Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Portuguese Warren Hound - Portuguese Podengo

(Podengo Português)

Portuguese Podengo

Podengo Portugueso

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
Portugal.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog, watch dog and companion dog
All varieties are also used as watch dogs and as companion dogs.
Large Podengo: used for hunting big game.
Medium Podengo: also known as Warren Hound, its natural aptitude as a rabbit hunter is well used, hunting either in a pack or alone.
Small Podengo: used for searching rabbits in holes and rocks.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 7Primitive type - Hunting Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Sighthound/Pariah

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Primitive type dog, it probably originates from the ancient dogs brought by the Phoenicians and Romans to the Iberian Peninsula in the Classic Antiquity. It was subsequently influenced by the introduction of dogs accompanying the Moors in their invasions in the 8th century. It adapted to the Portuguese terrain and climate, to become what is nowadays known as the Portuguese Warren Hound. It evolved morphologically throughout the centuries due to its functionality, with the small variety being selected, from the 15th century on, as a ratter on the Caravels of the Portuguese navigators.
UKC
The probable origin of the Portuguese Podengo is from unspecialized, primitive hunting dogs that were obtained and distributed by Phoenician traders during their circumnavigation of Africa in 600 BC. These traders reached the Port of Gaul (Portugal) in the 700's BC. This is evidenced by artifacts found under the Lisbon Cathedral. The Phoenicians traded and traveled extensively in the land between their famous city of Gadir (Cadiz) in Iberia and Cornwall in England (where they obtained the valuable tin needed to make bronze). It is entirely possible that the Phoenicians brought these valuable hunting dogs with them, both for trading and for their own use. Goods were also moved via river transport from the southern Iberian trading cities and stored safely on the island of Ibiza, which likely resulted in the distribution of the dogs in those areas as well. When the Moorish (North African) soldiers and their people invaded and occupied Iberia (Spain, Portugal and France) for 400 years (from the early 8th century AD - to the mid- 12th Century AD*) they probably brought their own version of primitive dogs with them, thus influencing and defining the Iberian breeds such as the Podengo in Portugal and Podengo Galego in Spain. The Portuguese Podengo was developed in three size varieties and two coat types, each suited to different climates, terrain, type of prey and hunting style. The grande ('grand' - large) was developed for deer and wild boar hunting. It will exhaust and hold down the prey and await the hunter's gun. The Grande is now very rare in its home country The medio ('mee-dee-o' - medium or 'middle') was developed for rabbit chasing, flushing, hunting and retrieval. Its hunting style includes catlike stalking and, similar to the Ibizan Hound; it often jumps above the prey before landing on or near it to flush it out of dense brush, rock crevices or burrows. It will dig if necessary to flush prey." The pequeno ('pee-kenno' - small) was also developed for flushing rabbits from cover. It is also a good vermin exterminator and was probably kept on board explorer ships after King Alfonso Henrique's defeat of the Moors. The Portuguese Podengo was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Quadrangular pyramidal head, with erect ears, sickle shaped tail, well proportioned, with sound construction and well muscled; very lively and intelligent; sober and rustic. It exists in three sizes, with two varieties of coat smooth and wire.
KC
Small, sturdy, slightly longer than high.
UKC
The Portuguese Podengo comes in three sizes: Grande, Medio and Pequeno (large, medium and small), and two coat varieties, smooth coated and wire coated. It is a breed that is free from exaggeration in all respects, with a wedge-shaped head, prick ears and a sickle-shaped tail. The Grande and Medio are nearly square in proportion, and the Pequeno is somewhat rectangular, with the body length from prosternum to point of buttocks approximately 20 percent greater than the height at the withers. In all sizes, the depth of the chest is one-half the height at the withers.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Almost square (Sub-mediolinear) of large or medium substance respectively. Ratio of length of body to height at the withers 11/10 and depth of chest to height at withers 1/2.
Small Podengo: Body slightly longer than high (Sub-longilinear), of small stature. The length of the body is slightly more than the height at withers with a ratio – length of body/height at the withers 6/5 and depth of chest /height at withers 1/2.
In all varieties, the muzzle length is less than the skull length.
KC
A primitive dog used primarily for hunting rabbits. A keen, alert and agile dog who hunts by scent, sight and hearing.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
KC
Sociable, intelligent and lively.
UKC
The breed is endowed with an acute sense of smell, sharp vision and keen hearing, and they use all of these senses when hunting. They are a very lively and intelligent breed and make excellent watch dogs and companions as well as outstanding hunters.

HEAD

:
FCI
Lean and of a quadrangular pyramid shape, with large base and definite pointed muzzle. The longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes are divergent.
KC
Lean, fine, seen as a broad based wedge when viewed from above and in profile. Flat or slightly arched skull. Occipital bone slightly prominent. Stop moderately defined. Muzzle shorter than the skull, appears as a blunt wedge when in profile, with a slightly protruding nose. Lips thin, black and tight fitting.
UKC
The head is a lean, well chiseled, broad based wedge when viewed either from the top or in profile. The planes of the skull and muzzle diverge.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat; almost straight in profile; prominent superciliary arches; scarcely perceptible frontal furrow; the area between the ears is horizontal with prominent occipital protuberance.
UKC
The skull is relatively flat between the ears, with a prominent occipital bone. There are prominent superciliary arches and a barely perceptible frontal furrow. The stop is barely defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Tapered and obliquely truncated, prominent at the tip; of darker colour than the coat.
UKC
The nose is tapered and prominent at the tip. It is always darker in color than the color of the coat.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Pointed; curved seen from the front, with a straight profile; shorter than the skull; broader at the base than at the tip.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.
UKC
The muzzle is rounded in cross section, with a straight nasal bone. It is broader at the base than at the tip and shorter in length than the length of the skull. The lips are thin and close fitting, and always darker in color than the color of the coat.

Lips

:
FCI
Close fitting, thin; firm, horizontally cut and well pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Normal with scissors bite, with solid, white teeth; normal occlusion of both jaws. Full dentition in the large variety.
UKC
The Portuguese Podengo has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. Full dentition is required in the Grande.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean and obliquely set, seen from the front.

Eyes

:
FCI
Very lively expression; not prominent; they are small and slanted with the colour ranging from honey to brown, in accordance with the coat; lids darker than the coat colour.
KC
Expressive, moderate in size, not prominent, set obliquely. Colour varies according to coat colour, from light to dark brown.
UKC
The eyes are almond in shape and set slightly obliquely, giving a bright, lively expression. Eye color ranges from honey to brown, according to the color of the coat. The eye rims are always darker than the color of the coat.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on obliquely at the level of the eyes; straight, erect, with high mobility; vertical or tilting slightly forward, when attentive; pointed, wider at the base, triangular; thin, of considerable length, more than the width at the base.
KC
Triangular, large and thin. Broad at the base tapering to a fine point. Set on medium high and obliquely. Very mobile, carried erect and forward when alert. Length of ear greater than width at base.
UKC
The erect, mobile ears are set obliquely, with the outside edge at the level of the eyes. They are triangular in shape, and the leather is thin. The ears are of medium length, but with their length greater than their width at the base. They are held vertically or slightly tilted forward when alert.

NECK

:
FCI
In a harmonious transition from head to body; straight; long; well proportioned, strong and well muscled; without dewlap.
KC
Straight and of medium length. Strong, well muscled. Free from throatiness.
UKC
The neck is straight, long, strong and well muscled. It transitions smoothly from head to body and is free from throatiness.

BODY

:
KC
Length of body from point of shoulder to point of buttock greater than height at withers. Topline level, slight rise over loin. Moderate forechest. Chest fairly deep, not too wide. Ribs moderately well sprung and carried well back. Underline rising slightly.
UKC
The chest is deep to the elbow, and of medium width. The sternum slopes back and upward and there is moderate forechest. The ribs are sloping and slightly sprung. The back is straight and long and the loin is straight, broad and well muscled. The croup is straight or slightly sloping, broad and muscular. The entire topline, from ears to set on of tail, is smooth and flowing. The belly and flanks are lean and there is a slight tuck up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight, level.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly visible in relation to the neck and back.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and long.

Loin

:
FCI
Straight; broad and well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Straight or slightly sloping; medium sized; broad and well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Down to the elbows; of moderate width; long, with the sternum rising back and up; ribs slightly sprung and inclined; forechest neither too apparent nor too muscled and of moderate width.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly tucked up; lean belly and flanks.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural, set on rather higher than low; strong, thick and thinning to the tip, of medium length; at rest falls slightly curved between the buttocks down to the hocks, in action it rises horizontally either slightly curved or vertically in sickle shape, but never curled; fringed on the under side.
KC
Medium length, high set. Thick at the base tapering to a fine point. Curved over the back when moving. Never curled.
UKC
The tail is set rather high and is long enough to reach to the hock joint. It is strong and thick, and at rest it falls in a slight curve between the buttocks. When the dog is in action it rises to the horizontal and is slightly curved, or it may go up to vertical in a sickle shape.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from front and sides; well muscled and lean.
KC
Forelegs straight and parallel. Well laid muscular shoulders. Pasterns short, strong and slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and sloping, covered with strong muscles. The angle of the shoulder blade and upper arm is approximately 110 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long; inclined; strong and well muscled; scapula-humerus angle, approximately 110º.

Elbow

:
FCI
Parallel to the main line of the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Long, lean and well muscled, with elbows held parallel to the body. The pastern joint is not prominent and the pasterns are short, strong and slightly bent.

Forearm

:
FCI
Vertical; long and well muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Lean and not prominent.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short; strong; slightly inclined.

FEET

:
KC
Strong and round, toes tight and well arched. Nails strong, short and preferably dark. Firm pads.
UKC
The feet are oval in shape with long, tight, slightly arched toes and tough pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded; long toes, strong, tight and arched; with strong and preferably dark nails, tough and firm pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Rounded; long toes, strong, tight and arched; short and strong nails, preferably dark; tough and firm pads.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from back and sides; well muscled and lean; parallel to the main body line.
KC
Strong and muscular. Moderately angulated with firm hocks and moderate length of rear pasterns. Legs parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hindquarters are upright, well muscled and lean.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long; of medium width; well muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Femur-tibia angle approximately 135º.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are long, medium in width, and well muscled. The lower thigh is long, lean and strong. The angulation at both the stifle and the hock is moderate, about 135 degrees. The rear pasterns are strong, short and straight and there are no dewclaws.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Inclined; long; lean, strong, well muscled.

Hock

:
FCI
Of medium height; lean; strong; open hock angle, approximately 135º.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Strong; short; inclined; without dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light trot, easy and agile movement.
KC
Swift and light footed. Sound.
UKC
An easy, agile, light trot.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thin and tight. Mucous membranes preferably dark pigmented or always darker than the coat.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Two varieties Either short and smooth or long and wire - both of medium thickness; without undercoat. The short coat is more dense than the wire coat. In the wire variety the hair on the muzzle is longer (bearded).
KC
Smooth or wire coated. Never trimmed. Skin thin and close fitting. Smooth coated: Short and very dense. Wire coated: Rough and harsh, but not as dense as the smooth coat and without undercoat. Distinct beard.
UKC
There are two varieties of coat: ● Smooth, which is short and very dense; and ● Wire, which is medium in length, rough and harsh, not as dense as the Smooth coat, and without undercoat. The Wire coat produces a distinct beard. The coat is to be shown in the natural state, groomed but not clipped or trimmed. The skin is thin and close fitting.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Yellow and fawn in all shades from light to dark, with or without white markings, or white with patches of these colours.
In the Small Podengo, the following colours are accepted but not preferred black, brown, with or without white markings or white with patches of these colours.
KC
Yellow, fawn (in all shades from light to dark), black (diluted or faded), with or without white markings. White only if accompanied by markings of one of the listed colours.
UKC
Yellow and fawn of any shade, either solid or with white patches or primarily white with patches of any shade of yellow or fawn. In the Pequeno, the following colors are also acceptable, but they are not preferred: tones of black or brown, either solid or with white patches or white with patches of black or brown.

SIZE

:
KC
Height 20-30 cms (8-12 ins). Weight 4-5 kilos (9-11 lbs).
UKC
● Height at the withers for the GRANDE is 22 to 28 inches with a weight range of 44 to 66 pounds. ● Height at the withers for the MEDIO is 16 to 22 inches, with a weight range of 35 to 44 pounds. ● Height at the withers for the PEQUENO is 8 to 12 inches with a weight range of 9 to 13 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Small 20 to 30 cm
Medium 40 to 54 cm
Large 55 to 70 cm

Weight

:
FCI

Small 4 to 6 Kg
Medium 16 to 20 Kg
Large 20 to 30 Kg

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Behaviour: Signs of shyness.
Cranium/Muzzle: Parallel longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
Jaws: Incorrect occlusion or badly implanted teeth; pincer bite; incomplete dentition in the large variety.
Nose: Partial lack of pigmentation.
Neck: Arched.
Body: Arched top line.
Croup: Too sloping.
Dewclaws: Their existence is not appreciated.
Coat: Silky and/or with undercoat.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Head: Parallel planes.
Nose: Partial lack of nose pigment.
Neck: Ewe neck or distinctly arched neck.
Coat: Silky or soft coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Cranium/Muzzle: Convergent superior cranium-facial axes.
Nose: Total lack of pigmentation.
Ears: Rounded.
Belly: Too tucked up.
Tail: Curled.
UKC

Head: Convergent planes.
Nose: Complete lack of nose pigment.
Tail: Curled tail.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Behaviour: Aggressive or overly shy.
General Appearance: Signs of crossbreeding to sighthounds, pointing breeds or any other crossbreeding.
Jaws: Undershot or overshot.
Eyes: Of different colours.
Ears: Folded or hanging.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite in any size. Tipped, bent or hanging ears. Brindle, black and tan, tricolor or solid white.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite in any size.
Eyes: Eyes of two different colors.
Ears: Tipped, bent or hanging ears.
Color: Brindle, black and tan, tricolor or solid white.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.