Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Continental Toy Spaniel

(Epagneul nain Continental - Papillon)

Papillon


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France/Belgium.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
17.09.1990.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Toy.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 9Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy
Without working trial

KC
Toy

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small de luxe Toy spaniel, of a normal and harmonious build, with long hair, moderately long muzzle shorter than the skull, lively personality, graceful yet robust, proud carriage with an easy and elegant gait. His body is somewhat longer than high.
KC
Dainty, well balanced little dog. An alert bearing and intelligent expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
The name ‘Papillon’ is derived from the shape and position of the ears. When erect they are carried obliquely like the spread wings of a butterfly, hence the name. When the ears are completely dropped this type is known as the ‘Phalene’ (Moth). Head markings should be symmetrical, about a narrow white, clearly defined blaze which is desirable but not essential to represent the body of a butterfly.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
KC
Lively, intelligent, friendly, with no aggression; always alert.

HEAD

:
FCI
In normal proportion to the body and proportionately lighter and shorter than in the Spaniel of large or medium size.
KC
Skull slightly rounded between ears, muzzle finely pointed and abruptly finer than the skull, accentuating well defined stop. Length from tip of nose to stop approximately one-third of length of head. Nose black.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

:
FCI
Not too rounded neither in profile nor from the front, sometimes showing a slight trace of medial furrow.

Stop

:
FCI
Depression sufficiently accentuate. In the heavier dogs, this depression is less evident yet still defined; in the very small dogs it is clearly marked without ever showing sudden break.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Small, black and round, but slightly flattened on top.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Shorter than the skull, fine, pointed and not too hollow on the sides; must not be turned up.
Nosebridge: Straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with perfect regular, and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips thin, tight and dark in colour.

Lips

:
FCI
Strongly pigmented, thin and tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Quite strong, closing well and normally.
Tongue: Must not be visible; the fact that it is constantly visible or not drawn in when touched by the finger is a fault.

Eyes

:
FCI
Rather large, well open, in the shape of a large almond, not prominent, set rather low in the head, the inner corner is at the intersection of the skull and the muzzle. Dark in colour and very expressive; eyelid strongly pigmented.
KC
Medium size, rounded, never bulging, dark with dark rims, placed rather low in skull.

Ears

:
FCI
Quite fine but firm. When examined by hand, the cartilage must not end in too sharp a point. The ears are set on rather far back on the head, sufficiently apart one from the other, so as to reveal the slightly rounded shape of the skull. This variety is with erect ears. The ear is set on high, the auricle (external ear) well open and turned to the side; the inner edge of the auricle forming an angle of approx. 45° with the horizontal. In no case must the ear point upwards, which would be like a Spitz type ear and must definitely be rejected. The inside of the auricle is covered with fine hairs, also wavy. The longest hairs extending slightly beyond the edge of the ear; the outer face, on the contrary, is covered with long hair forming hanging fringes extending well beyond the edges of the ear. Cross-breeding with PHALENE often produces semi-erect ears, with drooping tip; this mixed form of ear carriage is a serious fault.
KC
Very large, mobile with rounded tips, heavily fringed; set towards back of head far enough apart to show slightly rounded shape of skull. Leathers firm but fine. When erect each ear should form an angle of approximately 45 degrees to head.

NECK

:
FCI
Of moderate length, a little arched at the nape.
KC
Medium length.

BODY

:
KC
Fairly long with level topline; well sprung ribs, loin strong, of good length, slightly arched belly.

Topline

:
FCI
Neither too short or arched, nor saddled, without however being flat.

Loin

:
FCI
Solid and slightly arched.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide, fairly well let down. The circumference of the thorax taken between the past two ribs must be approximately equivalent to the height at the withers. Ribs well arched.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly drawn up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set quite high, rather long, abundant fringe forming a lovely plume. When the dog is in action, it is carried raised along the line of the back and curved, the extreme tip may touch the back; never should it curl or lie flat on the back.
KC
Long, well fringed, set on high, arched over back with fringes falling to side to form plume.

LIMBS

:
FCI
Legs straight, firm, fine. The dog must not seem to be raised up; seen either from the front or from back, the legs are parallel.

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well developed and sloping. Chest rather deep. Forelegs straight, slender with strong, fine bone. Elbows close to chest.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well developed, well attached to the body.

FORELEGS

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Forearm

:
FCI
Of equal length as the shoulder-blade, normally angulated and well joined with it, well attached to the body.

Pastern

:
FCI
Apparent in profile.

FEET

:
KC
Fine, fairly long, hare-like. Tufts of hair between toes extending far beyond them.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rather long, called « hare feet » resting evenly on their pads. Strong nails, preferably black, lighter in the dogs with brown or white coats (the white nails in white dogs or in dogs with white legs do not constitute a fault if the dog is otherwise well pigmented). The toes are strong with a tough pad, well furnished in between with fine hair extending beyond the tip of the foot and forming a point.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Well developed, well turned stifle. Legs when viewed from behind parallel.

HIND LEGS

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Hock joint

:
FCI
Normally angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Proud, free, easy and elegant.
KC
Light, free-flowing, positive and free from any restriction. Viewed from in front or behind, legs and feet moving parallel to each other, with feet turning neither in nor out. Viewed from side, dog covering ground well with no hint of hackneyed action.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI

The coat, without undercoat, is abundant, glossy, wavy (not to be confused with curly), not soft but slightly resistant to the touch, with silky reflections. The hairs are inserted flat; they are quite fine, slightly curved by the wave. The appearance of the coat is similar to that of the English Toy Spaniels, but it differs definitely from that of the Pekingese Spaniel; at the same time it should not have any resemblance to the coat of the Spitz. The hair is short on the face, the muzzle, the front of the legs and the underneath part of the hock.
Of medium length on the body, it gets longer on the neck to form a ruff and jabot, descending in waves on the chest; forming fringes at the ears and at the back of the forelegs; at the back of the thighs, an ample culotte with soft hair. There may be small tufts of hair between the toes and may even extend slightly beyond providing they do not give a heavy appearance to the foot, but rather give it a finer appearance by lengthening it. Certain dogs in good coat condition have hair 7,5 cm long at the withers and fringes of 15 cm on the tail.
KC
Abundant, flowing but without undercoat; long fine silky, falling flat on back and sides; profuse frill on chest; short and close on skull, muzzle and front parts of legs. Rear of forelegs to pasterns, tail and thighs covered with long hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours are admitted on a coat with a white background. On the body and legs, the white must be dominant in relation to the colour. The white on the head preferably extended by a more or less wide blaze. A white marking is admitted on the lower part of the head, but dominant white on the head constitutes a fault. In all cases, the lips, the eyelids and principally the nose must be pigmented.
KC
White with patches, which may be any colour except liver. Tricolours, black and white with tan spots over eyes, tan inside ears, on cheeks, and under root of tail.

SIZE

:
KC
Height 20-28 cms (8-11 ins). Dog will appear slightly longer than high when properly furnished with ruff and hind fringes.

Height at withers

:
FCI
About 28 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Two categories
1) Less than 2,5 kg for dogs and bitches.
2) From 2,5 kg to 4,5 kg for dogs, from 2,5 kg to 5 kg for bitches.
Minimum weight 1,5 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Skull flat, apple-shaded and bulging as in the small English Toy Spaniels.
Stop too much or insufficiently accentuated.
Nose not black.
Muzzle arched or hollow.
Depigmentation of the lips.
Overshot and especially undershot mouth.
Eye small, too round, prominent; light in colour; showing white when the dog looks straight ahead.
Depigmentation on the edges of the eyelids.
Roach- or saddle back.
Tail curly, resting on the back; falling on the side (that is the bone and not the fringes which, because of their length, fall in locks).
Forelegs bowed.
Pastern joints knotty.
Hindquarters weak.
Hindquarters, which, seen from the back, are out of the vertical at the stifle, the hocks and the feet.
Single or double dewclaws on the hind legs are undesirable and constitute a beauty fault. Their removal is therefore advisable.
Feet turning inwards or outwards.
Nails not touching the ground.
Coat poor, soft or blown (puffed up); hair planted straight or itself straight; woolly hair; undercoat indicating cross-breading with the Spitz.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
Pink or pink spotted nose.
  • Excessive prognathism, overshot or undershot to the point where the incisors do not touch anymore.
Tongue paralysed or constantly visible.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.