Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Pyrenean Mastiff

(Mastín del Pirineo)

Pyrenean Mastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Spain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.05.1982.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Guard and defense. Previously, the Pyrenean Mastiff was used for defense against beasts of prey, in particular against wolf and bear. Nowadays he is an excellent guard for country estates and their owners as he is easily trained.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C. Seilder.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Pyrenean Mastiff originated in Spain for use as a guard and defense dog against beasts of prey, mostly wolves and bear. In modern times he is used as a guard for country estates. The Pyrenean Mastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
That of a very large dog, above average size and of medium proportions. Harmonious, emphatically strong and muscular. Firm bone structure. Coat not exaggerated in length. In spite of his size, must not give the impression of being heavy or sluggish.
UKC
The Pyrenean Mastiff is a very large dog, with a harmonious build. He is strong and muscular, with firm bone structure. In spite of his size, he should never give the impression of being sluggish or heavy.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Within medium proportions.
Well balanced and harmonious over. The length of the body measures barely more than the height at withers.
Length of skull in relation to bridge of nose = 5 4.
Breadth of skull Equal to or slightly larger than length.
Relationship of height at withers to girth of chest is approximately 7 10.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Friendly towards humans, calm, noble and very intelligent, at the same time courageous and proud towards strangers from whom he never backs away. In his behaviour towards other dogs, he is good natured and aware of his superior strength. Occasionally, he will fight with great skill, an atavistic quality which goes back to hundreds of years of fighting wolves. His dark bark comes from deep within his chest. His expression is alert.
UKC
Friendly, calm, noble and extremely intelligent, the Pyrenean Mastiff is courageous and never backs away from strangers. He is basically good natured with other dogs but will fight if antagonized.

HEAD

:
FCI
Large, strong, moderately long. Length of skull is 5 4 in proportion to bridge of nose. Longitudinal axes of skull and muzzle are very slightly diverging to almost parallel. Seen from above, skull and muzzle must be long and even in shape without marked difference between width at set-on of muzzle and width at temple. Seen from side, head must be deep and not bulging.
UKC
Large, strong and moderately long, with the skull slightly longer than the muzzle, and a gentle, but perceptible, stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, strong, slightly convex in profile. Width of skull equal to or slightly broader than length. Occipital bone pronounced.
UKC
At least as broad as it is long, and slightly convex in profile, with a pronounced occipital bone.

Stop

:
FCI
Gentle, barely emphasized, but still visible.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
UKC
Large, broad and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Seen from side, bridge of nose must be straight. Seen from above, the muzzle is slightly triangular, tapering very gradually from its set on to the nose leather, without, however, getting pointed.
UKC
Slightly tapering from stop to tip, but never pointed. The bridge of the nose is straight. The upper lips cover the lower but without any looseness. The pigment of the lips and gums should be black.

Lips

:
FCI
The upper lip should cover the lower without any hint of slackness. The lower lip forms a marked labial corner. Mucous membranes should be black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite. Teeth white, strong and healthy. Canines large, long, pointed, well adapted to each other, so as to be able to catch any prey. Molars large and strong. Incisors rather small. All premolars should be present. Gums black with pronounced transverse membraneous ridges.
UKC
The Pyrenean Mastiff has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Small, almond shaped, hazel colour. Dark eyes preferred. Expression is alert, noble, sympathetic and intelligent, but can be extraordinarily stern towards an opponent. Eye lids black pigmented.
When dog is alert, lids fitting close to eyeball are preferred. In repose, a slight slackness of the lower lid, which shows a small stripe of conjunctiva, is typical of the breed.
UKC
Small and almond shaped, hazel in color, the darker shades preferred. Eye rims are black. Expression is alert and noble but can be very stern when directed at an opponent.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium size, triangular, hanging flat. Set on above line of eyes. In repose, hanging close to cheeks. When dog is alert, clearly standing away from cheeks. One third of the upper and rear part should be slightly pricked. Ears should not be cropped.
UKC
Medium sized, triangular in shape, set above the line of the eye. In repose, the ears hang close to the cheeks. When the dog is alert, the ears stand away from the cheeks. The ears should not be cropped.

Leathers

:
FCI
Nose: Black, moist, large and broad.

NECK

:
FCI
Should be the shape of a blunt cone, broad, strong, muscular and flexible. Skin thick and slightly loose. Distinct double dewlap, well formed, yet not exaggerated.
UKC
Broad, strong, muscular and flexible, with loose skin and a distinct double dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Rectangular, powerful and robust, giving the impression of great strength, yet supple and agile.
UKC
In proportion, the Pyrenean Mastiff is just slightly longer than tall. The body is powerful and robust, yet supple and agile. The chest is broad and deep with a protruding forechest. The ribs are well sprung. The withers are well pronounced, and the back is straight and level, whether the dog is standing or moving. The loin is long, and narrows gradually towards the flanks. The croup is wide, long and sloping. The dog stands with its hipbones the same height as its withers. There is a moderate tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight, horizontal standing and moving.

Withers

:
FCI
Well pronounced.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Long, broad and strong, gradually getting narrower towards the flanks.

Croup

:
FCI
Wide and strong. Compared to the horizontal its inclination is 45°. Height at rump equal to height at withers.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep, muscular and powerful. Point of sternum protruding. Ribs spaced widely apart with rounded ribcage, not flat. Proportion of height at withers to girth of chest approximately 7 10.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly moderately tucked up. Groin deep, flanks very broad.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on medium high. Thick at root, strong and flexible. The coat on tail is definitely long, soft and forms a beautiful plume. In repose it hangs low and reaches easily to the hocks. The last third is always lightly curved. In movement and when the dog is alert, it is carried in sabre form with definite hook at tip but without the entire length being bent or resting over the back.
UKC
Set on medium high, thick at the base, hanging at least to the hocks. The last third of the tail is definitely curved. When the dog is alert, the tail is carried in saber form, with a hook at the end, but never curled completely over the back. The coat on the tail forms a soft, beautiful plume.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, absolutely vertical, straight and parallel. Muscles and sinews clearly visible. Length of forearm three times length of pastern. Good strength of bone, strong pastern.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and sloping, and form an angle of approximately 100 degrees with the upper arm.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well muscled. Shoulderblade sloping, longer than forearm. Angle of shoulderblade to upper arm approximately 100°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Very strong.

Elbow

:
FCI
Very bony, close fitting to ribcage. Angle of upper arm to forearm approximately 125°.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Absolutely vertical, straight and parallel, with muscles and sinews clearly visible. The bone is sturdy, and the elbows are bony and fit closely to the chest. The pasterns are slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Bone sturdy, straight and strong.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from side, slightly sloping, practically in continuation of forearm.

FEET

:
UKC
Cat feet, with the rear feet slightly more oval than the front feet.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Cat feet. Toes tight with strong, well arched toe bones. Nails and pads strong and robust. Skin between toes moderately developed, hairy.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Cat feet of light oval shape, slightly longer than front feet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful, muscular. Adequate angulations, seen from the side. Seen from rear and side, limbs are vertical. Hocks straight and vertical. Hindquarters must have the ability to provide with ease forceful drive with elegance.
UKC
The angulation of the pelvis and femur is approximately 100 degrees.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strong and muscular. Hip joint angle approximately 100 degrees.

Stifle

:
FCI
Angulation from upper upper to lower thigh approximately 120°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are long, strong and muscular, with good bone. Angulation at the stifle is approximately 120 degrees. Angulation at the hock joint is approximately 130 degrees. The rear pastern has a clearly defined Achilles tendon. There may be either single or double dewclaws.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, well muscled and good strength of bone.

Hock

:
FCI
Angle open, approximately 130 degrees.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Well defined with clearly visible Achilles tendon. Dewclaws, either single or double, are either present or missing. Their removal is permitted. In dogs of equal quality, double dewclaws are preferred.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Preferred movement is the trot which should be harmonious, strong and elegant. No tendency for legs to swing outward. No pacing.
UKC
At a trot the gait is harmonious, strong and elegant, and there is no tendency for the legs to swing outward or for the dog to pace.

SKIN

:
FCI
Elastic, thick, pink in colour, with dark pigmented patches. All mucous membranes should be black.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Dense, thick and of moderate length. The ideal medium length, measured on middle section of topline, should be 6 to 9 cm. The coat is longer on the shoulders, neck, under belly, at the back of legs as well as on the tail. On the plume, the texture is not as bristly as elsewhere on the body. The coat should bristly, not woolly in texture.
UKC
Dense, thick and moderate in length, bristly, not wooly, in texture. Medium length coat, measured along the middle of the topline, is between 2 to 3 inches in length. The coat is longer on the shoulders, neck, belly, backs of legs and tail. On the tail the coat is softer in texture. The skin is elastic and thick, pink in color with pigmented patches. The mucous membranes are all black.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Basic colour white, always with a well defined mask. Sometimes there are irregularly distributed distinctly outlined patches of the same colour as the mask. Tricolour or pure white dogs are undesirable. Ears always spotted. Tip of tail and lower parts of legs are always white. Mask should be clearly defined. It is an advantage if the outline of the patches is clear cut. At the roots, the coat should be as light as possible, ideally really white. The most desired colours are, in order of preference, pure white (snow-white), patches medium grey, intensive golden yellow, brown, black, grey-silver, light beige, sandy or marbled. Undesirable are red patches and yellowish-white basic colour.
UKC
Basically white, with a well defined mask, and sometimes irregularly distributed, clearly outlined patches of body color that match the mask. The most desirable color is snow white ground color with patches of medium grey, intensive golden yellow, brown, black, grey-silver, light beige, sandy or marbled. Undesirable are a yellow-white base coat and/or red patches. The mask should be clearly defined. The ears are always spotted. The tip of the tail and the lower parts of the legs are always white. Tri-color or pure white dogs without markings are undesirable.

SIZE

:
FCI
There is no upper height limit. When quality is equal, the bigger dog is always preferred.
UKC
Males should be at least 32 inches at the withers; females at least 29.5 inches. There is no upper height limit. The lowest allowable limits are 30 inches for males, and 28 inches for females. When quality is equal, the bigger dog is always preferred.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Lower limit Dogs 77 cm.
Bitches 72 cm.
It is, however, desirable that all dogs should exceed the lower limit considerably. Dogs should be above 81 cm, bitches 75 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC
Teeth: Level bite, slightly overshot bite, missing premolars.

MINOR FAULTS

:
FCI

Bridge of nose slightly arched when seen from side.
Pincer bite. Any missing premolar.
Topline not straight. Wavy, rolling movement at walking pace but not in an exaggerated way.
Coat slightly wavy; coat in the middle section of the topline a little longer than 9 cm.
Very slight shyness.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Generally weedy or sluggish.
Muzzle too pointed or too blunt.
Slightly overshot mouth.
Absence of several premolars and canines if loss is not caused by an accident.
Slight faults in the occlusion of the incisors.
Cropped ears.
Saddleback.
Height much greater at the croup than at the withers.
Tail carried lying over the croup; lack of plume; lack of hook on the end of the tail; docked tail.
Extremities not vertical.
General weakness in pastern, rear pasterns and feet.
Cowhocked, either standing or moving.
Legs swinging out sideways in movement.
Coat very wavy or curly; coat in middle section of the topline slightly shorter than 6 cm and longer than 11 cm.
Lack of patches on ears.
Generally unbalanced temperament.
UKC
Ears: Cropped ears.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Too shy, timorous or aggressive dog.
Lack of pigment in noseleather or mucous membranes.
Split nose.
Very marked overshot mouth, undershot mouth.
Coat in middle section of the topline only 4 cm or shorter or longer than 13 cm.
Absence of white colour; absence of white on the tip of the tail and on lower parts of the legs.
Solid white coat colour lack of mask.
Patches not clearly defined and with little contrast to basic colour which points to a cross with another breed.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Markedly overshot or undershot. Nose any color other than black. Lack of black pigment in any mucous membranes. Coat in the middle of the topline that is shorter than 1.5 inches or longer than 5 inches. Any color or combination of colors not clearly defined in the standard.
Teeth: Markedly overshot or undershot.
Nose: Nose any color other than black.
Coat: Lack of black pigment in any mucous membranes. Coat in the middle of the topline that is shorter than 1.5 inches or longer than 5 inches.
Color: Any color or combination of colors not clearly defined in the standard.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.