Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Portuguese Pointing Dog

(Perdigueiro Português)

Portuguese Pointer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Portugal.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
February 2015

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type
With working trial

KC
Gundog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland & Renée Sporre-Willes.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Portuguese Pointing Dog originates from the Iberian Peninsula, descending from the old Peninsular Pointing Dog, a common ancestor to other pointing dogs. It evolved by adapting to the climate, terrain and game and from the selection imposed by the socio-cultural specificity of the Portuguese, who have been breeding it for centuries for hunting purposes. The breed conserved the morphological and functional traits similar to those existing nowadays.
Its existence in Portugal can be traced back to at least the 12th century. In the 14th century it was known as the “podengo de mostra”, already showing the capacity for pointing game. It was bred in the royal and nobility kennels and used in falconry. In the 16th century, already named “perdigueiro” (from “perdiz” the common Portuguese name for partridge), it was frequently used by commoners.
The definition of the current traits and dissemination by a group of breeders and hunters began in the first quarter of the 20th century.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized dog, rectilinear, bracoïd type, strong but with an harmonious construction combined with great suppleness of movement. Seen from the side, the topline and underline form an elegant outline.
KC
Of medium size, almost square, well boned and muscled without coarseness or exaggeration. Stylish hunter.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Square, or almost square body. The skull to muzzle ratio is 64; height at withers to depth of chest is 21.
KC
Hunt point retrieve breed. Always a keen hunter and works with persistence and enthusiasm, staying in close contact with handler. Hardy and capable of great endurance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Extremely kind and affectionate, hardy, capable of great endurance and devotion. Calm and very sociable, but somewhat haughty towards other dogs. Curious by nature, works with persistence and vivacity. Always a keen hunting dog that stays in close contact with the hunter.
KC
Kind, affectionate, calm and very sociable.

HEAD

:
FCI
In proportion to the size of the body, well built and harmonious in dimension, it gives the impression of being larger than it is. Slightly bulky, neither bony nor fleshy. Covered with loose, thin skin and without wrinkles.
Rectilinear in profile and square when seen from the front. Convergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
KC
In proportion to the body. Skull to muzzle ratio 3:2. Skull broad, almost flat, slightly arched in profile, neither bony nor fleshy. Planes of skull and muzzle convergent. Occiput not pronounced. Cheeks well filled. Stop very well defined. Muzzle square. Flews slightly pendulous but not excessive and gently rounded when viewed in profile. Corner of lips clearly visible. Nose black and well developed with large open nostrils. Skin elastic but not wrinkled.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Square, almost flat top line when seen from the front and slightly arched in profile, with a length that should not exceed 6/10 of the total head length, therefore with 60% cephalic index.
Seen from the front the forehead is almost flat, high, wide and symmetrical, slightly arched in profile. Well developed superciliary arches. Wide and not very deep frontal furrow. Barely perceptible occipital protuberance.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined (90-100º).

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
The angle between the nasal bridge and the upper lip is 90°. Nose of good conformation, well developed with large wet and wide open nostrils. Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Rectilinear and horizontal, adequately broad, with the same width over its length which is 4/10 of the head length.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Pendulous upper lips, square in profile, at a right angle with the nasal bridge, semicircular at the tip when seen in profile; seen from the front, forming a sharp angle in the inferior edge; they join the lower lips by loose, folded commissures, with drooping corners. Averagely cut mouth, with irregularly pigmented (mucous) membranes, should have a normal occlusion allowing normal overlapping of the upper lip.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Healthy, correct and full dentition, with scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Parallel. Barely perceptible retro-commissural fold, with full parotid area (i.e. Well filled out under ear).

Eyes

:
FCI
Expressive, lively, brown, of a darker colour than the coat; oval shaped tending to round, biggish but not too big, level set and filling the orbit. Thin and wide open lids, with black pigmentation.
KC
Oval tending to round and quite full, set level and forward facing. Eyes brown, of a darker colour than the coat. Alert and expressive. Eye rims black.

Ears

:
FCI
Set above the level of the eyes on the rear part of the head, hanging, almost flat surface with one or two longitudinal folds when attentive, triangular, much wider at the base than at the tip in a proportion of 2.5 to 1, and with rounded tip. The length of the ears should be slightly superior to that of the skull. Thin, smooth, covered with thin, dense and very short hair.
KC
Set high, above the level of the eyes, lying flat to the skull and well back. May show folds when attentive. Triangular, wider at the base and with rounded tip. When pulled forward just covers the eye. Leathers thin, smooth and covered with dense, short hair.

NECK

:
FCI
Straight, slightly arched in the upper third part, length not inferior to the head length, not very thick and with a short dewlap in the throat. It should join the head gracefully at an angle of approximately 90º and the connection between neck and body should not be accentuated.
KC
Medium length. Slightly arched and flowing smoothly into withers. Slight dewlap evident.

BODY

:
KC
Withers only slightly marked. Topline sloping gently to croup. Short, broad back with short, well-muscled loin. Ribs well sprung in upper section, tapering gently to the sternum. Chest reaching to the elbow. Underline rising slightly without noticeable tuck up.

Topline

:
FCI
Rectilinear, rising slightly from croup to withers.

Withers

:
FCI
Not very high.

Back

:
FCI
Short, broad, rectilinear and slightly sloping down to the loin, to which it joins well.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, very broad, with strong muscles, slightly arched and well connected to the croup.

Croup

:
FCI
Of proportional width in relation to the loin, of harmonious conformation with a slightly oblique axis slightly sloping down.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and broad, with good thorax width, more developed in length and depth than in width, reaching the elbow. Well sprung ribs in the upper section and very broad. Considering the girth and in cross-section, the chest and its bordering ribs appear horseshoe-shaped, with both ends meeting sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly uprising from sternum to groin. The slim belly joins the hip in a circumference arch; the distance separating the hip from the last rib gives the flank a short and well coupled appearance.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural: of medium length, not reaching below the hock. Straight, of medium set, thick at the base and slightly tapering to the tip. Well set in perfect continuity with the line of the croup. At rest it hangs naturally, but never between the thighs. In motion, it rises horizontally or slightly above the topline but never vertically or sickle-shaped. Wagging from side to side.
Docked: in order to cover the genitals without surpassing them.
KC
Strong, slightly oval, well padded. Turning neither in nor out. Well arched toes. Black pads. Nails preferably black. Hind feet slightly longer than front feet.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Straight when seen from the front and perfectly parallel to the main line of the body. Seen from the sides, upright and giving an overall appearance of great stability, support and natural ease of movement.
KC
Shoulders well laid and muscular. Good length and return of upper arm, placing elbows close to the body. Forearm long and straight, pastern slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long; with medium inclination, well set and quite strongly muscled. 120º scapula-humerus angle.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Close to the chest. Its length is in accordance with the shoulder blade and the angulation is proportionate.

Elbow

:
FCI
Separated from the chest by the armpit, clean, well let down, of equal distance to the main line of the body, neither turned in or out. 150º humerus-radius angle.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Set off from the body, long, straight and perpendicular to the ground, when seen from front or sides.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
In perfect continuity to the forearm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Broad, slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, slightly oval, well padded. Turning neither in nor out. Well arched toes. Black pads. Nails preferably black. Hind feet slightly longer than front feet.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Proportional to the size of the limb, tending to be round rather than long, but without resembling cat-feet. Well formed toes, tight, uniform and robust to give good support. Strong and well developed pads, with black, thick, hard and resistant hide. Strong nails, hard and preferably black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Identical to the forefeet, but slightly longer.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from the back and perfectly parallel to the main body line, with normal uprightness when seen from sides.
KC
Broad and muscular. Gently sloping croup. Well developed first and second thigh. Stifles well bent, hocks well let down and parallel when viewed from behind.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, broad, well muscled. Buttocks shaped in a more or less accentuated curve, long and with a slightly elastic musculature. 95º hip-femur angle

Stifle

:
FCI
Slightly below the belly, but not too far from it. Slightly prominent and slightly turned out. 120º femur-tibia angle.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well placed, the length being proportional to the length of the thigh, its obliquity should be in proportion with the slope of the croup.

Hock

:
FCI
Sufficiently open and well placed, clean, broad and thick. 145º tibia-tarsus angle.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Of medium height, vertical, almost cylindrical, of even thickness and lean.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
With normal stride, easy and elegant. Polyvalent in its work and quite adaptable to diverse ground, weather and game, the movement switches between a simple suspension gallop and an extended, easy and rhythmic trot.
KC
Easy, elegant, with rhythmic trotting action.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, hard, close, harsh and dense, covering the body evenly, with the exception of the armpits, groin, perianal and genital regions where is more sparse and softer. It is thinner and shorter on the head, especially on the ears, which have a velvety look. Without undercoat.
KC
Single coat. Short, close, harsh and dense, covering the body evenly. Finer and shorter on the head, particularly on the ears giving a velvety effect.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Yellow of light, medium and dark shades, solid or with white patches on the head, neck, chest, lower extremity of limbs, below the elbows and hocks and tip of tail when undocked.
KC
Yellow of light, medium and dark shades. Solid or with white patches on the head, neck, chest, legs below the elbows and hocks, and tip of undocked tail.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs: 54 - 58 cm (21¼ - 22¾ ins); bitches: 50 - 54 cm (19¾ - 21¼ ins). Weight: dogs 20-27 kgs (44 – 59½ lbs); females 16-22 kgs (35½ - 48½ lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 56 cm +/- 4 cm.
Females 52 cm +/- 4 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 20-27 Kg.
Females 16-22 Kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Behaviour: Shyness.
  • Head: Skull/muzzle ratio slightly different from 6/4. Narrow. Prominent occipital protuberance. Very developed frontal sinus. Pronounced frontal furrow. Presence of wrinkles.
  • Nose: Any colour other than black.
  • Muzzle: Short or long.
  • Lips: Upper lips not square. Commissure not perceptible. Incorrect pigmentation of the mucous membranes.
  • Teeth: Pincer bite.
  • Eyes: Small, light, inexpressive; too round.
  • Ears: Of medium set, very big or very small, pointed tip.
  • Neck: Too short. Without dewlap or too much dewlap.
  • Body: Poor development of the chest.
  • Tail: Too short when natural, too low set or with atypical carriage (vertical or sickle-shaped).
  • Limbs: and feet Turned in or out, splayed feet.
  • Coat: Soft hair.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Too shy.
  • Head: Skull-muzzle relation very different from 6/4. Barely defined stop, parallel longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
  • Muzzle: Slanted.
  • Eyes: Slanted. Squinting (east-west/cross-eyed).
  • Ears: Fleshy, low set, excessively folded or curling.
  • Body: Saddled or roached top line. Croup too sloping. Body too long, round thorax. Tucked up belly.
  • Coat: White patches outside the limits set by the standard.
  • Size: Oversized or undersized.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Behaviour: Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Head: Atypical with convex muzzle, too long or too short, skull too narrow. Divergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
  • Nose: Total lack of pigmentation.
  • Jaws: Undershot or overshot.
  • Eyes: Uneven in shape or size, of different colours. Wall eye, congenital blindness.
  • Deafness: Congenital or acquired.
  • Body: Completely atypical, showing signs of crossbreeding to other breeds.
  • Coat: Different from breed type.
  • Colour: Albinism. Any other colour than the described type.. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.