Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Pekingese

Pekingese

Pekingese


ORIGIN

:
FCI
China.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.03.2009.
KC
October 2008

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 8Japan Chin and Pekingese
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The origin of the Pekingese breed has been lost in the mists of time, but they are believed to be descendants of the ancient, lion-like Chinese "Fo Dogs" that were believed to ward off evil spirits. They were a favorite of the Chinese Imperial Court and only select people were allowed to own them. The Pekingese was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Leonine in appearance with alert and intelligent expression. Small, well balanced, moderately thick-set with great dignity and quality. Any signs of respiratory distress for any reason or inability to move soundly are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Not excessively coated.
KC
Small, well-balanced, moderately thick set with great dignity and quality. Any signs of respiratory distress for any reason or inability to move soundly are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Not excessively coated.
UKC
The Pekingese is well-balanced and lion-like in appearance, with an alert, intelligent expression. The breed is small, thickset and double-coated. The breed carries itself with an air of dignity and quality. It should be free of respiratory distress caused from excessive face/nose wrinkles or insufficient nostrils and able to move freely and soundly. In proportion it is slightly longer than tall.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Leonine in appearance. Alert and intelligent expression.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Fearless, loyal, aloof, not timid or aggressive.
KC
Fearless, loyal, aloof, not timid or aggressive.
UKC
A fearless and loyal breed, rather aloof but never timid or aggressive.

HEAD

:
FCI
Fairly large, proportionately wider than deep.
KC
Head fairly large, proportionately wider than deep. Skull moderately broad, wide and flat between ears, not domed, wide between eyes. Nose not too short, broad, nostrils large and open. A slight wrinkle, preferably broken, may extend from the cheeks to the bridge of the nose in a wide inverted ‘v’. This must never adversely affect or obscure eyes or nose. Pinched nostrils and heavy over-nose wrinkles are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Muzzle must be evident, but may be relatively short and wide. Firm underjaw. Lips not obscuring a well defined chin. Defined stop. Black pigment essential on nose, lips and eye rims.
UKC
The head is large, proportionally wider than it is deep.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately broad, wide and flat between ears; not domed; wide between eyes.
UKC
The skull is wide and flat between the ears, never domed. There is a pronounced stop that is accented by a slight nose wrinkle.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
Black pigment essential on nose, lips and eye rims.

Nose

:
FCI
Not too short, broad, nostrils large and open. A slight wrinkle, preferably broken, may extend from the cheeks to the bridge of nose in a wide inverted “V”. This must never adversely affect or obscure eyes or nose.
Pinched nostrils and heavy over-nose wrinkles are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.
UKC
Relatively short, wide, flat nose is black in color, and has large, open nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Must be evident, but may be relatively short and wide. Firm underjaw.
KC
Level lips. Must not show teeth or tongue. Firm under-jaw essential.
UKC
Must be evident and allow for comfortable breathing. Proportionately short, in comparison to the size of the dog, and wide, with a firm underjaw. There is a wrinkle, preferably broken, that extends from the cheeks to the bridge of the nose in an inverted ‘V’, without being excessive or affecting the dog’s breathing. The wrinkle should not obscure either the eyes or the nose. The black lips meet evenly and fully cover the teeth.

Lips

:
FCI
Level lips. Must not show teeth or tongue; nor obscuring a well defined chin.

Jaws/Teeth

:
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in an undershot bite. A strong underjaw is essential.

Eyes

:
FCI
Clear, round, dark lustrous and not too large. Free from obvious eye problems.
KC
Clear, round, dark lustrous and not too large. Free from obvious eye problems.
UKC
Prominent, but not bulging, round eyes are dark and lustrous. They are set far apart, and no white shows. The eye rims are black.

Ears

:
FCI
Leathers heart-shaped, set level with the skull, carried close to the head and not coming below line of muzzle. Long profuse feathering.
KC
Leather heart shaped, set level with the skull, carried close to the head, and not coming below line of muzzle. Long profuse feathering.
UKC
The heart-shaped ears have long feathers. They are set level to the skull, and carried close to the head. The ear leather is never long enough to come below the muzzle.

NECK

:
FCI
Relatively short and thick.
KC
Relatively short and thick.
UKC
Short and thick.

BODY

:
FCI
Relatively short, distinct waist.
KC
Relatively short. Distinct waist. Broad chest and well sprung ribs slung between forelegs. Level topline.
UKC
Short, heavier in front than rear, tapering to a distinct waist. The chest is broad, and the ribs are well sprung and slung between the forelegs. The topline is level.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and well sprung ribs slung between forelegs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, carried tightly, slightly curved over back to either side. Long feathering.
KC
Set high, carried tightly, slightly curved over back to either side. Long feathering.
UKC
The tail is set high, and lies tightly over the back to either side.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Relatively short, thick, heavily boned forelegs. Standing well up on feet, not down on pasterns. Absolute soundness essential.
KC
Relatively short, thick, heavily boned forelegs. Bones of forelegs may be slightly bowed between pasterns and elbows accommodating ribs. Elbows should be close to the body. Shoulders laid back and fitting smoothly into the body. Standing well up on feet, not down on pasterns, which should be strong and not too close together. Absolute soundness essential.
UKC
Shoulders and upper arms are well laid back and fit closely to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Laid back and fitting smoothly into the body.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Short and thick, with heavy bone. Slightly bowed between the pastern and the elbow, which should be held close to the body. The pasterns are moderately sloping, and the front feet turn out slightly. Dog stands well up on feet, not down on pasterns.

Forearm

:
FCI
Bones of forelegs may be slightly bowed between pasterns and elbows, accommodating ribs.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, strong and not too close together.

FEET

:
KC
Large and flat, not round. Front feet may be slightly turned out. Excessively turned out feet to be heavily penalised. Hind feet point straight ahead.
UKC
Large and flat. Not round. The toes are well feathered. The Pekingese stands well up on his feet, not on his pasterns.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large and flat, not round. May be slightly turned out. Excessively turned out feet to be heavily penalised.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Large and flat, not round. Hind feet point straight ahead.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs strong and well muscled but moderately lighter than forequarters. Excessively narrow hindquarters to be heavily penalised. Moderate angulation. Absolute soundness essential.
KC
Hindlegs strong and well muscled but moderately lighter than forequarters. Excessively narrow hindquarters to be heavily penalised. Moderate angulation. Well defined stifles. Firm, low hocks. Strong rear pasterns, parallel when viewed from the rear. Absolute soundness essential.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well defined.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Strong and well-muscled. The hind legs have slightly less bone than the forelegs, and moderate angulation. Stifles are well defined. Hocks are firm and tight. Viewed from behind, the legs are strong, parallel and fairly close together. Feet point straight ahead.

Hock

:
FCI
Firm, low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Strong, parallel when viewed from the rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Typically slow, dignified rolling gait in front. Typical movement must not be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders or with other indications of unsoundness. Any slackness of shoulders and elbows, and any indications of unsoundness in feet and pasterns to be heavily penalised. Movement not to be hindered by excessive body coat.
KC
Typically slow, dignified, rolling gait in front. Typical movement must not be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders or with other indications of unsoundness. Any slackness of shoulders and elbows, and any indication of unsoundness in feet and pasterns to be heavily penalised. Movement not to be hindered by excessive body coat.
UKC
Soundness is of the utmost importance. Movement is slow and dignified, with a roll in the front quarters. Action behind is close.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Moderately long, straight with mane, not extending beyond shoulders, forming a cape around neck. Top coat coarse with thick, softer undercoat. Feathering on ears, back of legs, tail and toes. Length and volume of coat should neither impair the activity of the dog nor obscure the shapeliness of body. Excessive coat must be heavily penalised.
KC
Moderately long, straight, with mane, not extending beyond shoulders, forming a cape around neck. Top coat coarse with thick, softer undercoat. Feathering on ears, back of legs, tail and toes. Length and volume of coat should neither impair the activity of the dog nor obscure the shapeliness of body. Excessive coat must be heavily penalised.
UKC
The breed is double coated. The long, straight outer coat is rather coarse, while the undercoat is soft and dense. Feathers are found on the thighs, legs, tail, ears and toes. The mane forms a ruff or frill around the neck and extends beyond the shoulder blades. The whole of the coat should not affect the dog’s movement, nor appear cumbersome. Should be shown groomed minimally.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours and markings are permissible and of equal merit, except albino or liver. Parti-colours evenly broken.
KC
All colours and markings are permissible and of equal merit, except albino or liver. Parti-colours evenly broken.
UKC
All colors and markings are equally permissible.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal weight not exceeding 5 kgs (11 lbs) for dogs and 5.4 kgs (12 lbs) for bitches. Dogs should look small but be surprisingly heavy when picked up; heavy bone and a sturdy well-built body are essentials of the breed.
UKC
Pekingese look small but should feel surprisingly heavy when picked up. Ideal weight should not exceed 14 pounds.

Weight

:
FCI
Ideal weight not exceeding 5 kg for males and 5.4 females. Dogs should look small but be surprisingly heavy when picked up; heavy bone and a sturdy well-built body are essentials of the breed.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Hind Legs: Dog whose rear is weak or excessively narrow.
Feet: Dog standing on pasterns and not on feet.
Coat: Curly or wavy outer coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Eyes: Bulging eyes Incomplete blink, Visible white.
Nose: Pinched nostrils. Dudley nose.
Ears: Ears that come below the muzzle.
Forelegs: Weak pasterns. Pasterns sloping sharply. Standing down on pasterns.
Size: Over 14 pounds in weight.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Muzzle: Heavy wrinkles that affect breathing and/or obstruct normal vision. Muzzle so short as to affect breathing.
Teeth: Overshot bite. Wry mouth.
Teeth: Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.
Eyes: Entropionism, ectropionism.
Color: Albinism.
Muzzle: Muzzle so short as to affect breathing.
Head: Heavy wrinkles that affect breathing and/or obstruct normal vision.
Teeth: Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.