Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Parson Russell Terrier

Parson Russell Terrier

Parson Russell Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Working terrier with ability to go to ground.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Working trial optional

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
For many years, great controversy existed in the ranks of the terrier fanciers over a type of terrier called somewhat vaguely ‘the Jack Russell’. Applications were received by the Kennel Club from a considerable number of devotees of a strain of Fox Terriers bred by a Victorian hunting parson, the Reverend John Russell. Eventually this robust and workmanlike type of terrier was recognised and given the breed name – Parson Russell Terrier.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier was named for the Reverend John Russell, a 19th century parson with a passion for hunting. Reverend Russell was particularly keen on fox hunting and developed a well-known strain of Fox Terriers. During the Rev. Russell’s long life (1795-1883), the Fox Terrier evolved from a sportsman’s dog to a popular and successful show dog. By the end of the 19th century, the show Fox Terriers, smooth- and wire-coated, had diverged so far from their ancestral type that Reverend Russell’s old-style Fox Terriers were referred to as a separate breed - the Parson Russell Terrier. Because the proponents of this breed were so determined to maintain the breed’s hunting capability, they opposed recognition by all-breed kennel clubs for many years, on the theory that such recognition would lead to degradation of the breed. The Parson Russell Terrier today is virtually unchanged from its origins, and breeders are striving to keep it that way. The breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club in March of 1991 as the Jack Russell Terrier; and the breed name was changed to Parson Russell Terrier on April 23, 2008.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Workmanlike, active and agile, without exaggeration. Built for stamina and endurance, overall picture of balance and flexibility. Honourable scars permissible.
KC
Workmanlike, active and agile, without exaggeration. Built for stamina and endurance, overall picture of balance and flexibility. Honourable scars permissible.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier is an agile, active, small-to-medium hunting terrier, built to go to ground after fox. The body is slightly longer than tall and capable of being spanned by an average man’s hands placed behind the front legs. The length of back from withers to set-on of tail is roughly equal to the dog’s height at the withers. Regardless of the size of the individual terrier, the legs must be long enough to allow the dog to move quickly and with agility in rough terrain. The head is moderately broad, with a flat skull, a barely perceptible stop, and a powerful muzzle that is slightly shorter than the skull. Ears are set at the outside edges of the skull and are V-shaped, dropping forward, and carried close to the skull. The tail is straight, set high, and normally docked, but not close to the body. The skin is thick and the coat, whether wiry or smooth, is always dense. The Parson Russell Terrier is predominately white with black, tan or black and tan markings. The Parson Russell Terrier should be evaluated as a working terrier, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work. Scars should neither be penalized nor regarded as proof of a terrier’s working abilities.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Well balanced. Overall length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly longer than height from withers to ground. Length from nose to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput.
KC
Originally a terrier bred to work fox, a confident, energetic and happy dog that has the ability and conformation to go to ground.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Originally a terrier bred to work fox, a confident, energetic and happy dog that has the ability and conformation to go to ground. Bold and friendly.
KC
Bold and friendly.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier is a bold, friendly, active, and alert hunting Terrier, built for work underground. This breed is notoriously fearless and requires little encouragement to go to ground. Aggression towards anything other than legitimate quarry detracts from the dog’s ability as a working terrier and should be discouraged as much as possible. This is a high-energy breed and is happiest in an environment where there is lots of regular activity.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head wedge shaped.
KC
Head wedge shaped. Skull flat, moderately broad, gradually narrowing to the eyes. Cheeks not prominent. Stop shallow. From nose to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput. Nose black.
UKC
The head is proportionate to the size of the body. When viewed from the side, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull and joined by a definite stop. The planes of the skull and muzzle are parallel.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat, moderately broad, gradually narrowing to the eyes.
UKC
The skull is flat and moderately broad, tapering slightly toward the muzzle. Cheeks are muscular, but not over-developed.

Stop

:
FCI
Shallow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black and fully pigmented.

Muzzle

:
KC
Jaws strong, muscular. Teeth of a good size and set square to the jaws, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is strong with powerful, muscular jaws. There is a minimum of falling away under the eye, giving a moderately chiseled look. Lips are tight and darkly pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, muscular. Teeth of a good size and set square to the jaws, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier has a complete set of comparatively large, evenly spaced, white teeth. A scissors bite is preferred, but a level bite is acceptable.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, almond shaped, never prominent. Keen, intelligent expression.
KC
Dark, almond shaped, never prominent. Keen, intelligent expression.
UKC
Eyes are deep set, almond-shaped, dark in color, with a mischievous, intelligent expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Size in proportion with the head. V-shaped, dropping forward, tip of ear to be level with outer corner of eye. Fold not above top of skull. Leather of moderate thickness.
KC
Size in proportion with the head. V-shaped, dropping forward, tip of ear to be level with outer corner of eye. Fold not above top of skull. Leather of moderate thickness.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier has small, V-shaped, button ears of moderate thickness. The ears are set at the outside edge of the skull and the tips are carried close to the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean, muscular, of good length, gradually widening and well set into the shoulders.
KC
Clean, muscular, of good length, gradually widening and well set into the shoulders.
UKC
The neck is clean, muscular, and of sufficient length to enable the dog’s mouth to extend beyond its forepaws when working underground. The neck gradually widens from the nape and blends smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Overall length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height from withers to ground. Chest of moderate depth, not extending below point of elbow. Capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average sized hands. Ribs carried well back, not over-sprung nor slab-sided. Back strong, straight and flexible. Loin strong and slightly arched. Well balanced.
UKC
A properly proportioned Parson Russell Terrier is slightly longer than tall. The length of back from withers to set-on of tail is equal to the height, measured from withers to ground. The Parson Russell Terrier is perfectly designed to go to ground. This requires a chest of sufficient depth to give good heart and lung room, but without so much depth and width that the dog is encumbered underground. The well-sprung ribs extend well back, but must be capable of being spanned behind the shoulder by an average man’s hand. The chest must be capable of being compressed so that the dog is unhindered when working underground. The back is of moderate length, and level, blending into a muscular, slightly arched loin with slight to moderate tuck-up. Skin is thick.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, straight and flexible.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong and slightly arched.

Chest

:
FCI
Of moderate depth, not extending below point of elbow. Capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average size hands. Ribs carried well back, not over-sprung nor slab-sided.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Length complementing the body. Strong, preferably straight, moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed.
Undocked: Of moderated length, preferably straight, giving a general balance to the dog. Thick at the root and tapering towards the tip. Moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Length complementing the body. Strong, preferably straight, moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed. Undocked: Of moderate length, preferably straight, giving a general balance to the dog. Thick at the root and tapering towards the tip. Moderately high set, carried well up on the move, may be carried lower when relaxed.
UKC
The tail is set on high and customarily docked to a length that is proportionate to the body and provides a good handhold. The tail may be straight or with a slight curve forward and carried erect or gaily.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Moderate width between the forelegs, well set under the body.
KC
Shoulders long and sloping, well laid back, cleanly cut at withers. Upper arm of equal length to the shoulder and at such an angle that the legs are carried well back under the body, below the point of the withers. Legs strong and straight turning neither in nor out, strong, flexible pasterns. Elbows close to body, working free of the sides. Moderate width between forelegs. Length of forelegs should be slightly greater than depth of body.
UKC
Shoulders are long, sloping, well laid back and clearly cut at the withers. The upper arm is long and forms an apparent 90-degree angle with the shoulder blade. The forelegs are strong, straight, and moderately well boned. The elbows are set close to the body, but able to move freely in action. The pasterns are short, powerful, straight, and flexible. When viewed in profile, the pasterns are nearly erect.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping, well laid back, cleanly cut at withers.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of equal length to the shoulder and at such an angle that legs are carried well back under the body, below the point of the withers.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to body, working free of the sides.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strong and straight, turning neither in nor out. Length of forelegs should be slightly greater than depth of body.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and flexible.

FEET

:
KC
Compact with firm pads, toes moderately arched, never flat or open, turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The feet are fairly round, moderately small, well arched, and tight. Pads are hard, tough, and well cushioned. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Compact with firm pads, toes moderately arched, never flat or open, turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, muscular, with good angulation.
KC
Strong, muscular, with well-developed second thigh. Good angulation and bend of stifle without exaggeration. Hocks set low and rear pasterns parallel, giving plenty of drive.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular. The bone, angulation, and musculature of the hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters. The stifles are well bent, and the hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground, and viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Stifle

:
FCI
Good bend of stifle, without exaggeration.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Set low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Parallel, giving plenty of drive.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free-striding, ground covering gait, without exaggeration. Strides should be of good length, never stilted or high-stepping. Hindquarters providing plenty of drive. Well co-ordinated; straight action front and behind.
KC
Free-striding, ground covering gait, without exaggeration. Strides should be of good length, never stilted or high-stepping. Hindquarters providing plenty of drive. Well co-ordinated; straight action front and behind.
UKC
Efficient movement is essential to the Parson Russell Terrier. When trotting, the gait is effortless, smooth, powerful, and well coordinated, showing good but not exaggerated reach in front and drive behind. The backline remains level with only a slight flexing to indicate suppleness. Viewed from any position, legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. As speed increases, feet tend to converge toward centerline of balance. Poor movement should be penalized to the degree to which it reduces the Parson Russell Terrier’s ability to perform the variety of tasks it was bred to do.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick and loose.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Whether rough, broken or smooth naturally harsh, flat, straight, close and dense with good undercoat. Weather-resistant. Belly and undersides coated. The prepared (i.e. trimmed) coat should appear natural, never clipped.
KC
Whether rough, broken or smooth naturally harsh, flat, straight, close and dense with good undercoat. Weather resistant. Belly and undersides coated. Skin thick and loose. The prepared coat should appear natural, never clipped.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier comes in three coat types. All are dense, hard, and weather resistant and cover the entire dog, including the belly and underside of the thighs. ROUGH: A double coat consisting of a short, dense undercoat and very dense, wiry outer coat. Hair over the eyes and on the muzzle will form eyebrows and a beard. The outer coat should not be so long as to obscure the outline of the dog. BROKEN: Any intermediate coat between a rough and smooth coat. The broken coat lies closer to the body than a rough coat and has longer guard hairs than a smooth coat. A broken-coated dog may or may not have face furnishings. Smooth - A short, flat coat. Rough - and broken-coated dogs may be stripped to preserve the quality of the coat, but the artfulness of the trimming is not a factor to consider in judging this breed.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White or predominantly white with tan, lemon or black markings, or any combination of these colours. The colour preferably confined to the head and/or root of tail, but a little body colour is acceptable.
KC
White or predominantly white with tan, lemon or black markings, or any combination of these colours. The colour preferably confined to the head and/or root of tail, but a little body colour is acceptable.
UKC
Predominantly white with black, tan, black and tan, or no markings. Any white area may be ticked as long as white predominates.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers: dogs 36cms (14ins), bitches 33cms (13ins). Most importantly soundness and balance should be maintained whilst taking into account that this terrier, bred to work fox, should be capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average sized hands. With these provisos, lower heights are acceptable, however.
UKC
The Parson Russell Terrier is of a size to go to ground. Mature Parson Russell Terriers range in height from 10 to 15 inches and should always be presented in hard, working condition. Dogs outside the approved range of height shall be penalized only to the degree that their size affects their ability to work. In conformation shows, Parson Russell Terriers are divided into two size classes: 10 inches to 12½ inches, and over 12½ inches to 15 inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males Ideal height 36 cms.
Females Ideal height 33 cms.
Most importantly soundness and balance should be maintained whilst taking into account that this terrier, bred to work fox, should be capable of being spanned behind the shoulders by average sized hands. With these provisos, lower heights are acceptable, however.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Muzzle: Weak jaw.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Ears: Any ear carriage other than button.
Forequarters: Bowed legs; fiddle front; down in pasterns; toes turned out; knuckling over or any other misalignment of joints; out at elbow.
Hindquarters: Cow hocks; straight stifles.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Body: Barrel ribs; chest too deep or too broad.
Feet: Thin feet; splayed feet.
Coat: Silky or woolly coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Undershot or overshot. Blue eye. Brown or liver nose. Absence of pigment in nose. Erect ear. Feet with rudimentary toes other than normal dewclaws, also known as “high toes.” Any color, pattern, or markings other than listed above. Less than fifty percent white. Albinism. Please Note: In UKC Conformation Shows, this breed is shown by variety in this order – 10-12½ inches, Over 12½ - 15 inches.
Teeth: Undershot; overshot.
Nose: Brown or liver nose; absence of pigment.
Eyes: Blue eye.
Ears: Erect ear.
Feet: Feet with rudimentary toes other than normal dewclaws, also known as “high toes”.
Color: Any color, pattern, or markings other than listed above; less than fifty percent white; albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.