Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Majorca Mastiff

(Perro Dogo Mallorquín - Ca de Bou)

Majorca Mastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Spain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
11.12.1996.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watch and Guard Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Since ancient times, seafaring from East to West in the Mediterranean region has led to the exchange of culture and science between nations. These reciprocal relations, even though mainly of a commercial nature, also gave the opportunity for an exchange of domestic animals. Amongst these were watch and guard dogs which were needed in harbours and coastal settlements as a protection against pirates and robbers coming in by sea. Amongst these mostly large, strong, resistant dogs with large heads and powerful teeth, one type distinguished itself. It was the mastiff of the Iberian Peninsula, which, in Spain, was used in various areas as a hunting or as a fighting dog against bulls and other dogs. This breed accompanied King Jacob 1 on his conquests and arrived in the Balearics about the year 1230. In the 17th century, Minorca and others areas came into British possession, following the treaty of Utrecht. The British brought their own fighting and guard dogs with them into the Balearics and crossed them with the native mastiffs of the Iberian Peninsula, which also occurred in the Balearic Isles. In the beginning of the 18th century, fights between dogs and bulls (bull baiting) were very popular and the Britons inhabiting the Island looked for a breed which would be held suited to such fights. These circumstances explain the name “Ca de Bou”, Bull Dog. In the Spanish Stud Book for the year 1923, the existence of this breed is already established.
The first official entry was in the year 1928 and in 1929, when such a breed was exhibited for the first time at a Dog Show in Barcelona.
The first official entry was in the year 1928 and in 1929, when such a breed was exhibited for the first time at a Dog Show in Barcelona.
UKC
Since ancient times, seafaring people of the Mediterranean region exchanged domesticated animals as they visited the harbors and coastal settlements of the various regions. Large, strong dogs that were used as watch and guard dogs became established in the Iberian Peninsula. In Spain, this mastiff type dog was often used as a hunting or bull fighting dog. Hence the name that they were referred to at the time, “Ca de Bou”, or Bull Dog. The breed was established in the Spanish Stud Book in 1923. They were first exhibited in Barcelona in 1929. The Majorca Mastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A typical Molossian of somewhat elongated build, strong and powerful, of medium size. The difference between the sexes is apparent in the head, whose circumference is definitely greater in dogs than in bitches.
UKC
A medium size, typically Mastiff type of dog, rectangular in appearance, strong and powerfully built. The difference between the sexes is readily apparent in the head, which is much greater in circumference in males than in females.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Quiet by nature, he can under some circumstances be courageous and brave. He is at ease with people, faithful and devoted to his master. As a watch and guard dog, he is unsurpassed. In quiet situations, he is trusting and self assured. When roused, his expression is piercing.
UKC
Quiet by nature, but when challenged the Majorca Mastiff can be courageous and brave. He is at ease with people and devoted to his master. He is an excellent watch and guard dog, very self assured.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong and massive.
UKC
The head is strong and massive.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Large, broad and almost square. Its circumference, specially in males, is greater than the chest measurement taken at the withers. Forehead is broad and flat. Frontal furrow well defined. Seen from the front, due to the shape of the skull, back of skull is not visible. Upper planes of skull and muzzle are almost parallel, lightly converging.
UKC
Large, broad and almost square. In males, the circumference of the head is greater than that of the chest measurement taken at the withers. The forehead is broad and flat. The frontal furrow is well defined. The upper planes of the skull and muzzle are almost parallel. The stop is strongly defined seen from the side, with a protruding brow.

Stop

:
FCI
Seen from side, strongly defined and protruding; seen from front, only noticeable because the eyebrow arches form a definite frontal furrow.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
The jaw muscles are strong, protruding, well developed and reach to the middle region below the eye. Even though there are some folds which occur sideways over the chewing muscles, there are altogether no folds in the skin of the head.

Nose

:
FCI
Black and broad. The philtrum between the nostrils is well defined.
UKC
Black and broad.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Set on at inner corner of eye, broad and conical, in profile reminiscent of a blunt cone with a broad base. The nasal bridge is staight, rising slightly. Length of muzzle is in proportion of 1 to 3 to length of skull.
UKC
The muzzle is broad and conical. In profile, it resembles a blunt cone with a broad base. The nasal bridge is straight. The muzzle is short, one third the length of the skull. The jaw muscles are well developed and protruding. The upper lip covers the lower lip to the middle part of the muzzle, where the corner of the mouth appears. The flews are not pendulous.

Lips

:
FCI
Laterally the upper lip covers the lower lip to the middle part of the muzzle, where the corner of the mouth appears. The upper lip is rather taut, whereas the lower lip is folded in its middle part, so that in a closed muzzle, the lips are not noticeable. The completely red mucous membrane of the mouth cavity has distinct transversal ridges and the rims of the gums have black pigment.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws are strong, incisors in a correct row and canines well apart. The mouth is complete, teeth white and strong. The bite is undershot; the gap of the not exaggerated undershot bite should not be more than 1 cm. When the muzzle is closed, teeth must not be visible.
UKC
The Majorca Mastiff has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a reverse scissors bite. It is not so undershot that the teeth show when the mouth is closed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, oval in shape, lids wide open, clearly outlined and slightly slanting. Colour should be as dark as possible and according to coat colour. Conjunctiva not visible. Looked at from front, white of eyes should not be visible. The eyes are deep set and far apart.
UKC
Large, oval in shape, set wide apart and deeply in their sockets. No white or haw should be visible when the dog is looking straight ahead. Eye color should be as dark as possible depending on the color of the coat.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high and to the sides, rather small, with inner ear opening visible and drawn backwards in a curve; it is a so called “rose ear”. In repose, the tip of the ear is below the line of the eye.
UKC
Rose ears, rather small and set on high. In repose, the tip of the ear is below the line of the eye.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, thick, in harmony to the whole. At set on, roughly the diameter of the head; fitting well into withers. Skin slightly loose; thin dewlap permitted.
UKC
Strong and thick, roughly the same diameter as the head, with loose skin and a thin dewlap.

BODY

:
UKC
The ribcage is somewhat cylindrical in shape. The chest is deep to the elbows, and very broad, causing the tops of the shoulder blades to be wide apart. The loin is short, arched and relatively narrow. The dog stands slightly higher at the hip bones than at the withers, and the croup slopes at an angle of 30 degrees. There is little tuck up.

Loin

:
FCI
Loins and flanks: Short, relatively narrow, with definite arch towards croup.

Croup

:
FCI
1 to 2 cm higher in position than withers. Slanting to horizontal at an angle of 30 degrees and slightly narrower than chest.

Chest

:
FCI
The rib cage is somewhat cylindrical, deep and reaches to the elbows. As the tops of the shoulder blades are wide apart, the chest is broad at the height of the withers.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
The chest line runs parallel to the ground. The belly line rises and is tucked up lightly, not greyhound-like.

TAIL

:
FCI
Low set on. Thick at root, tapering towards the tip. Hangs naturally in repose; in action it forms a slight curve and is raised to height of the top line.
UKC
Set on low, thick at the base, tapering towards the tip. Hangs naturally in repose and in action it is raised in a slight curve to the height of the topline.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
Shoulder blades and upper arms are moderately short and slightly slanting. They are set well apart.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately short, slightly, slanting, hardly protruding.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Straight, parallel, set well apart.

Elbow

:
FCI
Standing away from the chest because of width of breast but in no way turned out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Because of the width of the breast, the elbows stand away from the chest, but are not turned out. The forearm is well muscled and straight with strong bone.

Forearm

:
FCI
Well muscled, straight, strong bone structure.

FEET

:
UKC
Strong, with thick, close together toes. Hind feet are slightly more elongated than front feet.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strong with thick, close together, lightly rounded toes. Pads slightly pigmented.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Strong with thick toes which are longer than those of front feet but altogether oval in shape. Pigmented pads preferred.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Muscles broader than in forequarters.
UKC
The muscles of the hindquarter are broader than those of the forequarter.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad, naturally angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is naturally angulated with the pelvis. The rear pasterns are short, straight and strong.

Hock

:
FCI
Short, straight, strong. Dewclaws not desired.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The typical movement of this breed is the trot.
UKC
A typical trot.

SKIN

:
FCI
Rather thick. Close fitting to body except on neck, where a slight dewlap may occur.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and rough to the touch.
UKC
Short, and rough to the touch.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Brindle, fawn and black, preference in this order. In brindle dogs, dark tones are preferred, in fawn, the deeper shade is preferred. White patches are permitted on front feet, on chest and on muzzle up to a maximum of 30% of the whole coat. A black mask is also permitted.
UKC
Brindle, fawn and black, in that order of preference. In brindle, the darker tones are preferred. In fawn, the deepest shades are preferred. White is permitted on the front feet, the chest and the muzzle, up to 30% of the entire dog. A black mask is also permitted.

SIZE

:
FCI
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Acceptable height for males is 21½ to 23 inches. For females, it is 20½ to 21½ inches. Weight ranges for males are from 77 to 84 pounds; for females 66 to 75 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

For dogs from 55 to 58 cm. For bitches from 52 to 55 cm.
56 cm. Height at croup: 58 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

In dogs the weight ranges from 35 to 38 kg.
In bitches the weight ranges from 30 to 34 kg.
36 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Teeth: Excessively undershot. Scissors or level bite.
Ears: Ears other than rose.
Body: Dogs that stand higher at the withers than at the hipbones.
Tail: Screw tail, such as in a Bulldog.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Dogs which are taller at withers than their height at croup.
Undershot by more than 1 cm.
Scissor or pincer bite.
Lack of two premolars.
Lack of rose ears, ears which lie flat, close to cheeks. Ears set on erect, even if the back third is the shape of a rose ear.
Tail shaped like a Bulldog’s.
Any other serious fault according to the standard.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Overshot mouth.
Light or yellow eyes.
Cropped ears or docked tail.
White colour which takes up more than 30% of the whole body elsewhere than on front legs, chest and muzzle.
Patches of any other colour.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Docked tail. Cropped ears. Overshot bite. White that takes up more than 30 percent of the body. Any color patches other than white. Yellow eyes.
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Eyes: Yellow eyes.
Ears: Cropped ears.
Tail: Docked tail.
Color: White that takes up more than 30 percent of the body. Any color patches other than white.

other

:
FCI
Measurements for a medium size dog: Length from back skull to set on of tail 73 cm. Length from back skull to end of muzzle 22 cm. Length of muzzle to stop 8 cm. Chest circumference 78 cm. Head circumference 59,5 cm.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.