Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Parson Russell Terrier

Parson Russell Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Working terrier with ability to go to ground.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Working trial optional

KC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
For many years, great controversy existed in the ranks of the terrier fanciers over a type of terrier called somewhat vaguely ‘the Jack Russell’. Applications were received by the Kennel Club from a considerable number of devotees of a strain of Fox Terriers bred by a Victorian hunting parson, the Reverend John Russell. Eventually this robust and workmanlike type of terrier was recognised and given the breed name – Parson Russell Terrier.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Workmanlike, active and agile, without exaggeration. Built for stamina and endurance, overall picture of balance and flexibility. Honourable scars permissible.
KC
Workmanlike, active and agile, without exaggeration. Built for stamina and endurance, overall picture of balance and flexibility. Honourable scars permissible.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Well balanced. Overall length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly longer than height from withers to ground. Length from nose to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput.
KC
Originally a terrier bred to work fox, a confident, energetic and happy dog that has the ability and conformation to go to ground.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Originally a terrier bred to work fox, a confident, energetic and happy dog that has the ability and conformation to go to ground. Bold and friendly.
KC
Bold and friendly.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head wedge shaped.
KC
Head wedge shaped. Skull flat, moderately broad, gradually narrowing to the eyes. Cheeks not prominent. Stop shallow. From nose to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput. Nose black.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat, moderately broad, gradually narrowing to the eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Shallow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.

Muzzle

:
KC
Jaws strong, muscular. Teeth of a good size and set square to the jaws, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, muscular. Teeth of a good size and set square to the jaws, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, almond shaped, never prominent. Keen, intelligent expression.
KC
Dark, almond shaped, never prominent. Keen, intelligent expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Size in proportion with the head. V-shaped, dropping forward, tip of ear to be level with outer corner of eye. Fold not above top of skull. Leather of moderate thickness.
KC
Size in proportion with the head. V-shaped, dropping forward, tip of ear to be level with outer corner of eye. Fold not above top of skull. Leather of moderate thickness.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean, muscular, of good length, gradually widening and well set into the shoulders.
KC
Clean, muscular, of good length, gradually widening and well set into the shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Overall length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height from withers to ground. Chest of moderate depth, not extending below point of elbow. Capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average sized hands. Ribs carried well back, not over-sprung nor slab-sided. Back strong, straight and flexible. Loin strong and slightly arched. Well balanced.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, straight and flexible.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong and slightly arched.

Chest

:
FCI
Of moderate depth, not extending below point of elbow. Capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average size hands. Ribs carried well back, not over-sprung nor slab-sided.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Length complementing the body. Strong, preferably straight, moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed.
Undocked: Of moderated length, preferably straight, giving a general balance to the dog. Thick at the root and tapering towards the tip. Moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Length complementing the body. Strong, preferably straight, moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed. Undocked: Of moderate length, preferably straight, giving a general balance to the dog. Thick at the root and tapering towards the tip. Moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Moderate width between the forelegs, well set under the body.
KC
Shoulders long and sloping, well laid back, cleanly cut at withers. Upper arm of equal length to the shoulder and at such an angle that the legs are carried well back under the body, below the point of the withers. Legs strong and straight turning neither in nor out, strong, flexible pasterns. Elbows close to body, working free of the sides. Moderate width between forelegs. Length of forelegs should be slightly greater than depth of body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping, well laid back, cleanly cut at withers.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of equal length to the shoulder and at such an angle that legs are carried well back under the body, below the point of the withers.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to body, working free of the sides.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strong and straight, turning neither in nor out. Length of forelegs should be slightly greater than depth of body.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and flexible.

FEET

:
KC
Compact with firm pads, toes moderately arched, never flat or open, turning neither in nor out.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Compact with firm pads, toes moderately arched, never flat or open, turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, muscular, with good angulation.
KC
Strong, muscular, with well-developed second thigh. Good angulation and bend of stifle without exaggeration. Hocks set low and rear pasterns parallel, giving plenty of drive.

Stifle

:
FCI
Good bend of stifle, without exaggeration.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Set low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Parallel, giving plenty of drive.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free-striding, ground covering gait, without exaggeration. Strides should be of good length, never stilted or high-stepping. Hindquarters providing plenty of drive. Well co-ordinated; straight action front and behind.
KC
Free-striding, ground covering gait, without exaggeration. Strides should be of good length, never stilted or high-stepping. Hindquarters providing plenty of drive. Well co-ordinated; straight action front and behind.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick and loose.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Whether rough, broken or smooth naturally harsh, flat, straight, close and dense with good undercoat. Weather-resistant. Belly and undersides coated. The prepared (i.e. trimmed) coat should appear natural, never clipped.
KC
Whether rough, broken or smooth naturally harsh, flat, straight, close and dense with good undercoat. Weather resistant. Belly and undersides coated. Skin thick and loose. The prepared coat should appear natural, never clipped.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White or predominantly white with tan, lemon or black markings, or any combination of these colours. The colour preferably confined to the head and/or root of tail, but a little body colour is acceptable.
KC
White or predominantly white with tan, lemon or black markings, or any combination of these colours. The colour preferably confined to the head and/or root of tail, but a little body colour is acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers: dogs 36cms (14ins), bitches 33cms (13ins). Most importantly soundness and balance should be maintained whilst taking into account that this terrier, bred to work fox, should be capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average sized hands. With these provisos, lower heights are acceptable, however.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males Ideal height 36 cms.
Females Ideal height 33 cms.
Most importantly soundness and balance should be maintained whilst taking into account that this terrier, bred to work fox, should be capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average sized hands. With these provisos, lower heights are acceptable, however.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.