Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Pumi

Pumi


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.06.2000.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Herding dog of Terrier type. Also suitable for herding larger types of animals. His scenting ability is well developed. Has excellently proved his worth when combatting wild beasts of prey and rodents. Excellent house pet, can definitely be kept indoors. Needs plenty of exercise. Is an excellent companion and sporting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Pumi came into being during the 17th to the 18th century in Hungary by crossbreeding the primitive Puli with imported German and French dogs of Terrier type with prick ears. It has been recognised as an independent breed at the beginning of the 20th century.
UKC
The Pumi came into being during the 17th to the 18th century in Hungary by cross breeding the primitive Puli with imported German and French Terrier type breeds with prick ears. It has been recognized as an independent breed since the beginning of the 20th century. The Pumi was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Pumi is a cheerful, medium sized herding dog of Terrier type. His Terrier character is most obvious in his head. The foreface is elongated and the upper third of the otherwise prick ears is bending forward. The conformation is square. Because of his constant alertness, his neck carriage is higher than normal. The wavy coat of medium length forms curls. The Pumi can have various colours but must always be of one solid colour.
UKC
The Pumi is a lively, medium-sized herding dog with Terrier characteristics. Its Terrier character is most obvious in its head, which has an elongated foreface and semi-prick ears. It is a square breed, with a good amount of leg and a medium length, wavy coat that forms curls. The Pumi comes in a variety of solid colors.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The body length is equal to the height at the withers.
The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half of the height at the withers.
The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half of the total length of the head.
The length of the neck is equal to the length of the head and is 45 % of the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
This rather lively herding dog has a restless temperament. Extremely bold, a little suspicious towards strangers. As a result of his sensible behaviour, his liveliness and his expressiveness, he attracts attention always and everywhere. The Pumi is rather noisy. His whole appearance embodies thirst for action and because of his restlessness and activity, all parts of his body are constantly on the move. He is always active and ready for duty. A shy or phlegmatic behaviour are untypical of the breed.
UKC
The Pumi is a bold, active dog with a rather restless temperament. He can be a little suspicious towards strangers. The breed is constantly on the alert and looking for action, and can be rather noisy. Shyness is untypical of the breed.

HEAD

:
FCI
Relatively long and narrow. The shape of the head is characterised by the elongated muzzle.
UKC
The head is relatively long and narrow. The shape of the head is characterized by the elongated muzzle. The jaws are strong. The cheeks are well-muscled.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The top of the head is relatively broad and domed. The long forehead is only slightly domed and flat seen from the side. The superciliary ridges are moderately developed.
UKC
The top of the head is relatively broad and domed. The long forehead is only slightly domed and flat, seen from the side. The supercilliary ridges are moderately developed. The stop is barely perceptible, the forehead running in an almost straight line between the eyebrows towards the bridge of the nose.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely perceptible, the forehead running an almost straight line between the eyebrows towards the bridge of the nose.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Narrow, bluntly cut-off. Always black in all coat colours.
UKC
Narrow, bluntly cut off. It is always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The bridge of the nose is straight. The elongated facial region tapers towards the nose but is never pointed.
UKC
The bridge of the nose is straight. The elongated facial region tapers toward the nose, but is never pointed. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than one half the entire length of the head. The lips are tight-fitting, and have dark pigment.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight-fitting to the teeth, dark pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong jaws. The strong, well developed teeth are white. Regular, complete scissor bite according to the dentition formula.
UKC
The Pumi has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well muscled.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set moderately wide apart, slightly oblique. Medium sized oval, dark brown slit-eyes. The expression is lively and intelligent. The eye-lids are tight and close-fitting to the eyeballs and well pigmented.
UKC
The medium size, oval-shaped eyes are set moderately wide apart, and slightly oblique. They are dark brown in color. The eyelids are close fitting and dark in color. Expression is lively and intelligent.

Ears

:
FCI
The upright ears are set on high, the upper third of the ears bending forward. The medium sized, even ears show a reverse V-shape. They show alert reactions to all stimulations.
UKC
The ears are V-shaped, set on high, and carried upright, with the top third bending forward. The ears are very mobile and show alert reaction to all stimulation.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, little arched, well muscled, forming an angle of 50 to 55 degrees to the horizontal. The skin at the throat is tight, dry, without folds.
UKC
The neck is approximately the same length as the head. It is well muscled, clean, slightly arched at the crest and is carried quite upright.

BODY

:
FCI
Well developed muscles, dry, exceptionally taut and tough. The breed is particularly lean and of harmonious appearance.
UKC
The Pumi is exceptionally lean, with taut muscling. The chest is deep rather than broad, reaching to the elbow and the forechest is not pronounced. The ribs are slightly arched. The withers are high, sloping to a back that is short and straight. The loin is short and firmly coupled. The croup is short and slightly sloping. Tuck up is apparent.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight.

Withers

:
FCI
Pronounced, long, sloping towards rear.

Back

:
FCI
Short, straight and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, firmly coupled, straight.

Croup

:
FCI
Short, slightly sloping, of medium breadth.

Chest

:
FCI
The forechest is straight, not broad, rather deep. Ribs slightly arched, rather flat. The brisket is deep, long and reaches to the elbows.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tight, tucked up towards rear.

TAIL

:
FCI
The high set tail forms a wide circle above the croup. The hair on the underside of the tail is 7 to 12 cm long, wiry standing apart, with little undercoat. A natural stumpy tail or tail docking are not permitted.
UKC
The tail is set high and carried in an open circle above the croup. It is well covered with wiry hair that stands off.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The front legs, placed under the forechest, support the body like pillars. They are vertical, parallel and not too wide apart.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and somewhat steep, creating an angle with the horizontal of approximately 55 degrees. The upper arm is short and well muscled, creating an angle of approximately 100 to 110 degrees with the shoulder blade.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade is long and a little steep. Angle to the horizontal is approximately 55 degrees. The points of the shoulder blades are placed vertically above the deepest point of the brisket.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Short and well muscled. The shoulderblade and the upper arm form an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close-fitting to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Long and gaunt, with the elbows close-fitting to the body and the pasterns upright. The length of the leg from elbow to ground is slightly more than half the total height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long, gaunt.

Pastern

:
FCI
Steep.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are round and tight, with springy pads and nails that are black or slate grey.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded cat feet with well knit toes. The pads are springy. Nails strong, black or slate grey.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Like forefeet. Dewclaws are not desired.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The hindlegs are very strong. Seen from the side, they are somewhat extended beyond the rear. Seen from behind, the legs are parallel, straight, standing neither too narrow nor too wide apart.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular, with the hind legs somewhat extended behind the rear when viewed from the side.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscular, long, sloping to the rear.

Stifle

:
FCI
On the same level as the elbows.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are long and sloping. The stifle joint is on a plane approximately the same as the elbow. The lower thigh is long and dry. The hock joint is clean and dry and the rear pasterns are short and steep.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, dry.

Hock

:
FCI
The hock is lean with clean outlines.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, steep.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Quite lively and spirited. Stride short, energetic, dynamic and harmonious. The posture is bold and proud. The trot is light-footed and harmonious; the dog puts his hind feet exactly into the foot prints of the forefeet.
UKC
At a trot the gait is bold and spirited, with a short stride that is light-footed and harmonious. The dog puts his rear feet exactly into the footprints of his front feet.

SKIN

:
FCI
Without folds, strongly pigmented. The areas of bare skin are black or slate grey.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

The wavy, curly coat forms tufts and is never smooth or corded. The coat has an average length of 4 to 7 cm, growing to smaller or larger tufts; it is elastic, shaggy and dense. It consists of a strong, but not coarse, topcoat and a soft undercoat.
The dense, wiry protective hairs of medium length on the ears grow upwards. The eyes and the foreface are free of long hair. The desired coat preparation is achieved by hand trimming. Smaller corrections, done with scissors on head and legs, are possible. Preparing the entire coat with scissors is not desirable.
UKC
The wavy or curly coat is one and one half to three inches long. The coat is always tufted and shaggy, never smooth nor corded. It is dense and double, with a strong, but not coarse, topcoat and a soft under coat. There is wiry hair, of medium length, on the ears that grows upward. The eyes and foreface are free of long hair. The body coat should be prepared by hand. Scissoring of the face and legs is allowed, but the entire body coat should not be trimmed with scissors.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Grey in various shades (normally, the colour at birth is black, turning grey with time).
Black.
Fawn (fakó). Primary colours red, yellow, cream (a trace of black or grey and a distinct mask are desirable).
A white mark on the chest less than 3 cm in diameter and/or a white line on the toes are not faulty.
White.
The coat colour must always be intense and solid.
UKC
Solid colors of white, black, varying shades of grey, and fawn. The fawn may run from cream through yellow to red, and a trace of black or grey and a distinct mask are desirable on the fawn colors. A small white spot on the chest, or a white line on the toes, is not a fault.

SIZE

:
UKC
Height for males is 16-18.5 inches; and for females, 15-17.5 inches. Weight for males is 22-33 pounds; for females 17-28 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 41 to 47 cm; Ideal height 43 to 45 cm.
Bitches 38 to 44 cm; Ideal height 40 to 42 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs 10 to 15 kg; Ideal weight 12 to 13 kg.
Bitches 8 to 13 kg; Ideal weight 10 to 11 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Skull: round, Puli like head. Strongly defined stop.
Teeth: Missing teeth, with the exception of the M3’s, which are disregarded.
Size: Height over or under the above specifications.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Round, Puli-like head. Foreface shorter than 40 % of the total length of head
Strongly defined stop.
One or more missing teeth (incisors, canines, premolars 2-4, molars 1-2). More than two missing PM1. The M3 are disregarded.
Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
Completely upright prick ears. Ears pendant from base or carried unevenly.
Short smooth coat. Long, very matted, sticking out or dull coat.
Chocolate coloured, multicoloured coat. All uniform, clearly defined patches (i.e. tan markings, mantle forming marking).
Size deviating from the height limits given by the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot, undershot, or wry mouth. Completely upright ears. Hanging ears. Ears that do not match in carriage. Docked tail, or natural bob tail. Short, smooth coat. Overly long, matted or corded coat. Chocolate color. Multi-colored coat. Any clearly defined patching in coat, such as tan markings or a mantle or saddle on the body.
Teeth: Overshot, undershot, or wry mouth.
Ears: Completely upright ears. Hanging ears. Ears that do not match in carriage.
Tail: Docked tail, or natural bob tail.
Coat: Short, smooth coat. Overly long, matted or corded coat.
Color: Chocolate color. Multi-colored coat. Any clearly defined patching in coat, such as tan markings or a mantle or saddle on the body.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.