Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Dogo Canario

Perro De Presa Canario


ORIGIN

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FCI
Spain.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
04.07.2011.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Guard dog used for protection of cattle.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Brígida Nestler. Technical Supervision Mr. Miguel Ángel Martínez /Original version (ES)

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
A molossoid type dog, originating from Tenerife and Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). It is believed to be the result of matings between the “majorero”, a prehispanic dog indigenous to these islands, and other molossoids introduced to the Canary Islands.
These matings produced an ethnical group of mastiff-type dogs, of moderately large size, brindle or fawn with white marking, with a specific molossoid morphology but yet agile and powerful, having a strong temperament, robust and lively, loyal character.
During the XVI and XVII centuries, the number of these dogs increased considerably and numerous references to them in pre-Conquest historical texts, especially in the “Cedularios del Cabildo” (municipal registers), which explain their duties essentially as guard dogs and protectors of cattle.
UKC
The ancestors of the Perro de Presa Canario were probably brought to the Canary Island by the Spanish Conquistadors, and coexisted with indigenous cattle dogs from the beginning of the fifteenth century. These dogs served many purposes. They guarded the farms, helped catch and hold cattle, and exterminated wild or stray dogs. In the 1940s, the breed began to decline in numbers. It was revived again in the 1970s, when reputable breeders developed and bred Presas true to their original size and character. The Perro de Presa Canario was recognized by United Kennel Club on January 1, 2003.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
A moderately large sized molossoid, with a rectilinear profile and black mask. Robust and well-proportioned.
UKC
The Presa Canario is a moderately large, powerfully constructed dog with a harsh-textured, flat coat. The head is massive and cuboid. Ears are set just above the line of the eye and may be cropped, naturally pendent or rose. The body of the Presa Canario is slightly longer than its height at the withers, with a broad, deep chest, but females may be slightly longer and possess somewhat less rib spring than the males. Skin is thick and elastic. The distance from the withers to the elbow is roughly equal to the distance from the elbow to the ground. The tail is very thick at the base, and tapers to a point. The tail is moderately high and reaches to the hock. The overall impression is that of an imposing, solid guard dog.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

The body is longer than the height at the withers; this characteristic is more noticeable in the female.
Skull-foreface proportion is 60-40%. The width of the skull is 3/5 of the total length of the head. The distance from elbow to ground should be 50% of the height at the withers for males and a little less for females.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Calm appearance; attentive expression. Especially suited to guarding and traditionally used for herding cattle. Balanced temperament and very self-confident. Low and deep bark. Obedient and docile with family members, very devoted to its master, but can be suspicious of strangers. Confident attitude, noble and a little distant. When alert, the stance is firm with a vigilant attitude.
UKC
The essential characteristics of the Presa are those which enable it to drive and hold cattle, and to guard its home and family. These tasks require a powerful, agile, courageous dog with a large head and powerful jaws. The Presa is extremely affectionate, docile and well behaved with its owner and family, but is wary of strangers and aggressive with other dogs.

HEAD

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FCI
Massive, brachycephalic and compact in appearance, covered with thick skin. The shape tends towards a slightly elongated cube. The cranial-facial lines are parallel or slightly converging.
UKC
The head is massive, cuboid (cube-like) in shape. When viewed from the side, the top lines of the skull and muzzle are roughly parallel to one another, and are joined by a well-defined, but not abrupt, stop. When the dog is alert, the skin forms several symmetrical wrinkles in the median furrow.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Slightly convex in anteposterior and transversal direction. Frontal bone tends to be flat. The width is almost identical to the length. Pronounced zygomatic arch, with well developed cheek and jaw muscles, but not prominent, covered with loose skin. The occipital protuberance is only slightly marked.
UKC
The skull is cube-shaped, broad and slightly domed, but without occipital protuberance. The width of the skull is about 3/5 of the length from occiput to nose. Zygomatic arch is very pronounced and there is a deep median furrow that diminishes in depth from the stop to the occiput. Cheek muscles are well developed without being pronounced.

Stop

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FCI
The stop is pronounced, but not abrupt. The furrow between the frontal lobes is well defined and is about two thirds the size of the skull.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Wide, strong black pigmentation. In line with the muzzle. The nostrils are large to facilitate breathing.
UKC
The nose is wide and black. In profile, the nose fits cleanly into the square formed by the nasal bone and the front plane of the muzzle. The nose does not protrude beyond the front plane of the muzzle, which would give a snipey look to the head.

Muzzle

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FCI
Shorter than the skull, normally about 40% of the total length of the head. The width is 2/3 of that of the skull. Very wide base, narrowing slightly towards the nose. Bridge of the nose is flat and straight, without ridges.
UKC
The muzzle forms a smaller cube that tapers just slightly from stop to nose. The length of the muzzle is roughly 2/5 of the length of the head, while the width is about 2/3 as wide as the skull. The bridge of the muzzle is flat and straight. Lips are moderately thick and pendulous with black pigment. The top lip should fall naturally over the lower without excessive flews. Viewed from the front, the lips form an inverted “V” where they join.

Lips

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FCI
The upper lip is pendulous, although not excessively. Seen from the front, the upper and lower lips come together to form an inverted V. The flews are slightly divergent. The inside of the lips is a dark colour.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Scissor bite or slightly undershot bite, max 2 mms. Pincer bite is admitted but not desirable due to the dental erosion produced. The dental arch is wide at the canines. The teeth are wide and solidly set. Large molars, small incisors, well developed canines.
UKC
The Perro de Presa Canario has a complete set of evenly spaced teeth, set in a wide jaw. A scissors or reverse scissors bite is preferred. A level or slightly undershot bite is acceptable.

Eyes

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FCI
Slightly oval in shape, from medium to large in size. Set well apart, but neither sunken nor protruding. Eyelids are black and tight-fitting, never sagging. The colour varies from dark to medium brown, depending on the colour of the coat. They should never be light.
UKC
Eyes are slightly oval, set level and wide apart, and range in color from medium to dark brown, in accordance with coat color. Eyelids are close-fitting and black.

Ears

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FCI
Medium sized, set well apart, with short and fine hair. They fall naturally on each side of the head. If folded, they are in the shape of a rose. They are set on slightly above eye level. Ears set too high and very close on the head are considered unusual. In countries were cropping is allowed, they must stand erect.
UKC
Ears are of medium size, set just above the line of the eye and wide apart, and covered with short, fine hair. Ears may be natural or cropped. The natural ears may be pendent or rose. Pendent ears drop effortlessly to the sides of the head, and rose ears are close fitting. Cropped ears are erect.

NECK

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FCI
Shorter than the length of the head. Skin on the underside is loose, forming a slight dewlap. Solid and straight, it tends to be cylindrical and muscular.
UKC
The neck is cylindrical, thick, well muscled, and slightly shorter than the length of the head. Loose folds of skin at the throat form a slight dewlap.

BODY

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FCI
Long, broad and deep.
UKC
A properly proportioned Presa is about 20% longer (measured from prosternum to point of buttocks) than tall (measured from the withers to the ground), and length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) should approximately equal one-half of the dog’s height. Females may be slightly longer in body. The withers are slightly elevated. The back and loin are strong but without prominent musculature. The back line ascends slightly toward the croup which is just slightly higher than the withers. The croup is of medium length, wide and slightly sloping. Females normally have slightly wider croups. The loin is moderately short, muscular and deep, with moderate tuck-up. The ribs are well arched. The brisket extends to the elbow. The chest is broad and deep with well developed pectoral muscles. Ideally, the circumference of the deepest part of the chest should equal almost 1½ times the dog’s height at the withers.

Topline

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FCI
Straight, without deformations and sustained by well developed but barely visible muscles. Rising slightly from the withers to the croup. The height at the croup is 1 – 2 cms more than the height at the withers.

Croup

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FCI
Medium length, broad and rounded. Should not be long as this would limit movement. The female is usually broader.

Chest

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FCI
With great capacity and well defined pectoral muscles. Seen from both the front and the side, it should be well let down to at least the elbow. Thoracic perimeter is usually equal to the height at the withers plus 45%. Well sprung ribcage.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Slightly tucked up, never sagging. The flanks are only slightly pronounced.

TAIL

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FCI
Thick base, tapering to the tip, down to the hock but no longer. Medium set on. In action it rises like a sabre, but without curling nor leaning towards the back. At rest it hangs straight with a slight curve at the tip.
UKC
The tail is a natural extension of the topline, set moderately high. It is thick and muscular at the base, and tapers to a point. A tail of the correct length extends to the hock but never below. Tail carriage ranges from a pump handle tail when the dog is relaxed to a saber tail when the dog is alert.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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UKC
Shoulders are muscular and well laid back. The upper arm is of good length and well-angled so that the front legs are set well behind the point of the shoulder. The elbows set slightly out from the body.

Shoulder

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FCI
Well laid back.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Well angulated, oblique.

Elbow

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FCI
Must be neither too close to the ribs nor sticking out.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Front legs are straight, well muscled, and heavy boned. Pasterns are strong, short, and nearly vertical.

Forearm

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FCI
Well balanced, straight. Strong boned and well muscled.

Pastern

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FCI
Very solid and slightly sloping.

FEET

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UKC
Feet are round, compact, cat-like. Rear feet are slightly longer than the front. Pads are well developed, tight, black, not splayed. Nails are solid color, white or black depending on coat color of toes.

Forefeet

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FCI
Cat feet with rounded toes, not too close together. Well developed and black pads. Nails are dark, white nails should be avoided, although they can occur in function of coat colour.

Hind feet

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FCI
Slightly longer than the front feet, otherwise identical.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Seen from behind, strong and parallel, without deviation.
UKC
Hindquarters are powerful and well muscled. In profile, the croup is sloping. The angulation of the hindquarters is moderate. When the dog is standing, the rear pasterns are short, perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Thigh

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FCI
Long and well muscled thighs.

Stifle

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FCI
Angulation not very pronounced but should not be insufficient.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Always well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
On the move, the Dogo Canario is agile and supple and should cover a lot of ground. Long reach. The tail is carried low and the head is carried only a little above the level of the back. When alert, the head and tail are carried high.
UKC
When trotting, the stride is long, effortless and well coordinated and the tail is carried above the backline.

SKIN

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FCI
Thick and elastic. More loose on and around the neck. When alert, the skin on the head forms symmetrical wrinkles which fan out from the furrow between the front lobes.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
Short, coarse, flat with no undercoat (it can appear on neck and on back of the thighs). Rather coarse to the touch. Very short and fine on the ears; slightly longer on the withers and on the back of thighs.
UKC
The Presa has a short, flat single coat that is harsh in texture. It is very short and fine on the ears and slightly longer on the withers and the back of the rear hindquarters.

COLOUR

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FCI
All shades of brindle, from warm dark brown to pale grey or blond. All shades of fawn to sandy. White marks are acceptable on the chest, at the base of the neck or throat, forefeet and toes of hind feet, but these should be kept to a minimum. The mask is always black, and should not spread above eye level.
UKC
Any shade of fawn, black, and brindle in any combination of these colors. The face must have a black or dark brown mask that does not extend over the eyes, with or without a white blaze or patch on the head. Minimal white markings may appear anywhere between the chest and the throat, or on the toes,

SIZE

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UKC
Desirable height at withers for a mature male is 23 - 26 inches. Desirable height at withers for a mature female is 22 - 25 inches. Minimum weight for a mature male is 100 pounds and for a mature female is 85 pounds.

Height at withers

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FCI

Males 60 - 66 cms.
Females 56 - 62 cms.
For very typical specimens, a tolerance of 2 cm. over or under these limits is accepted.

Weight

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FCI

Minimum Males 50 kgs.
Females 40 kgs.
Maximum Males 65 kgs.
Females 55 kgs.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Pincer bite.
UKC

Head: Excessive wrinkling.
Teeth: Missing any tooth other than the first premolar.
Ears: High set ears.
Feet: Splayed feet.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

Any fault is considered severe when affecting the expression and limiting the type of the dog.
Incorrect head proportions.
Extremely convergent facial-cranial lines (over pronounced stop)
Loins and withers of the same height.
Incorrect position of limbs.
Square profile.
Triangular head, narrow (not cube shape).
Thin, curled or deformed tail. Set on high.
Saddle or roach back.
Light eyes (yellow), very close together or oblique, sunken or protruding.
Excessive undershot mouth.
Insufficient mask.
Missing teeth (except P1).
UKC

Characteristics: Unstable temperament
Head: Skull and muzzle not in correct proportion, abrupt stop.
Teeth: Excessively undershot bite.
Eyes: Light eyes, droopy eyelids, eyes set close together or obliquely.
Neck: Excessive dewlap, long or weak neck.
Body: Shallow chest, croup and withers equal height, body too short, swayback, roach back.
Hindquarters: Overangulation, sickle hocks, cow hocks.
Tail: Fine tail, curly or blunt tail, low tail set.
Coat: Satiny, fine coat.
Color: Mask that extends over the eyes.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Total depigmented nose.
Unacceptable white marks.
Overshot mouth.
Croup lower than withers. Sloping topline.
Blue eyes or unmatched in colour.
Cropped tail.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Overshot bite. Blue, gray, or yellow eyes. Non-matching eyes. Croup lower than withers. Docked tail. Absence of dark mask. White markings covering more than 20% of the dog. Coat color or pattern other than described in “Color” paragraph above. Albinism.
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Eyes: Blue, gray, or yellow eyes, non-matching eyes.
Body: Croup lower than withers.
Tail: Docked tail.
Coat: Any color or pattern other than those described.
Color: Absence of dark mask, white markings covering more than 20% of the dog, coat color or pattern other than described above.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.