Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Puli

Hungarian Puli

Puli


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
29.10.2013.
KC
May 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Herding dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Chris Seidler and Mrs. Elke Peper. Revised by Mrs. Renée Sporre-Willes. Official language (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Puli is a Hungarian herding breed of Asiatic origin. His original ancestors most probably came to the Carpathian Basin with the migrating ancient Magyars, who lived as nomads on stock-breeding.
UKC
The Puli is an ancient Hungarian breed of Asiatic origin, perhaps descended from the Tibetan Terrier. The Puli has been a part of the lives of the Hungarian shepherds for 1,000 years. When sheepdogs were being developed, color and size played a part in defining their jobs. The larger, lighter colored dogs were used to guard the flocks at night and the smaller, darker colored dogs, the Pulik, were used to drive and herd the sheep during the day. The Puli was first shown at the Budapest dog show in 1923. The breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Dog of medium size with strong constitution, square build and fine, but not too light bones. The somewhat lean body is well muscled all over. The construction of the individual body parts is difficult to judge, as the whole body is covered by a strongly developed coat, tending to form curls and cords. It is therefore useful to touch the dog when judging. The coat on the head is so profuse that the head appears round and the eyes are almost covered. The profusely coated tail, curled forward over the back, gives the appearance of the topline rising slightly towards the rear.
KC
Sturdy, muscular, wiry, with fine bone. Whole well covered with long (according to age), profuse corded coat. Long hair overshadows eyes like an umbrella. Viewed from side, trunk and limbs should present square figure.
UKC
The Puli is a medium-sized, compact, square dog with a distinctive shaggy appearance. Its unusual corded coat is the result of many years of natural development, and of having to adapt to outdoor living and extreme climatic conditions. The profuse coat makes it difficult to judge the breed by visual examination only; therefore it is important to carefully touch the dog when judging. The actual dog is lean, muscular and fine boned. Agility and soundness of mind and body are of prime importance, as these characteristics are indicative of the breed’s original function.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The body length is equal to the height at the withers.
The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half of the height at the withers.
The length of the muzzle is one third of the total length of the head.
KC
Herding dog, medium-sized, nimble and extremely intelligent.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Of lively temperament, extremely able to learn. Loves children and is an excellent watchdog. His present shape has adapted him to sporting use.
KC
Lively, wary of strangers, but not displaying nervousness or unprovoked aggression.
UKC
The Puli is an affectionate, intelligent and home-loving companion by nature, but is also aloof and sensibly suspicious, making it an excellent watchdog. The breed is vigorous, alert and active.

HEAD

:
FCI
Seen from the front, round, seen from the side appears to be elliptic.
KC
Disregarding hair, head small and fine with slightly domed skull. From front it appears round, from side almost elliptical. Muzzle one-third length of head, with well defined stop, not snipey but bluntly rounded. Arches of eye socket well defined, nose relatively large and black, eye rims and flews black in all colours.
UKC
The size of the head should be in proportion to the size of the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Small and fine. Superciliary ridges strongly developed.
UKC
The slightly domed skull is smooth, moderately wide and rather small and fine. The stop is defined, but not abrupt.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely developed.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Rather small, black.
UKC
The nose is rather small, and always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Not pointed; bridge of nose straight.
KC
Roof uniformly dark or variegated with deep pigmented spots on dark base. Flews tight and black. Tongue bright red. Jaws and teeth strong with perfect scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is one third the total length of the head. The nasal bone is straight, and the muzzle is not pointed.

Lips

:
FCI
Taut, with dark pigmentation.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Complete scissor bite according to the dentition formula (42 teeth).
UKC
A full complement of strong, white, comparatively large teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Of medium size, dark brown, set in slightly oblique and medium wide apart. The expression is lively and intelligent. Rims of lids close-fitting to the eyeball and well pigmented.
KC
Medium size, dark brown with lively expression.
UKC
Medium size, dark brown in color, set fairly well apart and slightly oblique. Eyerims are tight and well pigmented. The expression is lively and intelligent.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on at medium height with broad base. The pendant leathers V-shaped with rounded tips.
KC
Set slightly below level of skull, V-shaped, pendant, of medium size, covered with long hair. Length of ears about half length of head. Ears do not appear noticeable, even when alert.
UKC
Pendant, with a broad base. Set somewhat high, the ears are V-shaped with rounded tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, taut, well muscled. Forms an angle of about 45 degrees to the horizontal and is covered by dense coat.
KC
Set at an angle of 45 degrees to horizontal, of medium length, tight skinned and muscular. When fully coated, neck appears to merge with body.
UKC
The medium-length neck is strong, muscular and free from throatiness. It forms an angle of approximately 45 degrees to the horizontal.

BODY

:
KC
Withers slightly higher than level of back, which is of medium length. Loin short and broad, belly slightly tucked up. Ribs deep, rib cage broadening from behind elbows and well sprung. Rump short and slightly sloping but this is not obvious because of tightly curled tail.
UKC
The body is tightly knit and approximates a square, measured from the withers to the ground and from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock. The withers are slightly higher than the level of the back. The medium length back is level and strong. The loin is short, strong and moderately tucked up. The croup slopes slightly towards the root of the tail. The chest is deep, and the ribs are long and well-arched. The depth of the brisket is slightly less than one-half the height at the withers.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight. Giving the impression of rising slightly towards the rear because of the tail carriage.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly projecting from the topline.

Back

:
FCI
Of medium length, straight, dry and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Very strongly muscled, short.

Croup

:
FCI
Short, slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, long with well arched ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Gradually rising towards rear.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on at medium height and carried in a flat curl over the croup. Well covered by dense coat. When stretched out, it reaches to the hocks.
KC
Short, round, tight. Hindfeet slightly longer than forefeet. Nails strong, black or slate grey. Pads springy, dark grey in colour.
UKC
Set on at the base of the slightly sloping croup, the tail is well covered with dense coat and carried in a flat curl over the croup. When stretched out it should reach to the hock.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well laid. Elbows tight. Forelegs straight and muscular, and viewed from any angle, vertical.
UKC
The shoulder blades are clean and sloping, forming an angle with the upper arm of 100 to 110 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade sloping, tightly fitting to the brisket. A vertical line from the withers touches the front part of the chest at its deepest point. The angle between shoulder blade and upper arm is 100 to 110 degrees.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Medium long, well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Lying closely to the brisket. Angle between upperarm and forearm 120 to 130 degrees.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The elbows lie close to the brisket. The forearm is long and straight, with dry muscles.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long, straight, with dry muscles.

FEET

:
KC
Short, round, tight. Hindfeet slightly longer than forefeet. Nails strong, black or slate grey. Pads springy, dark grey in colour.
UKC
The feet are round and compact, and have well-arched toes and thick cushioned, springy pads. The pads and strong nails are black or slate gray.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short, rounded, tight with well-knit toes. Nails black or dark slate grey. Pads dark in colour and springy. Feet parallel, pointing forward and medium wide apart.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Not as tight and well-knit as front feet, otherwise similar.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The legs are medium wide apart and parallel. The angle between pelvis and upper thigh is about 100 to 110 degrees.
KC
Strong, and well muscled. Pelvis forming an angle of 90 degrees with thighbone. Well bent stifle. Hocks set fairly low. When viewed from the rear, the legs should be parallel, with feet turning neither in nor out. Wide pelvis desirable, especially in bitches.
UKC
The hindquarters are well developed and muscular, with the angle of the pelvis and femur matching that of the forequarter.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and well muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Angulation of stifle joint 100 to 110 degrees.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper and lower thighs are long and well muscled. There is moderate angulation at the stifle joint. The hock is clean and dry and the rear pasterns are short and perpendicular.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and well muscled.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Dry, clean-cut.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Very lively and spirited. Steps short. The gait is often typically mincing and jumping. The dog has a tendency to spin round himself.
KC
Stride not far-reaching. Gallop short. Typical movement short- stepping, very quick, in harmony with lively disposition. Movement never heavy, lethargic or lumbering.
UKC
The Puli is light, quick, agile and able to change directions quickly. The gait is especially distinctive at a collected, or contained, trot, being animated and quick stepping. It is not far reaching, but is in no way mincing or stilted. As speed increases, the dog tends toward single tracking. The Puli’s distinctive movement is indicative of the breeds herding style and heritage.

SKIN

:
FCI
Without wrinkles, tight, with strong pigment. The bare skin is black or slate grey in all coat colours.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
The puppy coat is dense, wavy or curly. Later, there are tufts of hair developing to tassels and cords. The coat consists of a coarser top coat and a finer undercoat. The relation between these two types of hair determines the character of the coat. If the topcoat highly predominate the undercoat, the coat structure is untypical and the coat sticks slightly out. If the undercoat is too highly predominant – which is undesirable – this results in a matted coat of too soft texture, difficult to groom. The correct proportion between the two types of hair, which is genetically fixed, produces the aesthetical tassels or cords, which are easy to groom. The cords on the loin and the croup and at the back of the upper thighs are longest (20–30 cms). They are shortest on the head and at the limbs (10-12 cm). Coat on head is ideal when the hair forms a strong structure of cords covering the facial region. Both a combed out and a neglected, tousled coat are undesirable.
KC
Correct proportion of top and undercoat creates, naturally, the desired cords. Matting and felting to be avoided, and a combed coat is as undesirable as a neglected one. Coat generally longest on hindquarters, shortest on head and feet. Some dogs will grow a floor-length coat.
UKC
The puppy coat is dense, wavy or curly. As the dog grows, the coat develops into tassels and cords. It is important that there be a coarse topcoat and a finer undercoat, and that the two be in the proper relation to one another to produce the cords. The cords are longest on the loin, croup and back of rear legs, shortest on the head and limbs. The Puli may be shown either corded or brushed, but it is important that the proper texture and ratio of the two coats be readily apparent.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Black.
Black with few rusty coloured or grey shadings.
Fawn (fakó) with a distinct black mask.
Grey in any shade.
A white patch at the forechest, not exceeding 3 cm in diameter, is permitted. White between the toes is not regarded as a fault.
Pearl white coat, without any russet gold (semmelblond).
KC
-Black, with or without intermingling of white hairs -Black with rusty or grey shading. -Grey in various shades. -Fawn (known as ‘fako’ in its country of origin) preferably with a distinct black mask. All shades of fawn. Grey or fawn may have an intermingling of black or white hairs with black or grey tips on tail and ears. -White without any yellow markings. The overall appearance of all variants must be that of a solid colour. A white patch at the forechest not exceeding 5cms (2ins) in diameter and a few white hairs on feet are permissible. Skin well pigmented, black or slate grey. Any colour or marking deviating from the above is undesirable.
UKC
Rusty black (reddish-black), black, gray-reddish-black, all shades of gray, and white are the acceptable colors. The colors should always appear solid, but a white spot of not more than two inches is permissible on the chest and white toes are not a fault. An intermixture of gray, black or white hairs may be found in the black and gray-colored dogs. This is acceptable provided the overall appearance of a solid color is maintained. The skin is fully pigmented with a blue, blue-gray or slate-gray, depending on the coat color of the individual dog.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 40-44 cms (16-171/2 ins); bitches: 37-41 cms (141/2-16 ins). Weight: dogs: 13-15 kgs (29-33 lbs); bitches: 10-13 kgs (22-281/2 lbs).
UKC
Measured at the withers, males are 16 to 18 inches in height; females are 14 to 16 inches in height.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 39–45 cms, Ideal height 41–43 cms.
Females 36–42 cms, Ideal height 38–40 cms.

Weight

:
FCI
Males 13–15 kgs. Females 10–13 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: Missing teeth. Over, undershot or wry mouth.
Tail: Tail carried in a sickle shape or horizontally.
Coat: Neglected coats. Short, smooth separately growing hairs.
Color: Any undesired markings or patches of coat color.
Size: Dogs over or under the desired size range.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Over- or undershot bite, wry mouth.
Tail carried in sickle shape or horizontally.
Short or smooth coat, separately growing hairs.
Faults in colour. Undesired markings and patches.
Size deviating from the limits mentioned in the standard.
Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
One or more missing teeth (incisors, canines, premolars 2-4, molars 1-2. More than two missing PM1.The M3 are disregarded.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Parti-colors. Large markings of any color (other than the spot on the chest which may be no larger than two inches).


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.