Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Pug

Pug


ORIGIN

:
FCI
China.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
December 2012

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 11Small Molossian type Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Toy

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
A certain amount of speculation has taken place regarding the origin of this breed, which would seem to have come from the Orient. His home country is listed as China, where snub-nosed dogs have always been in favour. He found his way to Europe with traders of the Dutch East India Company and as far back as the 1500s was being admired in the Netherlands. In fact, the Pug became the symbol for the royal patriots.
The Pug arrived in England when William III came to the throne. Until 1877 the breed was seen here only in fawn but in that year a black pair was introduced from the Orient.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Decidedly square and cobby, it is “multum in parvo” shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear low on legs, nor lean and leggy.
KC
Decidedly square and cobby, it is ‘multum in parvo’ shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear low on legs, nor lean and leggy.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Decidedly square and cobby.
KC
Great charm, dignity and intelligence.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Great charm, dignity and intelligence. Even-tempered, happy and lively disposition.
KC
Even-tempered, happy and lively disposition.

HEAD

:
FCI
Relatively large and in proportion to body, round, not apple-headed.
KC
Head relatively large and in proportion to body, round, not apple-headed, with no indentation of skull. Muzzle relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Nose black, fairly large with well open nostrils. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
With no indentation. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black with fairly large well opened nostrils. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle.
KC
Slightly undershot. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouths, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Slightly undershot. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouth, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, relatively large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.
KC
Dark, relatively large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears

:
FCI
Thin, small, soft like black velvet. Two kinds – “Rose ear” - small drop-ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr. “Button ear” - ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to skull to cover opening. Preference given to latter.
KC
Thin, small soft like black velvet. Two kinds – ‘Button ear’ – ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to skull to cover opening. ‘Rose ear’ – small drop ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr.

NECK

:
FCI
Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.
KC
Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.

BODY

:
FCI
Short and cobby.
KC
Short and cobby, broad in chest. Ribs well sprung and carried well back. Topline level neither roached nor dipping.

Topline

:
FCI
Level, neither roached nor dipping.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad in chest. Ribs well sprung and carried well back.

TAIL

:
FCI
High-set, tightly curled over hip. Double curl highly desirable.
KC
High-set, tightly curled over hip. Double curl highly desirable.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body. Shoulders well sloped.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well sloped.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body.

FEET

:
KC
Neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split up toes; the nails black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split up toes; the nails black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs very strong, of moderate length, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.
KC
Legs very strong, of moderate length, with good turn of stifle, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.

Stifle

:
FCI
With good turn of stifle.

HIND LEGS

:

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Viewed from in front should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in or out. From behind action just as true. Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight roll of hindquarters typifies gait. Capable of purposeful and steady movement.
KC
Viewed from in front should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in or out. From behind action just as true. Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight unexaggerated roll of hindquarters typifies gait. Capable of purposeful and steady movement.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh nor woolly.
KC
Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh, off-standing nor woolly.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.
KC
Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal weight 6.3-8.1 kgs (14-18 lbs). Should be hard of muscle but substance must not be confused with overweight.

Weight

:
FCI
Ideal weight 6.3 - 8.1 kgs. Should be hard of muscle but substance must not be confused with overweight.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.