Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Pekingese

Pekingese


ORIGIN

:
FCI
China.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.03.2009.
KC
October 2008

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 8Japan Chin and Pekingese
Without working trial

KC
Toy

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Leonine in appearance with alert and intelligent expression. Small, well balanced, moderately thick-set with great dignity and quality. Any signs of respiratory distress for any reason or inability to move soundly are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Not excessively coated.
KC
Small, well-balanced, moderately thick set with great dignity and quality. Any signs of respiratory distress for any reason or inability to move soundly are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Not excessively coated.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Leonine in appearance. Alert and intelligent expression.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Fearless, loyal, aloof, not timid or aggressive.
KC
Fearless, loyal, aloof, not timid or aggressive.

HEAD

:
FCI
Fairly large, proportionately wider than deep.
KC
Head fairly large, proportionately wider than deep. Skull moderately broad, wide and flat between ears, not domed, wide between eyes. Nose not too short, broad, nostrils large and open. A slight wrinkle, preferably broken, may extend from the cheeks to the bridge of the nose in a wide inverted ‘v’. This must never adversely affect or obscure eyes or nose. Pinched nostrils and heavy over-nose wrinkles are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Muzzle must be evident, but may be relatively short and wide. Firm underjaw. Lips not obscuring a well defined chin. Defined stop. Black pigment essential on nose, lips and eye rims.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately broad, wide and flat between ears; not domed; wide between eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
Black pigment essential on nose, lips and eye rims.

Nose

:
FCI
Not too short, broad, nostrils large and open. A slight wrinkle, preferably broken, may extend from the cheeks to the bridge of nose in a wide inverted “V”. This must never adversely affect or obscure eyes or nose.
Pinched nostrils and heavy over-nose wrinkles are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Must be evident, but may be relatively short and wide. Firm underjaw.
KC
Level lips. Must not show teeth or tongue. Firm under-jaw essential.

Lips

:
FCI
Level lips. Must not show teeth or tongue; nor obscuring a well defined chin.

Jaws/Teeth

:

Eyes

:
FCI
Clear, round, dark lustrous and not too large. Free from obvious eye problems.
KC
Clear, round, dark lustrous and not too large. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears

:
FCI
Leathers heart-shaped, set level with the skull, carried close to the head and not coming below line of muzzle. Long profuse feathering.
KC
Leather heart shaped, set level with the skull, carried close to the head, and not coming below line of muzzle. Long profuse feathering.

NECK

:
FCI
Relatively short and thick.
KC
Relatively short and thick.

BODY

:
FCI
Relatively short, distinct waist.
KC
Relatively short. Distinct waist. Broad chest and well sprung ribs slung between forelegs. Level topline.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and well sprung ribs slung between forelegs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, carried tightly, slightly curved over back to either side. Long feathering.
KC
Set high, carried tightly, slightly curved over back to either side. Long feathering.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Relatively short, thick, heavily boned forelegs. Standing well up on feet, not down on pasterns. Absolute soundness essential.
KC
Relatively short, thick, heavily boned forelegs. Bones of forelegs may be slightly bowed between pasterns and elbows accommodating ribs. Elbows should be close to the body. Shoulders laid back and fitting smoothly into the body. Standing well up on feet, not down on pasterns, which should be strong and not too close together. Absolute soundness essential.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Laid back and fitting smoothly into the body.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Bones of forelegs may be slightly bowed between pasterns and elbows, accommodating ribs.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, strong and not too close together.

FEET

:
KC
Large and flat, not round. Front feet may be slightly turned out. Excessively turned out feet to be heavily penalised. Hind feet point straight ahead.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large and flat, not round. May be slightly turned out. Excessively turned out feet to be heavily penalised.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Large and flat, not round. Hind feet point straight ahead.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs strong and well muscled but moderately lighter than forequarters. Excessively narrow hindquarters to be heavily penalised. Moderate angulation. Absolute soundness essential.
KC
Hindlegs strong and well muscled but moderately lighter than forequarters. Excessively narrow hindquarters to be heavily penalised. Moderate angulation. Well defined stifles. Firm, low hocks. Strong rear pasterns, parallel when viewed from the rear. Absolute soundness essential.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well defined.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Firm, low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Strong, parallel when viewed from the rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Typically slow, dignified rolling gait in front. Typical movement must not be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders or with other indications of unsoundness. Any slackness of shoulders and elbows, and any indications of unsoundness in feet and pasterns to be heavily penalised. Movement not to be hindered by excessive body coat.
KC
Typically slow, dignified, rolling gait in front. Typical movement must not be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders or with other indications of unsoundness. Any slackness of shoulders and elbows, and any indication of unsoundness in feet and pasterns to be heavily penalised. Movement not to be hindered by excessive body coat.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Moderately long, straight with mane, not extending beyond shoulders, forming a cape around neck. Top coat coarse with thick, softer undercoat. Feathering on ears, back of legs, tail and toes. Length and volume of coat should neither impair the activity of the dog nor obscure the shapeliness of body. Excessive coat must be heavily penalised.
KC
Moderately long, straight, with mane, not extending beyond shoulders, forming a cape around neck. Top coat coarse with thick, softer undercoat. Feathering on ears, back of legs, tail and toes. Length and volume of coat should neither impair the activity of the dog nor obscure the shapeliness of body. Excessive coat must be heavily penalised.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours and markings are permissible and of equal merit, except albino or liver. Parti-colours evenly broken.
KC
All colours and markings are permissible and of equal merit, except albino or liver. Parti-colours evenly broken.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal weight not exceeding 5 kgs (11 lbs) for dogs and 5.4 kgs (12 lbs) for bitches. Dogs should look small but be surprisingly heavy when picked up; heavy bone and a sturdy well-built body are essentials of the breed.

Weight

:
FCI
Ideal weight not exceeding 5 kg for males and 5.4 females. Dogs should look small but be surprisingly heavy when picked up; heavy bone and a sturdy well-built body are essentials of the breed.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.