Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Portuguese Water Dog

(Cão de agua Português)

Portuguese Water Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Portugal.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
December 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Assistance with fishing and retrieving as well as companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 3Water Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by R. Triquet & J. Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In ancient times, the Portuguese Water Dog could be found throughout the entire Portuguese coast. Thereafter, due to continuous changes in fishing methods, the breed was located mainly in the Algarve region which is now considered as its original birthplace. Its presence on the Portuguese coast is probably very remote and thus the Portuguese Water Dog should be considered as an autochthonous Portuguese breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A dog of medium proportions, bracoïd tending to rectilinear to slight convex. Harmonious in shape, balanced, strong and well muscled. Considerable development of the muscles due to constant swimming.
KC
Robust, well balanced, rectangular in outline, very strongly muscled on shoulders. Hard, penetrating and attentive expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Of almost square shape, with the length of body approximately equal to height at the withers.
The ratio of the height at the withers to the depth of the chest is 21; the ratio of length of skull to muzzle is 43.
KC
Very intelligent and tremendously energetic ‘fisherman’s dog’ with great swimming and diving traits.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Exceptionally intelligent, it understands and obeys easily and happily any order given by its owner. An animal with impetuous disposition, wilful, courageous, sober and resistant to fatigue. It has a severe, penetrating and attentive expression, as well as remarkable visual and scent faculties.
An excellent and resistant swimmer and diver, it is the inseparable companion of the fisherman for whom it performs a multitude of tasks, both in fishing and in guarding and protecting its boat and property. While fishing, it will willingly jump to sea to retrieve escaped fish, diving if necessary and likewise if a net breaks or a cable becomes loose. It is also used as a liaison between boats and shore or vice-versa, even at great distances.
KC
Pleasant disposition, self-willed but very obedient to owner. Brave and tireless.

HEAD

:
FCI
Well proportioned, strong and broad. Parallel longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle.
KC
Large, well proportioned, skull slightly longer than muzzle, well defined occiput. Muzzle tapers slightly. Forehead has central furrow for two-thirds of length of head, frontal bones prominent. Nose wide, nostrils well open. Black in black, black and white, and white dogs, liver in brown, brown and white, and brown tones.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen in profile it is slightly longer than the muzzle (43). Its curvature is more accentuated at the back and the occipital protuberance is pronounced. Seen from the front the parietal bones are rounded with a slight depression in the middle; the front is slightly hollow, the frontal furrow extends to two thirds of the parietal bones and the superciliary arches are prominent.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined and slightly behind the inner corners of the eyes.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Wide, with well open and pigmented nostrils. Black in black, white and pied animals. In brown specimens the nose is the same colour as the coat, but never marbled.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Straight, broader at the base than at the extremity.
KC
Scissor bite, jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws, strongly developed canines.

Lips

:
FCI
Thick, especially in front. Commissure not prominent. Mucous membranes (palate, under the tongue and gums) deeply pigmented in black, deep brown in brown dogs.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong, healthy teeth, not visible when mouth is closed. Strong and well developed canines. Scissor bite or pincer bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized; noticeable and rounded in shape; set well apart and slightly slanted. The iris is black or brown and the lids are thin and black edged, brown in brown dogs. Unapparent conjunctive.
KC
Medium, round, set well apart. Black or dark brown with dark eye rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Set above the eye line, held against the head, slightly raised from the rear and heart-shaped. Thin in texture, their extremity never reaches below the throat.
KC
Heart shaped, dropped, thin, set well above eye level, held close to head, except at back. Tips not below neck line.

NECK

:
FCI
Straight, short, rounded, well muscled, well set and carried high; connecting to the body in an harmonious transition. Without ruff or dewlap.
KC
Short, straight, strongly muscled. Carried high, no mane or dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height at withers. Withers are wide and not prominent. Chest wide and deep, reaching to elbow. Ribs well sprung and carried well back. Short, strong loin. Moderate tuck-up. Croup only slightly inclined.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight; level.

Withers

:
FCI
Wide and not prominent.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, short, broad and well muscled.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and well connected to the croup.

Croup

:
FCI
Well proportioned, slightly sloping with symmetrical and non apparent hip bones.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep. Its lower edge should reach the elbow. The ribs are long and well sprung, providing great respiratory capacity.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Gracefully shaped and reduced in volume.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural, of medium set-on, thick at its base, tapering towards the end. Should not reach below the hock. When attentive curls in a ring, not reaching beyond the middle of the loin. It is a useful aid for swimming and diving.
KC
The tail is a distinct feature of the breed and should medium set, thick at base and tapering, not reaching below the hock. When the dog is moving, the tail should be carried gaily, curved above the level of the topline, but not necessarily in a full curve.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and straight. Upright. Slightly sloping pasterns are admissible.
KC
Straight, strong boned and well muscled. Shoulders muscular and well laid. Pasterns long and upright.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Slanting in profile and transversely. Strong muscular development.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Strong and medium in size. Parallel to the main body line.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Long and strongly muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong bones, broader when seen from the front than from the side.

Pastern

:
FCI
Long and strong.

FEET

:
KC
Round, rather flat, toes not too long or too knuckled up. Membrane reaching to tip of toes, covered with hair. Central pads very thick.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded and flat with slightly arched toes of medium length. The webbing, extending over the whole length of the toes, is composed of limp tissue and covered with abundant and long hair. Black nails are preferred but, according to coat colour, may also be white, striped or brown. The nails do not reach the ground. Hard central pad and normal thickness in the other pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Identical to the forefeet in all aspects.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright and well muscled. Slightly sloping hocks are admissible.
Buttock: Strong and well rounded.
KC
Straight and very strongly muscled, well angulated, buttocks long and well curved, strong hock, metatarsals long.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strong and medium in length. Very well muscled. Stifle joint turned neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and very well muscled. Turned neither in nor out. Well slanting from front to back. All tendons and ligaments are strong.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Long. Without dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Easy movement with short steps at walk; light cadenced trot and energetic gallop.
KC
Walking, lively short steps. A light trot and energetic gallop.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick, supple; not very tight; internal and external mucous membranes preferably pigmented.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

The whole body is abundantly covered with strong hair, with no undercoat.
There are two varieties one long and wavy and the other shorter and curly. The first is slightly shiny and woolly; the latter is dense, lustreless and forms compact cylindrical curls. Except for the underarms and groin the coat is even all over the skin. On the head it forms a topknot of wavy hair in the long and wavy variety and of curly hair in the curly variety. The hair in the ears is longer in the long and wavy variety.
KC
Profuse, covering whole body except under forelegs and thigh. Two distinct types, both without undercoats. (a) Hair fairly long, loosely waved with slight sheen, hair on head erect, ears well feathered. (b) Hair shorter, fairly harsh and dense, compact curls, lacking lustre, head hair similar to body, hair on ears somewhat wavy. Muzzle and entire hindquarters from the last rib clipped. Two thirds of tail clipped from set on.

COLOUR

:
FCI

The coat is black or brown of various shades, or solid white. In black or brown coats, white is accepted in the following locations muzzle, topknot, neck, forechest, belly, tip of tail and lower extremities of the limbs, below the elbows and hocks. The white coat must not be albino, consequently the nose, eyelids and inside of the mouth should be pigmented in black, and brown in brown dogs.
In this breed partial clipping of the coat, when it is too long, is typical. The hindquarters, the muzzle and part of the tail are clipped, leaving a plume of full length hair at the tip of the tail.
KC
Black, white, various shades of brown, black and white, brown and white. Skin bluish under black, white, and black and white dogs.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 50-57 cms (191/2-221/2 ins); bitches: 43-52 cms (17-201/2 ins). Weight: dogs: 19-25 kgs (42-55 lbs); bitches: 16-22 kgs (35-48 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 50 - 57 cm. Ideal height 54 cm.
Females 43 - 52 cm. Ideal height 46 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 19 - 25 kg.
Females 16 - 22 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Head: Too long, narrow, flat or pointed.
  • Muzzle: Too tapered or pointed.
  • Eyes: Light, too protruding or too sunken.
  • Ears: Incorrect set, too big, too short or folded.
  • Tail: Heavy, dropped in action or raised perpendicularly.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Size: Over-sized or under-sized
  • Jaws: Undershot or overshot.
  • Eyes: Wall eye, uneven in shape or size.
  • Deafness: Congential or acquired.
  • Tail: Docked, rudimentary or non-existent.
  • Feet: Presence of dewclaws.
  • Coat: Hair different from the described types.
  • Colour: Brindle; black and tan; tricolour and totally white. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. Albinism, marbled nostrils in whole or in part. Any other colour than the described type. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.