC
The Rottweiler was known as the "butcher dog of Rottweil," a title earned by driving cattle to market over the Alps in the Roman times. The breed was developed from the mastiff type of dog used for herding and guarding. In recent years, the breed's popularity has increased in America as the dogs are being used for police work, tracking, and obedience competition and as a brave family pet. The Rottweiler was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1950.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads to the conclusion of great strength, agility and endurance.
KC
Above average size, stalwart dog. Correctly proportioned, compact and powerful form, permitting great strength, manoeuvrability and endurance.
UKC
The Rottweiler is an above average sized dog. It is black, with clearly defined tan markings; with small pendant ears, and a natural length or short, cropped tail. It is a powerfully built dog, giving the impression of strength, endurance and agility.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body, measured from the point of the sternum (breast-bone) to the ischiatic tuberosity, should not exceed the height at the withers by, at most, 15 %.
KC
Appearance displays boldness and courage. Self-assured and fearless. Calm gaze should indicate good humour.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Good-natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children, very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behaviour self-assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.
KC
Good natured, not nervous, aggressive or vicious; courageous, biddable, with natural guarding instincts.
UKC
Brave, powerful, faithful and a good guard dog. Devoted and obedient and fond of children.

HEAD

:
KC
Head medium length, skull broad between ears. Forehead moderately arched as seen from side. Occipital bone well developed but not conspicuous. Cheeks well boned and muscled but not prominent. Skin on head not loose, although it may form a moderate wrinkle when attentive. Muzzle fairly deep with topline level, and length of muzzle in relation to distance from well defined stop to occiput to be as 2 to 3. Nose well developed with proportionately large nostrils, always black.
UKC
The head is of medium length.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Of medium length, broad between the ears. Forehead line moderately arched as seen from the side. Occipital bone well developed without being conspicuous.
UKC
Between the ears, the skull is broad. Viewed from the side, the forehead line is moderately arched. The stop is well defined, and the occipital bone is well developed, though not protruding. The zygomatic arches are pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed, more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, always black.
UKC
The nose is broad and black in color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region. Straight nasal bridge, broad at base, moderately tapered.
KC
Teeth strong, complete dentition with scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Flews black and firm, falling gradually away towards corners of mouth, which do not protrude excessively.
UKC
The muzzle is fairly deep, with a straight nasal bone. It is broad at the base, gradually narrowing towards the tip. The desired ratio of back skull to muzzle is 3 to 2. The flews are black and firm. They fall gradually away and towards the corners of the mouth, which do not protrude excessively.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, close fitting, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as dark as possible.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Upper and lower jaw strong and broad. Strong, complete dentition (42 teeth) with scissor bite, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. The incisors of the lower jaw must touch the inner surface of the upper incisors.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Zygomatic arches pronounced.

Eyes

:
FCI
Of medium size, almond-shaped, dark brown in colour. Eyelids close fitting.
KC
Medium size, almond-shaped, dark brown in colour, light eye undesirable, eyelids close fitting.
UKC
The almond-shaped eyes are medium-sized and moderately deep set. They are dark brown in color. The eyelids are well fitting.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium-sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high. With the ears laid forward close to the head, the skull appears o be broadened.
KC
Pendant, small in proportion rather than large, set high and wide apart, lying flat and close to cheek.
UKC
The medium-sized ears are triangular pendants, set high and wide apart on the head, lying flat with the inner edge against the head, ending at about mid-cheek.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, clean, free from throatiness, without dewlap.
KC
Of fair length, strong, round and very muscular. Slightly arched, free from throatiness.
UKC
The powerful, well-muscled, moderately long neck is slightly arched and free from throatiness.

BODY

:
KC
Chest roomy, broad and deep with well sprung ribs. Depth of brisket will not be more, and not much less than 50 per cent of shoulder height. Back straight, strong and not too long, ratio of shoulder height to length of body should be as 9 is to 10, loins short, strong and deep, flanks not tucked up. Croup of proportionate length, and broad, very slightly sloping.
UKC
The chest should be roomy, broad and deep, with ribs well sprung. The depth of the brisket will be about 50% of the shoulder height. The back should be straight and strong and not too long. Ratio of shoulder height to length of body is 9 to 10. The loins are short, deep and strong; the flanks should not be tucked up. Croup is broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away. The distance from the withers to the elbow is the same as the distance from the elbow to the ground.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, strong, firm.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, strong and deep.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away.

Chest

:
FCI
Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50 % of the shoulder height) with well developed forechest and well sprung ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
In natural condition, level in extension of the upper line; at ease may be hanging.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Docked at first joint. Strong and not set too low. Carried horizontally but raised slightly when alert. Undocked: Strong. Thickness in proportion to overall balance of the dog. Set as a continuation of the croup, neither too high or low. Carried horizontally. May be raised slightly when alert. May be carried in a half moon or sabre fashion, not over the back. Can hang when dog is at rest.
UKC
Natural or docked, without preference. When docked, it is done at the first or second vertebrae, and only within the first five days of life. It is carried horizontally, giving the impressions that it is an extension of the topline. It may be carried slightly above the topline when the dog is excited. In natural condition, level in extension of the top line; may be carried slightly above the top line when the dog is excited; at ease may be hanging.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, stands straight and vertical. The slope of the shoulder blade is about 45 degrees to the horizontal.
KC
Shoulders well laid back, long and sloping, elbows well let down, but not loose. Legs straight, muscular, with plenty of bone and substance. Pasterns sloping slightly forward.
UKC
The long shoulder blades are well laid back. The upper arm is equal in length to that of the shoulder blade.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Close fitting to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forearms are straight, strong and muscular and set well apart. The pasterns are slightly springy but not sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strongly developed and muscular.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly springy, strong, not steep.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, round and compact with toes well arched. Hindfeet somewhat longer than front. Pads very hard, toenails short, dark and strong.
UKC
The feet are strong, round and compact, with well-arched toes. The hind feet are somewhat longer than the front. The pads are hard and thick. The toenails are short, strong and black. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Slightly longer than the front feet. Toes strong, arched, as tight as front feet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog’s upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh, and the lower thigh and metatarsal.
KC
Upper thigh not too short, broad and strongly muscled. Lower thigh well muscled at top, strong and sinewy below. Stifles fairly well bent. Hocks well angulated without exaggeration, metatarsals not completely vertical. Strength and soundness of hock highly desirable.
UKC
The angulation of the hindquarters is balanced with that of the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
When viewed from the rear, the hind legs are straight and wide enough to accommodate the body width. The well-muscled, fairly long upper thigh is very broad. The lower thigh is also well muscled and is long, broad and powerful. The stifles are well bent. The hocks are sturdy and well angulated. The rear pasterns are nearly perpendicular to the ground.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, strongly and broadly muscled, sinewy.

Hock

:
FCI
Sturdy, well angulated hocks; not steep.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride.
KC
Conveys an impression of supple strength, endurance and purpose. While back remains firm and stable there is a powerful hindthrust and good stride. First and foremost, movement should be harmonious, positive and unrestricted.
UKC
The Rottweiler's natural gait is a trot. Movement conveys an impression of suppleness, endurance and purpose. The back remains firm and stable. There is a powerful hind thrust and good stride. Movement should be unrestricted, harmonious and positive. As speed increases, the dog single tracks.

SKIN

:
FCI
Skin on the head overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The coat consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the hindlegs.
KC
Consists of top coat and undercoat. Top coat is of medium length, coarse and flat. Undercoat, essential on the neck and thighs, should not show through top coat. Hair may also be a little longer on the back of the forelegs and breechings. Long or excessively wavy coat highly undesirable.
UKC
Consists of a topcoat and undercoat. The outer coat should be of medium length, coarse and flat. The undercoat, which is essential on the neck and thighs, should not show through the outer coat. The hair may be a little longer on breechings. It is shortest on the head, ears and legs. The Rottweiler is always shown naturally, without trimming.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.
KC
Black with clearly defined markings as follows: a spot over each eye, on cheeks, as a strip around each side of muzzle, but not on bridge of nose, on throat, two clear triangles on either side of the breast bone, on forelegs from carpus downward to toes, on inside of rear legs from hock to toes, but not completely eliminating black from back of legs, under tail. Colour of markings from rich tan to mahogany and should not exceed 10 per cent of body colour. White marking is highly undesirable. Black pencil markings on toes are desirable. Undercoat is grey, fawn, or black.
UKC
The Rottweiler is black with clearly-defined rich tan markings on the cheeks, muzzle, chest, and legs as well as over both eyes and the area beneath the tail. The undercoat may be gray, tan or black.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs height at shoulder: between 63-69 cms (25-27 ins); bitches between 58-64 cms (23-25 ins). Height should always be considered in relation to general appearance.

Height at withers

:
FCI

For males is 61 - 68 cm.
61 - 62 cm is small 63 - 64 cm medium height.
65 - 66 cm is large - correct height 67 - 68 cm very large.
For bitches is 56 - 63 cm.
56 - 57 cm is small 58 - 59 cm medium height.
60 - 61 cm is large - correct height 62 - 63 cm very large.
UKC
Measured at the withers, adult males are 24 to 27 inches; adult females are 22 to 25 inches. The preferred size is mid-range.

Weight

:
FCI
For bitches approximately 42 kg. For males 50 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • General appearance: Light, weedy, leggy appearance. Light in bone and muscle.
  • Head: Hound-type head. Narrow, light, too short, long or coarse head. Flat forehead (lack of stop or too little stop).
  • Foreface: Long or pointed muzzle; split nose; Roman nose (convex nasal bridge) or dish-faced (concave nasal bridge); acquiline nose; pale or spotted nose (butterfly nose).
  • Lips: Pendulous, pink or patchy; corner of lips visible.
  • Jaws: Narrow lower jaw.
  • Bite: Pincer bite.
  • Cheeks: Strongly protruding.
  • Eyes: Light, deep set. Also too full and round eyes; loose eyelids.
  • Ears: Set on too low, heavy, long, slack or turned backwards. Also flying ears or ears not carried symmetricaly.
  • Neck: Too long, thin, lacking muscle. Showing dewlap or throaty.
  • Body: Too long, too short or too narrow.
  • Back: Too long, weak; sway back or roach back.
  • Croup: Too sloping, too short, too flat or too long.
  • Chest: Flat-ribbed or barrel-shaped. Too narrow behind.
  • Tail: Set on too high or too low.
  • Forequarters: Narrow or crooked front legs. Steep shoulder placement. Loose or out at elbow. Too long, too short or too straight in upper arm. Weak or steep pastern. Splayed feet. Too flat or too arched toes. Deformed toes. Light coloured nails.
  • Hindquarters: Flat thighs, hocks too close, cow hocks or barrel hocks. Joints with too little or too much angulation. Dewclaws.
  • Skin: Wrinkles on head.
  • Coat: Soft, too short or long. Wavy coat; lack of undercoat.
  • Colour: Markings of incorrect colour, not clearly defined. Markings which are too spread out.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Coat: Wavy coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Total lack of mouth pigment.
Eyes: Yellow eyes. Eyes of different color or size. Hairless eyerim.
Teeth: Even bite. One missing tooth.
Coat: Open coat. Excessively short or curly. Lack of undercoat.
Color: Straw-colored markings.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Anxious, shy, cowardly, gun-shy, vicious, excessively suspicious, nervous animals.
  • General: Distinct reversal of sexual type, i.e. feminine dogs or masculine bitches.
  • Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth; lack of one incisive tooth, one canine, one premolar or one molar.
  • Eyes: Entropion, ectropion, yellow eyes, different coloured eyes.
  • Tail: Kink tail, ring-tail, with strong lateral deviation.
  • Hair: Definitely long or wavy coat.
  • Colour: Dogs which do not show the typical Rottweiler colouring of black with tan markings. White markings.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Viciousness or extreme shyness. Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Entropion. Ectropion. Two or more missing teeth. Overshot. Undershot. Wry mouth. Any color other than black and tan. Albinism. Long coat. Kink tail, ring-tail, with strong lateral deviation. White markings anywhere on the dog.
Eyes: Entropion, ectropion.
Teeth: Two or more missing teeth. Overshot, undershot, or wry mouth.
Tail: Kink tail, ring-tail, with strong lateral deviation.
Coat: Long coat.
Color: Albinism. Any color other than black and tan. White markings anywhere on the dog.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.