Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Old English Sheepdog

Old English Sheepdog

Old English Sheepdog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Though the Old English Sheepdogs registry is listed as Britain its actual ancestry is thought to be from the European Shepherd Dogs of the Owtcharka and Bergamasco types bred to sheepdogs of Britain. It is now regarded as a native British breed, often called the Bob-Tail. Strong, compact and profusely coated; his coat is a distinctive feature and is weather-resistant. Basically a country dog, intelligent and friendly; he has a particularly resonant bark sufficient to frighten off any intruder.
UKC
The Old English Sheepdog is a relatively young breed, being not much more than 200 years old. Its use as a herding and droving dog and its physical appearance suggests relation to the Bearded Collie and the Polish Owczarek Nizinny. The required bobbed tail of the breed has its roots in the British tradition of docking the tails of working dogs for identification, as there was a tax exemption for all dogs that worked for a living. The Old English Sheepdog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strong, square-looking dog of great symmetry and overall soundness. Absolutely free from legginess, profusely coated all over. A thick-set muscular, able-bodied dog with a most intelligent expression. The natural outline should not be artificially changed by scissoring or clipping. Of great stamina, exhibiting a gently rising topline, and a pear-shaped body when viewed from above. The gait has a typical roll when ambling or walking. Bark has a distinctive toned quality.
KC
Strong, square-looking dog with great symmetry and overall soundness. Absolutely free from legginess, profusely coated all over. A thick-set muscular, able-bodied dog with a most intelligent expression. The natural outline should not be artificially changed by scissoring or clipping.
UKC
The Old English Sheepdog is a strong, muscular, compact, thick-set, square, balanced, able-bodied dog with profuse, but not excessive coat. He stands lower at the withers than at the loin, and has a pear-shaped body when viewed from above. He is absolutely free from legginess, and his gait has a typical roll at the amble and the walk.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Dog standing lower at withers than loin. Head in proportion to the size of the body. Muzzle measuring approximately half of the total head length.
KC
Of great stamina, exhibiting a gently rising topline, and a pear-shaped body when viewed from above. The gait has a typical roll when ambling or walking. Bark has a distinctive toned quality.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A biddable dog of even disposition. Bold, faithful and trustworthy, with no suggestion of nervousness or unprovoked aggression.
KC
A biddable dog of even disposition. Bold, faithful and trustworthy, with no suggestion of nervousness or unprovoked aggression.
UKC
The Old English is an adaptable, intelligent breed, with an even disposition; never showing signs of aggressiveness, shyness or nervousness.

HEAD

:
KC
In proportion to the size of the body. Skull capacious, rather square. Well arched above eyes, stop well defined. Muzzle strong, square and truncated, measuring approximately half of the total head length. Nose large and black. Nostrils wide.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Capacious, rather square. Well arched above eyes.
UKC
Broad and capacious, rather square. The supraorbital ridges over the eyes are well-arched. The stop is well defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large and black. Nostrils wide.
UKC
Large and black, with wide opened nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, square and truncated.
KC
Teeth strong, large, and evenly placed. Scissor bite – jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Pincer tolerated but undesirable.
UKC
Fairly long and strong, square and truncated.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth strong, large and evenly placed. Scissor bite - jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. Upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Pincer bite tolerated but undesirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, large, evenly placed, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. An even bite is acceptable but not desirable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set well apart. Dark or wall eyes. Two blue eyes acceptable. Light eyes undesirable. Pigmentation on the eye rims is preferred.
KC
Set well apart. Dark or wall eyes. Two blue eyes acceptable. Light eyes undesirable. Pigmentation on the eye rim is preferred.
UKC
Dark or wall eyes, set well apart. Two blue eyes are acceptable. Complete pigmentation on the eye rims is preferred.

Ears

:
FCI
Small and carried flat to side of head.
KC
Small and carried flat to side of head.
UKC
The medium-size ears are carried flat to the side of the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Fairly long, strong, arched gracefully.
KC
Fairly long, strong, arched gracefully.
UKC
The fairly long neck is gracefully arched.

BODY

:
FCI
Rather short and compact.
KC
Rather short, and compact, with well sprung ribs, and deep capacious brisket.
UKC
The rather short, very compact body is broader at the rump than at the shoulders. The withers are lower than the loin; this is a breed characteristic. The gently arched loin is very stout. The ribs are well sprung; never being slab sided. The brisket is deep and capacious.

Loin

:
FCI
Very sturdy, broad and gently arched.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, capacious brisket. Ribs well-sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked or natural stumpytail.
Docked: Customarily completely docked.
Undocked: Natural carriage. Well feathered with abundant hard-textured coat.
KC
Previously customarily docked or natural bobtail. Docked: Customarily completely docked. Undocked: Natural carriage. Well feathered with abundant, hard-textured coat.
UKC
Natural bob, docked completely, or natural. If natural, the tail is low-set and never curled or carried over the back. It should be well-feathered with hard textured coat.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Shoulder Well laid back, being narrower at the point of withers than at the point of shoulder. Loaded shoulders undesirable.
KC
Forelegs perfectly straight, with plenty of bone, holding body well from ground. Elbows fitting close to brisket. Shoulders should be well laid back, being narrower at the point of withers than at the point of shoulder. Loaded shoulders undesirable. Dog standing lower at withers than loin.
UKC
Shoulder blades are well laid back, and the shoulders are narrower at the withers than at the point of shoulder.

Elbow

:
FCI
Fitting close to brisket.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The straight forelegs have plenty of bone. The distances measured from the withers to the elbow and from the elbow to the ground are approximately the same. The elbows are held close to the brisket.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs perfectly straight, with plenty of bone, holding body well from ground.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round and tight, toes well arched, pads thick and hard.
UKC
Small, round and tight, with thick pads and well-arched toes. Dewclaws should be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, round and tight. Toes well arched. Pads thick and hard. Turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Quarters well covered, round and muscular.
KC
Loin very sturdy, broad and gently arched, quarters well covered round and muscular, the second thigh is long and well developed, the stifle well turned but not exaggerated, and the hocks set low. When viewed from behind, the rear pasterns should be parallel, with the feet turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The hindquarters are round and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well turned, but not exaggerated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The stifles are well-turned, and the second thigh is long and well-developed. Rear pasterns are short and perpendicular.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and well developed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Set low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Parallel, viewed from behind.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
When walking, exhibits a bear-like roll from the rear. When trotting, shows effortless extension and strong driving rear action, with legs moving straight along line of travel. Very elastic at the gallop. At slow speeds, some dogs may tend to pace. When moving, the head carriage may adopt a naturally lower position.
KC
When walking, exhibits a bear-like roll from the rear. When trotting, shows effortless extension and strong driving rear action, with legs moving straight along line of travel. Very elastic at the gallop. At slow speeds, some dogs may tend to pace. When moving, the head carriage may adopt a naturally lower position.
UKC
When walking, the Old English Sheepdogs exhibits a characteristic bear-like roll from the rear. At the trot, he shows effortless extension and strong drive. At slow speeds, some dogs may tend to pace. When moving, the head carriage may be in a naturally lower position.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Profuse, of good harsh texture, not straight, but shaggy and free from curl.
Undercoat of waterproof pile. Head and skull well covered with hair, ears moderately coated, neck well coated, forelegs well coated all round, hindquarters more heavily coated than rest of body. Quality and texture to be considered above length and profusion.
KC
Of good harsh texture, not straight, but shaggy and free from curl. Undercoat of waterproof pile. Head and skull well covered with hair, ears moderately coated, neck well coated, forelegs well coated all round, hindquarters more heavily coated than rest of body. Quality, texture, and profusion to be considered above length and profusion.
UKC
Profuse and of hard texture, the outer coat is not absolutely straight, but is shaggy and free from curl. The undercoat is a waterproof pile. The head is well-covered with hair. The ears are moderately coated. Neck and forelegs are well coated. The hindquarters are more heavily coated than the rest of the dog. Quality, texture and thickness of coat are to be given more consideration than length. The natural outline of the dog and the coat's natural texture are never to be changed by an artificial means. The feet and rear may be trimmed as necessary for cleanliness.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any shade of grey, grizzle or blue. Body and hindquarters of solid colour with or without white socks. White patches in the solid area to be discouraged. Head, neck, forequarters and under belly to be white with or without markings. Any shade of brown undesirable.
KC
Any shade of grey, grizzle or blue. Body and hindquarters of solid colour with or without white socks. White patches in the solid area to be discouraged. Head, neck, forequarters and under belly to be white with or without markings. Any shade of brown undesirable.
UKC
Any shade of grey, grizzle or blue. The body and hindquarters are solid color, with or without white stockings. The head, neck, forequarters and underbelly are white, with or without markings.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 61 cms (24 ins) and upwards; bitches: 56 cms (22 ins) and upwards. Type and symmetry of greatest importance, and on no account to be sacrificed to size alone.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 61 cms and upwards.
Females 56 cms and upwards.
Type and symmetry of greatest importance, and on no account to be sacrified to size alone.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 24 inches and upwards; for females, 22 inches and upwards. However, type and symmetry are of the greatest importance and are not to be sacrificed for size alone.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Coat: Soft coat. Flat coat.
Color: Any shade of brown.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: (to the point of being considered deformities): Long, narrow head. Snipey muzzle.
Eyes: Light amber or yellow eyes.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.