Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Pug

Pug

Pug


ORIGIN

:
FCI
China.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
December 2012

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 11Small Molossian type Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
A certain amount of speculation has taken place regarding the origin of this breed, which would seem to have come from the Orient. His home country is listed as China, where snub-nosed dogs have always been in favour. He found his way to Europe with traders of the Dutch East India Company and as far back as the 1500s was being admired in the Netherlands. In fact, the Pug became the symbol for the royal patriots.
The Pug arrived in England when William III came to the throne. Until 1877 the breed was seen here only in fawn but in that year a black pair was introduced from the Orient.
UKC
There are various theories regarding the origin of the Pug breed, but the most generally accepted is that they originated in the Orient, and are a smooth-coated, longer-legged type of Pekingese. They have been well known in Europe since at least the 16th Century. After gaining favor with Royalty, the breed became very popular and even more well known. The Pug was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1918.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Decidedly square and cobby, it is “multum in parvo” shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear low on legs, nor lean and leggy.
KC
Decidedly square and cobby, it is ‘multum in parvo’ shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear low on legs, nor lean and leggy.
UKC
Decidedly square and cobby in symmetry, firmly knit, and with hard muscles, the Pug is often referred to as a ‘lot of dog in a small package’.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Decidedly square and cobby.
KC
Great charm, dignity and intelligence.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Great charm, dignity and intelligence. Even-tempered, happy and lively disposition.
KC
Even-tempered, happy and lively disposition.
UKC
A charming and dignified breed, the Pug is intelligent and lively and makes a happy, even-tempered companion.

HEAD

:
FCI
Relatively large and in proportion to body, round, not apple-headed.
KC
Head relatively large and in proportion to body, round, not apple-headed, with no indentation of skull. Muzzle relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Nose black, fairly large with well open nostrils. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.
UKC
The head is massive and round, but never apple shaped.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
With no indentation. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration.
UKC
The large, round skull has no indentation. It is covered with wrinkles.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black with fairly large well opened nostrils. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle.
KC
Slightly undershot. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouths, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.
UKC
The muzzle is short, blunt and square. The bottom jaw is wide, and does not turn upright.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Slightly undershot. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouth, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.
UKC
A full complement of large, white teeth meet in a slightly undershot bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, relatively large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.
KC
Dark, relatively large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.
UKC
The very large, prominent, bold eyes are globular in shape. They are dark in color and very lustrous. Solicitous in expression; when excited, full of fire.

Ears

:
FCI
Thin, small, soft like black velvet. Two kinds – “Rose ear” - small drop-ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr. “Button ear” - ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to skull to cover opening. Preference given to latter.
KC
Thin, small soft like black velvet. Two kinds – ‘Button ear’ – ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to skull to cover opening. ‘Rose ear’ – small drop ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr.
UKC
The small thin ears are soft, like black velvet. Of the two kinds of ears found in the Pug, rose (drop ears that fold over and back), and button (semi-erect), preference is given to the button ear.

NECK

:
FCI
Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.
KC
Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.
UKC
Strong and thick, slightly arched at the crest and long enough to allow for proud head carriage.

BODY

:
FCI
Short and cobby.
KC
Short and cobby, broad in chest. Ribs well sprung and carried well back. Topline level neither roached nor dipping.
UKC
The body is short and cobby with a wide chest and well-sprung ribs. The topline is level.

Topline

:
FCI
Level, neither roached nor dipping.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad in chest. Ribs well sprung and carried well back.

TAIL

:
FCI
High-set, tightly curled over hip. Double curl highly desirable.
KC
High-set, tightly curled over hip. Double curl highly desirable.
UKC
The high-set tail is curled as tightly as possible over the hip, with the double curl considered the ideal.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body. Shoulders well sloped.
UKC
The shoulders are well sloped.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well sloped.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The strong, straight forelegs are of moderate length. They are placed well under the body. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body.

FEET

:
KC
Neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split up toes; the nails black.
UKC
The feet are not as long as a hare foot, nor so round as to be cat footed. The toes are well split up. Nails are black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split up toes; the nails black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs very strong, of moderate length, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.
KC
Legs very strong, of moderate length, with good turn of stifle, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.
UKC
Strong and powerful to balance with the forequarters.

Stifle

:
FCI
With good turn of stifle.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Well under the body. Strong, straight and parallel when viewed from the rear, with good angulation at the stifle joint.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Viewed from in front should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in or out. From behind action just as true. Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight roll of hindquarters typifies gait. Capable of purposeful and steady movement.
KC
Viewed from in front should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in or out. From behind action just as true. Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight unexaggerated roll of hindquarters typifies gait. Capable of purposeful and steady movement.
UKC
Viewed from the front, the forelegs should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in or out. From behind action is just as true. Using forelegs strongly, putting them well forward, with hind legs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight unexaggerated roll of hindquarters typifies gait. Capable of purposeful and steady movement.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh nor woolly.
KC
Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh, off-standing nor woolly.
UKC
The fine, smooth, soft coat is short and glossy.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.
KC
Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.
UKC
Acceptable colors include silver or apricot, fawn and black. The colors are clearly defined for strong contrast. MARKINGS - Markings are to be well defined, and as black and intense as possible. Markings are found on the muzzle, to include the mask; on the ears; as moles on the cheeks; as thumb marks or diamonds on the forehead; as a back-trace, which is a line extending from the occiput to the tail.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal weight 6.3-8.1 kgs (14-18 lbs). Should be hard of muscle but substance must not be confused with overweight.

Weight

:
FCI
Ideal weight 6.3 - 8.1 kgs. Should be hard of muscle but substance must not be confused with overweight.
UKC
The desirable weight range, for dogs or bitches, is from 14 to 18 pounds.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Coat: Hard coat; woolly coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Appearance: Equally objectionable are dogs that are lean and leggy, and dogs that have a long body and short legs.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness Albinism.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Head: Heavy wrinkles that obstruct normal vision.
Muzzle: Excessive nose wrinkle that inhibits breathing, or a muzzle so short and blunt as to affect breathing.
Teeth: Wry mouth. Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.
Nose: Pinched nostrils. Nostrils made obscure by nose wrinkle.
Eyes: Eyes protruding, or with visible white when looking forward.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Color: Albinism.
Nose: Pinched nostrils. Nostrils made obscure by nose wrinkle.
Head: Heavy wrinkles that obstruct normal vision.
Teeth: Wry mouth. Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.
Eyes: Eyes protruding or with visible white when looking forward.
Muzzle: Excessive nose wrinkle that inhibits breathing, or a muzzle so short and blunt as to affect breathing.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.