Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Portuguese Pointing Dog

(Perdigueiro Português)

Portuguese Pointer

Portuguese Pointer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Portugal.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
February 2015

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland & Renée Sporre-Willes.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Portuguese Pointing Dog originates from the Iberian Peninsula, descending from the old Peninsular Pointing Dog, a common ancestor to other pointing dogs. It evolved by adapting to the climate, terrain and game and from the selection imposed by the socio-cultural specificity of the Portuguese, who have been breeding it for centuries for hunting purposes. The breed conserved the morphological and functional traits similar to those existing nowadays.
Its existence in Portugal can be traced back to at least the 12th century. In the 14th century it was known as the “podengo de mostra”, already showing the capacity for pointing game. It was bred in the royal and nobility kennels and used in falconry. In the 16th century, already named “perdigueiro” (from “perdiz” the common Portuguese name for partridge), it was frequently used by commoners.
The definition of the current traits and dissemination by a group of breeders and hunters began in the first quarter of the 20th century.
UKC
The Portuguese name for this breed is “Perdigueiro Português,” derived from “perdigon,” the Portuguese word for “partridge.” The Portuguese Pointer is probably descended from the dogs used by Portuguese falconers in the fifth and sixth centuries. Portuguese Pointers were described in a 12th century Portuguese book of hunting by Joao I, and appear in the 13th century paintings of Alfonso III. The Portuguese were a great seafaring people and it is quite likely that this well-established breed influenced the development of a number of European gun dogs. The breed was introduced to England where its influence can still be seen in the English Pointer. The Portuguese Pointer was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized dog, rectilinear, bracoïd type, strong but with an harmonious construction combined with great suppleness of movement. Seen from the side, the topline and underline form an elegant outline.
KC
Of medium size, almost square, well boned and muscled without coarseness or exaggeration. Stylish hunter.
UKC
The Portuguese Pointer is a medium-sized, well-balanced dog with a distinctive “square” face, drop ears, and a tail that is carried pendant when the dog is standing and level with the back or slightly above when the dog is moving. The body of the Portuguese Pointer is almost square. The Portuguese Pointer should be evaluated as a working gun dog and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Square, or almost square body. The skull to muzzle ratio is 64; height at withers to depth of chest is 21.
KC
Hunt point retrieve breed. Always a keen hunter and works with persistence and enthusiasm, staying in close contact with handler. Hardy and capable of great endurance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Extremely kind and affectionate, hardy, capable of great endurance and devotion. Calm and very sociable, but somewhat haughty towards other dogs. Curious by nature, works with persistence and vivacity. Always a keen hunting dog that stays in close contact with the hunter.
KC
Kind, affectionate, calm and very sociable.
UKC
The Portuguese Pointer has strong hunting instincts. In the field, the Portuguese Pointer is a tenacious hunter in all sorts of terrain and climate. The dog’s affectionate nature is so intense that the Portuguese standard describes it as “…occasionally even embarrassing”. This devotion, however, makes the Portuguese a joy in the field because no dog delights more in sharing the hunt with its master.

HEAD

:
FCI
In proportion to the size of the body, well built and harmonious in dimension, it gives the impression of being larger than it is. Slightly bulky, neither bony nor fleshy. Covered with loose, thin skin and without wrinkles.
Rectilinear in profile and square when seen from the front. Convergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
KC
In proportion to the body. Skull to muzzle ratio 3:2. Skull broad, almost flat, slightly arched in profile, neither bony nor fleshy. Planes of skull and muzzle convergent. Occiput not pronounced. Cheeks well filled. Stop very well defined. Muzzle square. Flews slightly pendulous but not excessive and gently rounded when viewed in profile. Corner of lips clearly visible. Nose black and well developed with large open nostrils. Skin elastic but not wrinkled.
UKC
The head is free of wrinkles; however, if there are wrinkles, they should only be slightly developed. It should be proportional to the size of the dog, yet by its shape give the impression of being larger. Viewed from the front, the head gives the impression of being square. Viewed from the side it is rectangular, and the stop is abrupt, forming an angle of about 100 degrees between the line of the muzzle and the line of the forehead. There is a slight median furrow between the eyes at the forehead and the occipital bone is not conspicuous.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Square, almost flat top line when seen from the front and slightly arched in profile, with a length that should not exceed 6/10 of the total head length, therefore with 60% cephalic index.
Seen from the front the forehead is almost flat, high, wide and symmetrical, slightly arched in profile. Well developed superciliary arches. Wide and not very deep frontal furrow. Barely perceptible occipital protuberance.
UKC
The skull is broad and slightly arched in profile. Viewed from the front, the forehead is high, wide, and almost flat.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined (90-100º).

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
The angle between the nasal bridge and the upper lip is 90°. Nose of good conformation, well developed with large wet and wide open nostrils. Black.
UKC
The nose leather is black on dogs with chamois or similar color coats, and brown on dogs with brown coats. Nostrils must be large and open.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Rectilinear and horizontal, adequately broad, with the same width over its length which is 4/10 of the head length.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
In profile, the muzzle is deep and the bridge of the muzzle is straight. Viewed from above, the muzzle is wide from stop to tip. Lips are slightly pendent but not overly thick. The top lip should fall naturally over the lower without folds, which results in slightly drooping corners of the mouth, and gives a square appearance to the muzzle when viewed from the side.

Lips

:
FCI
Pendulous upper lips, square in profile, at a right angle with the nasal bridge, semicircular at the tip when seen in profile; seen from the front, forming a sharp angle in the inferior edge; they join the lower lips by loose, folded commissures, with drooping corners. Averagely cut mouth, with irregularly pigmented (mucous) membranes, should have a normal occlusion allowing normal overlapping of the upper lip.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Healthy, correct and full dentition, with scissors bite.
UKC
The Portuguese Pointer as a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth that meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Parallel. Barely perceptible retro-commissural fold, with full parotid area (i.e. Well filled out under ear).

Eyes

:
FCI
Expressive, lively, brown, of a darker colour than the coat; oval shaped tending to round, biggish but not too big, level set and filling the orbit. Thin and wide open lids, with black pigmentation.
KC
Oval tending to round and quite full, set level and forward facing. Eyes brown, of a darker colour than the coat. Alert and expressive. Eye rims black.
UKC
The eyes are large, oval, and brown in color. Darker shades are preferred. They are set close to the surface and on a horizontal axis. Eyelids are tight, with pigment to match the nose color. The bony arches over the eyes are well defined but should not be so excessive as to make the skull appear coarse or bony. Expression is bright and intelligent.

Ears

:
FCI
Set above the level of the eyes on the rear part of the head, hanging, almost flat surface with one or two longitudinal folds when attentive, triangular, much wider at the base than at the tip in a proportion of 2.5 to 1, and with rounded tip. The length of the ears should be slightly superior to that of the skull. Thin, smooth, covered with thin, dense and very short hair.
KC
Set high, above the level of the eyes, lying flat to the skull and well back. May show folds when attentive. Triangular, wider at the base and with rounded tip. When pulled forward just covers the eye. Leathers thin, smooth and covered with dense, short hair.
UKC
The ears are drop, medium in length (no more than six inches) and set on high. They should be approximately 2½ times wider at the base than the tip, which is rounded. The ear leather is thin and the outer side is covered with short, silky hair. At rest, the ears should hang nearly flat and close to the cheeks. When the dog is alert, the ears will roll forward and may show one or two lengthwise furrows.

NECK

:
FCI
Straight, slightly arched in the upper third part, length not inferior to the head length, not very thick and with a short dewlap in the throat. It should join the head gracefully at an angle of approximately 90º and the connection between neck and body should not be accentuated.
KC
Medium length. Slightly arched and flowing smoothly into withers. Slight dewlap evident.
UKC
The neck is somewhat long, with the upper third slightly arched and with a short dewlap along the underside. It should not be so thick as to appear coarse. The neck blends smoothly into well-laid-back shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Withers only slightly marked. Topline sloping gently to croup. Short, broad back with short, well-muscled loin. Ribs well sprung in upper section, tapering gently to the sternum. Chest reaching to the elbow. Underline rising slightly without noticeable tuck up.
UKC
The body is just slightly longer (measured from prosternum to point of buttocks) than tall (measured from the withers to the ground). The length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) equals slightly more than one-half of the dog’s height. The back is short, strong, and straight with only a slight downward slope from the withers to the root of the tail. The loin is well-muscled, rather wide, short, and slightly arched. The croup is slightly sloping. The ribs extend well back and are well sprung out from the spine, then curving down and inward. The forechest extends in a shallow oval shape in front of the forelegs. The chest is deep, reaching to the elbows, and of moderate width. The deepest part of the chest is just behind the elbows. Tuck-up is apparent but not exaggerated. Flank is short and well filled out.

Topline

:
FCI
Rectilinear, rising slightly from croup to withers.

Withers

:
FCI
Not very high.

Back

:
FCI
Short, broad, rectilinear and slightly sloping down to the loin, to which it joins well.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, very broad, with strong muscles, slightly arched and well connected to the croup.

Croup

:
FCI
Of proportional width in relation to the loin, of harmonious conformation with a slightly oblique axis slightly sloping down.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and broad, with good thorax width, more developed in length and depth than in width, reaching the elbow. Well sprung ribs in the upper section and very broad. Considering the girth and in cross-section, the chest and its bordering ribs appear horseshoe-shaped, with both ends meeting sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly uprising from sternum to groin. The slim belly joins the hip in a circumference arch; the distance separating the hip from the last rib gives the flank a short and well coupled appearance.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural: of medium length, not reaching below the hock. Straight, of medium set, thick at the base and slightly tapering to the tip. Well set in perfect continuity with the line of the croup. At rest it hangs naturally, but never between the thighs. In motion, it rises horizontally or slightly above the topline but never vertically or sickle-shaped. Wagging from side to side.
Docked: in order to cover the genitals without surpassing them.
KC
Strong, slightly oval, well padded. Turning neither in nor out. Well arched toes. Black pads. Nails preferably black. Hind feet slightly longer than front feet.
UKC
The tail is a natural extension of the topline and is generally docked by one-third. When undocked, it must not go beyond the hock, or preferably not reach it. The tail is strong at the base, tapering gradually but not too much, towards the tip. When the dog is relaxed, the tail hangs down naturally. When the dog is moving or alert, the tail is carried level with the back or only slightly above level. When hunting, the tail may wag laterally. The tail should never be carried vertically, curled over the back or between the legs.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight when seen from the front and perfectly parallel to the main line of the body. Seen from the sides, upright and giving an overall appearance of great stability, support and natural ease of movement.
KC
Shoulders well laid and muscular. Good length and return of upper arm, placing elbows close to the body. Forearm long and straight, pastern slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulders are a little loaded. The shoulder blades are long and well laid back. The upper arm appears to be equal in length to the shoulder blade and joins it at an apparent right angle. The elbows are separated from the chest by the armpit and are well let down.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long; with medium inclination, well set and quite strongly muscled. 120º scapula-humerus angle.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Close to the chest. Its length is in accordance with the shoulder blade and the angulation is proportionate.

Elbow

:
FCI
Separated from the chest by the armpit, clean, well let down, of equal distance to the main line of the body, neither turned in or out. 150º humerus-radius angle.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are long, straight, strong and sturdy in bone, with broad, slightly sloping pasterns.

Forearm

:
FCI
Set off from the body, long, straight and perpendicular to the ground, when seen from front or sides.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
In perfect continuity to the forearm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Broad, slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, slightly oval, well padded. Turning neither in nor out. Well arched toes. Black pads. Nails preferably black. Hind feet slightly longer than front feet.
UKC
Feet are compact, well-knit, and round to oval in shape rather than long but not like cat feet. Toes are tight. Pads are thick, hard and covered with blackish skin. Nails are hard and preferably black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Proportional to the size of the limb, tending to be round rather than long, but without resembling cat-feet. Well formed toes, tight, uniform and robust to give good support. Strong and well developed pads, with black, thick, hard and resistant hide. Strong nails, hard and preferably black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Identical to the forefeet, but slightly longer.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from the back and perfectly parallel to the main body line, with normal uprightness when seen from sides.
KC
Broad and muscular. Gently sloping croup. Well developed first and second thigh. Stifles well bent, hocks well let down and parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and well-muscled. The angulation of the hindquarters is in balance with the angulation of the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, broad, well muscled. Buttocks shaped in a more or less accentuated curve, long and with a slightly elastic musculature. 95º hip-femur angle

Stifle

:
FCI
Slightly below the belly, but not too far from it. Slightly prominent and slightly turned out. 120º femur-tibia angle.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The stifles are slightly below the abdomen and slightly turned outward. The hocks are clean, broad and thick. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well placed, the length being proportional to the length of the thigh, its obliquity should be in proportion with the slope of the croup.

Hock

:
FCI
Sufficiently open and well placed, clean, broad and thick. 145º tibia-tarsus angle.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Of medium height, vertical, almost cylindrical, of even thickness and lean.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
With normal stride, easy and elegant. Polyvalent in its work and quite adaptable to diverse ground, weather and game, the movement switches between a simple suspension gallop and an extended, easy and rhythmic trot.
KC
Easy, elegant, with rhythmic trotting action.
UKC
When trotting, the gait is effortless, smooth, powerful and well coordinated, showing good but not exaggerated reach in front and drive behind.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, hard, close, harsh and dense, covering the body evenly, with the exception of the armpits, groin, perianal and genital regions where is more sparse and softer. It is thinner and shorter on the head, especially on the ears, which have a velvety look. Without undercoat.
KC
Single coat. Short, close, harsh and dense, covering the body evenly. Finer and shorter on the head, particularly on the ears giving a velvety effect.
UKC
The coat is short and flat-lying. On the back, the coat is dense and somewhat coarse to the touch. From the back to the abdomen the coat texture and density changes gradually so that the coat under the elbows, in the groin, and inner thighs is less dense and softer. The hair on the head is very short, fine, and soft, and even more so on the ears, which should feel velvety to the touch.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Yellow of light, medium and dark shades, solid or with white patches on the head, neck, chest, lower extremity of limbs, below the elbows and hocks and tip of tail when undocked.
KC
Yellow of light, medium and dark shades. Solid or with white patches on the head, neck, chest, legs below the elbows and hocks, and tip of undocked tail.
UKC
Color may be any shade of yellow or brown, either solid or with white markings.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs: 54 - 58 cm (21¼ - 22¾ ins); bitches: 50 - 54 cm (19¾ - 21¼ ins). Weight: dogs 20-27 kgs (44 – 59½ lbs); females 16-22 kgs (35½ - 48½ lbs).
UKC
Desirable height at maturity for males is 22 inches; and for females, 20½ inches, with an allowable variation of 1½ inches either way. Desirable weight for a male in working condition is 51½ pounds (44 and 59½ pounds), and 42 pounds (35 and 48½ pounds) for a female.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 56 cm +/- 4 cm.
Females 52 cm +/- 4 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 20-27 Kg.
Females 16-22 Kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Behaviour: Shyness.
  • Head: Skull/muzzle ratio slightly different from 6/4. Narrow. Prominent occipital protuberance. Very developed frontal sinus. Pronounced frontal furrow. Presence of wrinkles.
  • Nose: Any colour other than black.
  • Muzzle: Short or long.
  • Lips: Upper lips not square. Commissure not perceptible. Incorrect pigmentation of the mucous membranes.
  • Teeth: Pincer bite.
  • Eyes: Small, light, inexpressive; too round.
  • Ears: Of medium set, very big or very small, pointed tip.
  • Neck: Too short. Without dewlap or too much dewlap.
  • Body: Poor development of the chest.
  • Tail: Too short when natural, too low set or with atypical carriage (vertical or sickle-shaped).
  • Limbs: and feet Turned in or out, splayed feet.
  • Coat: Soft hair.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Too shy.
  • Head: Skull-muzzle relation very different from 6/4. Barely defined stop, parallel longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
  • Muzzle: Slanted.
  • Eyes: Slanted. Squinting (east-west/cross-eyed).
  • Ears: Fleshy, low set, excessively folded or curling.
  • Body: Saddled or roached top line. Croup too sloping. Body too long, round thorax. Tucked up belly.
  • Coat: White patches outside the limits set by the standard.
  • Size: Oversized or undersized.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Head: Atypical with convex muzzle, too long or too short, skull too narrow. Divergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
  • Nose: Total lack of pigmentation.
  • Jaws: Undershot or overshot.
  • Eyes: Uneven in shape or size, of different colours. Wall eye, congenital blindness.
  • Deafness: Congenital or acquired.
  • Body: Completely atypical, showing signs of crossbreeding to other breeds.
  • Coat: Different from breed type.
  • Colour: Albinism. Any other colour than the described type.. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Males under 20½ inches or over 23½ inches. Females under 19 inches or over 22 inches.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Unpigmented or irregularly pigmented nose. Wall eyes. Presence of rear dewclaws. Complete lack of tail. Long coat.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Nose: Unpigmented or irregularly pigmented nose.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Hind Legs: Presence of rear dewclaws.
Tail: Complete lack of tail.
Coat: Long coat
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.