Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Portuguese Water Dog

(Cão de agua Português)

Portuguese Water Dog

Portuguese Water Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Portugal.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
December 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Assistance with fishing and retrieving as well as companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 3Water Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by R. Triquet & J. Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In ancient times, the Portuguese Water Dog could be found throughout the entire Portuguese coast. Thereafter, due to continuous changes in fishing methods, the breed was located mainly in the Algarve region which is now considered as its original birthplace. Its presence on the Portuguese coast is probably very remote and thus the Portuguese Water Dog should be considered as an autochthonous Portuguese breed.
UKC
Curly- and wavy-haired working water dogs have been documented throughout Europe for centuries and are believed to have influenced the development of several breeds of dogs, including the Newfoundland and Chesapeake Bay Retriever. The Portuguese Water Dog has a long history of use in its homeland, where it was, and still is, a vital part of the fishing industry. Prized by their owners, the dogs are primarily used to herd fish into nets. Other duties include taking messages from boat to boat and retrieving escaping fish and lost objects. The Portuguese Water Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1987.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A dog of medium proportions, bracoïd tending to rectilinear to slight convex. Harmonious in shape, balanced, strong and well muscled. Considerable development of the muscles due to constant swimming.
KC
Robust, well balanced, rectangular in outline, very strongly muscled on shoulders. Hard, penetrating and attentive expression.
UKC
The Portuguese Water Dog Is a well-balanced, robust, well-muscled dog of medium build. In proportion, he is slightly longer than tall. Muscular development, resulting from constant swimming, is noticeable. The breed is to be shown in a natural stance, with the front legs positioned so that the feet are slightly forward of the shoulders and the hind legs are positioned approximately under the rump. Any deviations from the ideal are to be considered faults. Faults are to be penalized to the extent of the deviation and, most importantly, to the extent that the fault would reduce the dog's working ability.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Of almost square shape, with the length of body approximately equal to height at the withers.
The ratio of the height at the withers to the depth of the chest is 21; the ratio of length of skull to muzzle is 43.
KC
Very intelligent and tremendously energetic ‘fisherman’s dog’ with great swimming and diving traits.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Exceptionally intelligent, it understands and obeys easily and happily any order given by its owner. An animal with impetuous disposition, wilful, courageous, sober and resistant to fatigue. It has a severe, penetrating and attentive expression, as well as remarkable visual and scent faculties.
An excellent and resistant swimmer and diver, it is the inseparable companion of the fisherman for whom it performs a multitude of tasks, both in fishing and in guarding and protecting its boat and property. While fishing, it will willingly jump to sea to retrieve escaped fish, diving if necessary and likewise if a net breaks or a cable becomes loose. It is also used as a liaison between boats and shore or vice-versa, even at great distances.
KC
Pleasant disposition, self-willed but very obedient to owner. Brave and tireless.
UKC
The Portuguese Water Dog is one of exceptional intelligence and trainability, obeying any orders given by its master with willingness and pleasure. It is obedient both to those who care for it and to those for whom it works. It has a spirited disposition, is brave and independent, and resistant to fatigue. Its expression is hard and penetrating. The breed has splendid sight and a fair scenting capability.

HEAD

:
FCI
Well proportioned, strong and broad. Parallel longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle.
KC
Large, well proportioned, skull slightly longer than muzzle, well defined occiput. Muzzle tapers slightly. Forehead has central furrow for two-thirds of length of head, frontal bones prominent. Nose wide, nostrils well open. Black in black, black and white, and white dogs, liver in brown, brown and white, and brown tones.
UKC
The well-proportioned head is strong and wide.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen in profile it is slightly longer than the muzzle (43). Its curvature is more accentuated at the back and the occipital protuberance is pronounced. Seen from the front the parietal bones are rounded with a slight depression in the middle; the front is slightly hollow, the frontal furrow extends to two thirds of the parietal bones and the superciliary arches are prominent.
UKC
When viewed in profile, the skull is slightly longer than the muzzle, and its curvature is more accentuated at the back than in the front. The occiput is well defined. The top of the skull appears to be domed and to have a slight depression in the middle. There is a central furrow in the prominent forehead for two-thirds of the distance between the forehead and the occiput. The stop is well-defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined and slightly behind the inner corners of the eyes.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Wide, with well open and pigmented nostrils. Black in black, white and pied animals. In brown specimens the nose is the same colour as the coat, but never marbled.
UKC
The wide, fully-pigmented nose has well-flared nostrils. Nose pigment is black in dogs with black, black and white, or white coats. Brown dogs have nose pigment in harmony with coat color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Straight, broader at the base than at the extremity.
KC
Scissor bite, jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws, strongly developed canines.
UKC
The muzzle is narrower at the nose than at its base. The strong jaws are neither under- nor overshot. The lips are thick, especially in the front. There is no excess flew. The mucous membranes (including the roof of the mouth, under the tongue, and the gums), are well ticked with black or are quite black in black or white dogs. In brown dogs, color is in harmony with that of the coat. The teeth are not visible when the mouth is closed.

Lips

:
FCI
Thick, especially in front. Commissure not prominent. Mucous membranes (palate, under the tongue and gums) deeply pigmented in black, deep brown in brown dogs.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong, healthy teeth, not visible when mouth is closed. Strong and well developed canines. Scissor bite or pincer bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite. The canines are strongly-developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized; noticeable and rounded in shape; set well apart and slightly slanted. The iris is black or brown and the lids are thin and black edged, brown in brown dogs. Unapparent conjunctive.
KC
Medium, round, set well apart. Black or dark brown with dark eye rims.
UKC
Medium size, round in shape, set well apart. They are brown or black in color. The fine-textured lids have black edges. The dark haws are not apparent. The eyes are never prominent or sunken.

Ears

:
FCI
Set above the eye line, held against the head, slightly raised from the rear and heart-shaped. Thin in texture, their extremity never reaches below the throat.
KC
Heart shaped, dropped, thin, set well above eye level, held close to head, except at back. Tips not below neck line.
UKC
The heart-shaped ears are set well above the line of the eyes, the tips reaching above the lower jaw, not below. Ear leather is fine in texture. The ears are held nicely against the head except for a small opening at the back.

NECK

:
FCI
Straight, short, rounded, well muscled, well set and carried high; connecting to the body in an harmonious transition. Without ruff or dewlap.
KC
Short, straight, strongly muscled. Carried high, no mane or dewlap.
UKC
The straight, short, strongly-muscled, nicely rounded neck is held high. There is no mane and no dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height at withers. Withers are wide and not prominent. Chest wide and deep, reaching to elbow. Ribs well sprung and carried well back. Short, strong loin. Moderate tuck-up. Croup only slightly inclined.
UKC
The short, level back meets the croup smoothly. The well-formed croup is only slightly inclined. The hip bones are hardly apparent. The wide, deep brisket reaches down at the elbows. The ribs are long and well sprung. There is a good tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight; level.

Withers

:
FCI
Wide and not prominent.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, short, broad and well muscled.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and well connected to the croup.

Croup

:
FCI
Well proportioned, slightly sloping with symmetrical and non apparent hip bones.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep. Its lower edge should reach the elbow. The ribs are long and well sprung, providing great respiratory capacity.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Gracefully shaped and reduced in volume.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural, of medium set-on, thick at its base, tapering towards the end. Should not reach below the hock. When attentive curls in a ring, not reaching beyond the middle of the loin. It is a useful aid for swimming and diving.
KC
The tail is a distinct feature of the breed and should medium set, thick at base and tapering, not reaching below the hock. When the dog is moving, the tail should be carried gaily, curved above the level of the topline, but not necessarily in a full curve.
UKC
The tail, which is of great help when swimming and diving, is not docked and has a medium setting. Thick at the base, it tapers down to, but does not reach below, the hock. When at attention, the tail is held in a ring, the front of which should not reach beyond the forward line of the hips.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and straight. Upright. Slightly sloping pasterns are admissible.
KC
Straight, strong boned and well muscled. Shoulders muscular and well laid. Pasterns long and upright.
UKC
The well-inclined shoulder is very strongly muscled.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Slanting in profile and transversely. Strong muscular development.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Strong and medium in size. Parallel to the main body line.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The straight forelegs are strong. The upper arm is strong. The long forearm is strongly-muscled. The wrist (carpus) is heavy-boned; wider in the front than at the side. The long pasterns are strong. Dewclaws may be removed from the front leg.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long and strongly muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong bones, broader when seen from the front than from the side.

Pastern

:
FCI
Long and strong.

FEET

:
KC
Round, rather flat, toes not too long or too knuckled up. Membrane reaching to tip of toes, covered with hair. Central pads very thick.
UKC
The round feel are rather flat, with toes that are not too knuckled up nor too long. The webbing, made up of soft skin reaching to the tip of the toes, is well-covered with hair. The nails are held up slightly off the ground. Black nails are preferred, but white, brown or striped nails, in harmony with coat color, are acceptable. The center pad of the foot is very thick, while the others are normal.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded and flat with slightly arched toes of medium length. The webbing, extending over the whole length of the toes, is composed of limp tissue and covered with abundant and long hair. Black nails are preferred but, according to coat colour, may also be white, striped or brown. The nails do not reach the ground. Hard central pad and normal thickness in the other pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Identical to the forefeet in all aspects.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright and well muscled. Slightly sloping hocks are admissible.
Buttock: Strong and well rounded.
KC
Straight and very strongly muscled, well angulated, buttocks long and well curved, strong hock, metatarsals long.
UKC
The well-curved rump is long, with strongly-muscled buttocks.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strong and medium in length. Very well muscled. Stifle joint turned neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
When viewed from the rear, the thigh bones are parallel and the hind legs are very strongly muscled and straight. The upper thigh and the lower thigh are strongly muscled. The long lower thigh is decidedly inclined from front to back. The hocks are strong; hamstrings are well developed. The rear pasterns are long. Dewclaws are removed from the hind legs.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and very well muscled. Turned neither in nor out. Well slanting from front to back. All tendons and ligaments are strong.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Long. Without dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Easy movement with short steps at walk; light cadenced trot and energetic gallop.
KC
Walking, lively short steps. A light trot and energetic gallop.
UKC
At a walk, steps are short and lively. At a trot, movement is well balanced and forward-striding.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick, supple; not very tight; internal and external mucous membranes preferably pigmented.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI

The whole body is abundantly covered with strong hair, with no undercoat.
There are two varieties one long and wavy and the other shorter and curly. The first is slightly shiny and woolly; the latter is dense, lustreless and forms compact cylindrical curls. Except for the underarms and groin the coat is even all over the skin. On the head it forms a topknot of wavy hair in the long and wavy variety and of curly hair in the curly variety. The hair in the ears is longer in the long and wavy variety.
KC
Profuse, covering whole body except under forelegs and thigh. Two distinct types, both without undercoats. (a) Hair fairly long, loosely waved with slight sheen, hair on head erect, ears well feathered. (b) Hair shorter, fairly harsh and dense, compact curls, lacking lustre, head hair similar to body, hair on ears somewhat wavy. Muzzle and entire hindquarters from the last rib clipped. Two thirds of tail clipped from set on.
UKC
The breed is single-coated and has no mane or ruff. The profuse single cost is made up of strong hair that covers the whole body evenly. It is thinner where the forearm meets the brisket and on the groin. There are two acceptable coat types: Wavy and Curly. The Wavy coat is fairly long and rather loose, with a slight sheen. The hair on the top of the head is upright. The hair on the ears is decidedly longer than the ear leather. The hair of the Curly coat forms compact cylindrical curls that are thickly planted and are somewhat lusterless. The hair on the top of the head is similar to the hair on the body. The hair on the ears is somewhat wavy. Two clips are acceptable: Lion Clip and Working Retriever Clip. LION CLIP - As soon as the hair grows long, the middle part, hindquarters and muzzle are clipped. The hair at the end of the tail is left at full length. WORKING RETRIEVER CLIP - This clip gives a more natural appearance as well as a smooth, unbroken line. The entire coat is scissored or clipped, following the outline of the dog. A short blanket of coat, no longer than one inch in length, is left. That hair at the end of the tail is left at full length.

COLOUR

:
FCI

The coat is black or brown of various shades, or solid white. In black or brown coats, white is accepted in the following locations muzzle, topknot, neck, forechest, belly, tip of tail and lower extremities of the limbs, below the elbows and hocks. The white coat must not be albino, consequently the nose, eyelids and inside of the mouth should be pigmented in black, and brown in brown dogs.
In this breed partial clipping of the coat, when it is too long, is typical. The hindquarters, the muzzle and part of the tail are clipped, leaving a plume of full length hair at the tip of the tail.
KC
Black, white, various shades of brown, black and white, brown and white. Skin bluish under black, white, and black and white dogs.
UKC
Acceptable coat colors include: black; white; various shades of brown; and combinations of black or brown with white. The nose, mouth and eyelid pigment must be black in a white dog. The skin is decidedly bluish in dogs with black, white, or black and white coats.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 50-57 cms (191/2-221/2 ins); bitches: 43-52 cms (17-201/2 ins). Weight: dogs: 19-25 kgs (42-55 lbs); bitches: 16-22 kgs (35-48 lbs).
UKC
Height ranges are as follows: males, between 20 and 23 inches; bitches, between 17 and 21 inches. Weight ranges are as follows: males, between 42 and 60 pounds; bitches, between 35 and 50 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 50 - 57 cm. Ideal height 54 cm.
Females 43 - 52 cm. Ideal height 46 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 19 - 25 kg.
Females 16 - 22 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Head: Too long, narrow, flat or pointed.
  • Muzzle: Too tapered or pointed.
  • Eyes: Light, too protruding or too sunken.
  • Ears: Incorrect set, too big, too short or folded.
  • Tail: Heavy, dropped in action or raised perpendicularly.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Size: Over-sized or under-sized
  • Jaws: Undershot or overshot.
  • Eyes: Wall eye, uneven in shape or size.
  • Deafness: Congential or acquired.
  • Tail: Docked, rudimentary or non-existent.
  • Feet: Presence of dewclaws.
  • Coat: Hair different from the described types.
  • Colour: Brindle; black and tan; tricolour and totally white. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. Albinism, marbled nostrils in whole or in part. Any other colour than the described type. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.